Texas Wildflowers

List of Texas species featured in Texas Wildflowers by Campbell and Lynn Loughmiller. For two decades and counting, Texans have relied on Texas Wildflowers to identify the common and rare flowers we see along the roadsides and in the pastures, fields, and forests of our state. Compiled by naturalists Campbell and Lynn Loughmiller, with the technical assistance of Lynn Sherrod, Texas Wildflowers is an authoritative field guide with a personal touch in the many notes the Loughmillers included about the plants they described and photographed. Get this book from Amazon.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abronia ameliae Amelia's Sand-verbena, Heart's Delight Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Acacia berlandieri Guajillo, Berlandier acacia, Berlandier's acacia, Round-flowered catclaw, Roundflower catclaw, Mimosa catclaw, Thornless catclaw, Huajilla Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Acacia farnesiana Huisache, Texas huisache, Sweet acacia, Perfume acacia, Mealy acacia, Mealy wattle, Cassie Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Acacia rigidula Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Chaparro prieto, Gavia Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Acourtia wrightii Brownfoot, Pink perezia Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Aesculus pavia Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Agalinis purpurea Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Agave lechuguilla Lechuguilla, Tula ixtle Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Agave parryi ssp. parryi Century plant, Mescal, Parry's agave, Rough agave Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Aletris aurea Golden colicroot, Colicroot, Star grass, Yellow colic root Perennial Herb
Allionia incarnata Trailing windmills, Trailing four o'clock, Pink windmills, Trailing allionia Perennial Herb
Allium canadense var. canadense Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium canadense var. mobilense Meadow garlic, Wild onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Alophia drummondii Propeller flower, Purple pleat-leaf, Pinewoods lily, Prairie iris, Pleatleaf iris Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Aloysia gratissima Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amblyolepis setigera Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Amsonia ciliata Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Texas bluestar Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Anemone berlandieri Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap Perennial Herb Part-shade
Aphanostephus skirrhobasis Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas doze-daisy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Arbutus xalapensis Texas madrone, Madrone, Texas arbutus, Naked indian, Lady's leg, Madroño, Manzanita, Xoxocote, Amazaquitl Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Argemone albiflora Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Argemone chisosensis Chisos Mountain prickly poppy, Pink prickly poppy Biennial Herb Sun Dry
Argemone mexicana Mexican prickly poppy, Mexican prickly poppy, Yellow prickly poppy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Arisaema dracontium Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Moist
Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum Five-leaved Jack-in-the-pulpit, Jack in the pulpit, Indian turnip Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Asclepias asperula Antelope horns, Spider milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asclepias latifolia Broadleaf milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Astragalus giganteus Giant milkvetch Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Astragalus mollissimus Woolly locoweed, Purple locoweed, Woolly loco, Woolly milkvetch, Wooly loco, Wooly locoweed Perennial Herb
Aureolaria grandiflora False foxglove, Largeflower yellow false foxglove Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Baileya multiradiata Desert Marigold, Showy Desert Marigold, Paper Daisy, Desert Baileya Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea Longbract wild indigo, Cream false indigo, Plains wild indigo, Cream wild indigo, Large-bracted wild indigo Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Baptisia sphaerocarpa Bush pea, Green wild indigo, Yellow wild indigo, Yellow wisteria Perennial Herb
Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-eyed lyre leaf Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Boerhavia linearifolia Narrowleaf spiderling Perennial Subshrub
Bouvardia ternifolia Scarlet bouvardia, Firecracker bush, Trompetilla, Clavillo Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry , French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Callirhoe digitata Finger poppy-mallow, Poppy mallow, Standing winecup, Wine cup, Winecup Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Calochortus kennedyi Desert mariposa lily, Desert mariposa, Red mariposa-lily, Flame mariposa Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Calopogon tuberosus Tuberous grasspink, Grass pink Perennial Herb
Calylophus serrulatus Yellow sundrops, Yellow evening primrose, Plains evening primrose Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Castilleja indivisa Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush Annual Herb Sun Dry
Castilleja integra Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Squawfeather Perennial Herb Sun
Castilleja sessiliflora Downy painted cup, Downy paintbrush, Great Plains paintbrush, Great Plains indian-paintbrush Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Catalpa bignonioides Southern catalpa, Cigar tree, Indian bean Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Centaurea americana American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Centaurium calycosum Arizona centaury, Shortflower centaury, Rosita, Buckley centaury Annual Herb
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud, Duraznillo Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower Annual Herb Sun
Chilopsis linearis Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Willowleaf catalpa, Bow willow, Flor de mimbre, Mimbre Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Chionanthus virginicus White fringetree, Fringe tree, Snowflower tree, Flowering ash, Old man's beard, Grandfather graybeard, Grancy graybeard Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Chrysactinia mexicana Damianita Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Cirsium texanum Texas thistle Biennial Herb Sun Dry
Clematis crispa Swamp Leatherflower, Curly Clematis, Blue-jasmine, Curlflower, Curly Virgin's Bower, Marsh Clematis Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Clematis drummondii Old man's beard, Drummond's clematis, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Clematis pitcheri Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cnidoscolus texanus Texas bullnettle, Bull nettle, Tread-softly, Spurge nettle Perennial Herb
Commelina erecta Whitemouth dayflower, Widow's tears, Day flower, White-mouth dayflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cooperia pedunculata Hill Country rain lily, Prairie lily, Rain lily, Flor de mayo Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Corallorhiza wisteriana Spring Coral-root, Spring Coral Root, Early Southern Coral-root, Wister's Coral-root, Yellow Coral-root, Arousing Coral-root Perennial Herb
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Sand coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Corydalis curvisiliqua Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Cosmos parviflorus Southwestern cosmos, Southwest cosmos Annual Herb
Crinum americanum American crinum lily, Seven sisters, Swamp lily, Southern swamp lily, String lily, Crinum lily Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Cryptantha palmeri Palmer's cryptantha Perennial Subshrub
Cucurbita foetidissima Stinking gourd, Buffalo gourd, Missouri gourd, Stink gourd, Wild gourd Perennial Herb Sun
Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata Cane cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear cholla, Tree cholla, Walkingstick cholla Perennial Shrub, Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cylindropuntia leptocaulis Tasajillo, Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus Perennial Shrub, Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Cypripedium parviflorum Yellow Lady's-slipper Orchid, Lesser Yellow Lady's Slipper Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet, Moist
Dalea formosa Featherplume, Feather Dalea Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Dalea frutescens Black dalea, Black prairie clover Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Dalea greggii Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dasylirion leiophyllum Green sotol, Smooth-leaved sotol, Smooth-leaf sotol, Sotol, Desert candle Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Datura wrightii Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn Apple, Thorn apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Delphinium carolinianum Prairie Larkspur, Carolina Larkspur, Blue Larkspur Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Desmodium psilophyllum Beggar's ticks, Simpleleaf ticktrefoil, Sticktights, Wright's tickclover Perennial Herb
Drosera brevifolia Dwarf sundew, Spatulate-leaved sundew Perennial Herb
Dyschoriste linearis Snake herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf dyschoriste Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Echeandia flavescens Torrey's craglily, Crag lily Perennial Herb
Echinacea sanguinea Sanguine purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Echinocactus texensis Horse crippler, Horse crippler cactus, Devil's head, Chisos hedgehog cactus, Chisos hedgehog Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus chisoensis Chisos hedgehog cactus, Chisos Mountain hedgehog cactus, Chisos hedgehog, Chisos Mountain hedgehog Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus dasyacanthus Texas rainbow cactus, Spiny hedgehog cactus, Spiny hedgehog, Golden rainbow hedgehog cactus, Golden rainbow hedgehog, Yellow pitaya Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus enneacanthus Pitaya, Strawberry cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus reichenbachii Lace hedgehog cactus, Lace cactus, Lace hedgehog, Purple candle, Órgano-pequeño de colores Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus russanthus Brownspine hedgehog cactus, Rusty hedgehog cactus, Brownspine hedgehog, Rusty hedgehog