National Butterfly Center

The National Butterfly Center is dedicated to education, conservation and scientific research on wild butterflies. Its mission is "Growing Connections". The National Butterfly Center connects people to butterflies, which are intimately connected to native plants, which themselves are connected to the earth.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon hypoleucum
Rio Grande abutilon, White-leaf indian-mallow, Whiteleaf Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon trisulcatum
Anglestem Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Acacia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier acacia, Thornless Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Huajillla, Matoral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache, Sweet acacia, Mealy wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia greggii
Catclaw acacia, Gregg acacia, Long-flower catclaw, Una de gato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia rigidula
Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Catclaw, Chaparro prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia schaffneri
Schaffner's wattle, Twisted acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Acourtia runcinata
Featherleaf desertpeony, Peonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Adelia vaseyi
Vasey's Wild-lime

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Allowissadula lozanii
Lozano's False Indianmallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia macrostachya
Rio Grande beebrush, Woolly Bee-brush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amoreuxia wrightii
Wright's yellowshow, Yellow-Show

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amyris madrensis
Mountain torchwood, Shrub Amyris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Amyris texana
Chapotillo, Texas torchwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii
Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aphanostephus ramosissimus
Plains dozedaisy, Lazy daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de Zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bernardia myricifolia
Mouse Ears, Mouse's eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Buddleja sessiliflora
Rio Grande butterflybush, Tepozan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carlowrightia parviflora
Smallflower Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castela erecta
Goatbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert hackberry, Spiny hackberry, Granjeno, Shiny hackberry, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cephalanthus salicifolius
Mexican Buttonbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chloracantha spinosa
Spiny chloracantha, Mexican devil-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chromolaena odorata
Jack in the bush, Fragrant boneset, Fragrant mistflower, Crucita, Blue mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Citharexylum berlandieri
Berlandier's fiddlewood, Berlandier fiddlewood, Fiddlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clematis drummondii
Old-man's-beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's-Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Condalia hookeri
Bluewood condalia, Brasil, Brazilwood, Brazilian bluewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conoclinium betonicifolium
Betonyleaf thoroughwort, Betony-leaf mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium greggii
Gregg's mistflower, Palmleaf thoroughwort, Palm-leaf mistflower, Palm-leaf thoroughwort, Purple palmleaf mistflower, Purple palmleaf eupatorium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cordia boissieri
Mexican olive, Anacahuita, Texas wild olive, Anacahuite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coursetia axillaris
Texas babybonnets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton cortesianus
Cortez's Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Croton humilis
Pepperbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Croton incanus
Torrey's croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Croton leucophyllus
Twocolor Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum racemosum
Talayote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Dalea aurea
Golden dalea, Golden prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Desmanthus virgatus
Wild Tantan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dicliptera sexangularis
Sixangle foldwing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ebenopsis ebano
Texas ebony, Ebano

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Echeandia chandleri
Chandler's craglily, Lila de los llanos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Knockaway, Sandpaper tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ferocactus hamatacanthus var. sinuatus
Turk's-head Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Fleischmannia incarnata
Pink Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Florestina tripteris
Sticky florestina

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Forestiera angustifolia
Narrow-leaf forestiera, Tanglewood, Desert olive, Texas swamp-privet, Panalero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbow bush, Spring herald

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed twinevine, Climbing milkweed vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Purple prairie verbena, Prairie verbena, Dakota vervain, Dakota mock vervain, Moradilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia polyantha
Rio Grande Mock Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia quandrangulata
Beaked mock vervain, Pale mock vervain, Chihuahuan mock vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gochnatia hypoleuca
Shrubby Bullseye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Guaiacum angustifolium
Texas lignum-vitae, Soapbush, Guayacan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Havardia pallens
Tenaza, Huajillo, Ape's ear-ring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus annuus
Common sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helietta parvifolia
Barreta

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium angiospermum
Scorpion's-tail, Scorpion-tail

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Heliotropium confertifolium
Leafy heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt heliotrope, Seaside heliotrope, Quail plant, Cola de mico, Cola de gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hibiscus martianus
Heartleaf rosemallow, Tulipan del Monte, Heartleaf Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Jatropha dioica
Leatherstem, Leather Stem, Rubber Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia longii
Longflower tubetongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Justicia pilosella
Gregg's tubetongue, Hairy Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Justicia runyonii
Runyon's water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Karwinskia humboldtiana
Coyotillo, Humboldt coyotillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lantana achyranthifolia
Brushland shrubverbena, Mexican marjoram, Veinyleaf lantana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lantana canescens
Hammock shrubverbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Lantana urticoides
Texas lantana, Calico bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia peppergrass, Virginia pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor man's pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lesquerella lasiocarpa
Roughpod Bladderpod

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucaena pulverulenta
Great leadtree, Tepaguaje

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage, Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lippia alba
Bushy lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lippia graveolens
Mexican oregano, Redbrush lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Malpighia glabra
Acerola, Barbados Cherry, Manzanita, Wild crapemyrtle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Malvastrum americanum
Indian Valley False Mallow

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's cap or Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond wax-mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Manzanilla, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mandevilla lanuginosa
Plateau Rocktrumpet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Manfreda longiflora
Longflower tuberose, Amole de río, Runyon's Huaco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Manfreda variegata
Mottled tuberose, Huaco, Manfreda, Texas tuberose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Manihot walkerae
Walker's manioc, Walker's manihot, Texas tapioca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau vine, Correhuela de las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Palafoxia hookeriana
Sand palafox, Hooker palafoxia, Sand palafoxia, Hooker's palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia texana
Texas palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parkinsonia texana
Texas paloverde, Border palo verde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Passiflora foetida
Corona de Cristo, Scarlet-fruit passion flower, Fetid passionflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora suberosa
Corkstem Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Passiflora tenuiloba
Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pavonia lasiopetala
Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phyla nodiflora
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Plumbago scandens
Doctorbush, Summer snow plumbago, Mexican plumbago

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polanisia dodecandra
Clammyweed, Redwhisker clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss me quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment live oak, Plateau live oak, Texas live oak, Scrub live oak, Hill country live oak, Plateau oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus lobata
Valley oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Randia rhagocarpa
Crucillo

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia occidentalis
Western wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal mexicana
Mexican palm, Palma Di Micharos, Rio Grande palmetto, Texas palm, Texas palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salix nigra
Black willow, Gulf black willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia ballotiflora
Shrubby blue sage, Blue Shrub Sage, Mejorana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western soapberry, Soapberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Serjania brachycarpa
Littlefruit slipplejack, Serjania

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Simsia calva
Awnless bush sunflower, Bush sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum erianthum
Potato Tree, Potatotree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Sophora secundiflora
Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sophora tomentosa
Yellow necklacepod, Yellow sophora, Necklace pod, Tambalisa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tamaulipa azurea
Blue Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Tecoma stans
Yellow bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow trumpetbush, Yellow trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thamnosma texana
Dutchman's breeches, Ruda del monte, Rue of the mountains, Texas desert-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thymophylla pentachaeta
Fiveneedle pricklyleaf, Five-needle Fetid Marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba
Bristleleaf pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Turnera diffusa
Damiana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena halei
Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina microptera
Texas crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana
Louisiana vetch, Deer Pea Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viguiera stenoloba
Resinbush, Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Wedelia texana
Zexmenia, Orange zexmenia, Wedelia, Hairy wedelia, Texas creeping-oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Wissadula amplissima
Big Yellow Velvetleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Wissadula periplocifolia
White Velvetleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Zanthoxylum fagara
Lime prickly ash, Colima

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zinnia acerosa
Desert zinnia, Dwarf zinnia, Dwarf white zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry