</

Mt. Cuba Center

The Copeland family dedicated their Mt. Cuba estate to conserving the native plants that they cherished for future generations to enjoy in their natural setting. Today, the Center is passionately committed to preserving the rich flora of the Appalachian Piedmont Region through conservation, horticulture, and education & research.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abies balsamea
Balsam Fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Abies fraseri
Fraser fir, She-balsam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Acer barbatum
Southern sugar maple, Florida maple, Caddo maple, Rock maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acer leucoderme
Chalk maple, Whitebark maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acer nigrum
Black maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer pensylvanicum
Striped maple, Moosewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple, Soft maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum var. drummondii
Drummond's maple, Drummond red maple, Swamp maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Acer saccharinum
Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer spicatum
Mountain maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Aconitum uncinatum
Southern blue monkshood, Monkshood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Actaea pachypoda
White baneberry, Dolls eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Actaea podocarpa
Mountain bugbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Actaea racemosa
Black baneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Actaea racemosa var. racemosa
Black cohosh, Black bugbane, Bugbane, Black snakeroot, Fairy candles

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Actaea rubifolia
Appalachian bugbane

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Actaea rubra
Red baneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Adiantum pedatum
Northern maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Adlumia fungosa
Climbing Fumatory, Allegheny Vine, Mountain Fringe

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Aesculus flava
Sweet buckeye, Yellow buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus glabra
Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus parviflora
Bottlebrush buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus sylvatica
Painted buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Agalinis purpurea
Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Agarista populifolia
Florida hobblebush, Tall fetterbush, Florida leucothoe, Agarista

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Ageratina altissima var. altissima
White snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Allium allegheniense
Allegheny onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium cernuum
Nodding onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium speculae
Flatrock Onion, Little River Canyon Onion, Ownbey's Onion

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Allium tricoccum
Wild leek, Ramp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Alnus maritima
Seaside alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
Green alder, Mountain alder, Sitka alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Amaranthus pumilus
Seaside amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Amelanchier arborea
Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier canadensis
Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Amelanchier laevis
Allegheny serviceberry, Allegheny service-berry, Serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier obovalis
Coastal juneberry, Coastal service-berry, Coastal serviceberry, Shadbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier sanguinea
Roundleaf serviceberry, Red-twig serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier stolonifera
Running serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier ×intermedia
Intermediate Serviceberry, Intermediate Shadbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Amianthium muscitoxicum
Fly poison, Crow poison

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelaster carolinianus
Climbing aster, Climbing-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Texas bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia ciliata var. ciliata
Fringed bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia ciliata var. tenuifolia
Fringed bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia hubrichtii
Hubricht's bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Amsonia illustris
Ozark bluestar, Showy blue-star, Missouri blue star, Swamp bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amsonia rigida
Stiff bluestar, Marsh bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amsonia tabernaemontana
Eastern bluestar, Blue dogbane, Willow amsonia, Woodland bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Amsonia tabernaemontana var. salicifolia
Eastern bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon gyrans
Elliott's bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Andropogon ternarius
Splitbeard bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge, Broomsedge bluestem, Yellowsedge bluestem, Whiskey grass, Popotillo pajon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone canadensis
Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone caroliniana
Carolina anemone, Carolina thimbleweed, Southern thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Anemone quinquefolia
Wood anemone, Nightcaps

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone virginiana
Tall thimbleweed, Thimbleweed, Tall anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Angelica triquinata
Filmy Angelica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Angelica venenosa
Hairy angelica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Apios americana
Groundnut, Wild potato, Indian potato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Apios priceana
Price's groundnut, Traveler's delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Aplectrum hyemale
Adam and Eve

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aralia nudicaulis
Wild sarsaparilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Aralia racemosa
American spikenard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aristida lanosa
Woollysheath Threeawn, Woolly Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristolochia macrophylla
Pipevine, Dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aristolochia serpentaria
Virginia snakeroot, Virginia dutchmanspipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Aristolochia tomentosa
Woolly Dutchman's pipe, Common Dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aruncus dioicus
Bride's feathers, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asarum canadense
Canadian wild ginger, Wild ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias exaltata
Poke milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. pulchra
Swamp milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias purpurascens
Purple milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias variegata
Redring milkweed, White-flowered milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asimina parviflora
Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Common pawpaw, Custard apple, Indian banana, Wild banana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium bradleyi
Bradley's spleenwort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Asplenium pinnatifidum
Lobed spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium platyneuron
Ebony spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium trichomanes
Maidenhair spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium ×ebenoides

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Astilbe biternata
Appalachian false goat's beard, False goatsbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Athyrium filix-femina
Common lady fern, Subarctic lady fern, Lady fern, Ladyfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aureolaria flava var. flava
Smooth yellow false foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baptisia alba
White wild indigo, White baptisia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia alba var. macrophylla
Largeleaf wild indigo, White wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia albescens
Spiked wild indigo

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Baptisia arachnifera
Hairy Rattleweed, Cobwebby Wild Indigo, Hairy Wild Indigo, Hairy False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Baptisia australis
Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia australis var. aberrans
Blue wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia australis var. minor
Blue Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata
Longbract wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry