National Wetland Plant List

This National Wetland Plant List represents a national effort led by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to. The NWPL (and the information implied by its wetland plant species status ratings) is used extensively in wetland delineation, wetland restoration and research, and the development of compensatory mitigation goals, as well as in providing general botanical information about wetland plants. The NWPL covers all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Caribbean and Pacific islands that are considered to be territories of the U.S. The wetland plant data are organized into ten regions that coincide with Corps wetland delineation regions. To learn more, visit National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241.)


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abies amabilis Cascade fir, Lovely fir, Pacific silver fir, White fir Perennial Tree Shade Moist
Abies balsamea Balsam Fir Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Abies fraseri Fraser fir, She-balsam Perennial Tree Shade
Abies grandis Giant fir, Grand fir Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Abies lasiocarpa Subalpine fir Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Abies procera Noble fir Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Acacia farnesiana Huisache, Texas huisache, Sweet acacia, Perfume acacia, Mealy acacia, Mealy wattle, Cassie Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Acalypha gracilens Slender threeseed mercury Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acalypha rhomboidea Common threeseed mercury, Virginia threeseed mercury Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acalypha virginica Virginia threeseed mercury Annual Herb Part-shade
Acanthocereus tetragonus Triangle Cactus, Barbed-wire Cactus, Chaco Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acer circinatum Oregon vine maple, Vine maple Perennial Shrub, Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer glabrum Rocky Mountain maple Perennial Tree Sun
Acer grandidentatum Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Uvalde bigtooth maple, Southwestern bigtooth maple, Canyon maple, Sabinal maple, Western sugar maple Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun Moist
Acer macrophyllum Bigleaf maple, Big-leaf maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acer negundo Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Acer nigrum Black maple Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer pensylvanicum Striped maple, Moosewood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple, Soft maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharinum Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharum Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acer spicatum Mountain maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade Moist
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Achnatherum hymenoides Indian ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Achnatherum richardsonii Richardson's needlegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Achyrachaena mollis Blow wives Annual Herb
Acmella oppositifolia var. repens Oppositeleaf Spotflower, Opposite-leaf Spotflower Perennial Herb Sun
Acoelorrhaphe wrightii Everglades palm Perennial Tree Sun
Aconitum columbianum Columbian monkshood Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Aconitum delphiniifolium Larkspur-leaf monkshood, Larkspurleaf monkshood, Northern monkshood Perennial Herb Part-shade
Aconitum uncinatum Southern blue monkshood, Monkshood Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Acorus americanus Sweetflag Perennial Herb Sun
Actaea pachypoda White baneberry, Dolls eyes Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Actaea podocarpa Mountain bugbane Perennial Shade, Part-shade
Actaea rubra Red baneberry Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Adiantum capillus-veneris Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Adiantum pedatum Northern maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aesculus flava Sweet buckeye, Yellow buckeye Perennial Tree Shade Moist
Aesculus glabra Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aesculus pavia Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Aesculus sylvatica Painted buckeye Perennial Shrub, Tree
Agalinis fasciculata Beach false foxglove Annual Herb
Agalinis heterophylla Prairie agalinis, Prairie false-foxglove Annual Herb Part-shade Moist, Dry
Agalinis linifolia Flaxleaf false foxglove Perennial Herb
Agalinis maritima Saltmarsh false foxglove Annual Herb
Agalinis oligophylla Ridgestem false foxglove Annual Herb
Agalinis paupercula Smallflower false foxglove Annual Herb
Agalinis purpurea Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Agalinis skinneriana Skinner's false foxglove Annual Herb Sun Dry
Agalinis tenuifolia Slenderleaf false foxglove Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade
Agarista populifolia Florida hobblebush, Tall fetterbush, Florida leucothoe, Agarista Perennial Shrub Shade
Agastache nepetoides Yellow giant hyssop Perennial Subshrub Sun, Part-shade
Agastache urticifolia Nettleleaf giant hyssop, Nettle-leaf Horsemint Perennial Subshrub Part-shade
Agave americana American century plant, Century plant Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Ageratina altissima White snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ageratina jucunda Hammock snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Agoseris aurantiaca Orange agoseris Perennial Subshrub Sun Moist
Agoseris glauca Pale agoseris, Pale mountain dandelion, False dandelion Perennial Herb Sun
Agrimonia gryposepala Tall hairy agrimony, Agrimony Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Agrimonia parviflora Harvest lice, Small-flowered Agrimony, Southern Agrimony, Swamp Agrimony Perennial
Agrimonia striata Roadside agrimony Perennial Herb Part-shade
Agrostis exarata Spike bentgrass, Spiked bent, Spike red top Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Agrostis hyemalis Winter bentgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade
Agrostis mertensii Northern bentgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Agrostis perennans Upland bentgrass, Autumn bentgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Agrostis scabra Fly-away grass, Rough bent, Rough bentgrass, Ticklegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Aletris aurea Golden colicroot, Colicroot, Star grass, Yellow colic root Perennial Herb
Aletris farinosa White colicroot, Colic root, Unicorn root Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Aletris lutea Yellow colicroot, Yellow Colic-root Perennial Herb
Aletris obovata Southern colicroot, Blunt-leaved colic root Perennial Herb
Alisma subcordatum American water plantain Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Alisma triviale Northern water plantain Perennial Herb Wet
Allenrolfea occidentalis Iodinebush, Pickleweed Perennial Subshrub
Allium canadense Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Allium cernuum Nodding onion Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Allium douglasii Douglas' onion Perennial Herb Sun
Allium hyalinum Glassy onion, Onion lily Perennial Herb
Allium tricoccum Wild leek, Ramp Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Allium validum Pacific onion, Swamp onion, Tall swamp onion Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Alnus incana Gray alder, Speckled alder Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Alnus maritima Seaside alder Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade
Alnus oblongifolia Arizona alder Perennial Tree
Alnus rhombifolia White alder Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Alnus rubra Red alder, Western alder Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Alnus serrulata Smooth alder, Hazel alder, Brookside alder, Tag alder, Common alder, Black alder Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Alnus viridis Green alder Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Wet
Alopecurus aequalis Shortawn foxtail Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade
Alophia drummondii Propeller flower, Purple pleat-leaf, Pinewoods lily, Prairie iris, Pleatleaf iris Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Alternanthera maritima Seaside joyweed Perennial Herb
Amaranthus greggii Gregg's amaranth Annual Herb
Amaranthus palmeri Carelessweed Annual Herb
Amaranthus pumilus Seaside amaranth Annual
Amaranthus retroflexus Redroot amaranth Annual Herb
Amaranthus spinosus Spiny amaranth, Thorny pigweed Annual Herb
Amaranthus tuberculatus Roughfruit amaranth, Water hemp Annual Herb Moist
Amaranthus viridis Slender amaranth Annual Herb
Ambrosia artemisiifolia Annual ragweed, Short ragweed Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Ambrosia psilostachya Cuman ragweed, Western ragweed, Perennial ragweed, Common ragweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Ambrosia trifida Great ragweed, Giant ragweed Annual Subshrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon serviceberry, Western serviceberry, Juneberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Amelanchier arborea Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Amelanchier bartramiana Oblongfruit serviceberry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Amelanchier canadensis Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Amelanchier interior Pacific serviceberry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Amelanchier stolonifera Running serviceberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Amelanchier utahensis Utah serviceberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Amianthium muscitoxicum Fly poison, Crow poison Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ammannia coccinea Valley redstem, Scarlet tooth-cup Annual Herb Sun
Ammannia robusta Grand redstem Annual Herb Wet
Ammophila breviligulata American Beach Grass, American beachgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amorpha herbacea Clusterspike false indigo, Cluster-spike Indigobush Perennial Shrub
Amorpha nana Dwarf false indigo, Fragrant indigo-bush, Fragrant false indigo, Dwarf wild indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Amorpha roemeriana Roemer's false indigo Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ampelaster carolinianus Climbing aster, Climbing-aster Perennial Vine Sun Wet
Ampelopsis cordata Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Amphicarpaea bracteata American hogpeanut Annual Vine
Amphicarpum muehlenbergianum Muhlenberg maidencane, Florida Peanut-grass, Blue Maidencane Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade
Amsonia ludoviciana Louisiana bluestar, Sandhill bluestar Perennial Herb
Amsonia rigida Stiff bluestar, Marsh bluestar Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amsonia tabernaemontana Eastern bluestar, Blue dogbane, Willow amsonia, Woodland bluestar Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Anagallis minima Chaffweed Annual Herb
Anaphalis margaritacea Western pearly everlasting, Pearly-everlasting Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Andromeda polifolia Bog rosemary, Bog-rosemary Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Andropogon brachystachyus Shortspike bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Andropogon capillipes Chalky bluestem, Wetland White Bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glaucopsis Purple bluestem, Chalky Bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Andropogon gyrans Elliott's bluestem Perennial
Andropogon ternarius Splitbeard bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge, Broomsedge bluestem, Yellowsedge bluestem, Whiskey grass, Popotillo pajon Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Androsace septentrionalis Pygmyflower rockjasmine, Northern fairy candelabra Annual Herb
Anemone canadensis Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Anemone narcissiflora Narcissus anemone, Narcissus-flower thimbleweed, Narcissis-flowered anemone Perennial Herb Part-shade
Anemone oregana Blue windflower, Oregon Anemone Perennial Herb
Anemone parviflora Smallflowered anemone Perennial Herb
Anemone quinquefolia Wood anemone, Nightcaps Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Anemone richardsonii Yellow thimbleweed Perennial Herb
Anemone virginiana Tall thimbleweed, Thimbleweed, Tall anemone Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Anemopsis californica Yerba mansa, Yerba-mansa, Lizard tail Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Angelica ampla Giant angelica Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Angelica arguta Lyall's angelica Perennial Herb
Angelica atropurpurea Purplestem angelica Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Angelica genuflexa Kneeling angelica Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Angelica lucida Seacoast angelica Perennial Herb
Annona glabra Pond apple Perennial Tree
Anoda cristata Crested anoda Annual Herb
Antennaria alpina Alpine everlasting, Alpine pussytoes Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Antennaria neglecta Field pussytoes, Prairie everlasting Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Apios americana Groundnut, Wild potato, Indian potato Perennial Vine Shade Wet, Moist
Aplectrum hyemale Adam and Eve Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Apocynum androsaemifolium Spreading dogbane, Bitterroot, Flytrap dogbane Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Apocynum cannabinum Indian hemp, Prairie dogbane, Hemp dogbane, Dogbane Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aquilegia chrysantha Golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Southwestern yellow columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aquilegia coerulea Colorado blue columbine, Rocky Mountain columbine Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Aquilegia eximia Van Houtte's columbine, Serpentine columbine Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Aquilegia formosa Western columbine, Crimson columbine, Scarlet columbine, Red columbine Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aquilegia longissima Longspur columbine, Longspur yellow columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Arabis alpina Alpine rockcress Perennial Herb
Arabis drummondii Drummond's rockcress Biennial Herb Part-shade
Arabis hirsuta var. pycnocarpa Creamflower rockcress Annual Herb
Arabis lyrata Lyrate rockcress, Lyre-leaf Rockcress Biennial Herb
Arabis ×divaricarpa Spreadingpod rockcress Biennial, Perennial Herb
Aralia californica California spikenard Perennial Herb Part-shade
Aralia nudicaulis Wild sarsaparilla Perennial Subshrub Sun, Shade Moist
Aralia racemosa American spikenard Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Aralia spinosa Devil's walking stick, Hercules club, Angelica tree, Pigeon tree, Shotbush, Prickly elder, Prickly ash Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Arctagrostis latifolia Broad-leaf arctic-bent, Polar grass, Wideleaf polargrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Arctostaphylos rubra Red fruit bearberry, Alpine bearberry, Arctic bearberry, Red manzanita, Ravenberry Perennial Shrub
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Arenaria lanuginosa Spreading sandwort Perennial Herb
Arethusa bulbosa Dragon's mouth, Swamp Pink Perennial Herb Wet
Argentina anserina Silverweed cinquefoil, Common silverweed, Silverweed, Goosefoot Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Arisaema dracontium Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Moist
Arisaema triphyllum Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Wet, Moist
Aristida beyrichiana Beyrich threeawn, Wiregrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade
Aristida longespica Slimspike threeawn, Kearney's three-awn, red three-awn, slender three-awn Annual Grass/Grass-like
Aristida stricta Pineland threeawn, Wiregrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aristolochia serpentaria Virginia snakeroot, Virginia dutchmanspipe Perennial Herb Shade Dry
Aristolochia tomentosa Woolly Dutchman's pipe, Common Dutchman's pipe Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Armeria maritima Thrift seapink Perennial Herb