Oklahoma Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Oklahoma. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Acer saccharinum
Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aesculus glabra
Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amelanchier arborea
Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Blue funnel lily, Texas bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon hallii
Sand bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia australis
Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Betula nigra
River birch, Red birch, Black birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callirhoe alcaeoides
Light poppy-mallow, Light poppymallow, Pink poppy-mallow, Plains poppy-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus serrulatus
Yellow sundrops, Yellow evening primrose, Plains evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Camassia scilloides
Atlantic camas, Wild hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campanulastrum americanum
American bellflower, American-bellflower, Tall bellflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya cordiformis
Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carya texana
Black hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis grandiflora
Largeflower tickseed, Large-flower tickseed, Common coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens
Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Plains larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dodecatheon meadia
Eastern shooting star, Shooting star, Pride of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie pointers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eragrostis trichodes
Sand love grass, Sand lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Fraxinus americana
White ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia canadensis
Rose vervain, Sweet william, Rose mock vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey locust, Common Honey-locust, Honey-locust, Thornless common honey-locust, Honey shucks, Sweet-locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gymnocladus dioicus
Kentucky coffeetree, Stump tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri
Curly-mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Iris cristata
Dwarf crested iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juglans nigra
Black walnut, Eastern black walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juniperus monosperma
Oneseed juniper, One-seed juniper, Cherrystone juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella gracilis
Spreading bladderpod, Cloth-of-gold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Liatris elegans
Pink-scale blazing star, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pink-scale liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris punctata
Dotted blazing star, Dotted gayfeather, Dotted liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie blazing star, Prairie gayfeather, Prairie liatris, Kansas blazing star, Kansas gayfeather, Kansas liatris, Cat-tail blazing star, Cat-tail gayfeather, Cat-tail liatris, Hairy button-snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lupinus texensis
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower melic, Tall melicgrass, Threeflower melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda punctata
Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera rhombipetala
Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxalis stricta
Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Packera plattensis
Prairie groundsel, Prairie ragwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pascopyrum smithii
Western wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon buckleyi
Buckley's penstemon, Buckley's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon cobaea
Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon grandiflorus
Large penstemon, Large beardtongue, Large-flower penstemon, Large-flower beardtongue, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Phlox divaricata
Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf pine, Yellow pine, Spruce pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus edulis
Colorado pinyon pine, Pinyon pine, Two-needle pine, Colorado pinyon, Pinyon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus taeda
Loblolly pine, Old field pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Potentilla simplex
Common cinquefoil, Oldfield cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunella vulgaris
Common selfheal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock chestnut oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus stellata
Post oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus velutina
Black oak, Quercitron oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus copallinum
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rudbeckia fulgida
Orange coneflower, Orange Rudbeckia, Perennial black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia grandiflora
Rough coneflower, Tall coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia campestris
Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western soapberry, Soapberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. lanuginosum
Gum bully, Gum Elastic, Chittamwood, Gum bumelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Silene virginica
Fire pink, Scarlet catchfly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium laciniatum
Compassplant, Compass plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spartina pectinata
Prairie cordgrass, Freshwater cordgrass, Sloughgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf bluets, Baby's breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tradescantia ohiensis
Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus alata
Winged elm, Wahoo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus rubra
Slippery elm, Red elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola pedata
Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet, Bird-foot violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola sororia
Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist