Mt. Cuba Center

The Copeland family dedicated their Mt. Cuba estate to conserving the native plants that they cherished for future generations to enjoy in their natural setting. Today, the Center is passionately committed to preserving the rich flora of the Appalachian Piedmont Region through conservation, horticulture, and education & research.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abies balsamea
Balsam fir, Balsam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Abies fraseri
Fraser fir, She-balsam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Acer barbatum
Southern sugar maple, Florida maple, Caddo maple, Rock maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acer leucoderme
Chalk maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acer nigrum
Black maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer pensylvanicum
Striped maple, Moosewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum var. drummondii
Drummond's maple, Drummond red maple, Swamp maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Acer saccharinum
Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer spicatum
Mountain maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Aconitum uncinatum
Southern blue monkshood, Monkshood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Actaea pachypoda
White baneberry, Dolls eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Actaea podocarpa
Mountain bugbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Actaea racemosa
Black baneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Actaea racemosa var. racemosa
Black cohosh, Black bugbane, Bugbane, Black snakeroot, Fairy candles

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Actaea rubifolia
Appalachian bugbane

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Actaea rubra
Red baneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Adiantum pedatum
Northern maidenhair, Maidenhair Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Adlumia fungosa
Climbing Fumatory, Allegheny Vine, Mountain-fringe

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Aesculus flava
Sweet buckeye, Yellow buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus glabra
Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus parviflora
Bottlebrush buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus sylvatica
Painted buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Agalinis purpurea
Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Agarista populifolia
Florida hobblebush, Tall fetterbush, Florida leucothoe, Agarista

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Ageratina altissima var. altissima
White snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Allium allegheniense
Allegheny onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium cernuum
Nodding onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium speculae
Little River Canyon onion

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Allium tricoccum
Wild leek, Ramp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Alnus maritima
Seaside alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Alnus viridis ssp. crispa
Green alder, Mountain alder, Sitka alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Amaranthus pumilus
Seaside amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Amelanchier arborea
Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier canadensis
Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Amelanchier laevis
Allegheny serviceberry, Allegheny service-berry, Serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier obovalis
Coastal juneberry, Coastal service-berry, Coastal serviceberry, Shadbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier sanguinea
Roundleaf serviceberry, Red-twig serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier stolonifera
Running serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier ×intermedia
Intermediate Serviceberry, Intermediate Shadbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Amianthium muscitoxicum
Fly poison, Crow poison

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelaster carolinianus
Climbing aster, Climbing-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Blue funnel lily, Texas bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia ciliata var. ciliata
Fringed bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia ciliata var. tenuifolia
Fringed bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia hubrichtii
Hubricht's bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Amsonia illustris
Ozark bluestar, Showy blue-star, Missouri blue star, Swamp bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amsonia rigida
Stiff bluestar, Marsh bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amsonia tabernaemontana
Eastern bluestar, Blue dogbane, Willow amsonia, Woodland bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Amsonia tabernaemontana var. salicifolia
Eastern bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon gyrans
Elliott's bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Andropogon ternarius
Splitbeard bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone canadensis
Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone caroliniana
Carolina anemone, Carolina thimbleweed, Southern thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Anemone quinquefolia
Wood anemone, Nightcaps

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone virginiana
Tall thimbleweed, Thimbleweed, Tall anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Angelica triquinata
Filmy Angelica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Angelica venenosa
Hairy angelica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Apios americana
Groundnut, Wild potato, Indian potato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Apios priceana
Price's groundnut, Traveler's delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Aplectrum hyemale
Adam and Eve

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aralia nudicaulis
Wild sarsaparilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Aralia racemosa
American spikenard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aristida lanosa
Woollysheath Threeawn, Woolly Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristolochia macrophylla
Pipevine, Dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aristolochia serpentaria
Virginia snakeroot, Virginia dutchmanspipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Aristolochia tomentosa
Woolly Dutchman's pipe, Common Dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aruncus dioicus
Bride's feathers, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asarum canadense
Canadian wild ginger, Wild ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias exaltata
Poke milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. pulchra
Swamp milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias purpurascens
Purple milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias variegata
Redring milkweed, White-flowered milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asimina parviflora
Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Indian banana, Common pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium bradleyi
Bradley's spleenwort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Asplenium pinnatifidum
Lobed spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium platyneuron
Ebony spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium trichomanes
Maidenhair spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium ×ebenoides

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Astilbe biternata
Appalachian false goat's beard, False goatsbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Athyrium filix-femina
Common ladyfern, Lady fern, Ladyfern, Subarctic lady fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aureolaria flava var. flava
Smooth yellow false foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baptisia alba
White wild indigo, White baptisia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia alba var. macrophylla
Largeleaf wild indigo, White wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia albescens
Spiked wild indigo

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Baptisia arachnifera
Cobwebby wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Baptisia australis
Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia australis var. aberrans
Blue wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia australis var. minor
Blue Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata
Longbract wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia cinerea
Grayhairy wild indigo

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia lanceolata
Gopherweed, Pineland baptisia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Baptisia megacarpa
Apalachicola wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia simplicifolia
Scareweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Baptisia sphaerocarpa
Bush pea, Green wild indigo, Yellow wild indigo, Yellow wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baptisia tinctoria
Horseflyweed, Yellow Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Berberis canadensis
American barberry

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Berberis julianae
Wintergreen barberry

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Betula lenta
Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Betula nigra
River birch, Red birch, Black birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bigelowia nuttallii
Nuttall's rayless goldenrod

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Botrychium virginianum
Rattlesnake fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Brunnichia ovata
American buckwheat vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callisia graminea
Grassleaf roseling

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Calopogon tuberosus
Tuberous grasspink, Grass pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Caltha palustris
Yellow marsh marigold, Yellow marsh-marigold, Cowslip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Calycanthus floridus
Eastern sweetshrub, Carolina allspice, Sweet shrub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Camassia scilloides
Atlantic camas, Wild hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campanula divaricata
Small bonny bellflower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Cardamine concatenata
Cutleaf toothwort, Pepper root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Cardamine diphylla
Crinkleroot, Two-leaved toothwort, Two-leaf toothwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cardamine maxima
Large toothwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex albicans
Whitetinge sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex albursina
White bear sedge

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex amphibola
Creek Sedge, Eastern narrowleaf sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex appalachica
Appalachian sedge

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Carex atlantica
Prickly bog sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex bromoides
Bromelike sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex cherokeensis
Cherokee sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex communis var. communis
Fibrousroot sedge

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Carex crinita
Fringed sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex digitalis
Slender woodland sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex eburnea
Bristleleaf sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex flaccosperma
Thinfruit sedge

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Carex grayi
Gray's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex grisea
Inflated Narrow-Leaf Sedge

Duration:
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex jamesii
James' sedge

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Carex pensylvanica
Pennsylvania sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex plantaginea
Plantainleaf sedge, Plantain-leaf sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Carex platyphylla
Broadleaf sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex stricta
Upright sedge, Uptight sedge, Tussock sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex swanii
Swan's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya alba
Mockernut hickory, Big bud hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya aquatica
Water hickory, Bitter pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carya cordiformis
Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya glabra
Pignut hickory, Broom hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya myristiciformis
Nutmeg hickory, Nogal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Carya ovata
Shagbark hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Castanea pumila
Chinkapin, Allegheny chinquapin, Allegheny-chinkapin, Chinquapin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja coccinea
Scarlet paintbrush, Scarlet indian paintbrush, Painted cup, Indian paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Caulophyllum thalictroides
Blue cohosh, Squaw-root, Papoose-root, Caulophylle faux-pigamon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celastrus scandens
American bittersweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis occidentalis
Common hackberry, Nettle tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis tenuifolia
Dwarf hackberry, Small sugar hackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Centrosema virginianum
Spurred butterfly pea, Butterfly pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chamaecyparis thyoides
Atlantic white cedar, Atlantic white-cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Chamaelirium luteum
Blazing star, Fairywand

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cheilanthes lanosa
Hairy lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chelone cuthbertii
Cuthbert's turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chelone glabra
White turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Chelone lyonii
Pink turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chelone obliqua
Red turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chimaphila maculata
Striped prince's pine, Spotted Wintergreen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Chionanthus pygmaeus
Pygmy fringetree

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Sun
Water:

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Grancy Graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chrysogonum virginianum var. australe
Southern green and gold, Green and gold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chrysogonum virginianum var. virginianum
Northern green and gold, Green and gold

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chrysopsis mariana
Maryland goldenaster, Maryland golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Cirsium discolor
Field thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cladrastis kentukea
Kentucky yellowwood, Yellowwood, Gopherwood, Virgilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Claytonia caroliniana
Carolina springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Claytonia virginica
Virginia springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis addisonii
Addison's leather flower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Clematis crispa
Swamp leatherflower, Curly clematis, Blue jasmine, Curlflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis glaucophylla
Whiteleaf Leather-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis morefieldii
Huntsville vasevine

Duration:
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis ochroleuca
Curlyheads

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Clematis reticulata
Netleaf leather flower

Duration:
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Clematis socialis
Alabama leather flower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Clematis texensis
Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis viorna
Vasevine, Leatherflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis virginiana
Devil's darning needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clethra acuminata
Mountain sweet pepperbush, Cinnamon clethra

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Clethra alnifolia
Coastal sweet pepperbush, Clethra, Summer sweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cliftonia monophylla
Buckwheat tree, Buckwheat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Clinopodium coccineum
Scarlet Calamint, Scarlet Wild Basil, Red Savory, Red Mint Shrub, Scarlet Balm, Southern Calamint, Red Basil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clinopodium georgianum
Georgia calamint, Georgia basil, Clinopodium

Duration:
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Clintonia umbellulata
White clintonia, White bluebead-lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Collinsonia canadensis
Citronella horsebalm, Richweed, Stoneroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Collinsonia serotina
Blue Ridge horsebalm

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Collinsonia verticillata
Stoneroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Comptonia peregrina
Sweet fern, Sweet-fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conradina glabra
Apalachicola false rosemary

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Convallaria majuscula
American lily of the valley, American lily-of-the-valley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Corema conradii
Broom crowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis delphiniifolia
Larkspurleaf tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Sun
Water:

Coreopsis falcata
Sickle tickseed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis gladiata
Coastal plain tickseed, Coastal tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Coreopsis integrifolia
Fringeleaf tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Sun
Water:

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis latifolia
Broadleaf tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis major
Greater tickseed, Major coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis palmata
Stiff tickseed, Stiff coreopsis, Finger coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Coreopsis pubescens
Star tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis tripteris
Tall tickseed, Tall coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis verticillata
Threadleaf coreopsis, Whorled tickseed, Whorled coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cornus alternifolia
Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus amomum
Silky dogwood, Red willow, Silky cornel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus foemina
Stiff dogwood, Swamp dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cornus racemosa
Gray dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus sericea
Redosier dogwood, Redosier, Red-twig dogwood, Red-osier dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corylus americana
American hazelnut, American filbert

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cotinus obovatus
American smoke tree, Smoke tree, Texas smoke tree, Chittamwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus crus-galli
Cockspur hawthorn, Cockspur thorn, Newcastle hawthorn, Newcastle thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus marshallii
Parsley hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus pulcherrima
Beautiful hawthorn

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Crataegus succulenta
Fleshy hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Crataegus uniflora
Dwarf hawthorn, One-flowered Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Croton alabamensis var. alabamensis
Alabama croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cunila origanoides
Common dittany

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cymophyllus fraserianus
Fraser's Cymophyllus

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cypripedium acaule
Moccasin flower, Pink lady's slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cypripedium candidum
White lady's slipper, Small white lady's slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cypripedium kentuckiense
Kentucky Lady's-slipper, Ivory Lady's-slipper, Purloined Slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cypripedium parviflorum
Lesser yellow lady's slipper, Yellow lady's-slipper orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cypripedium parviflorum var. makasin
Greater yellow lady's slipper

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum
Lesser yellow lady's slipper

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens
Greater yellow lady's slipper, Large yellow lady's slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cypripedium reginae
Showy lady's slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Cypripedium ×andrewsii
Andrews' lady's-slipper

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cyrilla racemiflora
Swamp titi, Titi, Leatherwood, Swamp cyrilla, Palo colorado

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cystopteris bulbifera
Bulblet bladder fern, Bulblet bladderfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Cystopteris fragilis
Brittle bladder fern, Brittle bladderfern, Fragile fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cystopteris protrusa
Lowland bladderfern

Duration:
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water: Moist

Cystopteris tenuis
Upland brittle bladderfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Decodon verticillatus
Swamp loosestrife, Swamp-loosestrife, Water willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Delphinium alabamicum
Alabama Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium carolinianum
Carolina larkspur, Blue larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Espuela del caballero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium exaltatum
Tall larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Delphinium tricorne
Dwarf larkspur, Spring larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dennstaedtia punctilobula
Eastern Hay-scented Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Deparia acrostichoides
Silver false spleenwort, Silvery spleenwort, Silvery glade fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Deschampsia cespitosa
Tufted hairgrass, Tufted hair grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Desmodium fernaldii
Fernald's ticktrefoil

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diarrhena americana
American beakgrain

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dicentra cucullaria
Dutchman's breeches

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dicentra eximia
Turkey corn, Fringed bleedinghearts, Wild bleedingheart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Diervilla sessilifolia
Southern bush honeysuckle, Southern bush-honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dionaea muscipula
Venus flytrap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dioscorea quaternata
Fourleaf yam

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diphylleia cymosa
American umbrellaleaf, Umbrella-leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diplazium pycnocarpon
Glade fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Dirca palustris
Eastern leatherwood, Western leatherwood, Ropebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Dodecatheon amethystinum
Amethyst shootingstar, Jeweled shootingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dodecatheon frenchii
French's shootingstar

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dodecatheon meadia
Eastern shooting star, Shooting star, Pride of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie pointers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata
Flat-top aster, Parasol whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Drosera filiformis
Threadleaf sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera intermedia
Spoonleaf sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Drosera tracyi
Tracy's sundew

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris campyloptera
Mountain woodfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris carthusiana
Shield fern, Spinulose wood fern, Spinulose woodfern, Toothed wood fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris celsa
Log fern

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris clintoniana
Clinton's woodfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Moist

Dryopteris cristata
Crested woodfern, Crested wood fern, Buckler fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris goldiana
Goldie's woodfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris intermedia
Intermediate woodfern, Evergreen wood-fern, Fancy wood fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris ludoviciana
Southern woodfern, Florida shieldfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Dryopteris marginalis
Marginal woodfern, Marginal fern, Marginal shieldfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris ×australis

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris ×boottii

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris ×leedsii

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris ×separabilis

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris ×triploidea

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Echinacea angustifolia var. angustifolia
Blacksamson echinacea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea laevigata
Smooth purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea sanguinea
Sanguine purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Echinacea simulata
Wavyleaf purple coneflower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Echinacea tennesseensis
Tennessee purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina elephantsfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Elliottia racemosa
Elliottia, Georgiaplume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Elymus hystrix
Eastern bottlebrush grass, Bottlebrush Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Enemion biternatum
Eastern false rue anemone, Isopyrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Epigaea repens
Trailing arbutus, Mayflower, Plymouth mayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia fleabane, Fleabane daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron pulchellus
Robin's plantain, Poor Robin's plantain, Rose petty, Robert's plantain, Blue spring-daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus
Robin's plantain

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Eriocaulon compressum
Flattened pipewort, Hat pins

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eriogonum allenii
Shale barren buckwheat

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Eryngium aquaticum
Rattlesnake-master, Rattlesnakemaster, Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erythronium albidum
White troutlily, Dogtooth violet, White fawnlily, Adder's tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Erythronium americanum
Yellow trout-lily, American trout-lily, Dogtooth violet, Eastern trout-lily, Adder's tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erythronium rostratum
Dog-tooth violet, Yellow troutlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eubotrys racemosa
Fetter-bush, Leucothoe, Swamp doghobble, Sweet-bells Leucothe, Sweetbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eubotrys recurva
Redtwig doghobble

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Euonymus americanus
American strawberry-bush, Strawberry bush, Brook euonymus, Hearts-a-burstin, Bursting-heart, Wahoo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euonymus atropurpureus var. atropurpureus
Eastern wahoo

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatorium rotundifolium var. ovatum
Roundleaf thoroughwort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eupatorium ×truncatum

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Eurybia avita
Alexander's rock aster

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Eurybia divaricata
White wood aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eurybia hemispherica
Southern prairie aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurybia macrophylla
Bigleaf aster, Large-leaf wood-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Eurybia schreberi
Schreber's aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurybia spectabilis
Eastern showy aster, Showy Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurybia ×herveyi

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Euthamia caroliniana
Slender goldentop, Slender fragrant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eutrochium fistulosum
Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Fagus grandifolia
American beech

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fagus sylvatica
European beech

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Forestiera acuminata
Eastern swamp-privet, Eastern swampprivet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Fothergilla gardenii
Dwarf witchalder, Dwarf witch-alder, Dwarf fothergilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Fothergilla major
Mountain witchalder, Mountain witch-alder, Large fothergilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Fragaria virginiana
Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Indian cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Franklinia alatamaha
Franklin tree, Franklinia, Franklintree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus americana
White ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Galax urceolata
Beetleweed, Galax, Coltsfoot, Wand flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Galearis spectabilis
Showy orchid, Purple-hooded orchid, Gay orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaultheria procumbens
Eastern teaberry, Wintergreen, Checkerberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gaylussacia baccata
Black huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaylussacia brachycera
Box huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Gaylussacia frondosa
Blue huckleberry, Dangleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Gentiana andrewsii
Closed bottle gentian, Closed gentian, Bottle gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Gentiana austromontana
Appalachian gentian

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Gentiana autumnalis
Pine barren gentian

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Gentiana catesbaei
Elliott's gentian

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Gentiana clausa
Bottle gentian, Blind gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gentiana saponaria
Harvestbells, Soapwort gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Gentiana villosa
Striped gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gentianopsis crinita
Greater fringed gentian, Fringed gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium maculatum
Spotted geranium, Wild geranium, Cranesbill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gillenia stipulata
American ipecac

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Gillenia trifoliata
Bowman's root, Indian physic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coprosma granadensis
Makole

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Gordonia lasianthus
Gordonia, Loblolly bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Northern oak fern, Western oakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Gymnocladus dioicus
Kentucky coffeetree, Stump tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Habenaria macroceratitis
Big-horn bog orchid

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Habenaria repens
Waterspider bog orchid, Water-spider Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Halesia carolina
Carolina silverbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Halesia diptera
Two-wing silverbell, Silver bell, Two-winged silverbell, Snowdrop tree, American snowdrop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Halesia tetraptera
Mountain silverbell, Carolina silverbell, Silverbell tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Halesia tetraptera var. monticola
Mountain silverbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Halimolobos mollis
Soft fissurewort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Halimolobos jaegeri
Mojave halimolobos

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch hazel, American witch hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Helenium flexuosum
Purplehead sneezeweed, Purple-head sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus atrorubens
Purpledisk sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Helianthus microcephalus
Small woodland sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Helianthus porteri
Confederate Daisy, Stone Mountain Daisy, Porter's Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Helianthus resinosus
Resindot sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Helianthus verticillatus
Whorled Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Helonias bullata
Swamppink

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hepatica nobilis var. acuta
Sharplobe hepatica, Sharp-lobed hepatica, Mountain hepatica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa
Roundlobe hepatica, Round-lobed hepatica, Liverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Heuchera americana
American alumroot, Alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Heuchera longiflora
Longflower alumroot

Duration:
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heuchera parviflora
Littleflower alumroot

Duration:
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heuchera villosa
Hairy alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Heuchera villosa var. villosa
Hairy alumroot

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis arifolia
Little brown jug, Heartleaf, Evergreen wild ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia
Heart-leaf ginger, Heart-leaf little brown jug, Little brown jug

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hexastylis arifolia var. ruthii
Ruth's Little Brown Jug

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis contracta
Mountain heartleaf

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis heterophylla
Variableleaf heartleaf

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis lewisii
Variableleaf heartleaf

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis minor
Little heartleaf

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis shuttleworthii
Largeflower heartleaf, Shuttleworth's ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis shuttleworthii var. harperi
Largeflower heartleaf

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis shuttleworthii var. shuttleworthii
Largeflower heartleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hexastylis speciosa
Harper's heartleaf

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis virginica
Virginia heartleaf

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Houstonia caerulea
Azure bluet, Quaker-ladies, Bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Houstonia longifolia
Longleaf summer bluet, Long-leaf summer bluet, Pale bluets, Longleaf Summer Bluet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Houstonia purpurea
Venus's pride, Large houstonia, Woodland bluet, Purple bluet, Mountain bluet

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Houstonia purpurea var. montana
Roan Mountain Bluet, Venus' pride

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Houstonia serpyllifolia
Thymeleaf bluet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrangea arborescens
Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrangea cinerea
Ashy hydrangea

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hydrangea quercifolia
Oakleaf hydrangea, Oak-leaf hydrangea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hydrangea radiata
Silverleaf hydrangea

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hydrastis canadensis
Goldenseal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrophyllum macrophyllum
Largeleaf waterleaf, Large-leaved waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrophyllum virginianum
Eastern waterleaf, Shawnee salad, Virginia waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. atranthum

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hylotelephium telephioides
Allegheny stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Hypericum adpressum
Creeping St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum ascyron
Great St. Johnswort, Giant St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hypericum densiflorum
Bushy St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hypericum denticulatum
Coppery St. Johnswort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hypericum frondosum
Cedarglade St. Johnswort, Golden St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Hypericum hypericoides ssp. multicaule
St. Andrew's cross

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hypericum lloydii
Sandhill St. Johnswort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hypericum prolificum
Shrubby St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hypoxis hirsuta
Common Goldstar, Yellow star-grass, Eastern yellow star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ilex ambigua
Carolina holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Ilex amelanchier
Sarvis holly, Swamp holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ilex cassine
Dahoon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex coriacea
Large gallberry, Bay-gall bush, Ink-berry holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex glabra
Inkberry, Gallberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ilex montana
Mountain holly, Mountain winterberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Ilex mucronata
Catberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Ilex myrtifolia
Myrtle dahoon, Myrtle leaf holly, Myrtle holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex opaca
American holly, Christmas holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Ilex verticillata
Common winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Illicium floridanum
Florida anisetree, Florida anise, Anise tree, Stinkbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ionactis linariifolius
Flaxleaf whitetop aster, Stiff Aster, Flaxleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Iris brevicaulis
Zigzag iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris cristata
Dwarf crested iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iris prismatica
Slender blue iris, Slender blue flag, Coastal iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iris tridentata
Savannah iris

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Iris verna
Dwarf violet iris, Vernal iris, Dwarf iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Iris verna var. smalliana
Dwarf violet iris, Mountain vernal iris

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Iris versicolor
Harlequin blueflag, Northern blue flag, Large blue iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Isotria verticillata
Large whorled pogonia, Purple fiveleaf orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Itea virginica
Virginia sweetspire, Tassel-white

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Jamesianthus alabamensis
Alabama warbonnet

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Jeffersonia diphylla
Twinleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juglans cinerea
Butternut, White walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juglans nigra
Black walnut, Eastern black walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juncus effusus
Common rush, Soft Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus tenuis
Poverty rush, Path rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Kalmia angustifolia
Sheep laurel, Lambkill kalmia, Lambkill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Kalmia carolina
Carolina laurel

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Kalmia cuneata
Whitewicky

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Kalmia latifolia
Mountain laurel, Calico bush, Kalmia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Kalmia polifolia
Bog laurel, Pale laurel, Swamp laurel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Krigia montana
Mountain dwarfdandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lachnocaulon beyrichianum
Southern bogbutton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leiophyllum buxifolium
Sandmyrtle, Sand-myrtle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Leptopus phyllanthoides
Maidenbush, Missouri maidenbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza capitata
Roundhead lespedeza, Roundhead bush-clover, Round-headed lespedeza, Round-headed bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leucothoe axillaris
Coastal doghobble, Coast leucothoe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Leucothoe fontanesiana
Highland doghobble, Drooping leucothoe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liatris cylindracea
Ontario blazing star, Ontario gayfeather, Dwarf blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris gracilis
Slender blazing star

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Liatris helleri
Heller's blazing star

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Liatris microcephala
Smallhead blazing star

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Liatris pilosa
Shaggy Blazing Star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris scariosa
Devil's bite, Large blazing star, Savanna blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris scariosa var. nieuwlandii
Nieuwland's blazing star

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Liatris spicata
Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Marsh blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris squarrosa
Blazing star, Scaly blazing star, Scaly gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris squarrulosa
Appalachian blazing star

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lilium canadense
Canada lily, Canadian lily, Wild yellow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lilium canadense ssp. editorum
Canada lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilium catesbaei
Pine lily, Southern red lily, Catesby's lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lilium grayi
Gray's lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilium iridollae
Panhandle lily

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lilium michauxii
Carolina lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lilium michiganense
Michigan lily, Turk's cap lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lilium philadelphicum
Wood lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum
Western wood lily, Western red lily, Wood lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilium pyrophilum
Sandhills Lily

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lilium superbum
Turk's-cap lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lindera benzoin
Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Liparis liliifolia
Brown widelip orchid, Large Twayblade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American sweetgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip tree, Tulip poplar, Yellow poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Listera australis
Southern twayblade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lithospermum canescens
Hoary puccoon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Litsea aestivalis
Pondspice

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia puberula
Downy lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia siphilitica
Great blue lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera canadensis
American fly honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lonicera flava
Yellow honeysuckle

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ludwigia hirtella
Spindleroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus perennis
Sundial lupine, Wild lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Luzula acuminata
Hairy woodrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lycopodium clavatum
Running clubmoss

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lycopodium dendroideum
Tree groundpine

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lygodium palmatum
American climbing fern, Hartford fern, Creeping fern, Windsor fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Lyonia lucida
Fetterbush lyonia, Shinyleaf, Fetterbush, Staggerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lyonia mariana
Piedmont staggerbush, Staggerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lysichiton americanus
American skunkcabbage, Yellow-skunk-cabbage, Swamp lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lysimachia lanceolata
Lanceleaf loosestrife, Lance-leaved loosestrife

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lysimachia quadrifolia
Whorled yellow loosestrife, Whorled loosestrife, Prairie loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Macbridea caroliniana
Carolina Birds-in-a-nest

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Magnolia acuminata
Cucumbertree, Cucumber tree, Mountain magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Magnolia ashei
Ashe's magnolia, Ashe magnolia, Deciduous magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Magnolia fraseri
Mountain magnolia, Fraser Magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Magnolia grandiflora
Southern magnolia, Evergreen magnolia, Bull bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Magnolia macrophylla
Bigleaf magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Magnolia pyramidata
Pyramid magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Magnolia tripetala
Umbrella tree, Umbrella magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Maianthemum canadense
Canada Mayflower, False Lily-of-the-valley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum
Feathery false lily of the valley, False spikenard, False Solomon's seal, Solomon's plume, Smilacina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Maianthemum stellatum
Starry false lily of the valley, Starry false Solomon's seal, Star-flowered Solomon's seal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malus angustifolia
Southern crabapple, Wild crabapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Manfreda virginica
False aloe, Rattlesnake master

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Marshallia mohrii
Mohr's Barbara's buttons

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Marshallia obovata
Spoonshape Barbara's buttons

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Marshallia trinervia
Broadleaf Barbara's Buttons, Colonial Barbara's Buttons, Southern Barbara's Buttons

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Matelea gonocarpos
Anglepod, Angularfruit milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Matteuccia struthiopteris
Ostrich fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Medeola virginiana
Indian Cucumber, Indian Cucumber-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Meehania cordata
Meehan's mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Menziesia pilosa
Minniebush

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Mertensia virginica
Virginia bluebells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mitchella repens
Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mitella diphylla
Twoleaf miterwort, Miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Monarda bradburiana
Eastern beebalm, Wild bergamot, Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Monarda clinopodia
White bergamot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda didyma
Scarlet beebalm, Oswego tea, Red bergamot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Morella caroliniensis
Southern bayberry, Swamp bayberry, Swamp candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Morella pensylvanica
Northern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf muhly, Hair-awn muhly, Hairy-awn muhly, Hair grass, Pink muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia torreyana
New Jersey muhly

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Nandina domestica
Sacred bamboo

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Narthecium americanum
Yellow asphodel

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Nelumbo lutea
American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Neviusia alabamensis
Alabama snow-wreath, Neviusia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nyssa aquatica
Water tupelo, Blackgum, Sourgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nyssa biflora
Swamp tupelo

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Nyssa ogeche
Ogeechee tupelo, Ogeechee lime

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nyssa sylvatica
Blackgum, Black tupelo, Sourgum, Tupelo, Pepperridge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oclemena nemoralis
Bog aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oligoneuron album
Prairie goldenrod, Prairie flat-top-goldenrod, Upland white aster, Stiff aster, Sneezewort aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oligoneuron rigidum var. glabratum
Stiff goldenrod

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Onosmodium decipiens
Deceptive marbleseed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Opuntia humifusa
Devil's-tongue, Low prickly pear, Smooth prickly pear, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia pusilla
Cockspur prickly pear, Drummond's prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Orontium aquaticum
Goldenclub, Neverwet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Osmanthus americanus
Devilwood, Wild olive

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Osmunda claytoniana
Interrupted fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Osmunda regalis
Royal fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis violacea
Violet woodsorrel, Violet wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oxydendrum arboreum
Sourwood, Sorrel tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Pachysandra procumbens
Allegheny spurge, Mountain spurge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera anonyma
Small's ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera antennariifolia
Shale barren ragwort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Packera aurea
Golden groundsel, Golden ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Panax quinquefolius
American ginseng, Wild Ginseng

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Panax trifolius
Dwarf ginseng

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Paronychia argyrocoma
Silvery nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Parthenium auriculatum
Wild quinine

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora incarnata
Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paxistima canbyi
Canby's mountain-lover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Pediomelum canescens
Buckroot

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Pellaea atropurpurea
Purple cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Dry

Penstemon calycosus
Long-sepal penstemon, Long-sepal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon canescens
Eastern gray penstemon, Eastern gray beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon dissectus
Dissected penstemon, Dissected beardtongue

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Penstemon laevigatus
Eastern smooth penstemon, Eastern smooth beardtongue, Smooth penstemon, Smooth beardtongue, Eastern penstemon, Eastern beardtongue, Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Penstemon smallii
Small's penstemon, Small's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon tenuiflorus
Eastern whiteflower penstemon, Eastern whiteflower beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Persea borbonia
Redbay, Red bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Persea palustris
Swamp bay, Swampbay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Phacelia bipinnatifida
Fernleaf phacelia, Fernleaf scorpion weed, Spotted phacelia, Loose-flowered phacelia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phacelia purshii
Miami mist

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Phegopteris connectilis
Long beechfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Phegopteris hexagonoptera
Broad beechfern, Broad beech fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist


Streambank mock orange

Duration:
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Philadelphus inodorus
Scentless mock orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Phlox amoena
Hairy phlox

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Phlox bifida
Cleft phlox, Sand phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phlox divaricata
Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox glaberrima ssp. triflora
Smooth phlox

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Phlox latifolia
Wideflower phlox, Mountain phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Phlox maculata
Wild sweetwilliam, Phlox, Meadow phlox, Wild sweet William

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Phlox nivalis
Trailing phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox pilosa ssp. ozarkana
Ozark phlox

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Phlox pulchra
Alabama phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Phlox stolonifera
Creeping phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox subulata
Creeping Phlox, Moss phlox, Moss pink, Rock pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Photinia melanocarpa
Black chokeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Photinia pyrifolia
Red chokeberry, Red chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Physostegia angustifolia
False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia virginiana
Fall obedient plant, Obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picea rubens
Red spruce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pieris floribunda
Mountain fetterbush, Mountain andromeda

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Pieris phillyreifolia
Climbing fetterbush

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Pinckneya bracteata
Fevertree, Pinckneya, Feverbark, Poinsettia tree, Georgia bark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Pinguicula primuliflora
Southern butterwort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Pinus pungens
Table Mountain pine, Hickory pine, Prickly pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus serotina
Pond pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Pinus strobus
Eastern white pine, Weymouth pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus virginiana
Virginia pine, Jersey pine, Scrub pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Pityopsis graminifolia var. graminifolia
Narrowleaf silkgrass, Grass-leaved golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Platanthera blephariglottis
White fringed orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera ciliaris
Yellow fringed orchid, Orange-fringed orchid, Orange plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera integrilabia
White fringeless orchid, Monkeyface

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera peramoena
Purple fringeless orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pogonia ophioglossoides
Snakemouth orchid, Rose pogonia orchid, Snake-mouth orchid, Beard flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Polemonium reptans
Greek valerian, Greek-valerian, Jacob's Ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Polemonium reptans var. villosum
Greek valerian

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Polemonium vanbruntiae
Vanbrunt's polemonium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygala cymosa
Tall pinebarren milkwort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Polygala lutea
Orange milkwort, Candy Weed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala paucifolia
Gaywings, Fringed Polygala, Flowering wintergreen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Polygala ramosa
Low pinebarren milkwort, Yellow savannah milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonatum biflorum
Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum
Great Solomon's seal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonella americana
Southern jointweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polymnia canadensis
Whiteflower leafcup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polypodium virginianum
Rock polypody

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polystichum acrostichoides
Christmas fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Potentilla neumanniana
Spring cinquefoil

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Prosartes lanuginosa
Yellow fairybells, Yellow mandarin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Prosartes maculata
Yellow mandarin, Nodding Mandarin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pteridium aquilinum
Western bracken fern, Bracken fern, Western bracken, Bracken

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum flexuosum
Appalachian mountainmint

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum incanum
Hoary mountain mint, Silverleaf mountain mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pyrularia pubera
Buffalo nut

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Quercus alba
White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus bicolor
Swamp white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus boyntonii
Boynton sand post oak, Boynton oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus coccinea
Scarlet oak, Red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Quercus ellipsoidalis
Northern pin oak, Black oak, Hill's oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus falcata
Southern red oak, Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus incana
Bluejack oak, Sandjack oak, Upland willow oak, Cinnamon oak, Shin oak, Turkey oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus lyrata
Overcup oak, Swamp post oak, Water white oak, Swamp white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus michauxii
Swamp chestnut oak, Basket oak, Cow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock chestnut oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus nigra
Water oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Quercus pagoda
Cherrybark oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus palustris
Pin oak, Swamp Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Quercus phellos
Willow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus prinoides
Dwarf chinkapin oak, Scrub chestnut oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus prinus
Chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, mountain chestnut oak, rock oak, tanbark oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus rubra
Northern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus rubra var. ambigua
Northern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus shumardii
Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus texana
Nuttall Oak, Texas red oak, Texas oak, Spanish oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus velutina
Black oak, Quercitron oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus ×comptoniae

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Quercus ×saulii

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus hispidus
Bristly buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rhapidophyllum hystrix
Needle palm, Blue palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rhexia aristosa
Awnpetal meadowbeauty

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Rhexia mariana var. mariana
Maryland meadowbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia virginica
Meadow beauty, Handsome Harry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhododendron alabamense
Alabama azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Rhododendron arborescens
Smooth azalea, Sweet azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron atlanticum
Dwarf azalea, Coastal azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron austrinum
Orange azalea, Florida azalea, Yellow azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron calendulaceum
Flame azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron canescens
Mountain azalea, Wild azalea, Honeysuckle azalea, Piedmont azalea, Sweet azalea, Hoary azalea, Southern pinxterflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron carolinianum
Carolina azalea, Carolina rhododendron, Carolina laurel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Rhododendron catawbiense
Catawba rosebay, Purple rhododendron, Red laurel, Catawba rhododendron, Mountain rosebay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Rhododendron chapmanii
Chapman's rhododendron

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhododendron cumberlandense
Cumberland rhododendron

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Rhododendron flammeum
Piedmont azalea, Oconee azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhododendron maximum
Great laurel, Wild rhododendron, Rosebay rhododendron, White laurel, Rosebay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rhododendron minus
Piedmont rhododendron, Dwarf rhododendron, Carolina laurel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhododendron periclymenoides
Pink azalea, Pinxterbloom azalea, Pinxterflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhododendron prinophyllum
Early azalea, Roseshell azalea, Woolly azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron prunifolium
Plumleaf azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron vaseyi
Pinkshell azalea, Pink-shell azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron viscosum
Swamp azalea, Clammy azalea, Cory azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus copallinum
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus typhina
Staghorn sumac, Velvet sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchosia tomentosa
Twining snoutbean

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora colorata
Starrush whitetop, Star sedge, White-topped sedge, Whitetop sedge, Star rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora harperi

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora nitens
Shortbeak beaksedge

Duration: Annual
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora rariflora
Fewflower beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora torreyana
Torrey's beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Rosa carolina var. carolina
Carolina rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus odoratus
Purpleflowering raspberry, Purple-flowering raspberry, Thimbleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia auriculata
Eared coneflower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia fulgida
Orange coneflower, Orange Rudbeckia, Perennial black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia fulgida var. fulgida
Orange coneflower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia heliopsidis
Sunfacing coneflower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia laciniata
Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Greenhead coneflower, Green-headed coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia maxima
Giant coneflower, Great coneflower, Giant Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia triloba
Browneyed Susan, Brown-eyed-Susan, Thin-leaved coneflower, Three-lobed Rudbeckia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia caroliniensis
Carolina wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia humilis
Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia noctiflora
Nightflowering wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia angularis
Rosepink, Rose-pink

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sabatia difformis
Lanceleaf rose gentian

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sabatia kennedyana
Plymouth Gentian, Plymouth rose gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix humilis
Prairie willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Dry

Salvia azurea
Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa
Red elderberry, Scarlet elder, Red-berried elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Sanguisorba canadensis
Canadian burnet, American burnet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Sarracenia alata
Yellow trumpets, Yellow pitcher plant, Yellow trumpet, Flycatcher, Trumpet pitcher plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Sarracenia flava
Yellow pitcherplant, Trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia leucophylla
Crimson pitcherplant, Crimson Pitcher-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia minor
Hooded pitcherplant, Hooded Pitcher-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia oreophila
Green Pitcherplant

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia psittacina
Parrot pitcherplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia purpurea
Purple pitcherplant, Northern Pitcher-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sarracenia purpurea ssp. gibbosa
Purple pitcherplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia purpurea ssp. purpurea var. purpurea
Purple pitcherplant

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia rubra
Sweet pitcherplant

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia rubra ssp. alabamensis
Alabama pitcherplant

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia rubra ssp. jonesii
Jones' pitcherplant

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia rubra ssp. wherryi
Wherry's pitcherplant

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia ×catesbaei

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia ×formosa

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia ×mitchelliana

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia ×moorei

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia ×readii

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Saxifraga pensylvanica
Eastern swamp saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Saxifraga virginiensis var. virginiensis
Early saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schwalbea americana
Chaffseed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria incana
Hoary skullcap, Downy skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Scutellaria lateriflora
Blue skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria ovata
Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Scutellaria ovata ssp. bracteata
Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria parvula
Small skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis
Leonard's skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Scutellaria saxatilis
Smooth rock skullcap

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria serrata
Showy skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sedum ternatum
Woodland stonecrop, Wild stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Senna hebecarpa
American senna, Wild Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Senna marilandica
Maryland senna, Maryland wild senna, Southern wild senna, Wild senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Shortia galacifolia
Oconee bells, Oconee-bells, Shortia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sideroxylon lycioides
Buckthorn bully

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Silene caroliniana ssp. wherryi
Wherry's catchfly

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Silene ovata
Blue Ridge catchfly

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Silene polypetala
Eastern fringed catchfly, Fringed pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Silene regia
Royal catchfly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Silene rotundifolia
Roundleaf catchfly

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Silene stellata
Widow's frill, Starry campion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Silene virginica
Fire pink, Scarlet catchfly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium asteriscus var. laevicaule
Starry rosinweed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Silphium glutinosum
Sticky rosinweed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Silphium integrifolium
Wholeleaf rosinweed, Entire-leaf rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Silphium laciniatum
Compassplant, Compass plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium mohrii
Mohr's rosinweed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Silphium perfoliatum var. connatum
Cup plant

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Silphium simpsonii
Simpson's rosinweed, Tall Rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium terebinthinaceum
Prairie rosinweed, Prairie dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Silphium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum
Whorled rosinweed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass, Narrow-leaf blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda blue-eyed grass, Blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Smallanthus uvedalius
Hairy leafcup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago arguta var. caroliniana
Atlantic goldenrod

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Solidago caesia
Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod, Bluestem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago erecta
Showy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago flexicaulis
Zigzag goldenrod, Broadleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago odora
Anisescented goldenrod, Anise-scented goldenrod, Sweet goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago simplex ssp. randii var. racemosa
Rand's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago simulans
Fall goldenrod

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Solidago speciosa
Showy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago sphacelata
Autumn goldenrod, Golden fleece

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sorbus americana
American mountain ash, American mountain-ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphagnum palustre
Prairie sphagnum

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Spigelia gentianoides
Purpleflower pinkroot

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Spigelia gentianoides var. gentianoides
Purpleflower pinkroot

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Spigelia marilandica
Woodland pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian pink, Spigelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Spiraea alba
White meadowsweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Spiraea alba var. latifolia
Meadowsweet, White meadowsweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Spiraea tomentosa
Steeplebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Spiraea virginiana
Virginia meadowsweet

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes lucida
Shining lady's tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes odorata
Marsh lady's tresses, Fragrant lady's tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes ovalis
October lady's tresses

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus heterolepis
Prairie dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stachys cordata
Heartleaf hedgenettle

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Staphylea trifolia
American bladdernut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Stenanthium gramineum
Eastern featherbells, Featherbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stenanthium gramineum var. robustum
Eastern featherbells

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Stewartia malacodendron
Silky camellia, Virginia stewartia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Stewartia ovata
Mountain camellia, Mountain stewartia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Stokesia laevis
Stokes aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Streptopus amplexifolius var. amplexifolius
Claspleaf twistedstalk

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stylisma pickeringii
Pickering's dawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylisma pickeringii var. pickeringii
Pickering's dawnflower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Stylophorum diphyllum
Celandine poppy, Yellow wood poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Stylosanthes biflora
Sidebeak pencilflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Styrax americanus
American snowbell, American snowbells, American silverbells, Big-leaf snowbell, Storax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Styrax grandifolius
Bigleaf snowbell, Bigleaf storax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Symphoricarpos albus
Common snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum anomalum
Manyray aster

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum concolor
Eastern silver aster

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Broad-leaved aster, Common blue wood aster, Heartleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. drummondii
Drummond's aster, Arrow aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum elliottii
Marsh American-Aster

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White heath aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum grandiflorum
Largeflower aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum
Calico aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster, New England American-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii var. novi-belgii
New York aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
Aromatic aster, Aromatic American aster, Fall aster, Wild blue aster, Shale aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum patens
Late purple aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum patens var. patens
Spreading Aster, Late Purple Aster, Spread-Leaf Aster, Sky-drop Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum
Frost aster, Hairy white oldfield aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum prenanthoides
Crookedstem aster, Crooked-stem aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Purplestem aster, Red-stem aster, Swamp aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Symphyotrichum retroflexum
Rigid whitetop aster

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum shortii
Short's aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum turbinellum
Smooth violet prairie aster

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Symplocarpus foetidus
Skunk cabbage, Skunk-cabbage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Taxus canadensis
Canada yew, American yew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tephrosia spicata
Spiked hoarypea

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Tephrosia virginiana
Goat's rue, Virginia tephrosia, Devil's shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thalictrum clavatum
Mountain meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thalictrum coriaceum
Maid of the mist

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Thalictrum dioicum
Early meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalictrum pubescens
King of the meadow, King-of-the-meadow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalictrum revolutum
Waxyleaf meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thalictrum thalictroides
Rue anemone, Rue-anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thelypteris noveboracensis
New York fern, Tapering fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thelypteris palustris
Eastern marsh fern, Marsh fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Thermopsis villosa
Carolina bushpea, Aaron's rod, Bush pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thuja occidentalis
Arborvitae, Eastern arborvitae, Northern white cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tiarella cordifolia
Heartleaf foamflower, Heart-leaf foamflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Tiarella cordifolia var. collina
Heartleaf foamflower, Wherry's foamflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tilia americana
American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tipularia discolor
Crippled cranefly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia hirsuticaulis
Hairystem spiderwort, Hairy-stem spiderwort, Hairy-stemmed spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia ohiensis
Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia subaspera
Zigzag spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia virginiana
Virginia spiderwort, Spider lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Trautvetteria caroliniensis
Carolina bugbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium catesbaei
Bashful wakerobin, Catesby's trillium, Catesby's wakerobin, Bashful trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium cernuum
Whip-poor-will flower, Whip-poor-will-flower, Nodding trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Trillium cuneatum
Little sweet Betsy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium decipiens
Chattahoochee River wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium decumbens
Trailing wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium discolor
Mottled wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium erectum
Red trillium, Wakerobin, Stinking Benjamin, Wet dog trillium, Purple trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trillium flexipes
Nodding wakerobin, Nodding trillium, Bent trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Trillium foetidissimum
Mississippi River wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium gracile
Slender trillium, Graceful trillium, Sabine River trillium, Sabine River wake-robin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trillium grandiflorum
White trillium, Large-flower wakerobin, Large-flowered trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trillium lancifolium
Lanceleaf wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium luteum
Yellow wakerobin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium maculatum
Spotted wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium nivale
Snow trillium

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium persistens
Persistent wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium pusillum
Dwarf wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium pusillum var. ozarkanum
Ozark wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium pusillum var. pusillum
Dwarf wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium recurvatum
Bloody butcher, Prairie trillium

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium reliquum
Confederate wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium rugelii
Illscented wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium sessile
Toadshade, Red trillium, Wake-robin, Sessile trillium, Yellow trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Trillium simile
Jeweled wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium stamineum
Blue Ridge Wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium sulcatum
Furrowed wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium underwoodii
Longbract wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Trillium undulatum
Painted trillium, Painted wakerobin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Trillium vaseyi
Sweet wakerobin, Vasey's wakerobin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium viridescens
Tapertip wakerobin

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Triosteum perfoliatum
Feverwort, Wild Coffee

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trollius laxus
American globeflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Trollius laxus ssp. laxus
American globeflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tsuga canadensis
Eastern hemlock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tsuga caroliniana
Carolina hemlock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Uvularia grandiflora
Largeflower bellwort, Large-flower bellwort, Merrybells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Uvularia perfoliata
Perfoliate bellwort, Mealy bellwort, Merrybells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Uvularia puberula
Mountain bellwort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Uvularia sessilifolia
Spreading bellwort, Straw lily, Wild oats, Merrybells, Sessile-leaf bellwort, Sessile bellwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vaccinium angustifolium
Late lowbush blueberry, Lowbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vaccinium corymbosum
Highbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
Cranberry, Large cranberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Vaccinium myrsinites
Shiny blueberry, Evergreen blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium pallidum
Blue Ridge blueberry, Early lowbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium stamineum
Deerberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium vitis-idaea ssp. minus
Northern mountain cranberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Valeriana pauciflora
Largeflower valerian

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Veratrum hybridum
Slender bunchflower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Veratrum parviflorum
Appalachian bunchflower, Small-flowered veratrum

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Veratrum virginicum
Virginia bunchflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Veratrum viride
Green Corn Lily, Green false hellebore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Verbesina alternifolia
Wingstem, Yellow ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia acaulis
Stemless ironweed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Vernonia angustifolia
Tall ironweed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Vernonia angustifolia ssp. angustifolia
Tall ironweed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Vernonia gigantea
Giant ironweed, Tall Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vernonia glauca
Broadleaf ironweed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Vernonia lettermannii
Narrowleaf ironweed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Vernonia noveboracensis
New York ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum acerifolium
Mapleleaf viburnum, Maple-leaf viburnum, Arrow-wood, Maple-leaf arrow-wood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum dentatum
Southern arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum lantanoides
Hobblebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Sweet viburnum, Sheepberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum nudum
Possumhaw viburnum, Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides
Withe-rod, Witherod viburnum, Possumhaw, Wild raisin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum nudum var. nudum
Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Viburnum obovatum
Small-leaf arrowwood, Walter's viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Viburnum opulus var. americanum
American cranberry bush, Highbush-cranberry, American cranberrybush viburnum, Cranberry viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum prunifolium
Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola appalachiensis
Appalachian violet

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Viola canadensis
Canadian white violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Viola lanceolata
Lanceleaf violet, Bog white violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viola macloskeyi ssp. pallens
Smooth white violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola pedata
Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet, Bird-foot violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola pubescens
Downy yellow violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola striata
Striped cream violet, Striped violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Viola ×bernardii

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Viola ×primulifolia
Primrose-leaved violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Wisteria frutescens
American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodsia appalachiana
Appalachian cliff fern

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Woodsia obtusa
Bluntlobe cliff fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodwardia areolata
Netted chainfern, Chain fern, Netted chain fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Woodwardia virginica
Virginia chainfern, Virginia chain fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Xanthorhiza simplicissima
Shrub yellowroot, Yellowroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Xerophyllum asphodeloides
Eastern turkeybeard, Turkeybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris caroliniana
Carolina yelloweyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris fimbriata
Fringed yelloweyed grass

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Xyris louisianica
Louisiana yelloweyed grass

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Yucca filamentosa
Adam's needle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Hercules' club

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zenobia pulverulenta
Dusty zenobia, Honeycup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Zephyranthes atamasca
Atamasco lily, Rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Zigadenus densus
Osceola's plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zigadenus glaberrimus
Sandbog deathcamas, Camas, Large-flowered zigadenus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: