Remarkable Riparian

A field guide to riparian plants within the Nueces River Basin of Texas. A publication of the Nueces River Authority. This user-friendly guide introduces the most commonly observed riparian vegetation in the Edward's Plateau and Rio Grande Plains. However, most of the plants presented herein occur in riparian areas all across Texas, including the Cross Timbers, Trans-Pecos and Rolling Plains.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia greggii
Catclaw acacia, Gregg acacia, Long-flower catclaw, Una de gato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia rigidula
Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Catclaw, Chaparro prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby copperleaf, Three-seeded mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acer negundo
Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ambrosia psilostachya
Cuman ragweed, Western ragweed, Perennial ragweed, Common ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida var. texana
Texan great ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Anemia mexicana
Mexican fern, Mexican Flowering Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aristida purpurea
Purple threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple three-awn, Red threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bacopa monnieri
Coastal Water-hyssop, Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Boehmeria cylindrica
Smallspike false nettle, Bog Hemp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Brickellia cylindracea
Brickell-Bush, Brickellbush, Gravelbar brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Brickellia dentata
Leafy brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calyptocarpus vialis
Straggler daisy, Horseherb, Hierba del caballo, Lawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Catalpa bignonioides
Southern catalpa, Cigar tree, Indian bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cenchrus spinifex
Coastal sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern sandbur, Spiny burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Chamaesyce serpens
Matted sandmat, Prostrate spurge, Creeping spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chilopsis linearis
Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Trumpet flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chloris cucullata
Hooded windmill grass, Hooded windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cicuta maculata
Spotted water hemlock, Water-Hemlock, Beaver Poison

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Drummond's clematis, Old man's beard, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer Panicgrass, Lindheimer's Rosettegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eleocharis cellulosa
Gulf Coast spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand spikerush, Spike rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis rostellata
Beaked spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Equisetum hyemale
Canuela, Horsetail, Scouring rush, Scouringrush horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum laevigatum
Horsetail, Smooth horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia dentata
Toothed spurge, Toothedleaf poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum
Catchfly prairie gentian, Bluebell gentian, Western blue gentian, Blue marsh lily, Small bluebell, Catchfly gentian, Seaside gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbow bush, Spring herald

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Indian cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus albicans
Texas Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus greggii
Gregg's ash, Littleleaf ash, Escobilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fuirena simplex
Western umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galium virgatum
Southwest Bedstraw, Southwestern bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Garrya ovata
Eggleaf silktassel, Mexican silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma acinoides
Slender false pennyroyal, Annual pennyroyal, Slender hedeoma

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Helenium microcephalum
Smallhead sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus annuus
Common sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heteranthera limosa
Blue Mud Plantain, Blue mudplantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides
Floating marshpennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrocotyle umbellata
Manyflower marshpennywort, Water-pennywort,  Money-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hydrocotyle verticillata var. verticillata
Pennywort, Water-Pennywort, Whorled marshpennywort,  Money-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Indigofera lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ipomoea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's morning-glory, Blue Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Jatropha dioica
Leatherstem, Leather Stem, Rubber Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans microcarpa
Little walnut, Nogalito, Texas walnut, Texas black walnut, River walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juncus acuminatus
Tapertip rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus interior
Inland rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juncus marginatus
Grassleaf rush, Grass Leaf Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus ashei
Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Blueberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lantana achyranthifolia
Brushland shrubverbena, Mexican marjoram, Veinyleaf lantana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris punctata
Dotted blazing star, Dotted gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ludwigia octovalvis
Mexican primrose-willow, Narrow-leaf Water Primrose, Seedbox, Mexican Primrose Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ludwigia peploides
Creeping water-primrose, Floating primrose-willow, Water-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lygodesmia texana
Texas skeletonplant, Texas skeleton weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lythrum californicum
California loosestrife, Purple loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Matelea reticulata
Green milkweed vine, Net vein milkvine, Netted milkvine, Pearl milkweed Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mecardonia procumbens
Baby jump-up

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mikania scandens
Climbing hempvine, Climbing hempweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Mitreola petiolata
Lax hornpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Myriophyllum heterophyllum
Twoleaf watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii
Cactus apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia callosa
Small palafox, Small palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Panicum hallii
Hall's panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Parthenium confertum
Gray's feverfew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyla nodiflora
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Physalis cinerascens
Smallflower groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia correllii
Correll's false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea camphorata
Camphor pluchea, Camphor weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum hydropiperoides
Swamp smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum punctatum
Dotted smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Populus deltoides
Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Potamogeton illinoensis
Illinois pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton pusillus
Small pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus buckleyi
Texas red oak, Buckley oak, Spanish oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment live oak, Plateau live oak, Texas live oak, Scrub live oak, Hill country live oak, Plateau oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus virens
Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchospora colorata
Starrush whitetop, Star sedge, White-topped sedge, Whitetop sedge, Star rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora nivea
Showy whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rubus riograndis
Rio Grande dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salix nigra
Black willow, Gulf black willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia farinacea
Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sapindus saponaria
Wingleaf soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Schoenoplectus californicus
California bulrush, California club-rush, Giant Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf senna, Two leaved senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Setaria parviflora
Marsh bristlegrass, Knotroot bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Silphium integrifolium
Wholeleaf rosinweed, Entire-leaf rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Smilax bona-nox
Saw greenbrier, Catbrier, Bullbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Styrax platanifolius ssp. stellatus
Hairy sycamore-leaf snow-bell, Sycamoreleaf snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Teucrium canadense
Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Dogweed, Dyssodia, Fiveneedle pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Tillandsia recurvata
Small ball moss, Ball moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern poison ivy, Poison ivy, Poison oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens muticus
Slim tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Typha domingensis
Southern cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Utricularia gibba
Bladderwort, Conespur bladderpod, Humped bladderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Verbena canescens
Gray vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viguiera dentata
Sunflower goldeneye, Plateau goldeneye, Toothleaf goldeneye, Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis monticola
Sweet mountain grape, Champin Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Xanthium strumarium
Rough cockleburr

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: