North Dakota Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in North Dakota. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Actaea rubra
Red baneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Allium stellatum
Autumn onion, Prairie onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Alnus incana
Gray alder, Speckled alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant amorpha, Prairie shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amorpha nana
Dwarf false indigo, Fragrant indigo-bush, Fragrant false indigo, Dwarf wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon hallii
Sand bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Anemone canadensis
Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone cylindrica
Candle anemone, Long-head thimbleweed, Thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Athyrium filix-femina
Common ladyfern, Lady fern, Ladyfern, Subarctic lady fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Betula papyrifera
Paper birch, Canoe birch, White birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calamagrostis canadensis
Bluejoint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell bellflower, Bluebell-of-Scotland, Harebell, Witches' thimble

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex pensylvanica
Pennsylvania sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex stipata
Awlfruit sedge, Awl-fruited sedge, Stalk-grain sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Celastrus scandens
American bittersweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis occidentalis
Common hackberry, Nettle tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium
Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cornus racemosa
Gray dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus sericea
Redosier dogwood, Redosier, Red-twig dogwood, Red-osier dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corylus americana
American hazelnut, American filbert

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda
Shrubby cinquefoil, Golden hardhack, Potentilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Desmodium canadense
Showy tick trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top goldentop, Grass-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Fragaria virginiana
Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaillardia aristata
Common gaillardia, Great blanketflower, Blanketflower, Brown-eyed susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gentiana andrewsii
Closed bottle gentian, Closed gentian, Bottle gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Geum triflorum
Old man's whiskers, Prairie smoke, Purple avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Helenium autumnale
Common sneezeweed, Fall sneezeweed, Autumn sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Heliopsis helianthoides
Smooth oxeye, Oxeye sunflower, False sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Heuchera richardsonii
Richardson's alumroot, Prairie alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hydrophyllum virginianum
Eastern waterleaf, Shawnee salad, Virginia waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juniperus communis var. depressa
Common juniper, Old field juniper, Prostrate juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Juniperus horizontalis
Creeping juniper, Creeping savin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris aspera
Tall blazing star, Tall gayfeather, Tall liatris, Rough blazing star, Rough gayfeather, Rough liatris, Button snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lilium philadelphicum
Wood lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lobelia siphilitica
Great blue lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera biennis
Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pascopyrum smithii
Western wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon grandiflorus
Large penstemon, Large beardtongue, Large-flower penstemon, Large-flower beardtongue, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygonatum biflorum
Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Populus deltoides
Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus tremuloides
Quaking aspen, Aspen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Prunus americana
American plum, Wild plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum virginianum
Virginia mountain mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rosa blanda
Smooth rose, Early wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salix discolor
Pussy willow, Glaucous willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Shepherdia argentea
Silver buffaloberry, Buffaloberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium integrifolium
Wholeleaf rosinweed, Entire-leaf rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Silphium perfoliatum
Cup plant, Indian cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sporobolus heterolepis
Prairie dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphoricarpos albus
Common snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White heath aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple meadow-rue, Meadow rue, Tall meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Tilia americana
American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf cattail, Common cat-tail, Broad-leaf cat-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Verbena hastata
Swamp verbena, Blue verbena, Blue vervain, Simpler's joy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Vernonia fasciculata
Prairie ironweed, Common ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Sweet viburnum, Sheepberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum opulus var. americanum
American cranberry bush, Highbush-cranberry, American cranberrybush viburnum, Cranberry viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viola sororia
Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Zizia aptera
Heart-leaved meadow parsnip, Heartleaf meadow parsnip, Meadow parsnip, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow zizia, Zizia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Zizia aurea
Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist