California-Northern Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Northern California. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abies concolor
White fir, Balsam fir, Colorado fir, Concolor fir, Silver fir, White balsam, Oyamel de California

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Abies grandis
Giant fir, Grand fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Abies magnifica
California red fir, Red fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer circinatum
Oregon vine maple, Vine maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer macrophyllum
Bigleaf maple, Big-leaf maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achnatherum hymenoides
Indian ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Adenostoma fasciculatum
Chamise, Common chamise, Greasewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aesculus californica
California buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium unifolium
Oneleaf onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amelanchier alnifolia
Saskatoon serviceberry, Western serviceberry, Juneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Anemopsis californica
Yerba mansa, Yerba-mansa, Lizard tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Antennaria alpina
Alpine everlasting, Alpine pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aquilegia eximia
Van Houtte's columbine, Serpentine columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia formosa
Western columbine, Crimson columbine, Scarlet columbine, Red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arabis blepharophylla
Rose rockcress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Arbutus menziesii
Pacific madrone, Oregon laurel, Laurelwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arctostaphylos bakeri
Baker's manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Arctostaphylos canescens
Hoary manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arctostaphylos columbiana
Hairy manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arctostaphylos densiflora
Vine Hill manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Arctostaphylos edmundsii
Little Sur manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Arctostaphylos manzanita
Whiteleaf manzanita, Big manzanita, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Arctostaphylos nevadensis
Pinemat manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arctostaphylos pajaroensis
Pajaro manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Arctostaphylos patula
Greenleaf manzanita, Green-leaf manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aristolochia californica
California dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Armeria maritima
Thrift seapink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Artemisia pycnocephala
Beach sagebrush, Beach wormwood, Sand hill sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Artemisia tridentata
Big sagebrush, Great Basin sagebrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asarum caudatum
British Columbia wild ginger, Long-tail wild ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias fascicularis
Mexican whorled milkweed, Narrowleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias speciosa
Showy milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Athyrium filix-femina
Common lady fern, Subarctic lady fern, Lady fern, Ladyfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Atriplex lentiformis
Big saltbush, Coastal quail bush, Quailbush, Saltbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baileya multiradiata
Desert Marigold, Showy Desert Marigold, Paper Daisy, Desert Baileya

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Balsamorhiza sagittata
Arrowleaf balsamroot, Arrow-leaf balsamroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Blechnum spicant
Deer fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Calocedrus decurrens
Incense cedar, Incense-cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calycanthus occidentalis
Western sweetshrub, California sweet shrub, Spice bush, Western spicebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calystegia occidentalis
Chaparral false bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Camassia quamash
Small camas, Common camass, Swamp sego

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Camissonia cheiranthifolia ssp. cheiranthifolia
Beach evening-primrose, Beach suncup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Carpenteria californica
Bush anemone, Tree anemone, Tree-anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ceanothus cordulatus
Mountain whitethorn, Snow bush, Whitethorn ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus gloriosus var. exaltatus
Point Reyes ceanothus, Glory brush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus
Point Reyes ceanothus, Glory mat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus impressus
Santa Barbara ceanothus, Santa Barbara buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ceanothus leucodermis
Chaparral whitethorn, Jackbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus maritimus
Maritime ceanothus, Bluff california lilac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus
Blueblossom, Bluebrush, Blue blossom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ceanothus velutinus
Snowbrush, Snowbrush ceanothus, Tobacco-brush, Mountain balm, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis orbiculata
California redbud, Western redbud, Arizona redbud, Pata de vaca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Cercocarpus ledifolius
Curl-leaf mountain mahogany, Curl-leaf mountain-mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus var. glaber
Smooth mountain mahogany, Birchleaf mountain mahogany, True mountain mahogany, Hard tack

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
Port Orford cedar, Lawson false cypress, Lawson's false cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium
Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chilopsis linearis
Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Willowleaf catalpa, Bow willow, Flor de mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chlorogalum pomeridianum
Wavyleaf soap plant, Wavyleaf Soap-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chrysolepis sempervirens
Bush chinquapin, Sierra chinquapin, Sierran chinkapin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Clarkia amoena
Farewell to spring, Farewell-to-spring, Herald-of-summer

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Clarkia concinna
Red ribbons, Redribbons

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clarkia rubicunda
Ruby chalice clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Clarkia speciosa
Redspot clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Clarkia unguiculata
Elegant clarkia, Elegant fairyfan, Mountain garland

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Claytonia sibirica
Siberian springbeauty, Siberian miners lettuce

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Clematis lasiantha
Pipestem clematis, Pipestems, Chaparral clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis ligusticifolia
Western white clematis, Virgin's bower, Pepper vine, Hierba de chivo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clinopodium douglasii
Oregon-tea, Yerba buena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Collinsia grandiflora
Blue lips, Blue-lips blue-eyed Mary, Giant blue eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Collinsia heterophylla
Purple Chinese houses, Harlequin blue-eyed Mary, Chinese houses

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Collinsia linearis
Narrowleaf blue eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Collomia grandiflora
Grand collomia, Large-flower mountain-trumpet, Collomia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis gigantea
Giant coreopsis, Giant tickseed, Tree coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Coreopsis maritima
Sea dahlia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Corethrogyne filaginifolia
Common sandaster, California aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Cornus nuttallii
Pacific dogwood, Pacific flowering dogwood, Mountain dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea
Redosier dogwood, Red Osier Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Corylus cornuta var. californica
California hazelnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Danthonia californica
California oatgrass, California wild oat grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Danthonia unispicata
Few-flower wild oat grass, Onespike danthonia, Onespike oatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Darmera peltata
Indian rhubarb, Indian-rhubarb, Umbrella plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda
Shrubby cinquefoil, Golden hardhack, Potentilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Delphinium cardinale
Scarlet larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium glaucum
Sierra larkspur, Tower larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Delphinium variegatum
Royal larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dendromecon harfordii
Harford's tree poppy, Channel Island tree poppy, Island tree poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Dendromecon rigida
Tree poppy, Bush poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dicentra formosa
Pacific bleeding heart, Pacific bleedinghearts, Western bleedingheart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Diplacus aurantiacus
Orange bush monkeyflower, Bush monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dodecatheon clevelandii
Padre's shootingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus trachycaulus ssp. trachycaulus
Slender wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Encelia californica
California brittlebush, Coast sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Encelia farinosa
Brittlebush, Goldhills, Incienso

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Epilobium canum
Hummingbird trumpet, California fuchsia, Zauschneria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Epilobium obcordatum
Rockfringe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Epilobium rigidum
Siskiyou rock fringe, Stiff willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Epilobium septentrionale
Northern willowherb, Humboldt County fuchsia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. nauseosa
Rabbitbrush, Rubber rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Erigeron glaucus
Seaside fleabane, Seaside daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eriogonum arborescens
Santa Cruz Island buckwheat, Santa Cruz Island wild buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eriogonum giganteum
St. Catherine's lace

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eriogonum grande var. rubescens
San Miguel Island buckwheat, Red-flowered Pacific island wild buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum umbellatum
Sulphur-flower buckwheat, Sulphur-flower wild buckwheat, Sulphur buckwheat, Sulphur flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eschscholzia caespitosa
Tufted poppy, Tufted-poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eschscholzia californica
California poppy, California gold poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Festuca californica
California fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Festuca idahoensis
Blue bunchgrass, Bunchgrass fescue, Idaho fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Festuca occidentalis
Western fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fragaria vesca
Woodland strawberry, California strawberry, Wood strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Frangula californica ssp. californica
California buckthorn, Coffeeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fremontodendron californicum
California flannelbush, Northern flannelbush, Northern fremontia, California slippery elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fritillaria affinis
Checker lily, Chocolate Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Garrya elliptica
Wavyleaf silktassel, Wavy-leaf silktassel, Silk-tassel bush, Coastal silktassel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Gaultheria shallon
Salal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gilia capitata
Blue gilia, Blue-head gily-flower, Bluehead gilia, Globe gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gilia tricolor
Bird's-eye gilia, Bird's-eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helenium bigelovii
Bigelow's sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hesperoyucca whipplei
Chaparral yucca, Foothill yucca, Our Lord's candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heteromeles arbutifolia
Toyon, California Christmasberry, Christmasberry, California holly, Hollywood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heuchera maxima
Island alumroot, Jill of the rocks

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Heuchera micrantha
Crevice alumroot, Common alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Heuchera pilosissima
Hairy alumroot, Seaside alumroot, Shaggy alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Holodiscus discolor
Ocean spray, Hillside ocean-spray, Cream bush, Mountain spray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ipomopsis aggregata
Scarlet gilia, Scarlet standing-cypress, Skyrocket, Skunkflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Iris douglasiana
Douglas iris, Mountain iris, Western iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iris innominata
Del Norte County iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Iris missouriensis
Rocky Mountain iris, Western blue flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Iris tenuissima
Longtube iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Juglans californica
California black walnut, Southern California walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus californica
California juniper, Desert white cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Juniperus communis
Common juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Juniperus occidentalis
Western juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Keckiella cordifolia
Heartleaf keckiella, Heart-leaf bush-beardtongue, Climbing penstemon, Heartleaf penstemon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry