Plants of Chesapeake Bay

Bayscapes - From the US Fish and Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Field Office. This 83 page guide contains color photos of over 400 plant species native to the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, including all states with drainage to the the Bay: Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and New York.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer negundo Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple, Soft maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharinum Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharum Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acer spicatum Mountain maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade Moist
Actaea pachypoda White baneberry, Dolls eyes Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Actaea racemosa var. racemosa Black cohosh, Black bugbane, Bugbane, Black snakeroot, Fairy candles Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Adiantum pedatum Northern maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Agalinis purpurea Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Ageratina altissima var. altissima White snakeroot Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Agrostis perennans Upland bentgrass, Autumn bentgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Allium cernuum Nodding onion Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Alnus serrulata Smooth alder, Hazel alder, Brookside alder, Tag alder, Common alder, Black alder Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Amelanchier arborea Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Amelanchier canadensis Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Ammophila breviligulata American Beach Grass, American beachgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge, Broomsedge bluestem, Yellowsedge bluestem, Whiskey grass, Popotillo pajon Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Anemone canadensis Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Anemone virginiana Tall thimbleweed, Thimbleweed, Tall anemone Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Antennaria neglecta Field pussytoes, Prairie everlasting Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aralia nudicaulis Wild sarsaparilla Perennial Subshrub Sun, Shade Moist
Aralia racemosa American spikenard Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Aralia spinosa Devil's walking stick, Hercules club, Angelica tree, Pigeon tree, Shotbush, Prickly elder, Prickly ash Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Arisaema triphyllum Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Wet, Moist
Aristolochia macrophylla Pipevine, Dutchman's pipe Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Aruncus dioicus Bride's feathers, Goat's beard Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asarum canadense Canadian wild ginger, Wild ginger Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asimina triloba Pawpaw, Common pawpaw, Custard apple, Indian banana, Wild banana Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Asplenium platyneuron Ebony spleenwort Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Athyrium filix-femina Common lady fern, Subarctic lady fern, Lady fern, Ladyfern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Baccharis halimifolia Groundseltree, Sea-myrtle, Consumptionweed, Eastern baccharis, Groundsel, Groundsel bush, Salt marsh-elder, Salt bush, Florida groundsel bush Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Baptisia australis Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Baptisia tinctoria Horseflyweed, Yellow Wild Indigo Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Betula alleghaniensis Yellow birch Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Betula lenta Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Betula nigra River birch, Red birch, Black birch, Water birch Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Bidens cernua Nodding beggartick, Bur marigold, Nodding beggarticks, Nodding bur marigold, Nodding burmarigold, Nodding burr-marigold, Sticktight Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Boltonia asteroides Boltonia, White doll's daisy Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Botrychium virginianum Rattlesnake fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade Moist
Calamagrostis canadensis Bluejoint Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry , French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Caltha palustris Yellow marsh marigold, Cowslip Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Campanulastrum americanum American bellflower, Tall bellflower Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Cardamine concatenata Cutleaf toothwort, Pepper root Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Carex crinita var. crinita Fringed sedge, Long hair sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Carex glaucodea Blue sedge, Blue wood sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Carex lurida Shallow sedge, Sallow sedge, Lurid sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Carex pensylvanica Pennsylvania sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Carex stricta Upright sedge, Uptight sedge, Tussock sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Carex vulpinoidea Fox sedge, Brown fox sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam, Blue beech, Water beech, Musclewood, Ironwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya cordiformis Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory, Bitternut, Pig hickory, Pignut hickory, Pignut, White hickory, Red hickory, Bitter walnut, Bitter pecan Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya glabra Pignut hickory, Sweet pignut hickory, Coast pignut hickory, Pignut, Sweet pignut, Smoothbark hickory, Broom hickory, Red hickory, Swamp hickory, Switch hickory, Switchbud hickory Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Carya ovata Shagbark hickory, Carolina hickory, Scalybark hickory, Upland hickory, Shellbark hickory Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
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Castanea pumila Allegheny chinquapin, Allegheny chinkapin, Chinquapin, Chinkapin Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Caulophyllum thalictroides Blue cohosh, Squaw-root, Papoose-root, Caulophylle faux-pigamon Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Celastrus scandens American bittersweet Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Celtis occidentalis Common hackberry, Northern hackberry, American hackberry, Nettle tree, Beaverwood, False elm Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud, Duraznillo Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Chamaecyparis thyoides Atlantic white cedar Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Chasmanthium latifolium Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats Perennial Grass/Grass-like Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chelone glabra White turtlehead Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Chimaphila maculata Striped prince's pine, Spotted Wintergreen Perennial Subshrub Shade Dry
Chionanthus virginicus White fringetree, Fringe tree, Snowflower tree, Flowering ash, Old man's beard, Grandfather graybeard, Grancy graybeard Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Chrysogonum virginianum Green and gold, Green-and-gold Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Chrysopsis mariana Maryland goldenaster, Maryland golden-aster Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Claytonia virginica Virginia springbeauty, Springbeauty Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Clematis viorna Vasevine, Leatherflower Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Clematis virginiana Devil's darning needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Clethra alnifolia Coastal pepperbush, Coastal sweet pepperbush, Coastal sweet pepper, Alderleaf pepperbush, Alderleaf clethra, Clethra, Summer sweet Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Clitoria mariana Atlantic pigeonwings, Butterfly Pea Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Dry
Comptonia peregrina Sweet fern Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Coreopsis tripteris Tall tickseed, Tall coreopsis Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Coreopsis verticillata Threadleaf coreopsis, Whorled tickseed, Whorled coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cornus alternifolia Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cornus amomum Silky dogwood, Red willow, Silky cornel Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cornus racemosa Gray dogwood Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Corylus americana American hazelnut, American filbert Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur hawthorn, Cockspur thorn, Newcastle hawthorn, Newcastle thorn, Hog apple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus viridis Green hawthorn, Southern hawthorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Danthonia spicata Poverty oatgrass, Poverty wild oat grass, Curly grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Delphinium tricorne Dwarf larkspur, Spring larkspur Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Dennstaedtia punctilobula Eastern Hay-scented Fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Desmodium paniculatum Panicledleaf ticktrefoil, Panicled Tick Trefoil Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Dicentra canadensis Squirrel corn Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's breeches Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Dicentra eximia Turkey corn, Fringed bleedinghearts, Wild bleedingheart Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Dichanthelium clandestinum Deer-tongue, Deertongue Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Dichanthelium commutatum Variable panicgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon, Possumwood, Date plum, Winter plum, Jove's fruit Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Distichlis spicata Saltgrass, Coastal salt grass, Inland salt-grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Dodecatheon meadia Eastern shooting star, Shooting star, Pride of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie pointers Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Doellingeria umbellata Parasol whitetop, Flat-topped White Aster Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata Flat-top aster, Parasol whitetop Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Dryopteris carthusiana Shield fern, Spinulose wood fern, Spinulose woodfern, Toothed wood fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Dryopteris cristata Crested woodfern, Crested wood fern, Buckler fern Perennial Herb, Fern Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Dryopteris intermedia Intermediate woodfern, Evergreen wood-fern, Fancy wood fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade Moist
Dryopteris marginalis Marginal woodfern, Marginal fern, Marginal shieldfern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Dulichium arundinaceum Threeway sedge, Three-sided sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Elymus hystrix Eastern bottlebrush grass, Bottlebrush Grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Elymus riparius Riverbank wildrye, Riverbank wild-rye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Shade, Part-shade Moist
Elymus virginicus Virginia wildrye, Virginia wild rye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Erigeron pulchellus Robin's plantain, Poor Robin's plantain, Rose petty, Robert's plantain, Blue spring-daisy Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Erythronium americanum Yellow trout-lily, American trout-lily, Eastern trout-lily, Yellow dogtooth violet, Adder's tongue Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Eubotrys racemosa Swamp doghobble, Sweet-bells Leucothe, Fetter-bush, Leucothoe, Sweetbells Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Eupatoriadelphus dubius Coastal plain joepyeweed, Joe-Pye weed Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Eupatoriadelphus maculatus var. maculatus Spotted trumpetweed, Spotted joe-pye-weed Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Eupatorium hyssopifolium Hyssopleaf thoroughwort, Hyssop-leaf Boneset Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Eupatorium perfoliatum Common boneset Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Eurybia divaricata White wood aster Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Dry
Eutrochium fistulosum Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Eutrochium purpureum Purple joepyeweed, Sweet-scented joepyeweed, Sweet joepyeweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Fagus grandifolia American beech, White beech, Red beech, Ridge beech, Beechnut tree Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Festuca rubra Red fescue Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Fraxinus americana White ash, American ash, Cane ash, Smallseed white ash, Biltmore white ash, Biltmore ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaultheria procumbens Eastern teaberry, Wintergreen, Checkerberry Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Gaylussacia baccata Black huckleberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaylussacia frondosa Blue huckleberry, Dangleberry Perennial Shrub Sun Wet
Gentiana clausa Bottle gentian, Blind gentian Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Geranium maculatum Spotted geranium, Wild geranium, Cranesbill Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Gillenia trifoliata Bowman's root, Indian physic Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Goodyera pubescens Downy rattlesnake plantain Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist, Dry
Hamamelis virginiana Witch hazel, American witch hazel, Common witch hazel, Winterbloom Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helenium autumnale Common sneezeweed, Fall sneezeweed, Autumn sneezew