Toadshade Wildflower Farm

Toadshade Wildflower Farm specializes in nursery grown and propagated perennial plants native to Northeastern America. Our mission is to 1) provide native, perennial, propagated wildflower plants, 2) identify the plants clearly by common and scientific name, 3) clearly summarize the native range of the plants, and 4) to encourage increased plantings of native plant species within their native range.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acorus calamus
Calamus, Single-vein sweetflag, Sweet flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Actaea racemosa
Black baneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agastache nepetoides
Yellow giant hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agastache scrophulariifolia
Purple giant hyssop, Purple giant-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Ageratina altissima
White snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agrimonia striata
Roadside agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Allium cernuum
Nodding onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ampelaster carolinianus
Climbing aster, Climbing-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Amsonia hubrichtii
Hubricht's bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Amsonia tabernaemontana
Eastern bluestar, Blue dogbane, Willow amsonia, Woodland bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone canadensis
Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone virginiana
Tall thimbleweed, Thimbleweed, Tall anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Antennaria plantaginifolia
Plantain-leaf Pussytoes, Woman's tobacco, Ladies' tobacco, Everlasting, Mouse ear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian hemp, Prairie dogbane, Dogbane, Hemp dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias purpurascens
Purple milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia australis
Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Betula lenta
Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Betula populifolia
Gray birch, White birch, Aspen-leaved birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Bigelowia nuttallii
Nuttall's rayless goldenrod

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Boltonia asteroides
Boltonia, White doll's daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex aquatilis
Leafy tussock sedge, Water sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex grayi
Gray's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex gynandra
Nodding sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex lupulina
Hop sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex lurida
Lurid sedge, Sallow sedge, Shallow sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya ovata
Shagbark hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis occidentalis
Common hackberry, Nettle tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cerastium arvense
Field chickweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chelone glabra
White turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis virginiana
Devil's darning needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clethra alnifolia
Coastal sweet pepperbush, Clethra, Summer sweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Collinsonia canadensis
Citronella horsebalm, Richweed, Stoneroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tripteris
Tall tickseed, Tall coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus amomum
Silky dogwood, Red willow, Silky cornel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus racemosa
Gray dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corylus americana
American hazelnut, American filbert

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Deschampsia cespitosa
Tufted hairgrass, Tufted hair grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Dichanthelium clandestinum
Deer-tongue, Deertongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dioscorea quaternata
Fourleaf yam

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dioscorea villosa
Wild yam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina elephantsfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Elymus hystrix
Eastern bottlebrush grass, Bottlebrush Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Elymus villosus
Hairy wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Equisetum hyemale var. affine
Scouringrush horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eryngium yuccifolium
Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euonymus americanus
American strawberry-bush, Strawberry bush, Brook euonymus, Hearts-a-burstin, Bursting-heart, Wahoo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eupatorium hyssopifolium
Hyssop-leaf Boneset, Hyssopleaf thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia corollata
Flowering spurge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eurybia divaricata
White wood aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top goldentop, Grass-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eutrochium fistulosum
Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Fragaria virginiana
Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus americana
White ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gentiana clausa
Bottle gentian, Blind gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geum aleppicum
Yellow avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gillenia stipulata
American ipecac

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Helianthus decapetalus
Thinleaf sunflower, Ten-petaled sunflower, Thin-leaved sunflower, Pale sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Helianthus mollis
Ashy sunflower, Downy sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus occidentalis
Fewleaf sunflower, Western sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Heliopsis helianthoides
Smooth oxeye, Oxeye sunflower, False sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hieracium kalmii
Kalm's hawkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrangea arborescens
Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hypericum ascyron
Great St. Johnswort, Giant St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hypericum mutilum
Dwarf St. Johnswort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum punctatum
Spotted St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Iris prismatica
Slender blue iris, Slender blue flag, Coastal iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iris versicolor
Harlequin blueflag, Northern blue flag, Large blue iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus tenuis
Poverty rush, Path rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris pilosa var. pilosa
Shaggy blazing star, Grass-leaf blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris spicata
Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Dense liatris, Marsh blazing star, Marsh gayfeather, Marsh liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lindera benzoin
Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia siphilitica
Great blue lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ludwigia alternifolia
Seedbox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lycopus uniflorus
Northern bugleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Maclura pomifera
Osage orange, Bois d' arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Maianthemum stellatum
Starry false lily of the valley, Starry false Solomon's seal, Star-flowered Solomon's seal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Matteuccia struthiopteris
Ostrich fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Menispermum canadense
Common moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mimulus alatus
Sharpwing monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus ringens
Allegheny monkeyflower, Square-stemmed Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Mitella diphylla
Twoleaf miterwort, Miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera fruticosa
Narrowleaf evening-primrose, Narrow-leaf evening-primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oligoneuron riddellii
Riddell's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Opuntia humifusa
Devil's-tongue, Low prickly pear, Smooth prickly pear, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis violacea
Violet woodsorrel, Violet wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera aurea
Golden groundsel, Golden ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera obovata
Golden groundsel, Roundleaf groundsel, Roundleaf ragwort, Squawweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon calycosus
Long-sepal penstemon, Long-sepal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon hirsutus
Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon smallii
Small's penstemon, Small's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penthorum sedoides
Ditch stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Phlox subulata
Creeping Phlox, Moss phlox, Moss pink, Rock pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Photinia pyrifolia
Red chokeberry, Red chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana
Fall obedient plant, Obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus strobus
Eastern white pine, Weymouth pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polemonium reptans
Greek valerian, Greek-valerian, Jacob's Ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Polygonum virginianum
Jumpseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum verticillatum var. pilosum
Whorled Mountainmint

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Quercus prinus
Chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, mountain chestnut oak, rock oak, tanbark oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus typhina
Staghorn sumac, Velvet sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rosa palustris
Swamp rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rosa virginiana
Virginia rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia laciniata
Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Greenhead coneflower, Green-headed coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia triloba
Browneyed Susan, Brown-eyed-Susan, Thin-leaved coneflower, Three-lobed Rudbeckia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia humilis
Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia strepens
Limestone ruellia, Limestone wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scirpus cyperinus
Woolgrass, Cottongrass bulrush, Marsh bulrush, Teddybear paws

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scutellaria lateriflora
Blue skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sedum ternatum
Woodland stonecrop, Wild stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Silene stellata
Widow's frill, Starry campion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass, Narrow-leaf blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda blue-eyed grass, Blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Solidago caesia
Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod, Bluestem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago flexicaulis
Zigzag goldenrod, Broadleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod, Rough-leaved goldenrod, Roughleaf goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod, Roughstem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Solidago sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Staphylea trifolia
American bladdernut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Stylophorum diphyllum
Celandine poppy, Yellow wood poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Broad-leaved aster, Common blue wood aster, Heartleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White heath aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Calico aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
Aromatic aster, Aromatic American aster, Fall aster, Wild blue aster, Shale aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Purplestem aster, Purple-stemmed Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Teucrium canadense
Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalictrum dioicum
Early meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalictrum pubescens
King of the meadow, King-of-the-meadow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thelypteris palustris
Eastern marsh fern, Marsh fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Thermopsis villosa
Carolina bushpea, Aaron's rod, Bush pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tiarella cordifolia var. collina
Heartleaf foamflower, Wherry's foamflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia bracteata
Bracted spiderwort, Long-bract spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia ohiensis
Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf cattail, Common cat-tail, Broad-leaf cat-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Valeriana pauciflora
Largeflower valerian

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Verbesina alternifolia
Wingstem, Yellow ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia noveboracensis
New York ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum prunifolium
Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola affinis
Sand violet, Pale early violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola pubescens var. pubescens
Downy yellow violet, Yellow violet, Downy violet, Smooth yellow violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola sororia
Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola striata
Striped cream violet, Striped violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Zizia aurea
Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist