Special Value to Honey Bees

Identified by beekeepers and pollination biologists as an important pollen or nectar source (honey plant) for honey bees. This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer negundo Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharum Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Agastache foeniculum Blue giant hyssop, Blue giant-hyssop, Fragrant giant hyssop, Lavender hyssop, Anise hyssop Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Agastache scrophulariifolia Purple giant hyssop, Purple giant-hyssop Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Moist
Agastache urticifolia Nettleleaf giant hyssop, Nettle-leaf Horsemint Perennial Subshrub Part-shade
Amsinckia menziesii var. intermedia Common fiddleneck, Intermediate fiddleneck Annual Herb
Amsinckia menziesii var. menziesii Menzies' fiddleneck Annual Herb
Asclepias albicans White-stemmed Milkweed, Whitestem milkweed Perennial Subshrub
Asclepias amplexicaulis Clasping milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias arenaria Sand milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias asperula Spider milkweed, Antelope horns, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asclepias asperula ssp. capricornu Antelopehorns, Antelope horns Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Asclepias brachystephana Bract milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias californica California milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias cryptoceras Pallid Milkweed, Humboldt Mountain Milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias engelmanniana Engelmann's milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias eriocarpa Woollypod milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias exaltata Poke milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias fascicularis Mexican whorled milkweed, Narrowleaf milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias hirtella Green milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias humistrata Pinewoods milkweed, Sandhill milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata Swamp milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Asclepias incarnata ssp. pulchra Swamp milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Asclepias lanceolata Fewflower milkweed, Few-flower milkweed, Red milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Asclepias latifolia Broadleaf milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias linaria Pineneedle milkweed, Needle-Leaf Milkweed Perennial Herb, Subshrub
Asclepias linearis Slim milkweed Perennial Subshrub
Asclepias longifolia Longleaf milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias michauxii Michaux's Milkweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Asclepias obovata Pineland Milkweed Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Asclepias oenotheroides Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de Zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed Perennial Herb Sun
Asclepias ovalifolia Oval-leaf milkweed, Dwarf milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Asclepias perennis Aquatic milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias purpurascens Purple milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias quadrifolia Fourleaf milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Asclepias rubra Red Milkweed, Tall Pink Bog Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias speciosa Showy milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Asclepias stenophylla Slimleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Green Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias subulata Rush milkweed, Desert milkweed, Ajamete Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias subverticillata Horsetail milkweed, Poison Milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias sullivantii Prairie milkweed, Sullivant's milkweed, Smooth milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Asclepias texana Texas milkweed, White milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias tomentosa Tuba milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Asclepias variegata Redring milkweed, White-flowered milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias verticillata Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Asclepias viridiflora Green milkweed, Green comet milkweed, Green antelopehorn milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias viridis Green antelopehorn, Green milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Catalpa bignonioides Southern catalpa, Cigar tree, Indian bean Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Catalpa speciosa Northern catalpa, Catawba tree, Cigar tree, Indian bean Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Ceanothus griseus Carmel ceanothus, Carmel creeper, Yankee Point ceanothus Perennial Shrub
Ceanothus purpureus Hollyleaf ceanothus Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Ceanothus tomentosus Woolyleaf ceanothus, Woolly-leaf mountain lilac, Ramona lilac Perennial Shrub
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Chamerion angustifolium Fireweed, Willow herb, Great willow herb Perennial Herb
Chamerion latifolium Broad-leaf fireweed, Dwarf fireweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Cleome isomeris Bladderpod spiderflower, Bladderpod Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Cleome lutea Yellow spiderflower, Yellow spider-flower, Yellow beeplant, Yellow caper, Golden caper Annual Herb Sun
Cleome serrulata Rocky Mountain beeplant, Rocky mountain bee plant, Waa, Skunk weed Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Clethra alnifolia Coastal sweet pepperbush, Clethra, Summer sweet Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Dalea aurea Golden dalea, Golden prairie clover Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Dalea bicolor var. argyrea Silver prairie clover, Silver dalea, Silver bush dalea Perennial Shrub Sun
Dalea candida White prairie clover Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Dalea candida var. candida White prairie clover, White prairie-clover Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Dalea compacta Compact prairie clover Perennial Herb
Dalea compacta var. pubescens Compact prairie clover Perennial Herb
Dalea emarginata Wedgeleaf prairie clover Annual Herb Sun Dry
Dalea enneandra Nine-anther prairie clover Perennial Herb Dry
Dalea feayi Feay's prairie clover, Globe-headed Prairie Clover Perennial Subshrub
Dalea formosa Feather dalea, Featherplume Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Dalea frutescens Black dalea, Black prairie clover Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Dalea greggii Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dalea hallii Hall's prairie clover, Hall's Dalea Perennial Shrub
Dalea jamesii James's prairie clover Perennial Subshrub
Dalea lachnostachys Glandleaf prairie clover Perennial Herb
Dalea lanata Woolly prairie clover Perennial Herb
Dalea lasiathera Purple dalea Perennial Shrub Sun
Dalea multiflora Roundhead prairie clover, White prairie clover, Round headed dalea, Round headed clover Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Dalea nana Dwarf prairie clover, Dwarf Dalea Perennial Shrub
Dalea nana var. carnescens Dwarf prairie clover Perennial Herb
Dalea obovata Pussyfoot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dalea phleoides var. microphylla Slimspike prairie clover Perennial Subshrub
Dalea pinnata Summer farewell Perennial Herb
Dalea pogonathera Bearded prairie clover, Bearded dalea Perennial Herb
Dalea pulchra Pretty dalea, Bush dalea, Santa Catalina prairie clover Perennial Subshrub Sun, Part-shade
Dalea purpurea Purple prairie clover Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Dalea purpurea var. purpurea Purple prairie clover, Violet prairie clover Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Dalea tenuis Pinkglobe prairie clover Perennial Subshrub
Dalea villosa Silky prairie clover Perennial Herb, Subshrub
Dalea villosa var. villosa Silky prairie clover Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Dalea wrightii Wright's prairie clover Perennial Herb
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Erigeron glaucus Seaside fleabane, Seaside daisy Perennial Herb Part-shade
Eutrochium fistulosum Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Ilex glabra Inkberry, Gallberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet, Moist
Ilex opaca American holly, Christmas holly Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Dry
Ilex verticillata Common winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Larrea tridentata Creosote bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip tree, Tulip poplar, Yellow poplar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Lythrum alatum Winged lythrum Perennial Subshrub Sun Wet, Moist
Malus angustifolia Southern crabapple, Wild crabapple Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Malus coronaria Sweet crabapple, American crab Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Malus fusca Oregon crabapple, Pacific Crabapple Perennial Tree Sun Wet, Moist
Malus ioensis Prairie crabapple, Iowa crabapple Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Malus ioensis var. texana Texas crabapple, Blanco Crabapple Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Monarda punctata Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint Annual Herb Sun Dry
Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. lasiodonta Spotted beebalm Annual Subshrub
Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. villicaulis Spotted beebalm Annual Subshrub
Nyssa aquatica Water tupelo, Blackgum, Sourgum Perennial Tree Sun Wet
Nyssa ogeche Ogeechee tupelo, Ogeechee lime Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum, Black tupelo, Sourgum, Tupelo, Pepperridge Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Oligoneuron riddellii Riddell's goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Oligoneuron rigidum Stiff goldenrod, Hard-leaf Goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist, Dry
Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum Stiff goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood, Sorrel tree Perennial Tree Part-shade
Phacelia tanacetifolia Lacy phacelia, Lacy scorpion-weed Annual Herb Sun Dry
Physocarpus opulifolius Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Prosopis glandulosa Honey mesquite Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Prosopis glandulosa var. glandulosa Honey mesquite Perennial Tree
Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana Western honey mesquite, Torrey mesquite, Western mesquite Perennial Tree
Prosopis pubescens Screwbean mesquite, American screw-bean, Tornillo Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Prosopis velutina Velvet mesquite Perennial Tree
Prunus americana American plum, Wild plum Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus serotina Black cherry, Rum cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pycnanthemum albescens Whiteleaf mountain mint, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Pycnanthemum incanum Hoary mountain mint, Silverleaf mountain mint Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pycnanthemum muticum Clustered mountainmint Perennial Herb
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Narrowleaf mountain mint, Slender mountain mint, Common horsemint Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pycnanthemum torrei Torrey's mountainmint Perennial Herb
Pycnanthemum virginianum Virginia mountain mint Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus aromatica var. serotina Fragrant sumac Perennial Shrub
Rhus copallinum Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rhus trilobata var. pilosissima Pubescent skunkbush sumac, Downy aromatic sumac, Downy fragrant sumac Perennial Shrub
Rhus typhina Staghorn sumac, Velvet sumac Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Robinia hispida Bristly locust, Standing sweet pea Perennial Shrub Sun
Robinia neomexicana New Mexico locust, Mescal bean Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust, Honey locust Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Robinia viscosa Clammy locust Perennial Tree
Rubus allegheniensis Allegheny blackberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Rubus deliciosus Delicious raspberry, Rocky Mountain Raspberry Perennial Vine
Rubus idaeus American red raspberry, Wild Red Raspberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus Grayleaf red raspberry, Red raspberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rubus occidentalis Black raspberry, Thimbleberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rubus odoratus Purpleflowering raspberry, Purple-flowering raspberry, Thimbleberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Rubus parviflorus Thimbleberry, Western thimble-berry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia laciniata Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Greenhead coneflower, Green-headed coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata Cutleaf coneflower Perennial Subshrub
Salix amygdaloides Peachleaf willow, Peach-leaf willow, Almond-leaf willow Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Salix bebbiana Bebb willow, Gray willow, Long-beaked willow Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Salix discolor Pussy willow, Glaucous willow Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Salix hookeriana Dune willow, Hooker Willow Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Salix nigra Black willow, Gulf black willow Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Salix prolixa Mackenzie Willow, MacKenzie's willow Perennial Tree
Salix sericea Silky willow Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Scrophularia californica California figwort Perennial Herb
Silphium perfoliatum Cup plant, Indian cup Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist, Dry
Solidago altissima Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Solidago arguta var. boottii Boott's goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago ×asperula Perennial Herb
Solidago bicolor White goldenrod, Silverrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Solidago caesia Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod, Bluestem goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Solidago californica California goldenrod, Northern California goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Solidago canadensis var. canadensis Canada goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Solidago canadensis var. gilvocanescens Shorthair goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Solidago canadensis var. salebrosa Salebrosa goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Solidago cutleri Cutler's alpine goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago erecta Showy goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago fistulosa Pine barren goldenrod, Hollow Goldenrod Perennial Herb Shade
Solidago flexicaulis Zigzag goldenrod, Broadleaf goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Solidago gigantea Giant goldenrod, Smooth goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Early goldenrod Perennial Herb Part-shade
Solidago hispida Hairy goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago hispida var. hispida Hairy goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago hispida var. tonsa Hairy goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago juliae Julia's goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago juncea Early goldenrod, Plume goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Solidago latissimifolia Elliott's goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago macrophylla Largeleaf goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago missouriensis Missouri goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Missouri Basin goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun
Solidago mollis Velvety goldenrod, Velvet goldenrod, Soft goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun
Solidago multiradiata Rocky Mountain goldenrod, Northern goldenrod, Alpine goldenrod Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Solidago multiradiata var. multiradiata Rocky Mountain goldenrod Perennial Subshrub
Solidago nemoralis Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Solidago nemoralis var. longipetiolata Gray goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago nemoralis var. nemoralis Gray goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago odora Anisescented goldenrod, Anise-scented goldenrod, Sweet goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Solidago odora var. odora Anisescented goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago patula Roundleaf goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Solidago petiolaris Downy goldenrod, Downy ragged goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago pinetorum Small's goldenrod, Early goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago puberula Downy goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago puberula var. puberula Downy goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago radula Western rough goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago rugosa Wrinkleleaf goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod, Rough-leaved goldenrod, Roughleaf goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod, Roughstem goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa Wrinkleleaf goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa var. villosa Wrinkleleaf goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago sciaphila Shadowy goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago sempervirens Seaside goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana Seaside goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago sempervirens var. sempervirens Seaside goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Solidago simplex Mt. Albert goldenrod, Narrow Goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago simplex ssp. randii Rand's goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago simplex ssp. randii var. racemosa Rand's goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago simplex ssp. simplex var. nana Dwarf goldenrod Perennial Herb Dry
Solidago simplex ssp. simplex var. spathulata Mt. Albert goldenrod Perennial Shrub
Solidago speciosa Showy goldenrod Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Solidago squarrosa Stout goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago tortifolia Twistleaf goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago uliginosa Bog goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago uliginosa var. linoides Bog goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago uliginosa var. terrae-novae Bog goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago uliginosa var. uliginosa Bog goldenrod Perennial Herb Part-shade
Solidago ulmifolia Elmleaf goldenrod, Elm-leaved goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Solidago ulmifolia var. ulmifolia Elmleaf goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago velutina Threenerve goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago wrightii Wright's goldenrod Perennial Herb
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England aster, New England American-aster Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Tilia americana American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Tilia americana var. americana American basswood, Linn, American linden, White basswood Perennial Tree
Tilia americana var. caroliniana Carolina basswood, Small-leaved basswood, Downy linden Perennial Tree
Tilia americana var. heterophylla American basswood, White basswood, Linden Perennial Tree Part-shade
Verbesina alternifolia Wingstem, Yellow ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Verbesina encelioides Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Verbesina encelioides ssp. encelioides Golden crownbeard Annual Herb
Verbesina helianthoides Gravelweed Perennial Herb
Verbesina lindheimeri Lindheimer's crownbeard Perennial Herb
Verbesina microptera Texas crownbeard Perennial Herb
Verbesina nana Dwarf crownbeard Perennial Herb
Verbesina occidentalis Yellow crownbeard, Small yellow crownbeard, Crownbeard Perennial Herb
Verbesina oreophila Mountain crownbeard Perennial Herb
Verbesina virginica Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed Biennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's root Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist