Rolling Plains

The Rolling Plains area (24 million acres) coincides with the Rolling Plains land resource area of the southern Central Lowlands. The area is between the High Plains and the Cross Timbers and Prairies in the northern part of the state. It is a nearly level to rolling plain having moderate to rapid surface drainage. Soils of the uplands are pale brown to reddish brown to dark grayish brown, neutral to calcareous sandy loams, clay loams, and clays. Saline soils are common, as are shallow and stony soils with pockets of deep sand. Bottomlands have only minor areas of reddish brown, loamy to clayey, calcareous alluvial soils.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abronia ameliae Amelia's sand verbena, Heart's delight, Amelia's sand-verbena, Sand verbena Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Abronia angustifolia Purple sand verbena, Narrow-leaf sand-verbena Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Abronia fragrans Fragrant verbena, Sand verbena, Snowball, Snowball sand verbena, Sweet sand-verbena Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Abutilon fruticosum Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Acacia angustissima Prairie acacia, Fern acacia, Prairie wattle, Whiteball acacia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Acacia greggii Catclaw acacia, Gregg acacia, Long-flower catclaw, Una de gato Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Acacia greggii var. wrightii Catclaw acacia, Catclaw, Wright acacia Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Acacia roemeriana Roundflower catclaw, Round-flower catclaw, Roemer acacia, Catclaw, Roemer's acacia, Catclaw acacia Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun Dry
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Aesculus pavia var. flavescens Texas yellow buckeye, Yellow woolly buckeye, Pale buckeye, Plateau yellow buckeye Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Allium canadense var. canadense Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium canadense var. mobilense Meadow garlic, Wild onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium coryi Yellow-flowered onion, Yellowflower onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium drummondii Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Aloysia wrightii Wright's beebrush, Wright's lippia Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Amblyolepis setigera Huisache daisy, Butterfly daisy, Honey daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Amorpha canescens Leadplant, Leadplant amorpha, Prairie shoestring Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Aphanostephus skirrhobasis Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas dozedaisy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Argemone polyanthemos Annual pricklepoppy, Bluestem pricklepoppy, Bluestem prickly poppy, Crested pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle poppy, White prickly poppy, White pricklypoppy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Atriplex canescens Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Fourwing saltbush, Wingscale Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Atriplex confertifolia Shadscale, Spiny saltbush, Shadscale saltbush, Hop sage Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Baccharis neglecta False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-Eyed lyre leaf Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Bothriochloa barbinodis Cane bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouchea linifolia Flaxleaf bouchea, Groovestem bouchea Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalograss, Buffalo grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua eriopoda Black grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua gracilis Blue grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua hirsuta Hairy grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Bouteloua rigidiseta Texas grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Calamovilfa gigantea Giant sandreed, Prairie sandreed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Calylophus hartwegii Hartweg's sundrops, Western Primrose Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Carex planostachys Cedar sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Castilleja purpurea Prairie paintbrush, Downy Indian paintbrush, Purple paintbrush, Lemon paintbrush, Purple painted cup Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Celtis laevigata var. reticulata Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche Perennial Tree Part-shade
Centaurea americana American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Centaurium beyrichii Mountain pink, Meadow pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercocarpus montanus Alderleaf mountain mahogany, Alder-leaf mountain-mahogany, Mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Cercocarpus montanus var. argenteus Silver mountain mahogany, Mountain mahogany, True mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Chloris virgata Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris Annual Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Cirsium texanum Texas thistle Biennial Herb Sun Dry
Clematis drummondii Old-man's-beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's-Beard Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cooperia drummondii Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Corydalis aurea Scrambled eggs, Golden corydalis Annual Herb Dry
Corydalis curvisiliqua Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Dasyochloa pulchella Fluff grass, Low woollygrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Datura wrightii Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Digitaria californica Arizona cottontop, California cottontop, California crab grass, Cottontop Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Diospyros texana Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Echinacea angustifolia Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifolius Squirreltail, Long-leaf squirrel-tail Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Ephedra antisyphilitica Mormon tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Eragrostis intermedia Plains lovegrass, Plains Lovegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Eriochloa sericea Texas cupgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Eriogonum annuum Annual buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat Annual Herb Sun Dry
Erioneuron pilosum Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Euphorbia cyathophora Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain Annual Herb Sun Moist
Euphorbia marginata Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Funastrum cynanchoides Fringed twinevine, Climbing milkweed vine, Twine-vine Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. heterophyllum Hartweg's twinevine, Vine milkweed Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Gaillardia pinnatifida Blanket flower, Red dome blanketflower, Red-dome blanket-flower, Yellow gaillardia Perennial Herb Sun
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel, Indian Blanket Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Gaillardia suavis Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Glossopetalon planitierum Plains greasebush Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Gutierrezia sarothrae Broom snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine weed, Matchweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Helenium amarum Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Helianthus petiolaris Prairie sunflower, Plains sunflower Annual Herb Sun
Heliotropium curassavicum Salt heliotrope, Seaside heliotrope, Quail plant, Cola de mico, Cola de gama Annual Herb Sun Dry
Heliotropium tenellum Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope Annual Herb Sun Dry
Hymenopappus flavescens Yellow plainsman, Collegeflower Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Ipomoea leptophylla Bush morning-glory Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Juniperus ashei Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Blueberry juniper Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Juniperus monosperma Oneseed juniper, One-seed juniper, Cherrystone juniper Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Juniperus pinchotii Pinchot's juniper, Pinchot juniper, Redberry juniper Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Juniperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain juniper, Rocky Mountain red cedar Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Lepidium montanum Mountain peppergrass, Western peppergrass, Mountain pepperweed, Mountain pepperwort, Montana pepperweed Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Leptochloa dubia Green sprangletop Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Lesquerella fendleri Fendler's bladderpod, Fendler's bladderpod, Popweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Liatris mucronata Cusp gayfeather, Cusp blazing star, Cusp liatris, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Narrow-leaf blazing star, Narrow-leaf liatris, Texas gayfeather, Texas blazing star, Texas liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris punctata Dotted blazing star, Dotted gayfeather, Dotted liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lindheimera texana Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star Annual Herb Sun Dry
Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri Berlandier's yellow flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Linum hudsonioides Hudson Flax, Texas flax, Yellow Flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Linum pratense Meadow flax Annual Herb
Linum rigidum Stiffstem flax, Large-flower yellow flax, Yellow flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Lithospermum incisum Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lupinus texensis Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Melica nitens Three-flower melic, Tall melicgrass, Threeflower melicgrass, Melicgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist, Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Morus microphylla Littleleaf mulberry, Mountain mulberry, Texas mulberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Morus rubra Red mulberry, Moral Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia arenacea Ear muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Muhlenbergia torreyi Ring muhly, Torrey muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Nuttallanthus texanus Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax Annual Herb Sun Moist
Oenothera rhombipetala Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii Cactus apple, Prickly pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia macrorhiza Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Oxalis stricta Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Palafoxia callosa Small palafox, Small palafoxia Annual Herb Sun Dry
Palafoxia rosea Rosy palafox, Rose palafoxia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Palafoxia sphacelata Othake, Sand palafoxia Annual Herb Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pappophorum bicolor Pink pappasgrass, Pink pappusgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Pascopyrum smithii Western wheatgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Pectis angustifolia Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed pectis, Lemon-scented pectis, Lemonscent pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid marigold Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Penstemon ambiguus Pink plains penstemon, Pink plains beardtongue, Gilia penstemon, Gilia beardtongue, Sand penstemon, Sand beardtongue Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Penstemon fendleri Fendler's penstemon, Fendler's beardtongue, Fendler penstemon, Fendler beardtongue, Purple foxglove Perennial Herb Sun
Penstemon jamesii James's penstemon, James's beardtongue, James penstemon, James beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun
Phacelia integrifolia Gyp blue-curls, Gypsum phacelia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Polygala alba White milkwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Populus deltoides Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera Plains cottonwood, Great Plains cottonwood Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Proboscidea louisianica Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Prosopis glandulosa Honey mesquite Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Prunus gracilis Oklahoma plum Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Prunus rivularis Creek plum, Hog plum, River plum Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus havardii Havard oak, Havard shin-oak, Shinnery oak Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus mohriana Mohr oak, Shin oak, Scrub oak Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus sinuata var. breviloba White shin oak, Bigelow oak, Scaly-bark oak, Limestone Durand oak, Shortlobe oak, Bastard oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus stellata Post oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quincula lobata Purple groundcherry, Chinese lantern Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rhus lanceolata Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Rhus microphylla Littleleaf sumac, Desert sumac, Correosa, Agritos Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Rivina humilis Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Rubus trivialis Dewberry, Southern dewberry Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ruellia humilis Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ruellia nudiflora Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabatia campestris Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Sagittaria latifolia Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Sagittaria platyphylla Delta arrowhead Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Salix amygdaloides Peachleaf willow, Peach-leaf willow, Almond-leaf willow Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Salvia azurea Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Salvia texana Texas sage, Blue sage Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Scleropogon brevifolius Burrograss Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Scutellaria drummondii Drummond's skullcap Annual Herb Sun Dry
Scutellaria resinosa Resin-dot skullcap, Resinous skullcap, Shrubby skullcap, Sticky skullcap Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Setaria parviflora Marsh bristlegrass, Knotroot bristlegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Sisyrinchium langloisii Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Sisyrinchium sagittiferum Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Solanum elaeagnifolium Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Solidago altissima Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Solidago nemoralis Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sphaeralcea angustifolia Copper globemallow, Copper-mallow, Globe mallow Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Sporobolus cryptandrus Sand dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Symphyotrichum subulatum Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano Annual Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Tetraneuris scaposa Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Teucrium canadense Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia gigantea Giant spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia ohiensis Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Tridens albescens White tridens, White Top Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Tridens flavus Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Tridens muticus var. elongatus Slim tridens Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Triodanis perfoliata Clasping Venus' looking-glass Annual Herb Shade Dry
Triplasis purpurea Purple sandgrass, Purple triplasis Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Verbena halei Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Vernonia baldwinii Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Vitis acerifolia Mapleleaf grape, Panhandle grape, Bush grape Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Xanthisma texanum ssp. drummondii Drummond's sleepydaisy, Sleepy-Daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Yucca glauca var. glauca Narrow-leaf yucca, Soapweed yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Zanthoxylum hirsutum Texas Hercules' club, Texas prickly ash, Prickly ash, Toothache tree, Tickle-tongue, Tingle-tongue Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Zinnia grandiflora Rocky Mountain zinnia, Little golden zinnia, Yellow zinnia, Plains zinnia, Prairie zinnia Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry