Butterflies and Moths of North America

Butterflies and Moths of North America is a searchable database of verified butterfly and moth records in the United States and Mexico. This site includes dynamic distribution maps, photographs, species accounts, and species checklists for each county in the U.S. and each state in Mexico.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abutilon incanum
Pelotazo, Indian mallow, Shrubby Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acaciella angustissima
Prairie Acacia, Fern Acacia, Whiteball Acacia, Prairie Wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acer circinatum
Oregon vine maple, Vine maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer negundo
Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple, Soft maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharinum
Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Actaea racemosa var. racemosa
Black cohosh, Black bugbane, Bugbane, Black snakeroot, Fairy candles

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus californica
California buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Agalinis paupercula var. borealis
Smallflower false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Agalinis paupercula var. paupercula
Smallflower false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agave deserti
Desert agave, Desert century plant, Century plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave lechuguilla
Lechuguilla, Tula ixtle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave palmeri
Palmer's century plant, Palmer agave, Blue century plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Agave parryi
Parry's agave, Century plant, Parry agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave utahensis
Utah agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allowissadula holosericea
Chisos Mountain false Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
Speckled alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amaranthus tuberculatus
Roughfruit amaranth, Water hemp

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Ambrosia trifida
Great ragweed, Giant ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amelanchier alnifolia
Saskatoon serviceberry, Western serviceberry, Juneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amphicarpaea bracteata
American hogpeanut

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Anaphalis margaritacea
Western pearly everlasting, Pearly-everlasting

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Angelica atropurpurea
Purplestem angelica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii
Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Annona glabra
Pond apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Antennaria howellii ssp. neodioica
Howell's pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Antennaria parvifolia
Small-leaf pussytoes, Low everlasting, Nuttall's pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Apios americana
Groundnut, Wild potato, Indian potato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Spreading dogbane, Bitterroot, Flytrap dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian hemp, Prairie dogbane, Hemp dogbane, Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia brevistyla
Smallflower columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana
Hinckley's golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Hinckley columbine, Capote columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arabis glabra
Tower rockcress

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arabis ×divaricarpa
Spreadingpod rockcress

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arbutus menziesii
Pacific madrone, Oregon laurel, Laurelwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arctostaphylos pungens
Pointleaf manzanita, Mexican Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aristolochia californica
California dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aristolochia erecta
Swanflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Artemisia tridentata
Big sagebrush, Great Basin sagebrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aruncus dioicus
Bride's feathers, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias asperula
Antelope horns, Spider milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias ovalifolia
Oval-leaf milkweed, Dwarf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias speciosa
Showy milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias sullivantii
Prairie milkweed, Sullivant's milkweed, Smooth milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Common pawpaw, Custard apple, Indian banana, Wild banana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Astragalus alpinus
Alpine milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum milkvetch, Ground plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Astragalus drummondii
Drummond's milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Wing-scale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex lentiformis
Big saltbush, Coastal quail bush, Quailbush, Saltbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bacopa monnieri
Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Baptisia tinctoria
Horseflyweed, Yellow Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Betula alleghaniensis var. alleghaniensis
Yellow birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Betula lenta
Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Betula papyrifera
Paper birch, Canoe birch, White birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Betula populifolia
Gray birch, White birch, Aspen-leaved birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Bidens alba
Common Beggarticks, Shepherd's Needles, Spanish Needles, Butterfly Needles, Hairy Beggarticks, Romerillo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boehmeria cylindrica
Smallspike false nettle, Bog Hemp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Brachyelytrum erectum
Bearded shorthusk, Longawn woodgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bromus anomalus
Nodding brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bromus inermis
Smooth brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bursera simaruba
Gumbo limbo, Gumbo-limbo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Byrsonima lucida
Locust Berry, Long Key locustberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Calamagrostis purpurascens
Purple reedgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe involucrata var. lineariloba
Poppy mallow, Purple poppymallow, White poppy mallow, White winecup, Winecup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Camissonia contorta
Plains evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cardamine concatenata
Cutleaf toothwort, Pepper root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Cardamine diphylla
Crinkleroot, Two-leaved toothwort, Two-leaf toothwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex bigelowii
Bigelow's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex lacustris
Hairy sedge, Lakebank sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex stricta
Upright sedge, Uptight sedge, Tussock sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Water beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cassiope mertensiana
Western moss heather, Western moss-heather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Castanea pumila
Allegheny chinquapin, Allegheny chinkapin, Chinquapin, Chinkapin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja integra
Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Squawfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ceanothus cordulatus
Mountain whitethorn, Snow bush, Whitethorn ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus cuneatus
Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Ceanothus fendleri
Fendler's ceanothus, Fendler ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Prairie redroot, Smaller redroot, Small redroot, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus, Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus sanguineus
Redstem ceanothus, Oregon tea-tree, Wild lilac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celosia nitida
West Indian cock's comb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern hackberry, Lowland hackberry, Hackberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis lindheimeri
Lindheimer's hackberry, Lindheimer hackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Celtis occidentalis
Common hackberry, Northern hackberry, American hackberry, Nettle tree, Beaverwood, False elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis var. mexicana
Mexican redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus
Alderleaf mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany, Mountain mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chelone glabra
White turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Chenopodium album
Lambsquarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chiococca alba
Snowberry, West Indian Milkberry, David's Milkberry, Cahinca, West Indian Snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Snowflower tree, Flowering ash, Old man's beard, Grandfather graybeard, Grancy graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cirsium discolor
Field thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium horridulum
Yellow Thistle, Horrid Thistle, Bristle Thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium muticum
Swamp thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium pitcheri
Sand dune thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cleome serrulata
Rocky Mountain Beeplant, Skunkweed, Waa

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Comandra umbellata
Bastard toadflax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Comptonia peregrina
Sweet-fern, Sweetfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia hookeri
Bluewood condalia, Brasil, Brasilwood, Bluewood, Logwood, Purple haw, Capul negro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia spathulata
Knifeleaf condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Condalia viridis
Green snakewood, Green condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Cornus alternifolia
Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus racemosa
Gray dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus rugosa
Roundleaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus sericea
Red osier dogwood, Red osier, Red-twig dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corylus cornuta
Beaked hazelnut, Beaked filbert

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coursetia glandulosa
Coursetia, Rosary baby-bonnets, Rosary babybonnets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Crataegus douglasii
Black hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Croton capitatus
Hogwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cyperus esculentus
Yellow nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow nut-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Danthonia spicata
Poverty oatgrass, Poverty wild oat grass, Curly grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Deschampsia cespitosa
Tufted hairgrass, Tufted hair grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Desmodium canadense
Showy tick trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Desmodium glutinosum
Pointedleaf ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Diapensia lapponica
Diapensia, Pincushion plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dicentra uniflora
Longhorn steer's-head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dicliptera brachiata
Branched Dicliptera, Branched foldwing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon, Possumwood, Date plum, Winter plum, Jove's fruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal salt grass, Inland salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dryas integrifolia
Entireleaf mountain-avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Dryas octopetala
Eightpetal mountain-avens, Eight-petal mountain-avens, White mountain-avens, Mountain dryas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eleocharis elliptica
Elliptic spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Empetrum nigrum
Black crowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Epigaea repens
Trailing arbutus, Mayflower, Plymouth mayflower