National Wetland Plant List

This National Wetland Plant List represents a national effort led by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to. The NWPL (and the information implied by its wetland plant species status ratings) is used extensively in wetland delineation, wetland restoration and research, and the development of compensatory mitigation goals, as well as in providing general botanical information about wetland plants. The NWPL covers all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Caribbean and Pacific islands that are considered to be territories of the U.S. The wetland plant data are organized into ten regions that coincide with Corps wetland delineation regions. To learn more, visit National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241.)


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abies amabilis Cascade fir, Lovely fir, Pacific silver fir, White fir Perennial Tree Shade Moist
Abies balsamea Balsam Fir Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Abies fraseri Fraser fir, She-balsam Perennial Tree Shade
Abies grandis Giant fir, Grand fir Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Abies lasiocarpa Subalpine fir Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Abies procera Noble fir Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Acacia farnesiana Huisache, Texas huisache, Sweet acacia, Perfume acacia, Mealy acacia, Mealy wattle, Cassie Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Acalypha gracilens Slender threeseed mercury Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acalypha rhomboidea Common threeseed mercury, Virginia threeseed mercury Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acalypha virginica Virginia threeseed mercury Annual Herb Part-shade
Acanthocereus tetragonus Triangle Cactus, Barbed-wire Cactus, Chaco Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acer circinatum Oregon vine maple, Vine maple Perennial Shrub, Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer glabrum Rocky Mountain maple Perennial Tree Sun
Acer grandidentatum Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Uvalde bigtooth maple, Southwestern bigtooth maple, Canyon maple, Sabinal maple, Western sugar maple Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun Moist
Acer macrophyllum Bigleaf maple, Big-leaf maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acer negundo Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Acer nigrum Black maple Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer pensylvanicum Striped maple, Moosewood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple, Soft maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharinum Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharum Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acer spicatum Mountain maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade Moist
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Achnatherum hymenoides Indian ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Achnatherum richardsonii Richardson's needlegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Achyrachaena mollis Blow wives Annual Herb
Acmella oppositifolia var. repens Oppositeleaf Spotflower, Opposite-leaf Spotflower Perennial Herb Sun
Acoelorrhaphe wrightii Everglades palm Perennial Tree Sun
Aconitum columbianum Columbian monkshood Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Aconitum delphiniifolium Larkspur-leaf monkshood, Larkspurleaf monkshood, Northern monkshood Perennial Herb Part-shade
Aconitum uncinatum Southern blue monkshood, Monkshood Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Acorus americanus Sweetflag Perennial Herb Sun
Actaea pachypoda White baneberry, Dolls eyes Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Actaea podocarpa Mountain bugbane Perennial Shade, Part-shade
Actaea rubra Red baneberry Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Adiantum capillus-veneris Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Adiantum pedatum Northern maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aesculus flava Sweet buckeye, Yellow buckeye Perennial Tree Shade Moist
Aesculus glabra Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aesculus pavia Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Aesculus sylvatica Painted buckeye Perennial Shrub, Tree
Agalinis fasciculata Beach false foxglove Annual Herb
Agalinis heterophylla Prairie agalinis, Prairie false-foxglove Annual Herb Part-shade Moist, Dry
Agalinis linifolia Flaxleaf false foxglove Perennial Herb
Agalinis maritima Saltmarsh false foxglove Annual Herb
Agalinis oligophylla Ridgestem false foxglove Annual Herb
Agalinis paupercula Smallflower false foxglove Annual Herb
Agalinis purpurea Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Agalinis skinneriana Skinner's false foxglove Annual Herb Sun Dry
Agalinis tenuifolia Slenderleaf false foxglove Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade
Agarista populifolia Florida hobblebush, Tall fetterbush, Florida leucothoe, Agarista Perennial Shrub Shade
Agastache nepetoides Yellow giant hyssop Perennial Subshrub Sun, Part-shade
Agastache urticifolia Nettleleaf giant hyssop, Nettle-leaf Horsemint Perennial Subshrub Part-shade
Agave americana American century plant, Century plant Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Ageratina altissima White snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ageratina jucunda Hammock snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Agoseris aurantiaca Orange agoseris Perennial Subshrub Sun Moist
Agoseris glauca Pale agoseris, Pale mountain dandelion, False dandelion Perennial Herb Sun
Agrimonia gryposepala Tall hairy agrimony, Agrimony Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Agrimonia parviflora Harvest lice, Small-flowered Agrimony, Southern Agrimony, Swamp Agrimony Perennial
Agrimonia striata Roadside agrimony Perennial Herb Part-shade
Agrostis exarata Spike bentgrass, Spiked bent, Spike red top Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Agrostis hyemalis Winter bentgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade
Agrostis mertensii Northern bentgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Agrostis perennans Upland bentgrass, Autumn bentgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Agrostis scabra Fly-away grass, Rough bent, Rough bentgrass, Ticklegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Aletris aurea Golden colicroot, Colicroot, Star grass, Yellow colic root Perennial Herb
Aletris farinosa White colicroot, Colic root, Unicorn root Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Aletris lutea Yellow colicroot, Yellow Colic-root Perennial Herb
Aletris obovata Southern colicroot, Blunt-leaved colic root Perennial Herb
Alisma subcordatum American water plantain Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Alisma triviale Northern water plantain Perennial Herb Wet
Allenrolfea occidentalis Iodinebush, Pickleweed Perennial Subshrub
Allium canadense Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Allium cernuum Nodding onion Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Allium douglasii Douglas' onion Perennial Herb Sun
Allium hyalinum Glassy onion, Onion lily Perennial Herb
Allium tricoccum Wild leek, Ramp Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Allium validum Pacific onion, Swamp onion, Tall swamp onion Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Alnus incana Gray alder, Speckled alder Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Alnus maritima Seaside alder Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade
Alnus oblongifolia Arizona alder Perennial Tree
Alnus rhombifolia White alder Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Alnus rubra Red alder, Western alder Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Alnus serrulata Smooth alder, Hazel alder, Brookside alder, Tag alder, Common alder, Black alder Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Alnus viridis Green alder Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Wet
Alopecurus aequalis Shortawn foxtail Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade
Alophia drummondii Propeller flower, Purple pleat-leaf, Pinewoods lily, Prairie iris, Pleatleaf iris Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Alternanthera maritima Seaside joyweed Perennial Herb
Amaranthus greggii Gregg's amaranth Annual Herb
Amaranthus palmeri Carelessweed Annual Herb
Amaranthus pumilus Seaside amaranth Annual
Amaranthus retroflexus Redroot amaranth Annual Herb
Amaranthus spinosus Spiny amaranth, Thorny pigweed Annual Herb
Amaranthus tuberculatus Roughfruit amaranth, Water hemp Annual Herb Moist
Amaranthus viridis Slender amaranth Annual Herb
Ambrosia artemisiifolia Annual ragweed, Short ragweed Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Ambrosia psilostachya Cuman ragweed, Western ragweed, Perennial ragweed, Common ragweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Ambrosia trifida Great ragweed, Giant ragweed Annual Subshrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Amelanchier alnifolia