Blackland Prairies

The Blackland Prairies area intermingles with the Post Oak Savannah in the southeast and has divisions known as the San Antonio and Fayette Prairies. This rolling and well-dissected prairie represents the southern extension of the true prairie that occurs from Texas to Canada. The upland blacklands are dark, calcareous shrink-swell clayey soils, changing gradually with depth to light marls or chalks. Bottomland soils are generally reddish brown to dark gray, slightly acid to calcareous, loamy to clayey and alluvial. The soils are inherently productive and fertile, but many have lost productivity through erosion and continuous cropping.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abronia fragrans Fragrant verbena, Sand verbena, Snowball, Snowball sand verbena, Sweet sand-verbena Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Abutilon fruticosum Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Acer negundo Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Adiantum capillus-veneris Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Aesculus glabra var. arguta Ohio buckeye, White buckeye, Texas buckeye Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet, Moist
Aesculus pavia var. flavescens Texas yellow buckeye, Yellow woolly buckeye, Pale buckeye, Plateau yellow buckeye Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Aesculus pavia var. pavia Scarlet buckeye, Red buckeye, Southern buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist, Dry
Allium canadense var. canadense Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium canadense var. mobilense Meadow garlic, Wild onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium coryi Yellow-flowered onion, Yellowflower onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium drummondii Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Alophia drummondii Propeller flower, Purple pleat-leaf, Pinewoods lily, Prairie iris, Pleatleaf iris Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Aloysia gratissima Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ampelopsis arborea Peppervine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ampelopsis cordata Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Amsonia ciliata Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Blue funnel lily, Texas bluestar Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Amsonia illustris Ozark bluestar, Showy blue-star, Missouri blue star, Swamp bluestar Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Andropogon ternarius Splitbeard bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Aphanostephus skirrhobasis Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas dozedaisy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Aristolochia serpentaria Virginia snakeroot, Virginia dutchmanspipe Perennial Herb Shade Dry
Aristolochia tomentosa Woolly Dutchman's pipe, Common Dutchman's pipe Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Asplenium platyneuron Ebony spleenwort Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Astragalus crassicarpus Groundplum milkvetch, Ground plum Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Baccharis neglecta False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Bothriochloa saccharoides Silver bluestem, Longspike silver bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalograss, Buffalo grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua hirsuta Hairy grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Bouteloua rigidiseta Texas grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud day-primrose Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Calylophus hartwegii Hartweg's sundrops, Western Primrose Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Camassia scilloides Atlantic camas, Wild hyacinth Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Carya texana Black hickory Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Castilleja indivisa Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush Annual Herb Sun Dry
Castilleja purpurea Prairie paintbrush, Downy Indian paintbrush, Purple paintbrush, Lemon paintbrush, Purple painted cup Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Centaurea americana American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis var. canadensis Eastern redbud Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Chloris virgata Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris Annual Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Cirsium texanum Texas thistle Biennial Herb Sun Dry
Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Clematis crispa Swamp leatherflower, Curly clematis, Blue jasmine, Curlflower Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Clematis drummondii Drummond's clematis, Old man's beard, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Clematis pitcheri Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cocculus carolinus Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Cooperia drummondii Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cooperia pedunculata Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cornus drummondii Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur hawthorn, Cockspur thorn, Newcastle hawthorn, Newcastle thorn Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus reverchonii Reverchon hawthorn, Reverchon's hawthorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Crataegus viridis Green hawthorn, Southern thorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Dalea frutescens Black dalea, Black prairie clover Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Datura wrightii Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Delphinium carolinianum Carolina larkspur, Blue larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Espuela del caballero Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineum Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Digitaria californica Arizona cottontop, California cottontop, California crab grass, Cottontop Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Dracopis amplexicaulis Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Echinacea angustifolia Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Echinacea purpurea Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Ehretia anacua Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Knockaway, Sandpaper tree Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Epipactis gigantea Chatterbox Orchid, Giant Hellebore, Stream orchid Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Equisetum hyemale var. affine Scouringrush horsetail Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Eragrostis intermedia Plains lovegrass, Plains Lovegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Eragrostis spectabilis Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Eriochloa sericea Texas cupgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Eriogonum annuum Annual buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat Annual Herb Sun Dry
Eriogonum multiflorum Wild buckwheat, Heartsepal buckwheat, Heart-sepal wild buckwheat Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Erioneuron pilosum Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eryngium yuccifolium Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Erythrina herbacea Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eupatorium serotinum Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Euphorbia cyathophora Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain Annual Herb Sun Moist
Euphorbia marginata Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy forestiera, Desert olive, Elbow-bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus americana White ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel, Indian Blanket Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Gaillardia suavis Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Gaura lindheimeri Lindheimer's beeblossom, White gaura, Butterfly gaura Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Geum canadense White avens Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Glandularia canadensis Rose vervain, Sweet william, Rose mock vervain Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey locust, Common Honey-locust, Honey-locust, Thornless common honey-locust, Honey shucks, Sweet-locust Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Hamamelis virginiana Witch hazel, American witch hazel Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helenium amarum Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Heliotropium curassavicum Salt heliotrope, Seaside heliotrope, Quail plant, Cola de mico, Cola de gama Annual Herb Sun Dry
Hibiscus laevis Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri Curly-mesquite Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Hymenocallis liriosme Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Hymenopappus artemisiifolius Old plainsman, Oldplainsman, Woolly-white Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Ibervillea lindheimeri Lindheimer's globeberry, Balsam gourd, Globe berry, Snake apple Perennial Vine Sun Moist
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ilex opaca American holly, Christmas holly Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Dry
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ipomopsis rubra Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Juglans nigra Black walnut, Eastern black walnut Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Justicia americana American water-willow, Water-willow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Liatris elegans Blazing star, Gay feather, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pinkscale blazing star Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris mucronata Cusp gayfeather, Gayfeather, Blazing star, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Texas gayfeather, Cusp blazing star Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris pycnostachya Prairie Blazing Star, Kansas Gayfeather, Cat-tail Gayfeather, Hairy Button-snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Lindera benzoin Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Lindheimera texana Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star Annual Herb Sun Dry
Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri Berlandier's yellow flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Linum hudsonioides Hudson Flax, Texas flax, Yellow Flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum, American sweetgum Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Lithospermum incisum Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lonicera albiflora Western white honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Lupinus subcarnosus Sandyland bluebonnet, Texas bluebonnet Annual Herb Sun
Lupinus texensis Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Marshallia caespitosa Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Marsilea macropoda Bigfoot water clover, Water clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot pepperwort Perennial Herb, Fern Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet
Marsilea vestita Hairy water clover, Water clover Perennial Herb, Fern Part-shade Wet
Maurandella antirrhiniflora Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda punctata Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint Annual Herb Sun Dry
Morus rubra Red mulberry, Moral Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia reverchonii Seep muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Nelumbo lutea American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Nemastylis geminiflora Prairie celestials, Celestials, Prairie pleatleaf Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Nuphar lutea Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Nuphar lutea ssp. advena Common spatterdock, Yellow cow lily, Yellow pond lily, Spatterdock Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Nuttallanthus texanus Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax Annual Herb Sun Moist
Oenothera macrocarpa Bigfruit evening-primrose, Missouri evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Oenothera rhombipetala Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii Cactus apple, Prickly pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia macrorhiza Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon fern Perennial Herb, Fern Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Osmunda regalis Royal fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Oxalis stricta Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Palafoxia callosa Small palafox, Small palafoxia Annual Herb Sun Dry
Palafoxia rosea Rosy palafox, Rose palafoxia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Palafoxia sphacelata Othake, Sand palafoxia Annual Herb Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parkinsonia aculeata Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Paspalum floridanum Florida paspalum Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Paspalum plicatulum Brownseed paspalum, Brownseed paspale Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Penstemon cobaea Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phacelia patuliflora Blue Phacelia, Sand phacelia, Sand Scorpion-weed Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Phlox drummondii Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri McAllister's phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb
Phlox pilosa Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa Downy phlox, Fragrant phlox, Prairie Phlox Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Phlox roemeriana Goldeneye phlox, Golden-eye Phlox Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Physostegia angustifolia False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf false dragonhead Perennial Herb
Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient plant Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Poa arachnifera Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Polygala alba White milkwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Polygonatum biflorum Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pontederia cordata Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Populus deltoides Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Proboscidea louisianica Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Prosopis glandulosa Honey mesquite Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Prunus gracilis Oklahoma plum Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Prunus mexicana Mexican plum, Bigtree plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus munsoniana Munson plum, Wild goose plum Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Prunus rivularis Creek plum, Hog plum, River plum Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus serotina Black cherry, Rum cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum Bracken fern, Bracken, Western bracken fern, Western bracken Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Dry
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus marilandica Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus shumardii Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus sinuata var. breviloba White shin oak, Bigelow oak, Scaly-bark oak, Limestone Durand oak, Shortlobe oak, Bastard oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus stellata Post oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus texana Nuttall Oak, Texas red oak, Texas oak, Spanish oak, Rock oak Perennial Tree Part-shade
Quercus virginiana Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Live oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ranunculus macranthus Large buttercup Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rhexia mariana Maryland meadow-beauty, Pale meadow-beauty, Meadow beauty Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rivina humilis Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Rubus trivialis Dewberry, Southern dewberry Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ruellia humilis Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ruellia nudiflora Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabal minor Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabatia campestris Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Sagittaria latifolia Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Sagittaria platyphylla Delta arrowhead Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Salvia azurea Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Salvia coccinea Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia engelmannii Engelmann's sage, Engelmann's salvia Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia farinacea Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Salvia texana Texas sage, Blue sage Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Saururus cernuus Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Setaria parviflora Marsh bristlegrass, Knotroot bristlegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Silphium albiflorum White rosinweed, White-flowered rosinweed, Compass Plant Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Silphium gracile Slender rosinweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sisyrinchium langloisii Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Sisyrinchium sagittiferum Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Solanum elaeagnifolium Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Solidago altissima Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Spartina spartinae Gulf cordgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Sporobolus compositus var. compositus Composite dropseed, Tall dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Sporobolus cryptandrus Sand dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Styphnolobium affine Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Symphyotrichum pratense Barrens silky aster, Meadow Aster Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Symphyotrichum subulatum Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano Annual Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tetraneuris scaposa Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Thalia dealbata Powdery alligator-flag, Powdery thalia, Water canna Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple meadow-rue, Meadow rue, Tall meadow-rue Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet, Moist
Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium Stiff greenthread, Showy Navajo tea, Greenthread Annual Herb Sun Dry
Thelypteris kunthii Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia gigantea Giant spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia occidentalis Prairie spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Tradescantia ohiensis Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Tridens albescens White tridens, White Top Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Tridens flavus Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Triodanis perfoliata Clasping Venus' looking-glass Annual Herb Shade Dry
Triplasis purpurea Purple sandgrass, Purple triplasis Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Ulmus alata Winged elm, Wahoo Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Ulmus americana American elm, White elm Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Utricularia radiata Floating bladderwort, Little floating bladderwort Annual Herb Wet
Vaccinium arboreum Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Verbena halei Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Texas vervain Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Verbesina virginica Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed Biennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Vernonia lindheimeri Woolly ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Viguiera dentata Sunflower goldeneye, Plateau goldeneye, Toothleaf goldeneye, Goldeneye, Chimalacate Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Vitis acerifolia Mapleleaf grape, Panhandle grape, Bush grape Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Vitis cinerea var. helleri Winter grape, Heller's grape, Gray-leaf grape, Smooth-leaf grape, Sweet grape, Spanish grape Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Woodwardia areolata Netted chainfern, Chain fern, Netted chain fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Woodwardia virginica Virginia chainfern, Virginia chain fern Perennial Herb, Fern Part-shade Wet, Moist
Xanthisma texanum ssp. drummondii Drummond's sleepydaisy, Sleepy-Daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Yucca arkansana Arkansas yucca, Softleaf yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Yucca pallida Pale-leaf yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Hercules' club Perennial Tree Sun Dry