Wildflowers of the Southwestern Desert

Many desert wildflowers are annuals that bloom in response to adequate rainfall and optimal temperatures. Some years few species bloom, while other years offer a plethora of desert wildflowers. The species included in this collection give a glimpse of some of the more prominent and abundant wildflowers of southwestern deserts.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Baileya multiradiata Desert marigold, Showy desert marigold, Paper daisy, Desert baileya Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Calliandra eriophylla Pink fairyduster, Fairyduster, Mesquitilla, Mock mesquite Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Calochortus kennedyi Desert mariposa lily, Desert mariposa, Red mariposa-lily, Flame mariposa Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Calycoseris wrightii White tackstem Annual Herb
Carnegiea gigantea Saguaro Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. reichenbachii Lace Cactus, Lace hedgehog cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Enceliopsis nudicaulis Nakedstem sunray, Sunray Perennial Subshrub
Eschscholzia californica ssp. mexicana Mexican gold poppy, California poppy, Amopalo del campo Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Fallugia paradoxa Apache plume, Ponil Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Fouquieria splendens Ocotillo, Devil's walking stick, Candlewood Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Gaillardia pinnatifida Blanket flower, Red dome blanketflower, Red-dome blanket-flower, Yellow gaillardia Perennial Herb Sun
Glandularia gooddingii Southwestern mock vervain, Pink verbena, Southwestern vervain, Goodding's verbena, Mojave verbena Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Hesperocallis undulata Ajo lily, Desert lily, Desert-lily Perennial Herb Sun
Hibiscus coulteri Coulter hibiscus, Desert rose-mallow, Desert rosemallow Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Kallstroemia grandiflora Arizona poppy, Orange caltrop, Desert poppy, Summer poppy Annual Herb Sun
Layia glandulosa White tidytips, Whitedaisy tidytips Annual Herb Sun
Malacothrix glabrata Desert-dandelion, Smooth desertdandelion Annual Herb
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Mentzelia pumila Dwarf mentzelia Biennial Herb
Oenothera deltoides Birdcage evening-primrose, Fragrant primrose, Desert evening-primrose, Birdcage primrose Annual Herb Sun
Penstemon parryi Parry's beardtongue, Parry's penstemon Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Penstemon pseudospectabilis Desert penstemon, Rosy desert beardtongue, Canyon penstemon, Mohave beard-tongue Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Phacelia crenulata Cleft-leaf wild heliotrope, Notchleaf phacelia Annual Herb
Phlox tenuifolia Santa Catalina Mountain phlox Perennial Subshrub
Psilostrophe cooperi White-stem paper-flower, Whitestem paperflower, Yellow paper daisy Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Scabrethia scabra ssp. scabra Badlands mule-ears Perennial Subshrub
Sphaeralcea ambigua Desert globemallow, Apricot globe-mallow, Desert mallow, Globe mallow, Apricot mallow Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Tetraneuris acaulis var. acaulis Butte marigold, Stemless four-nerve daisy, Stemless goldflower, Stemless rubber weed Perennial Herb Sun
Zinnia grandiflora Rocky Mountain zinnia, Little golden zinnia, Yellow zinnia, Plains zinnia, Prairie zinnia Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry