Florida - South Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in South Florida. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state. Special thanks to the Florida Association of Native Nurseries for compiling this list.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ambrosia hispida
Coastal ragweed, Beach Ragweed, Bay Geranium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Annona glabra
Pond apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Ardisia escallonoides
Island marlberry, Marbleberry, Marlberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Avicennia germinans
Black mangrove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baccharis halimifolia
Groundseltree, Sea-myrtle, Consumptionweed, Eastern baccharis, Groundsel, Groundsel bush, Salt marsh-elder, Salt bush, Florida groundsel bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Batis maritima
Turtleweed, Seaside saltwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bejaria racemosa
Tarflower, Flyweed, Flycatcher

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Borrichia frutescens
Bushy seaside tansy, Bushy seaside-tansy, Ox-eye daisy, Sea daisy, Sea ox-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bursera simaruba
Gumbo limbo, Gumbo-limbo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Canna flaccida
Bandanna of the Everglades, Golden canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Capparis cynophallophora
Jamaica Caper Tree, Jamaican caper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carya aquatica
Water hickory, Bitter pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Chiococca alba
West Indian milkberry, David's milkberry, Cahinca, Snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chrysobalanus icaco
Icaco coco plum, Icaco coco-plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chrysophyllum oliviforme
Satinleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cirsium horridulum
Yellow thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clusia rosea
Scotch attorney

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Coccoloba diversifolia
Tie-tongue, Pigeon plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Coccoloba uvifera
Sea grape, Seagrape, Seaside-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Coccothrinax argentata
Florida silver palm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Conocarpus erectus
Button mangrove, Buttonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis leavenworthii
Common Tickseed, Leavenworth's tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cornus foemina
Stiff dogwood, Swamp dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crinum americanum
American crinum lily, Seven sisters, Swamp lily, Southern swamp lily, String lily, Crinum lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal salt grass, Inland salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dodonaea viscosa
Florida hopbush, Hopseed bush, Switch sorrel, Varnish leaf, Hopbush, Chapoliztle, Casol

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ernodea littoralis
Coughbush, Golden creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eugenia axillaris
White stopper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ficus aurea
Florida strangler fig, Strangler Fig

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Forestiera segregata
Florida Privet, Florida swampprivet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Fraxinus caroliniana
Carolina ash, Pop Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hamelia patens
Scarletbush, Firebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Hibiscus coccineus
Scarlet rosemallow, Crimson rosemallow, Wild red mallow, Texas star hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hydrolea corymbosa
Skyflower, Tall Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenocallis latifolia
Perfumed spiderlily, Perfumed spider-lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hymenocallis palmeri
Alligator lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ilex glabra
Inkberry, Gallberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ipomoea pes-caprae
Railroad vine, Goat-foot morning glory, Bayhops, Beach morning glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Iris hexagona
Dixie iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Itea virginica
Virginia sweetspire, Tassel-white

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iva frutescens
High-tide bush, High-water shrub, Jesuit's bark, Marsh elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Jacquinia keyensis
Joewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Juncus effusus
Common rush, Soft Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus roemerianus
Black needlerush, Needlegrass rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Lachnanthes caroliana
Carolina redroot, Paint root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Laguncularia racemosa
White mangrove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lantana involucrata
Buttonsage, Button-sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lilium catesbaei
Pine lily, Southern red lily, Catesby's lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ludwigia repens
Creeping primrose-willow, Floating primrose-willow, Water primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lycium carolinianum
Carolina wolfberry, Carolina desert-thorn, Creeping wolfberry, Christmas berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lyonia fruticosa
Coastal plain staggerbush, Poor-grub, Rusty lyonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Lyonia lucida
Fetterbush lyonia, Shinyleaf, Fetterbush, Staggerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Morella cerifera
Wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Nephrolepis exaltata
Boston swordfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Nuphar lutea
Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nymphaea mexicana
Yellow waterlily, Yellow Water-lily, Banana lily, Banana waterlily, Sun lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nymphaea odorata
American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda regalis
Royal fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Panicum amarum
Bitter panicgrass, Bitter or coastal panic grass, Beachgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum distichum
Knotgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Persea palustris
Swamp bay, Swampbay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Pinus clausa
Sand pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Piscidia piscipula
Florida Fish-poison Tree, Florida fishpoison tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Pityopsis graminifolia
Narrowleaf silkgrass, Golden aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Polygonum hydropiperoides
Swamp smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss me quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Psychotria nervosa
Seminole balsamo, Wild coffee

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus chapmanii
Chapman oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus laevis
Turkey oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Quercus laurifolia
Laurel oak, Swamp laurel oak, Darlington oak, diamond-leaf oak, laurel-leaf oak, water oak, obtuse oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus myrtifolia
Myrtle oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus virginiana
Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Live oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhizophora mangle
Red mangrove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhus copallinum
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia caroliniensis
Carolina wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal palmetto
Cabbage palmetto, Cabbage palm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix caroliniana
Coastal plain willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Scaevola plumieri
Gullfeed, Inkberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Serenoa repens
Saw palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sesuvium portulacastrum
Shoreline seapurslane, Sea Purslane, Cenicilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Simarouba glauca
Paradisetree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Solidago sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Spartina alterniflora
Saltmarsh Cordgrass, Smooth cordgrass, Salt cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina patens
Marsh-hay cord grass, Salt-meadow cord grass, Saltmeadow cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Suriana maritima
Bay cedar, Bay-cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Taxodium ascendens
Pond cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalia geniculata
Arrow root, Bent alligator-flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Uniola paniculata
Sea Oats, Seaoats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Vaccinium myrsinites
Shiny blueberry, Evergreen blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Vallisneria americana
American eelgrass, Water celery, Eelgrass, Tapegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Vitis rotundifolia
Muscadine, Scuppernong grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodwardia virginica
Virginia chainfern, Virginia chain fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ximenia americana
Tallow wood, Tallowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Yucca aloifolia
Aloe yucca, Spanish dagger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zamia pumila
Coontie, Florida arrowroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum fagara
Lime prickly ash, Colima

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry