Texas Wildscapes

Plant List from TPWD's Texas Wildscapes CD-ROM. Texas Wildscapes is a habitat restoration and conservation plan for rural and urban areas. It enables Texans to contribute to wildlife conservation by developing wildlife habitats where they live, work and play.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia ameliae
Amelia's Sand-verbena, Heart's Delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon hypoleucum
Rio Grande abutilon, White-leaf indian-mallow, Whiteleaf Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier acacia, Berlandier's acacia, Round-flowered catclaw, Roundflower catclaw, Mimosa catclaw, Thornless catclaw, Huajilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache, Texas huisache, Sweet acacia, Perfume acacia, Mealy acacia, Mealy wattle, Cassie

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia greggii
Gregg acacia, Gregg's acacia, Gregg catclaw acacia, Gregg's catclaw acacia, Gregg catclaw, Gregg's catclaw, Texas catclaw acacia, Texas catclaw, Long-flowered catclaw acacia, Longflower catclaw acacia, Long-flowered catclaw, Longflower catclaw, Catclaw acacia, Catclaw, Devil's claw, Uņa de gato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia greggii var. wrightii
Wright acacia, Wright's acacia, Catclaw acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia rigidula
Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Chaparro prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia roemeriana
Roemer acacia, Roemer's acacia, Roundflower catclaw, Round-flowered catclaw, Catclaw acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acer grandidentatum
Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Uvalde bigtooth maple, Southwestern bigtooth maple, Canyon maple, Sabinal maple, Western sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum var. drummondii
Drummond's maple, Drummond red maple, Swamp maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Achnatherum hymenoides
Indian ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aesculus glabra var. arguta
Ohio buckeye, White buckeye, Texas buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agave americana
American century plant, Century plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave parryi ssp. neomexicana
Parry's agave, New Mexico agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amyris texana
Chapotillo, Texas torchwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon hallii
Sand bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge, Broomsedge bluestem, Yellowsedge bluestem, Whiskey grass, Popotillo pajon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anisacanthus puberulus
Dwarf desert honeysuckle, Pinky Anisacanthus, Pinkie Anisacanth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia longissima
Longspur columbine, Longspur yellow columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arbutus xalapensis
Texas madrone, Madrone, Texas arbutus, Naked indian, Lady's leg, Madroņo, Manzanita, Xoxocote, Amazaquitl

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora ssp. texana
Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone polyanthemos
Annual pricklepoppy, Bluestem pricklepoppy, Bluestem prickly poppy, Crested pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle poppy, White prickly poppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone sanguinea
Red Pricklypoppy, Rose Prickly poppy, Red Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aristolochia pentandra
Marsh's dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aristolochia tomentosa
Woolly Dutchman's pipe, Common Dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Artemisia filifolia
Sand sagebrush, Silver sagebrush, Silvery wormwood, Sand sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asimina parviflora
Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Wing-scale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baileya multiradiata
Desert Marigold, Showy Desert Marigold, Paper Daisy, Desert Baileya

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-eyed lyre leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Betula nigra
River birch, Red birch, Black birch, Water birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Borrichia frutescens
Bushy seaside tansy, Ox-eye daisy, Sea daisy, Sea ox-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Cane bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa saccharoides
Silver bluestem, Longspike silver bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua eriopoda
Black grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouvardia ternifolia
Scarlet bouvardia, Firecracker bush, Trompetilla, Clavillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Buddleja marrubiifolia
Woolly butterflybush, Butterfly bush, Woolly Butterfly-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Buddleja sessiliflora
Rio Grande butterflybush, Tepozan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calamovilfa gigantea
Giant sandreed, Prairie sandreed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calliandra conferta
Rio Grande stickpea, Fairy duster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry , French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius
Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud day-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum
Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Water beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carya texana
Black hickory, Buckley hickory, Pignut hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert hackberry, Spiny hackberry, Shiny hackberry, Granjeno, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern hackberry, Lowland hackberry, Hackberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Western hackberry, Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis
Eastern redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis var. mexicana
Mexican redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus var. argenteus
Silver mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany, True mountain mahogany, Mountain mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chilopsis linearis
Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Willowleaf catalpa, Bow willow, Flor de mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chiococca alba
Snowberry, West Indian Milkberry, David's Milkberry, Cahinca, West Indian Snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Snowflower tree, Flowering ash, Old man's beard, Grandfather graybeard, Grancy graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris virgata
Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chromolaena odorata
Blue mistflower, Fragrant mistflower, Blue boneset, Fragrant boneset, Jack in the bush, Crucita, Siam weed, Common flossflower, Christmas bush, Devilweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Citharexylum berlandieri
Berlandier's fiddlewood, Berlandier fiddlewood, Fiddlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clematis crispa
Swamp Leatherflower, Curly Clematis, Blue-jasmine, Curlflower, Curly Virgin's Bower, Marsh Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Old man's beard, Drummond's clematis, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cocculus diversifolius
Correhuela, Snailseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Colubrina texensis
Hog-plum, Texan hogplum, Texas colubrina, Texas snakewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia hookeri
Bluewood condalia, Brasil, Brasilwood, Bluewood, Logwood, Purple haw, Capul negro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cordia boissieri
Mexican olive, Texas wild olive, Anacahuita, Anacahuite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus marshallii
Parsley hawthorn, Parsleyleaf hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cylindropuntia imbricata
Tree cholla, Walking stick cholla, Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Dalea bicolor var. argyrea
Silver prairie clover, Silver dalea, Silver bush dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea formosa
Featherplume, Feather Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Digitaria californica
Arizona cottontop, California cottontop, California crab grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon, Possumwood, Date plum, Winter plum, Jove's fruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ebenopsis ebano
Texas ebony, Black-bead ebony, Ebony ape's-earring, Ebano

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Echeandia chandleri
Chandler's craglily, Lila de los llanos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Anacahuita, Knockaway, Knackaway, Sandpaper tree, Manzanita, Manzanillo, Tlalahuacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elionurus barbiculmis
Woolyspike balsamscale, Woolspike balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elionurus tripsacoides
Pan American balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra torreyana
Torrey joint-fir, Torrey's jointfir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. glabrata
Rubber rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eschscholzia californica ssp. mexicana
Mexican gold poppy, California poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Eubotrys racemosa
Swamp doghobble, Sweet-bells Leucothe, Fetter-bush, Leucothoe, Sweetbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia antisyphilitica
Candelilla, Wax plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fagus grandifolia
American beech, White beech, Red beech, Ridge beech, Beechnut tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fallugia paradoxa
Apache plume, Ponil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens
Elbow bush, Stretchberry, Spring herald

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fouquieria splendens
Ocotillo, Devil's walking stick, Candlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Yellow buckthorn, Indian cherry, Yellowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus albicans
Texas Ash, Mountain ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus americana
White ash, American ash, Cane ash, Smallseed white ash, Biltmore white ash, Biltmore ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus berlandieriana
Mexican ash, Berlandier ash, Berlandier's ash, Plumero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus cuspidata
Fragrant ash, Flowering ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Fraxinus velutina
Arizona ash, Velvet ash, Desert ash, Leatherleaf ash, Smooth ash, Modesto ash, Toumey ash, Standley ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. cynanchoides
Fringed twinevine

Duration: