Harry T. Cliffe Bexar Regional Herbarium

The Bexar Regional Herbarium was created by the San Antonio Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas in the 1990s. In support of the 1986 Texas Sesquicentennial Celebration, the chapter compiled “A Plant List for Bexar County, Texas,” from existing literature, combining lists and updating botanical names, which garnered a certificate of recognition from the governor of Texas. In the process, participants discussed verifying the presence of the listed plants by finding and identifying what actually existed in the Bexar and contiguous counties.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon incanum
Pelotazo, Indian mallow, Shrubby Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache, Sweet acacia, Mealy wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia roemeriana
Roundflower catclaw, Round-flower catclaw, Roemer acacia, Catclaw, Roemer's acacia, Catclaw acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acalypha ostryifolia
Pineland threeseed mercury, Hop-hornbeam copperleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby copperleaf, Three-seeded mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acalypha radians
Cardinal's feather, Cardinal feather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acalypha virginica
Virginia threeseed mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acer rubrum var. trilobum
Trident maple, Trident red maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acleisanthes longiflora
Angel trumpets, Angel's trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis edwardsiana
Plateau false foxglove, Plateau agalinis, Plateau gerardia, Plateau false-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allionia choisyi
Smooth trailing four o'clock, Trailing four o'clock, Annual windmills, Umbrellawort, Garapatilla

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allionia incarnata
Trailing windmills, Trailing four o'clock, Pink windmills, Trailing allionia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. canadense
Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. fraseri
Fraser meadow garlic, Fraser meadow garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allowissadula holosericea
Chisos Mountain false Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Alternanthera caracasana
Washerwoman

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus palmeri
Carelessweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus scleropoides
Bonebract amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amaranthus spinosus
Spiny amaranth, Thorny pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Annual ragweed, Short ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida var. texana
Texan great ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amphiachyris amoena
Texas broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Prairie broomweed, Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Blue funnel lily, Texas bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia longiflora
Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal thimbleweed, Ten-petaled anemone, Wind-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Anemone caroliniana
Carolina anemone, Carolina thimbleweed, Southern thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus
Plains dozedaisy, Lazy daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian hemp, Prairie dogbane, Dogbane, Hemp dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arabis petiolaris
Brazos rockcress, Rock-cress, Brazos rock-cress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Arbutus xalapensis
Texas madrone, Madrone, Naked indian, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora
Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone aurantiaca
Texas pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Argythamnia humilis var. humilis
Low Silverbush, Low Wild Mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia simulans
Plateau silverbush, Tall wild-mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aristida purpurea
Purple threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple three-awn, Red threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. purpurea
Purple threeawn, Red threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aristolochia erecta
Swanflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Artemisia ludoviciana
Louisiana artemisia, Louisiana sage, White sage, Prairie sage, Silver sage, White sagebrush, Louisiana wormwood, Silver wormwood, Louisiana sagewort, Gray sagewort, Cudweed sagewort, Mugwort wormwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias asperula
Spider milkweed, Antelope horns, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de Zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Asclepias texana
Texas milkweed, White milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum milkvetch, Ground plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Astragalus nuttallianus
Nuttall's milkvetch, Small-flowered milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bacopa monnieri
Coastal Water-hyssop, Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bifora americana
Prairie bishop, Prairie bishop's-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Boerhavia linearifolia
Narrowleaf spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia purpurascens
Purple spiderling

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Cane bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Botrychium virginianum
Rattlesnake fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Bouchetia erecta
Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Brickellia cylindracea
Brickell-Bush, Brickellbush, Gravelbar brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Buchnera americana
American bluehearts, Bluehearts

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Calliandra conferta
Rio Grande stickpea, Fairy duster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callirhoe digitata
Finger poppy-mallow, Poppy mallow, Standing winecup, Wine cup, Winecup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe leiocarpa
Tall poppymallow, Annual winecup, Tall poppy-mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppy-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. berlandieri
Berlandier's sundrops, Drummond Sundrops, Square-Bud Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus serrulatus
Yellow sundrops, Yellow evening primrose, Plains evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calyptocarpus vialis
Straggler daisy, Horseherb, Hierba del caballo, Lawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calystegia sepium
Hedge false bindweed, Hedge Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
Chile pequin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper, Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cardamine parviflora var. arenicola
Sand bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Carex crinita
Fringed sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex planostachys
Cedar sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carlowrightia torreyana
Torrey's wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Castilleja indivisa
Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. citrina
Lemon paintbrush, Yellow paintbrush, Yellow prairie paintbrush, Citron paintbrush, Prairie paintbrush, Prairie Indian paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's paintbrush, Lindheimer's prairie paintbrush, Lindheimer's Indian paintbrush, Prairie Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Redroot, Prairie redroot, Jersey tea, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert hackberry, Spiny hackberry, Granjeno, Shiny hackberry, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Celtis tenuifolia
Dwarf hackberry, Small sugar hackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Cenchrus spinifex
Coastal sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern sandbur, Spiny burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium beyrichii
Mountain pink, Meadow pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium texense
Lady Bird's centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chaetopappa bellidifolia
Whiteray leastdaisy, Dwarf white aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
False Nightshade, Gray five eyes, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha coronopus
Green false nightshade, Greenleaf five eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce angusta
Blackfoot sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce nutans
Eyebane, Nodding spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce prostrata
Prostrate sandmat, Ground spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce serpens
Matted sandmat, Prostrate spurge, Creeping spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce villifera
Hairy sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaptalia texana
Silverpuff, Nodding lettuce, Silver puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chloris verticillata
Tumble windmill grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chloris virgata
Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chrysopsis pilosa
Soft goldenaster, Soft golden-aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cissus trifoliata
Grape ivy, Possum grape, Cow-itch vine, Sorrelvine, Arizona grape ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Clematis drummondii
Drummond's clematis, Old man's beard, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis texensis
Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Colubrina texensis
Hog-plum, Texan hogplum, Texas colubrina, Texas snakewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta
Whitemouth dayflower, Widow's tears, Day flower, White-mouth dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta var. angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Dayflower, Whitemouth dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Convolvulus equitans
Bindweed, Texas bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cooperia pedunculata
Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Coreopsis basalis
Goldenmane tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis wrightii
Rock tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton capitatus var. lindheimeri
Woolly Croton, Lindheimer's hogwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton fruticulosus
Bush croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie tea, One-seed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Croton texensis
Texas croton, Doveweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha texana
Pick me nots

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cucurbita foetidissima
Stinking gourd, Buffalo gourd, Missouri gourd, Stink gourd, Wild gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cuscuta exaltata
Tree Dodder, Tall Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Christmas cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Tasajillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cynanchum barbigerum
Bearded swallow-wort, Cynanchum, Thicket Threadvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus articulatus
Jointed flatsedge, Chintul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus elegans
Royal flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus pseudovegetus
Marsh flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dalea aurea
Golden dalea, Golden prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Daucus pusillus
American wild carrot, Rattlesnake-Weed, Wild Carrot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium carolinianum
Carolina larkspur, Blue larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Espuela del caballero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineum
Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens
Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Plains larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus velutinus
Velvet bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium paniculatum
Panicledleaf ticktrefoil, Panicled Tick Trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium psilophyllum
Beggar's ticks, Simpleleaf ticktrefoil, Sticktights, Wright's tickclover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. oligosanthes
Heller's rosette grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium pedicellatum
Cedar rosette grass, Corm-based panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichondra carolinensis
Carolina ponysfoot, Ponyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dicliptera brachiata
Branched Dicliptera, Branched foldwing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Digitaria cognata
Carolina crabgrass, Fall witchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diodia virginiana
Buttonweed, Virginia buttonweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Draba cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf draba, Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf dyschoriste

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Knockaway, Sandpaper tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eleocharis flavescens
Yellow spikerush, Pale spike-rush, Wrinkle-sheathed spike-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis obtusa
Blunt spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains lovegrass, Plains Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis pectinacea
Tufted lovegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Erigeron modestus
Plains fleabane, Prairie fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia fleabane, Fleabane daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Fillaree, Pine needle, Stork's Bill, Texas stork's bill, Texas stork's bill

Duration:
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia dentata
Toothed spurge, Toothedleaf poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia spathulata
Warty spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Evax verna
Spring pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus sericeus
Silver dwarf morning-glory, White Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbow bush, Spring herald

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Indian cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus velutina
Arizona ash, Desert ash, Velvet ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fuirena simplex var. simplex
Western umbrella-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. cynanchoides
Fringed twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia amblyodon
Maroon blanketflower, Red gaillardia, Red Indian blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galactia canescens
Hoary milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galactia regularis
Eastern milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galactia texana
Texas milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Galium aparine
Stickywilly, Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water:

Galphimia angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Goldshower, Narrowleaf goldshower, Thryallis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Garrya ovata ssp. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's silktassel, Lindheimer Silk Tassel, Lindheimer's Garrya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gaura calcicola
Texas beeblossom, Limestone Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Gaura coccinea
Scarlet beeblossom, Scarlet gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gaura longiflora
Longflower beeblossom

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaura suffulta
Bee blossom, Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Geranium carolinianum
Carolina geranium, Wild geranium, Carolina cranesbill

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Geranium texanum
Texas geranium

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geum canadense var. canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Giliastrum incisum
Split-leaf gilia, Cut-leaf Gilia

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Giliastrum rigidulum
Bluebowls, Blue gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata
Dakota mock vervain, Davis Mountain mock vervain, Wright's verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia canadensis
Rose vervain, Sweet william, Rose mock vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Grindelia lanceolata
Narrowleaf gumweed, Fall gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia papposa
Spanish gold, Clasping-leaved haplopappus, Saw-leaf Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habranthus tubispathus
Copper lily, Rio Grande copper-lily, Rio Grande copperlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Hedeoma acinoides
Slender false pennyroyal, Annual pennyroyal, Slender hedeoma

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's false pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma reverchonii var. reverchonii
Reverchon's false pennyroyal, Rock hedeoma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium quadridentatum
Longdisk sneezeweed, Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus annuus
Common sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus debilis ssp. cucumerifolius
Cucumberleaf sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus hirsutus
Hairy sunflower, Rough Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie sunflower, Plains sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hermannia texana
Mexican Mallow, Texas burstwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca canescens
Gray golden-aster, Hoary false goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum
Foxtail barley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Hydrocotyle umbellata
Manyflower marshpennywort, Water-pennywort,  Money-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Carolina woollywhite, Old Plainsman, Woolly-White

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus var. corymbosus
Carolina woollywhite, Old Plainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum hypericoides ssp. hypericoides
St. Andrew's cross

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's globeberry, Balsam gourd, Globe berry, Snake apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Indigofera lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Indigofera miniata
Scarlet Pea, Coastal indigo, Texas Indigo, Western indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba
Tievine, Sharp-pod Morning Glory, Purple Bindweed, Tie Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ipomoea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's morning-glory, Blue Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Iva angustifolia
Narrowleaf marshelder, Narrow-leaf Sumpweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva annua
Annual marshelder, Marsh-elder, Sumpweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Juniperus ashei
Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Blueberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia pilosella
Gregg's tubetongue, Hairy Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Kallstroemia parviflora
Warty caltrop, Small-flowered carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lantana achyranthifolia
Brushland shrubverbena, Mexican marjoram, Veinyleaf lantana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lantana urticoides
Texas lantana, Calico bush, West Indian shrub-verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leersia oryzoides
Rice cut grass, Rice cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lepidium austrinum
Southern pepperwort, Southern peppergrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium densiflorum
Common pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa dubia
Green sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lespedeza repens
Creeping lespedeza, Creeping Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza texana
Texas lespedeza, Texas Bush-Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella densiflora
Denseflower bladderpod, Low bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's bladderpod, Fendler's bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella recurvata
Gaslight bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris mucronata
Cusp gayfeather, Gayfeather, Blazing star, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Texas gayfeather, Cusp blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Limnodea arkansana
Ozark grass, Ozarkgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lindera benzoin var. pubescens
Northern spicebush, Hairy common spicebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Lindheimera texana
Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum rigidum
Stiffstem flax, Large-flower yellow flax, Yellow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum rupestre
Rock flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lithospermum incisum
Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum matamorense
Rough stoneseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia octovalvis
Mexican primrose-willow, Narrow-leaf Water Primrose, Seedbox, Mexican Primrose Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ludwigia peploides
Creeping water-primrose, Floating primrose-willow, Water-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus subcarnosus
Sandyland bluebonnet, Texas bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus texensis
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lygodesmia texana
Texas skeletonplant, Texas skeleton weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum
Winged lythrum, Lance-leaf loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lythrum californicum
California Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's cap or Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond wax-mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Manzanilla, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marsilea vestita
Hairy water clover, Water clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Matelea biflora
Purple Milkweed Vine, Star milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea gonocarpos
Anglepod, Angularfruit milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Matelea reticulata
Green milkweed vine, Net vein milkvine, Netted milkvine, Pearl milkweed Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mecardonia procumbens
Baby jump-up

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower melic, Tall melicgrass, Threeflower melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Melochia pyramidata
Broom-Wood, Pyramid flower, Pyramidflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melochia tomentosa
Teabush, Pyramid Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Melothria pendula
Guadeloupe cucumber, Meloncito, Speckled Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Menodora heterophylla
Low menodora, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mentzelia albescens
Wavyleaf blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia oligosperma
Chickenthief, Stick-leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia reverchonii
Reverchon's blazingstar, Reverchon's Stick-Leaf, Prairie stickleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau vine, Correhuela de las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mikania scandens
Climbing hempvine, Climbing hempweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa latidens
Kairn's sensitive-briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa roemeriana
Roemer's mimosa, Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mimosa strigillosa
Powderpuff, Sunshine mimosa, Sensitive plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Mirabilis linearis
Narrowleaf four o'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis multiflora
Colorado four o'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda clinopodioides
Basil beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda punctata
Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Morus microphylla
Littleleaf mulberry, Mountain mulberry, Texas mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia utilis
Aparejograss, Aperajo Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Nama jamaicense
Jamaicanweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nassella leucotricha
Texas wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Nemastylis geminiflora
Prairie celestials, Celestials, Prairie pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nemophila phacelioides
Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Neptunia pubescens var. microcarpa
Tropical puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana repanda
Fiddleleaf tobacco, Fiddle-Leaf Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nolina texana
Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow poison, Crowpoison, False garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuphar lutea
Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nyctaginia capitata
Devil's bouquet, Scarlet muskflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera jamesii
River Primrose, Trumpet Evening Primrose, Trumpet evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf evening-primrose, Cut-leaf Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Missouri evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera triloba
Stemless evening-primrose, Stemless Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas pricklypear, Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's woodsorrel, Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis stricta
Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Packera obovata
Golden groundsel, Roundleaf groundsel, Roundleaf ragwort, Squawweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Palafoxia callosa
Small palafox, Small palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy palafox, Rose palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Panicum capillare
Witchgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum dichotomiflorum
Fall panicgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania pellitory, Pennsylvania cucumber plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parthenium confertum
Gray's feverfew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Parthenocissus heptaphylla
Sevenleaf creeper, Seven-leaf Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum distichum
Knotgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Paspalum plicatulum
Brownseed paspalum, Brownseed paspale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora affinis
Bracted passionflower, Passion flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora foetida
Corona de Cristo, Scarlet-fruit passion flower, Fetid passionflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora foetida var. gossypiifolia
Cottonleaf passionflower, Corona de cristo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora tenuiloba
Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pediomelum cyphocalyx
Turniproot, Wand Psoralea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum rhombifolium
Brown-flowered Psoralea, Gulf Indian breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pellaea ovata
Ovate-leaf Cliffbrake, Ovateleaf cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon cobaea
Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia congesta
Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia patuliflora var. teucriifolia
Sand phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phemeranthus aurantiacus
Orange Flameflower, Flameflower, Fameflower, Talinum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox roemeriana
Goldeneye phlox, Golden-eye Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phoradendron tomentosum
Christmas mistletoe, Mistletoe, Injerto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyla nodiflora
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Phyllanthus polygonoides
Smartweed leaf-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens
Smallflower groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens var. cinerascens
Smallflower groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis pubescens var. pubescens
Husk tomato

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinaropappus roseus
White rock lettuce, White dandelion, Pink dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago helleri
Heller's plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea odorata
Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Poa bigelovii
Bigelow's bluegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Polanisia dodecandra
Clammyweed, Redwhisker clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala alba
White milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygonella americana
Southern jointweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum pensylvanicum
Pennsylvania smartweed, Pink Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonum punctatum
Dotted smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides
Eastern cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss me quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Proboscidea louisianica ssp. louisianica
Ram's horn, Devil's claw, Unicorn plant, Ram's horn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus rivularis
Creek plum, Hog plum, River plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium ssp. obtusifolium
Blunt-leaf rabbit-tobacco, Rabbit-tobacco, Sweet everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus
Smallflower desert-chicory, Texas dandelion, False dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus texana
Nuttall Oak, Texas red oak, Texas oak, Spanish oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus virginiana
Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Live oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Bristly buttercup, Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf sumac, Desert sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus virens
Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchosia senna var. texana
Texas Snout-bean, Texas snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosida physocalyx
Bladderpod sida, Buffpetal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rotala ramosior
Lowland rotala

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rubus riograndis
Rio Grande dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia davisiorum
Rio Grande wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia metziae
White Ruellia, Metz's wild petunia, Metz Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora var. runyonii
Runyon's wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salix nigra
Black willow, Gulf black willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia ballotiflora
Shrubby blue sage, Blue Shrub Sage, Mejorana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's sage, Engelmann's salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western soapberry, Soapberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenocaulon texanum
Green Lily, Texas feathershank, Texas Sabadilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sclerocarpus uniserialis
Mexican bonebract

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sclerocarpus uniserialis var. uniserialis
Mexican bonebract

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria resinosa
Resin-dot skullcap, Resinous skullcap, Shrubby skullcap, Sticky skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's skullcap, Bushy skullcap, Shrubby skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sedum nuttallianum
Yellow stonecrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Senecio ampullaceus
Ragwort, Texas Groundsel, Texas ragwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf senna, Two leaved senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sesbania drummondii
Rattlebush, Rattlebox, Poisonbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Sesbania herbacea
Bigpod sesbania

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sida ciliaris
Bracted fanpetals, Bracted sida

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sida rhombifolia
Cuban jute

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. oblongifolium
Gum bully, Chittamwood, Gum elastic tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. rigidum
Brazos bumelia, Gum bully

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Simsia calva
Awnless bush sunflower, Bush sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass, Narrow-leaf blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda blue-eyed grass, Blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Smilax renifolia
Kidneyleaf greenbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Smilax smallii
Lanceleaf greenbrier, Southern smilax, Jacksonvine, Jacksonbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solanum carolinense
Carolina horse-nettle, Carolina horsenettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum dimidiatum
Western horsenettle, Western Horse-Nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum rostratum
Buffalobur nightshade, Buffalo bur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solanum triquetrum
Texas nightshade, Hierba mora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago juliae
Julia's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sophora secundiflora
Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Copper globemallow, Copper-mallow, Globe mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea lindheimeri
Woolly globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Stachys crenata
Mousesear, Shade betony

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Steinchisma hians
Gaping grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Stellaria prostrata
Prostrate starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf bluets, Baby's breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stillingia texana
Texas Queen's Delight, Queen's Delight, Texas toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Southern annual saltmarsh aster, Lawn American-aster, White wood aster, Saltmarsh aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. texanum
Drummond's aster, Texas aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides
White heath aster, Heath Aster, White Aster, White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Taraxacum officinale
Common dandelion, Blowball, Dandelion, Faceclock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tecoma stans
Yellow bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow trumpetbush, Yellow trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetragonotheca texana
Squarebud daisy, Nerve-ray, Square-bud daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf fournerved daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris linearifolia var. linearifolia
Fineleaf fournerved daisy, Four-nerved daisy, Slender-leaf Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium canadense
Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Teucrium canadense var. canadense
Canada germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thamnosma texana
Dutchman's breeches, Ruda del monte, Rue of the mountains, Texas desert-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium
Stiff greenthread, Showy Navajo tea, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thymophylla pentachaeta
Fiveneedle pricklyleaf, Five-needle Fetid Marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Dogweed, Dyssodia, Fiveneedle pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba
Bristleleaf pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia recurvata
Small ball moss, Ball moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia usneoides
Spanish moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Tinantia anomala
False dayflower, Widows tears

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern poison ivy, Poison ivy, Poison oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia hirsutiflora
Hairyflower spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia tharpii
Tharp's spiderwort, Dwarf spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tragia betonicifolia
Betonyleaf noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia nigricans
Dark noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis biflora
Clasping Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis coloradoensis
Colorado Venus' looking-glass, Western Venus' Looking Glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis holzingeri
Holzinger's Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis leptocarpa
Slimpod Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Typha domingensis
Southern cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf cattail, Common cat-tail, Broad-leaf cat-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Valerianella amarella
Hairy cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Valerianella radiata
Beaked cornsalad, Woods corn-salad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena canescens
Gray vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbena halei
Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Texas vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Veronica americana
American speedwell, American Brooklime

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana
Louisiana vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vigna luteola
Hairypod cowpea, Yellow Vigna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis arizonica
Canyon grape, Arizona grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Winter grape, Heller's grape, Gray-leaf grape, Smooth-leaf grape, Sweet grape, Spanish grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Warnockia scutellarioides
Prairie brazoria, Prairie brazosmint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wedelia texana
Zexmenia, Orange zexmenia, Wedelia, Hairy wedelia, Texas creeping-oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Xanthium strumarium
Rough cockleburr

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zanthoxylum hirsutum
Texas Hercules' club, Texas prickly ash, Prickly ash, Toothache tree, Tickle-tongue, Tingle-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ziziphus obtusifolia
Lotebush, Lote-bush condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zornia bracteata
Viperina

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: