Lockhart State Park Nature Trail Native Plant Species

The North American native plant species found along the Nature Trail at Lockhart State Park. This list was compiled as part of a project of the Texas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida
Great ragweed, Giant ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Bothriochloa laguroides
Silver Bluestem, Silver beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry , French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Capsicum annuum
Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya texana
Black hickory, Buckley hickory, Pignut hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern hackberry, Lowland hackberry, Hackberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Western hackberry, Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chaptalia texana
Silverpuff, Nodding lettuce, Silver puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Clematis drummondii
Old man's beard, Drummond's clematis, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Convolvulus equitans
Bindweed, Texas bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cooperia pedunculata
Hill Country rain lily, Prairie lily, Rain lily, Flor de mayo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Tasajillo, Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dichanthelium dichotomum
Cypress panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens
Elbow bush, Stretchberry, Spring herald

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galium aparine
Stickywilly, Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water:

Herbertia lahue
Prairie nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Balsam Gourd, Lindheimer's Globeberry, Globe Berry, Snake-apple, Balsam-apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw holly, Deciduous holly, Meadow holly, Prairie holly, Swamp holly, Welk holly, Deciduous yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper, Red juniper, Pencil cedar, Carolina cedar, Red savin, Baton rouge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lactuca hirsuta
Hairy lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lantana urticoides
Texas lantana, Calico bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lindheimera texana
Texas Yellowstar, Texas Star, Texas Yellow-star, Lindheimer daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry, Wild currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Drummond turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond's wax mallow, Drummond wax mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts, Manzanilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Manfreda longiflora
Longflower tuberose, Amole de río, Runyon's Huaco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Matelea biflora
Purple Milkweed Vine, Star milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea reticulata
Green milkweed vine, Net vein milkvine, Netted milkvine, Pearl milkweed Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine , Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nekemias arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nemophila phacelioides
Texas baby blue eyes, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas prickly pear, Lindheimer's prickly pear, Lindheimer prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican paloverde, Jerusalem thorn, Horsebean, Lluvia de Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passionflower, Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phacelia congesta
Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phoradendron tomentosum
Christmas mistletoe, Mistletoe, Injerto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite, Glandular mesquite, Algarroba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum, Inch plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pyrrhopappus carolinianus
Carolina desert-chicory, Texas dandelion, False dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Quercus buckleyi
Texas red oak, Buckley oak, Texas oak, Spanish oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment live oak, Plateau live oak, Hill country live oak, Texas live oak, Scrub live oak, Plateau oak, Encino molino, Tesmoli

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus shumardii
Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak, Swamp red oak, Spotted oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus texana
Nuttall Oak, Texas oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus virginiana
Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Virginia live oak, Live oak, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus trilobata
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Scented sumac, Ill-scented sumac, Skunkbush sumac, Skunkbush, Basketbush, Squawbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western soapberry, Soapberry, Wild china tree, Wild chinaberry, Indian soap plant, Jaboncillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem, Popotillo azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum
Gum bumelia, Gum bully, Woollybucket bumelia, Woolly bumelia, Gum woollybucket, Woolly buckthorn, Chittamwood, Shittamwood, Gum elastic, Coma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Smilax bona-nox
Saw greenbrier, Catbrier, Bullbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax tamnoides
Bristly greenbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora, Pink sophora, Necklace tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tillandsia recurvata
Small ball moss, Ball moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia usneoides
Spanish moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Tinantia anomala
False dayflower, Widows tears

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern poison ivy, Poison ivy, Poison oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia subacaulis
Stemless spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus alata
Winged elm, Wahoo elm, Cork elm, Witch elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Basket elm, Scrub elm, Lime elm, Texas elm, Southern rock elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican buckeye, Monilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Verbena halei
Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy viburnum, Southern nannyberry, Rusty nannyberry, Nannyberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca treculeana
Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita, Palma de Datil, Palmito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Hercules club, Pepperbark, Toothache tree, Tickle tongue, Prickly ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry