American Native Nursery

American Native Nursery is a wholesale and retail native plant nursery with demonstration gardens and propagation facilities. Located in Upper Bucks County, Pennsylvania, it invites visitors to observe directly the natural life cycle of hundreds of native flowers, grasses, ground covers, shrubs, and trees, in a variety of growing comditions, including wetlands, ponds, dry shade, and woodlands.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Acer pensylvanicum
Striped maple, Moosewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharinum
Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aconitum noveboracense
Northern blue monkshood, New York monkshood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Actaea pachypoda
White baneberry, Dolls eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Adiantum pedatum
Northern maidenhair, Maidenhair Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus flava
Sweet buckeye, Yellow buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus parviflora
Bottlebrush buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agastache scrophulariifolia
Purple giant hyssop, Purple giant-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Ageratina altissima
White snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Alisma subcordatum
American water plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Allium canadense
Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium cernuum
Nodding onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium tricoccum
Wild leek, Ramp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa
Speckled alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Alnus serrulata
Hazel alder, Brookside alder, Tag alder, Common alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Amelanchier arborea
Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier canadensis
Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Amelanchier laevis
Allegheny serviceberry, Allegheny service-berry, Serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier stolonifera
Running serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant amorpha, Prairie shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amsonia tabernaemontana
Eastern bluestar, Blue dogbane, Willow amsonia, Woodland bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone canadensis
Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone virginiana
Tall thimbleweed, Thimbleweed, Tall anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Antennaria plantaginifolia
Plantain-leaf Pussytoes, Woman's tobacco, Ladies' tobacco, Everlasting, Mouse ear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Antennaria solitaria
Singlehead pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Apios americana
Groundnut, Wild potato, Indian potato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aralia racemosa
American spikenard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arethusa bulbosa
Dragon's mouth, Swamp Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aruncus dioicus
Bride's feathers, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asarum canadense
Canadian wild ginger, Wild ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias quadrifolia
Fourleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Indian banana, Common pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium platyneuron
Ebony spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Athyrium filix-femina
Common ladyfern, Lady fern, Ladyfern, Subarctic lady fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Baptisia alba
White wild indigo, White baptisia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia australis
Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Betula alleghaniensis
Yellow birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Betula lenta
Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Betula nigra
River birch, Red birch, Black birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Betula populifolia
Gray birch, White birch, Aspen-leaved birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Bidens coronata
Crowned beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Blephilia ciliata
Downy pagoda plant, Sunny woodmint, Ohio horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Caltha palustris
Yellow marsh marigold, Yellow marsh-marigold, Cowslip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Calycanthus floridus
Eastern sweetshrub, Carolina allspice, Sweet shrub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Camassia scilloides
Atlantic camas, Wild hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campanulastrum americanum
American bellflower, American-bellflower, Tall bellflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cardamine concatenata
Cutleaf toothwort, Pepper root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Cardamine diphylla
Crinkleroot, Two-leaved toothwort, Two-leaf toothwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex grayi
Gray's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex pensylvanica
Pennsylvania sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex plantaginea
Plantainleaf sedge, Plantain-leaf sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya alba
Mockernut hickory, Big bud hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya glabra
Pignut hickory, Broom hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya ovata
Shagbark hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Castanea dentata
American chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Castanea pumila
Chinkapin, Allegheny chinquapin, Allegheny-chinkapin, Chinquapin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Catalpa speciosa
Northern catalpa, Catawba tree, Cigar tree, Indian bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Caulophyllum thalictroides
Blue cohosh, Squaw-root, Papoose-root, Caulophylle faux-pigamon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis occidentalis
Common hackberry, Nettle tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chamaecyparis thyoides
Atlantic white cedar, Atlantic white-cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Chamaelirium luteum
Blazing star, Fairywand

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chelone glabra
White turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Chelone lyonii
Pink turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Grancy Graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chrysogonum virginianum
Green and gold, Green-and-gold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cladrastis kentukea
Kentucky yellowwood, Yellowwood, Gopherwood, Virgilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Claytonia caroliniana
Carolina springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Claytonia virginica
Virginia springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis virginiana
Devil's darning needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clethra acuminata
Mountain sweet pepperbush, Cinnamon clethra

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Clethra alnifolia
Coastal sweet pepperbush, Clethra, Summer sweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clintonia umbellulata
White clintonia, White bluebead-lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Collinsonia canadensis
Citronella horsebalm, Richweed, Stoneroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Comptonia peregrina
Sweet fern, Sweet-fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Convallaria majuscula
American lily of the valley, American lily-of-the-valley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis verticillata
Threadleaf coreopsis, Whorled tickseed, Whorled coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cornus alternifolia
Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus amomum
Silky dogwood, Red willow, Silky cornel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus racemosa
Gray dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus sericea
Redosier dogwood, Redosier, Red-twig dogwood, Red-osier dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corylus americana
American hazelnut, American filbert

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cotinus obovatus
American smoke tree, Smoke tree, Texas smoke tree, Chittamwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus crus-galli
Cockspur hawthorn, Cockspur thorn, Newcastle hawthorn, Newcastle thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus mollis
Downy hawthorn, White thorn, Whitethorn, Scarlet hawthorn, Scarlet haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus phaenopyrum
Washington hawthorn, Washington-thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Danthonia spicata
Poverty oatgrass, Poverty wild oat grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda
Shrubby cinquefoil, Golden-hardhack

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Delphinium exaltatum
Tall larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Delphinium tricorne
Dwarf larkspur, Spring larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dennstaedtia punctilobula
Eastern hay-scented fern, Eastern hayscented fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Deschampsia cespitosa
Tufted hairgrass, Tufted hair grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Desmodium canadense
Showy tick trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Dicentra canadensis
Squirrel corn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dicentra cucullaria
Dutchman's breeches

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dicentra eximia
Turkey corn, Fringed bleedinghearts, Wild bleedingheart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium acuminatum
Tapered rosette grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium clandestinum
Deer-tongue, Deertongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Diervilla lonicera
Northern bush honeysuckle, Northern bush-honeysuckle, Diervilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diphylleia cymosa
American umbrellaleaf, Umbrella-leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dodecatheon meadia
Pride-of-Ohio, Roosterheads, Shootingstar, Pride of Ohio, Eastern shooting star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Doellingeria umbellata
Parasol whitetop, Flat-topped White Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dryopteris intermedia
Intermediate woodfern, Evergreen wood-fern, Fancy wood fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris marginalis
Marginal woodfern, Marginal fern, Marginal shieldfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Echinacea pallida
Pale purple coneflower, Pale coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Echinacea paradoxa
Yellow coneflower, Yellow echinacea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elymus hystrix
Eastern bottlebrush grass, Bottlebrush Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Enemion biternatum
Eastern false rue anemone, Isopyrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Epilobium leptophyllum
Bog willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigenia bulbosa
Harbinger of spring

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium yuccifolium
Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Erythronium albidum
White troutlily, Dogtooth violet, White fawnlily, Adder's tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Erythronium americanum
Yellow trout-lily, American trout-lily, Dogtooth violet, Eastern trout-lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eubotrys racemosa
Fetter-bush, Leucothoe, Swamp doghobble, Sweet-bells Leucothe, Sweetbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Euonymus americanus
American strawberry-bush, Strawberry bush, Brook euonymus, Hearts-a-burstin, Bursting-heart, Wahoo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euonymus atropurpureus
Burningbush, Eastern wahoo, Burning bush, Wahoo, Waahoo, Whahoo, Spindle tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eupatoriadelphus maculatus
Joe-Pye Weed, Spotted trumpetweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatorium hyssopifolium
Hyssop-leaf Boneset, Hyssopleaf thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eurybia divaricata
White wood aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top goldentop, Grass-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eutrochium fistulosum
Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Eutrochium purpureum
Purple joepyeweed, Sweet-scented joepyeweed, Sweet joepyeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fagus grandifolia
American beech

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Festuca subverticillata
Nodding fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Fothergilla gardenii
Dwarf witchalder, Dwarf witch-alder, Dwarf fothergilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Fraxinus americana
White ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaultheria procumbens
Eastern teaberry, Wintergreen, Checkerberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gaylussacia baccata
Black huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaylussacia brachycera
Box huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Gentiana andrewsii
Closed bottle gentian, Closed gentian, Bottle gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Gentianopsis crinita
Greater fringed gentian, Fringed gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium maculatum
Spotted geranium, Wild geranium, Cranesbill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gillenia trifoliata
Bowman's root, Indian physic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Goodyera pubescens
Downy rattlesnake plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gymnocladus dioicus
Kentucky coffeetree, Stump tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Halesia carolina
Carolina silverbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Hamamelis vernalis
Ozark witch-hazel, Vernal witch-hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch hazel, American witch hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Helenium autumnale
Common sneezeweed, Fall sneezeweed, Autumn sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus divaricatus
Woodland sunflower, Rough sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hepatica nobilis var. acuta
Sharplobe hepatica, Sharp-lobed hepatica, Mountain hepatica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa
Roundlobe hepatica, Round-lobed hepatica, Liverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Heterotheca villosa
Hairy false goldenaster, Hairy golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heuchera americana
American alumroot, Alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Heuchera villosa
Hairy alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hexastylis arifolia
Littlebrownjug, Heartleaf, Evergreen wild ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hexastylis shuttleworthii
Largeflower heartleaf, Shuttleworth's ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hydrangea arborescens
Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrangea quercifolia
Oakleaf hydrangea, Oak-leaf hydrangea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hydrastis canadensis
Goldenseal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrophyllum virginianum
Eastern waterleaf, Shawnee salad, Virginia waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenocallis caroliniana
Carolina spiderlily, Carolina spider-lily, Rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hypericum densiflorum
Bushy St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hypericum frondosum
Cedarglade St. Johnswort, Golden St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Hypoxis hirsuta
Common Goldstar, Yellow star-grass, Eastern yellow star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ilex glabra
Inkberry, Gallberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ilex opaca
American holly, Christmas holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Ilex verticillata
Common winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Iris cristata
Dwarf crested iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iris verna
Dwarf violet iris, Vernal iris, Dwarf iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Iris versicolor
Harlequin blueflag, Northern blue flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris virginica
Virginia iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern blueflag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Itea virginica
Virginia sweetspire, Tassel-white

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Jeffersonia diphylla
Twinleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juglans cinerea
Butternut, White walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juglans nigra
Black walnut, Eastern black walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juncus tenuis
Poverty rush, Path rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus communis
Common juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Larix laricina
Tamarack, American larch, Hacmatack, Black larch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Leucothoe axillaris
Coastal doghobble, Coast leucothoe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liatris aspera
Tall blazing star, Tall gayfeather, Rough blazing star, Button snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris scariosa
Devil's bite, Large blazing star, Savanna blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris spicata
Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Marsh blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lilium superbum
Turk's-cap lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lindera benzoin
Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American sweetgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip tree, Tulip poplar, Yellow poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia siphilitica
Great blue lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ludwigia alternifolia
Seedbox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Luzula acuminata
Hairy woodrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Luzula multiflora
Common woodrush, Woodrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lysimachia ciliata
Fringed loosestrife, Fringed yellow loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lysimachia quadrifolia
Whorled yellow loosestrife, Whorled loosestrife, Prairie loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Magnolia acuminata
Cucumbertree, Cucumber tree, Mountain magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Magnolia ashei
Ashe's magnolia, Ashe magnolia, Deciduous magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Magnolia tripetala
Umbrella tree, Umbrella magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Maianthemum canadense
Canada mayflower, False lily-of-the-valley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Maianthemum racemosum
Feathery false lily of the valley, False Solomon's seal, Feathery false Solomon's seal, False spikenard, Solomon's plume, Smilacina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malus coronaria
Sweet crabapple, American crab

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Manfreda virginica
False aloe, Rattlesnake master

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Marshallia grandiflora
Monongahela Barbara's buttons, Large-flowered marshallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Matteuccia struthiopteris
Ostrich fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Medeola virginiana
Indian cucumber, Indian Cucumber-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Meehania cordata
Meehan's mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mertensia virginica
Virginia bluebells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mimulus ringens
Allegheny monkeyflower, Square-stemmed Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Mitchella repens
Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mitella diphylla
Twoleaf miterwort, Miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Monarda didyma
Scarlet beebalm, Oswego tea, Red bergamot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Morella pensylvanica
Northern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow poison, Crowpoison, False garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nyssa sylvatica
Blackgum, Black tupelo, Sourgum, Tupelo, Pepperridge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oenothera fruticosa
Narrowleaf evening-primrose, Narrow-leaf evening-primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oligoneuron rigidum
Stiff goldenrod, Hard-leaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Opuntia humifusa
Devil's-tongue, Low prickly pear, Smooth prickly pear, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda claytoniana
Interrupted fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Osmunda regalis
Royal fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxydendrum arboreum
Sourwood, Sorrel tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Pachysandra procumbens
Allegheny spurge, Mountain spurge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera aurea
Golden groundsel, Golden ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Peltandra virginica
Green arrow arum, Tuckahoe, Arrow arum, Green arum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Penstemon calycosus
Longsepal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon hirsutus
Hairy beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon smallii
Small's beardtongue, Small's penstemon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox divaricata
Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox paniculata
Fall phlox, Perennial phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox stolonifera
Creeping phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Photinia melanocarpa
Black chokeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Photinia pyrifolia
Red chokeberry, Red chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Physocarpus opulifolius
Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Physostegia virginiana
Fall obedient plant, Obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picea mariana
Black spruce, Spruce fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf pine, Yellow pine, Spruce pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus resinosa
Red pine, Norway pine, Canadian pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus rigida
Pitch pine, Torch pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus strobus
Eastern white pine, Weymouth pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus virginiana
Virginia pine, Jersey pine, Scrub pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polemonium reptans
Greek valerian, Greek-valerian, Jacob's Ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Polygonatum biflorum
Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum
Great Solomon's seal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polypodium virginianum
Rock polypody

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polystichum acrostichoides
Christmas fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Populus deltoides
Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus tremuloides
Quaking aspen, Aspen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Prosartes lanuginosa
Yellow fairybells, Yellow mandarin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Prosartes maculata
Yellow mandarin, Nodding Mandarin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prunus americana
American plum, Wild plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus pensylvanica
Pin cherry, Fire cherry, Wild red cherry, Bird cherry, Pigeon cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus pumila
Sand cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum muticum
Clustered mountainmint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Narrowleaf mountain mint, Slender mountain mint, Common horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum virginianum
Virginia mountain mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus alba
White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus bicolor
Swamp white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus coccinea
Scarlet oak, Red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Quercus falcata
Southern red oak, Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus ilicifolia
Bear oak, Scrub oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock chestnut oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus palustris
Pin oak, Swamp Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Quercus phellos
Willow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus prinus
Chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, mountain chestnut oak, rock oak, tanbark oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus rubra
Northern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus velutina
Black oak, Quercitron oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ratibida pinnata
Pinnate prairie coneflower, Grayhead Mexican hat, Yellow coneflower, Grayhead coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhexia virginica
Meadow beauty, Handsome Harry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhododendron arborescens
Smooth azalea, Sweet azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron maximum
Great laurel, Wild rhododendron, Rosebay rhododendron, White laurel, Rosebay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rhododendron periclymenoides
Pink azalea, Pinxterbloom azalea, Pinxterflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhododendron prunifolium
Plumleaf azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron vaseyi
Pink-shell azalea, Pinkshell azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron viscosum
Swamp azalea, Clammy azalea, Cory azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus copallinum
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus typhina
Staghorn sumac, Velvet sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ribes americanum
American black currant, Wild black currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rosa blanda
Smooth rose, Early wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rosa carolina
Carolina rose, Pasture rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa palustris
Swamp rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rosa setigera
Climbing prairie rose, Climbing rose, Prairie Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa virginiana
Virginia rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus odoratus
Purpleflowering raspberry, Purple-flowering raspberry, Thimbleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia laciniata
Cutleaf coneflower, Green-head coneflower, Wild goldenglow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Sweet coneflower, Sweet black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia humilis
Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salix discolor
Pussy willow, Glaucous willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix nigra
Black willow, Gulf black willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix sericea
Silky willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sanguisorba canadensis
Canadian burnet, American burnet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Softstem bulrush, Soft-stem club-rush, Great bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus cyperinus
Woolgrass, Cottongrass bulrush, Marsh bulrush, Teddybear paws

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scutellaria incana
Hoary skullcap, Downy skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Scutellaria ovata
Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sedum ternatum
Woodland stonecrop, Wild stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Silene virginica
Fire pink, Scarlet catchfly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium perfoliatum
Cup plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Solidago caesia
Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod, Bluestem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod, Rough-leaved goldenrod, Roughleaf goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod, Roughstem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Solidago ulmifolia
Elmleaf goldenrod, Elm-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sorbus americana
American mountain ash, American mountain-ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spigelia marilandica
Woodland pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian pink, Spigelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Spiraea alba
White meadowsweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Spiraea tomentosa
Steeplebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Spiranthes cernua
Nodding lady's tresses, Ladies' tresses, Nodding ladies' tresses orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus heterolepis
Prairie dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stylophorum diphyllum
Celandine poppy, Yellow wood poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphoricarpos albus
Common snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Broad-leaved aster, Common blue wood aster, Heartleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Calico aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster, New England American-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum oolentangiense
Skyblue aster, Sky blue American-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Purplestem aster, Purple-stemmed Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Symplocarpus foetidus
Skunk cabbage, Skunk-cabbage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalictrum pubescens
King of the meadow, King-of-the-meadow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tiarella cordifolia
Heartleaf foamflower, Heart-leaf foamflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Tilia americana
American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tipularia discolor
Crippled cranefly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia ohiensis
Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Trautvetteria caroliniensis
Carolina bugbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium cuneatum
Little sweet Betsy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium erectum
Red trillium, Stinking-Benjamin, Wakerobin, Purple trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trillium luteum
Yellow wakerobin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium sessile
Toadshade, Red trillium, Wake-robin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Triosteum aurantiacum
Orangefruit horse-gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triosteum perfoliatum
Feverwort, Wild Coffee

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tsuga canadensis
Eastern hemlock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Uvularia grandiflora
Largeflower bellwort, Large-flower bellwort, Merrybells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Vaccinium angustifolium
Late lowbush blueberry, Lowbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbesina alternifolia
Wingstem, Yellow ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia noveboracensis
New York ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum acerifolium
Mapleleaf viburnum, Maple-leaf viburnum, Arrow-wood, Maple-leaf arrow-wood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum dentatum
Southern arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Sweet viburnum, Sheepberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum nudum
Possumhaw viburnum, Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides
Withe-rod, Witherod viburnum, Possumhaw, Wild raisin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum opulus var. americanum
American cranberry bush, Highbush-cranberry, American cranberrybush viburnum, Cranberry viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum prunifolium
Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola canadensis
Canadian white violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Viola cucullata
Marsh blue violet, Blue marsh violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viola pedata
Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet, Bird-foot violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola pubescens
Downy yellow violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola rostrata
Longspur violet, Violette Ó long Úperon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Viola rotundifolia
Roundleaf yellow violet, Round-leaved yellow violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola striata
Striped cream violet, Striped violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Viola ×palmata
Early blue violet, Trilobed violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola ×primulifolia
Primrose-leaved violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Waldsteinia fragarioides
Appalachian barren strawberry, Barren Strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Xanthorhiza simplicissima
Shrub yellowroot, Yellowroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Zanthoxylum americanum
Common pricklyash, Toothache tree, Prickly ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Zizia aurea
Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist