Pineywoods

The Pineywoods area lies entirely within the Gulf Coastal Plains, which extend into Texas for 75 to 125 miles west of the Louisiana border. The area is a nearly level to gently undulating, locally hilly, forested plain. Upland soils are generally acid, sandy loams and sands over gray, yellow, red, or mottled sandy loam to clay subsoils. Bottomland soils are generally light brown to dark gray, acid to calcareous, loamy to clayey alluvial. Acid loamy soils are extensive in the flood plains of minor streams. The dominant vegetation type is a mixed pine-hardwood forest on the uplands and a mixed hardwood forest on the lowlands.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer barbatum Southern sugar maple, Florida maple, Caddo maple, Rock maple Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Acer leucoderme Chalk maple Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Aesculus pavia var. pavia Scarlet buckeye, Red buckeye, Southern buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist, Dry
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Aralia spinosa Devil's walkingstick, Devil's walking-stick, Prickly Ash, Hercules club, Angelica tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asimina parviflora Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Betula nigra River birch, Red birch, Black birch Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry, French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Catalpa speciosa Northern catalpa, Catawba tree, Cigar tree, Indian bean Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Chasmanthium latifolium Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats Perennial Grass/Grass-like Shade, Part-shade Moist
Clematis pitcheri Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cooperia drummondii Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cornus drummondii Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus marshallii Parsley hawthorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Crataegus viridis Green hawthorn, Southern thorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Cyrilla racemiflora Swamp titi, Titi, Leatherwood, Swamp cyrilla, Palo colorado Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Dracopis amplexicaulis Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Echinacea pallida Pale purple coneflower, Pale coneflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Echinacea purpurea Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eragrostis spectabilis Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Eriogonum annuum Annual buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat Annual Herb Sun Dry
Eriogonum multiflorum Wild buckwheat, Heartsepal buckwheat, Heart-sepal wild buckwheat Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eryngium yuccifolium Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Erythrina herbacea Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eubotrys racemosa Fetter-bush, Leucothoe, Swamp doghobble, Sweet-bells Leucothe, Sweetbells Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Eupatorium serotinum Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Euphorbia marginata Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Fagus grandifolia American beech Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Fraxinus americana White ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel, Indian Blanket Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, Evening trumpetflower, Poor man's rope Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Geum canadense White avens Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Glandularia canadensis Rose vervain, Sweet william, Rose mock vervain Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey locust, Common Honey-locust, Honey-locust, Thornless common honey-locust, Honey shucks, Sweet-locust Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Halesia diptera Two-wing silverbell, Silver bell, Two-winged silverbell, Snowdrop tree, American snowdrop tree Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Dry
Hamamelis virginiana Witch hazel, American witch hazel Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helenium amarum Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Helianthus angustifolius Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Herbertia lahue Prairie nymph, Herbertia Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Hibiscus aculeatus Comfortroot, Big thicket hibiscus, Pineland hibiscus Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Hibiscus coccineus Scarlet rosemallow, Crimson rosemallow, Wild red mallow, Texas star hibiscus Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Hibiscus laevis Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Hydrangea quercifolia Oakleaf hydrangea, Oak-leaf hydrangea Perennial Shrub Shade Moist
Hydrolea ovata Ovate false fiddleleaf, Blue Water Leaf, Hairy Hydrolea Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Hymenocallis liriosme Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Hymenopappus artemisiifolius Old plainsman, Oldplainsman, Woolly-white Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ilex opaca American holly, Christmas holly Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Dry
Ilex verticillata Common winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ipomopsis rubra Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Iris brevicaulis Zigzag iris Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Iris virginica Virginia iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern blueflag Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Itea virginica Virginia sweetspire, Tassel-white Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Juglans nigra Black walnut, Eastern black walnut Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola Southern redcedar, Southern red-cedar Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Justicia americana American water-willow, Water-willow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Liatris elegans Pink-scale blazing star, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pink-scale liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris mucronata Cusp gayfeather, Cusp blazing star, Cusp liatris, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Narrow-leaf blazing star, Narrow-leaf liatris, Texas gayfeather, Texas blazing star, Texas liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris pycnostachya Prairie blazing star, Prairie gayfeather, Prairie liatris, Kansas blazing star, Kansas gayfeather, Kansas liatris, Cat-tail blazing star, Cat-tail gayfeather, Cat-tail liatris, Hairy button-snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Lindera benzoin Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum, American sweetgum Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Lithospermum incisum Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Maclura pomifera Osage orange, Bois d' arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Magnolia grandiflora Southern magnolia, Evergreen magnolia, Bull bay Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Marshallia caespitosa Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Maurandella antirrhiniflora Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Mitchella repens Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Morus rubra Red mulberry, Moral Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia capillaris Gulf muhly, Hair-awn muhly, Hairy-awn muhly, Hair grass, Pink muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Nelumbo lutea American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Nemophila phacelioides Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Nuphar lutea Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Nuphar lutea ssp. advena Common spatterdock, Yellow cow lily, Yellow pond lily, Spatterdock Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Nuttallanthus texanus Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax Annual Herb Sun Moist
Nymphaea odorata American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet
Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum, Black tupelo, Sourgum, Tupelo, Pepperridge Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Oenothera rhombipetala Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii Cactus apple, Prickly pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia macrorhiza Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon fern Perennial Herb, Fern Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Osmunda regalis Royal fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Oxalis stricta Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Palafoxia callosa Small palafox, Small palafoxia Annual Herb Sun Dry
Palafoxia rosea Rosy palafox, Rose palafoxia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Palafoxia sphacelata Othake, Sand palafoxia Annual Herb Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Paspalum floridanum Florida paspalum Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Paspalum plicatulum Brownseed paspalum, Brownseed paspale Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Passiflora lutea Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Peltandra virginica Green arrow arum, Tuckahoe, Arrow arum, Green arum Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Penstemon cobaea Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon murrayanus Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue, Cupleaf penstemon, Cupleaf beardtongue Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Penstemon tenuis Brazos Penstemon, Brazos Beardtongue, Gulf Penstemon, Gulf Beardtongue, Gulf Coast Penstemon, Gulf Coast Beardtongue, Sharp-sepal Penstemon, Sharp-sepal Beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Phacelia patuliflora Blue Phacelia, Sand phacelia, Sand Scorpion-weed Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Phlox divaricata Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Phlox drummondii Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri McAllister's phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb
Phlox pilosa Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa Downy phlox, Fragrant phlox, Prairie Phlox Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Phlox roemeriana Goldeneye phlox, Golden-eye Phlox Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Physostegia angustifolia False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf false dragonhead Perennial Herb
Physostegia digitalis False dragonhead, Finger false dragonhead Perennial Herb Part-shade
Physostegia intermedia Intermediate false dragonhead, Marsh obedient-plant, Obedient-plant, Slender false dragonhead, Spring obedient plant Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Physostegia pulchella Beautiful false dragon-head, Showy false dragonhead Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient plant Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Pinus echinata Shortleaf pine, Yellow pine, Spruce pine Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Pinus palustris Longleaf pine, Georgia pine Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Pinus taeda Loblolly pine, Old field pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Poa arachnifera Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Polygonatum biflorum Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Pontederia cordata Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Populus deltoides Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Proboscidea louisianica Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Prunus caroliniana Cherry laurel, Carolina cherry laurel, Laurel cherry, Carolina laurel cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Prunus gracilis Oklahoma plum Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Prunus mexicana Mexican plum, Bigtree plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus rivularis Creek plum, Hog plum, River plum Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus serotina Black cherry, Rum cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus umbellata Hog plum, Flatwoods plum Perennial Tree Dry
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum Bracken fern, Bracken, Western bracken fern, Western bracken Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Dry
Quercus alba White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus falcata Southern red oak, Spanish oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus incana Bluejack oak, Sandjack oak, Upland willow oak, Cinnamon oak, Shin oak, Turkey oak Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus laurifolia Laurel oak, Swamp laurel oak, Darlington oak, Diamond-leaf oak, Laurel-leaf oak, Water oak, Obtuse oak Perennial Tree Part-shade
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus marilandica Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus michauxii Swamp chestnut oak, Basket oak, Cow oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Quercus nigra Water oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Quercus phellos Willow oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Quercus shumardii Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus stellata Post oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus virginiana Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Live oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Rhexia mariana Maryland meadow-beauty, Pale meadow-beauty, Meadow beauty Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Rhododendron canescens Mountain azalea, Wild azalea, Honeysuckle azalea, Piedmont azalea, Sweet azalea, Hoary azalea, Southern pinxterflower Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Rhododendron oblongifolium Texas azalea Perennial Shrub Shade Dry
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rubus trivialis Dewberry, Southern dewberry Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ruellia humilis Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ruellia nudiflora Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabal minor Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabatia campestris Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Saccharum giganteum Sugarcane plumegrass, Giant plume grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Sagittaria latifolia Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Sagittaria platyphylla Delta arrowhead Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Salvia azurea Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Salvia coccinea Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sarracenia alata Yellow trumpets, Yellow pitcher plant, Yellow trumpet, Flycatcher, Trumpet pitcher plant Perennial Herb Wet
Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Saururus cernuus Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Silphium gracile Slender rosinweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sisyrinchium langloisii Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Sisyrinchium sagittiferum Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Smilax laurifolia Laurel greenbrier, Laurel greenbriar Perennial Vine Part-shade Wet
Solanum elaeagnifolium Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Solidago altissima Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Spigelia marilandica Woodland pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian pink Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Sporobolus compositus var. compositus Composite dropseed, Tall dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Styrax americanus American snowbell, American snowbells, American silverbells, Big-leaf snowbell, Storax Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Symphyotrichum subulatum Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano Annual Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Thalia dealbata Powdery alligator-flag, Powdery thalia, Water canna Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple meadow-rue, Meadow rue, Tall meadow-rue Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet, Moist
Thelypteris kunthii Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia gigantea Giant spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia ohiensis Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Tridens flavus Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Trillium gracile Slender trillium, Slender wake-robin, Graceful trillium, Graceful wake-robin, Sabine River trillium, Sabine River wake-robin Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Trillium sessile Toadshade, Red trillium, Red wake-robin, Sessile trillium, Sessile wake-robin, Yellow trillium, Yellow wake-robin Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Triodanis perfoliata Clasping Venus' looking-glass Annual Herb Shade Dry
Triplasis purpurea Purple sandgrass, Purple triplasis Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Ulmus alata Winged elm, Wahoo Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Ulmus americana American elm, White elm Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Utricularia radiata Little floating bladderwort, Floating bladderwort Annual Herb Wet
Vaccinium arboreum Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Verbena halei Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Verbesina virginica Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed Biennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Viburnum acerifolium Mapleleaf viburnum, Maple-leaf viburnum, Arrow-wood, Maple-leaf arrow-wood Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Viola walteri Walter's violet, Prostrate blue violet Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Vitis cinerea var. helleri Winter grape, Heller's grape, Gray-leaf grape, Smooth-leaf grape, Sweet grape, Spanish grape Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Vitis mustangensis Mustang grape Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Wisteria frutescens American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Woodwardia areolata Netted chainfern, Chain fern, Netted chain fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Woodwardia virginica Virginia chainfern, Virginia chain fern Perennial Herb, Fern Part-shade Wet, Moist
Xanthisma texanum ssp. drummondii Drummond's sleepydaisy, Sleepy-Daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Hercules' club Perennial Tree Sun Dry