Texas-High Plains Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Texas High Plains. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Acacia greggii var. wrightii
Catclaw acacia, Catclaw, Wright acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant amorpha, Prairie shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Fourwing saltbush, Wingscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus var. argenteus
Silver mountain mahogany, Mountain mahogany, True mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata
Cane cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear cholla, Tree cholla, Walkingstick cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black dalea, Black prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Sampson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Indian cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gaillardia pinnatifida
Blanket flower, Red dome blanketflower, Red-dome blanket-flower, Yellow gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata
Dakota mock vervain, Davis Mountain mock vervain, Wright's verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glossopetalon planitierum
Plains greasebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie sunflower, Plains sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Juniperus ashei
Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Blueberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus monosperma
Oneseed juniper, One-seed juniper, Cherrystone juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's juniper, Pinchot juniper, Redberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus scopulorum
Rocky Mountain juniper, Rocky Mountain red cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lantana urticoides
Texas lantana, Calico bush, West Indian shrub-verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris punctata
Dotted blazing star, Dotted gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii
Wild blue flax, Prairie flax, Lewis flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum pratense
Meadow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rigidum
Stiffstem flax, Large-flower yellow flax, Yellow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Machaeranthera tanacetifolia
Tanseyleaf tansyaster, Tahoka Daisy, Tansy Aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mahonia swaseyi
Texas barberry, Texas Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. incana
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Silver leaf primrose 

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Pascopyrum smithii
Western wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon ambiguus
Gilia beardtongue, Pink plains penstemon, Pink plains beardtongue, Sand penstemon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon cobaea
Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Foxglove penstemon, False foxglove, Large-flowered beardtongue, Large-flowered penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon jamesii
James's beardtongue, James's penstemon, James beardtongue, James penstemon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Pinus edulis
Colorado pinyon pine, Pinyon pine, Two-needle pine, Colorado pinyon, Pinyon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Poa arachnifera
Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera
Plains cottonwood, Great Plains cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus gracilis
Oklahoma plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus buckleyi
Texas red oak, Buckley oak, Spanish oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus havardii
Havard oak, Havard shin-oak, Shinnery oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus mohriana
Mohr oak, Shin oak, Scrub oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus shumardii
Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica var. serotina
Fragrant sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf sumac, Desert sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ribes aureum var. villosum
Golden currant, Buffalo currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salix amygdaloides
Peachleaf willow, Peach-leaf willow, Almond-leaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western soapberry, Soapberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago gigantea
Giant goldenrod, Smooth goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Early goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Solidago petiolaris
Downy goldenrod, Downy ragged goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Yucca glauca var. glauca
Narrow-leaf yucca, Soapweed yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zinnia grandiflora
Rocky Mountain zinnia, Little golden zinnia, Yellow zinnia, Plains zinnia, Prairie zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry