Texas Wildflowers

List of Texas species featured in Texas Wildflowers by Campbell and Lynn Loughmiller. For two decades and counting, Texans have relied on Texas Wildflowers to identify the common and rare flowers we see along the roadsides and in the pastures, fields, and forests of our state. Compiled by naturalists Campbell and Lynn Loughmiller, with the technical assistance of Lynn Sherrod, Texas Wildflowers is an authoritative field guide with a personal touch in the many notes the Loughmillers included about the plants they described and photographed. Get this book from Amazon.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abronia ameliae Amelia's sand verbena, Heart's delight, Amelia's sand-verbena, Sand verbena Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Acacia berlandieri Guajillo, Berlandier acacia, Thornless Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Huajillla, Matoral Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Acacia farnesiana Huisache, Sweet acacia, Mealy wattle Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Acacia rigidula Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Catclaw, Chaparro prieto, Gavia Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Acourtia wrightii Brownfoot, Pink perezia Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Aesculus pavia Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Agalinis purpurea Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Agave lechuguilla Lechuguilla, Tula ixtle Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Agave parryi ssp. parryi Century plant, Mescal, Parry's agave, Rough agave Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Aletris aurea Golden colicroot, Colicroot, Star grass, Yellow colic root Perennial Herb
Allionia incarnata Trailing windmills, Trailing four o'clock, Pink windmills, Trailing allionia Perennial Herb
Allium canadense var. canadense Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium canadense var. mobilense Meadow garlic, Wild onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Alophia drummondii Propeller flower, Purple pleat-leaf, Pinewoods lily, Prairie iris, Pleatleaf iris Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Aloysia gratissima Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amblyolepis setigera Huisache daisy, Butterfly daisy, Honey daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Amsonia ciliata Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Blue funnel lily, Texas bluestar Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Androstephium caeruleum Androstephium, Blue funnel lily, Blue Funnel-lily, Fragrant lily, Funnel-Flower Perennial Herb
Anemone berlandieri Tenpetal thimbleweed, Ten-petaled anemone, Wind-flower Perennial Herb Part-shade
Aphanostephus skirrhobasis Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas dozedaisy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Arbutus xalapensis Texas madrone, Madrone, Naked indian, Manzanita, Lady's leg Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Argemone albiflora Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Argemone chisosensis Chisos Mountain pricklypoppy Biennial Herb Sun Dry
Argemone mexicana Mexican pricklypoppy, Mexican prickly poppy, Yellow pricklypoppy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Arisaema dracontium Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Moist
Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum Five-leaved Jack-in-the-pulpit, Jack in the pulpit, Indian turnip Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Asclepias asperula Spider milkweed, Antelope horns, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asclepias latifolia Broadleaf milkweed Perennial Herb
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Astragalus giganteus Giant milkvetch Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Astragalus mollissimus Woolly locoweed, Purple locoweed, Woolly loco, Woolly milkvetch, Wooly loco, Wooly locoweed Perennial Herb
Aureolaria grandiflora False foxglove, Largeflower yellow false foxglove Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Baileya multiradiata Desert marigold, Showy desert marigold, Paper daisy, Desert baileya Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea Longbract wild indigo, Cream false indigo, Plains wild indigo, Cream wild indigo, Large-bracted wild indigo Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Baptisia sphaerocarpa Bush pea, Green wild indigo, Yellow wild indigo, Yellow wisteria Perennial Herb
Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-Eyed lyre leaf Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Boerhavia linearifolia Narrowleaf spiderling Perennial Subshrub
Bouvardia ternifolia Scarlet bouvardia, Firecracker bush, Trompetilla, Clavillo Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry, French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Callirhoe digitata Finger poppy-mallow, Poppy mallow, Standing winecup, Wine cup, Winecup Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Calochortus kennedyi Desert mariposa lily, Desert mariposa, Red mariposa-lily, Flame mariposa Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Calopogon tuberosus Tuberous grasspink, Grass pink Perennial Herb
Calylophus serrulatus Yellow sundrops, Yellow evening primrose, Plains evening primrose Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Castilleja indivisa Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush Annual Herb Sun Dry
Castilleja integra Wholeleaf Indian paintbrush, Squawfeather Perennial Herb Sun
Castilleja sessiliflora Downy painted cup, Downy paintbrush, Great Plains paintbrush, Great Plains indian-paintbrush Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Catalpa bignonioides Southern catalpa, Cigar tree, Indian bean Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Centaurea americana American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Centaurium calycosum Arizona centaury, Shortflower centaury, Rosita, Buckley centaury Annual Herb
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower Annual Herb Sun
Chilopsis linearis Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Trumpet flower Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Chionanthus virginicus White fringetree, Fringe tree, Grancy Graybeard Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Chrysactinia mexicana Damianita Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Cirsium texanum Texas thistle Biennial Herb Sun Dry
Clematis crispa Swamp leatherflower, Curly clematis, Blue jasmine, Curlflower Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Clematis drummondii Drummond's clematis, Old man's beard, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Clematis pitcheri Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cnidoscolus texanus Texas bullnettle, Bull nettle, Tread-softly, Spurge nettle Perennial Herb
Commelina erecta Whitemouth dayflower, Widow's tears, Day flower, White-mouth dayflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cooperia pedunculata Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Corallorhiza wisteriana Spring coralroot, Early southern coral root, Spring coral root, Wister's coralroot, Yellow coral root Perennial Herb
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Corydalis curvisiliqua Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Cosmos parviflorus Southwestern cosmos, Southwest cosmos Annual Herb
Crinum americanum American crinum lily, Seven sisters, Swamp lily, Southern swamp lily, String lily, Crinum lily Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Cryptantha palmeri Palmer's cryptantha Perennial Subshrub
Cucurbita foetidissima Stinking gourd, Buffalo gourd, Missouri gourd, Stink gourd, Wild gourd Perennial Herb Sun
Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata Cane cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear cholla, Tree cholla, Walkingstick cholla Perennial Shrub, Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cylindropuntia leptocaulis Christmas cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Tasajillo Perennial Shrub, Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Cypripedium parviflorum Lesser yellow lady's slipper, Yellow lady's-slipper orchid Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet, Moist
Dalea formosa Feather dalea, Featherplume Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Dalea frutescens Black dalea, Black prairie clover Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Dalea greggii Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dasylirion leiophyllum Green sotol, Sotol, Desert candle Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Datura wrightii Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Delphinium carolinianum Carolina larkspur, Blue larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Espuela del caballero Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Desmodium psilophyllum Beggar's ticks, Simpleleaf ticktrefoil, Sticktights, Wright's tickclover Perennial Herb
Drosera brevifolia Dwarf sundew, Spatulate-leaved sundew Perennial Herb
Dyschoriste linearis Snake herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf dyschoriste Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Echeandia flavescens Torrey's craglily, Crag lily Perennial Herb
Echinacea sanguinea Sanguine purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Echinocactus texensis Horse crippler, Devil's head, Chisos Hedgehog Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus chisoensis Chisos hedgehog, Chisos Mountain hedgehog cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus dasyacanthus Spiny hedgehog cactus, Texas rainbow cactus, Golden rainbow hedgehog, Yellow Pitaya Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus enneacanthus Pitaya, Strawberry cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus reichenbachii Lace Cactus, Lace hedgehog cactus, Órgano-pequeño de colores , Purple candle Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus russanthus Brownspine hedgehog cactus, Rusty hedgehog cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent
Echinocereus stramineus Strawberry hedgehog cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus triglochidiatus Claret cup, Hedgehog cactus, Kingcup cactus, Mojave mound Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. cylindricus Green-flowered hedgehog, Nylon hedgehog cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Engelmannia peristenia Engelmann's daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Erigeron philadelphicus Philadelphia fleabane, Fleabane daisy Biennial Herb Part-shade
Eriogonum wrightii Perennial buckwheat, Wright buckwheat, Wild buckwheat, Bastard sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Erodium texanum Fillaree, Pine needle, Stork's Bill, Texas stork's bill, Texas stork's bill Herb Sun Dry
Eryngium heterophyllum Mexican thistle, Wright's eryngo Perennial Herb
Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Erythrina herbacea Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Erythronium rostratum Dog-tooth violet, Yellow troutlily Perennial Herb
Eschscholzia californica ssp. mexicana Mexican gold poppy, California poppy, Amopalo del campo Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Eucnide bartonioides Rock-nettle, Yellow rocknettle, Yellow stingbush Annual Herb Sun Dry
Euphorbia antisyphilitica Candelilla, Wax plant Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Euphorbia bicolor Snow on the prairie, Snow-on-the-prairie Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade
Eustoma exaltatum Catchfly prairie gentian, Bluebell gentian, Western blue gentian, Blue marsh lily, Small bluebell, Catchfly gentian, Seaside gentian Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Fallugia paradoxa Apache plume, Ponil Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Ferocactus hamatacanthus Turk's head, Turk's head, Texas barrel cactus, giant fishhook cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Ferocactus wislizeni Candy barrelcactus, Candy barrel cactus, Fishhook barrel cactus, Southwestern barrel cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Fouquieria splendens Ocotillo, Devil's walking stick, Candlewood Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Froelichia gracilis Slender snakecotton, Snake-cotton Annual Herb
Gaillardia aestivalis Lanceleaf blanketflower, Winkler gaillardia Perennial Herb
Gaillardia multiceps Onion blanketflower, Gyp indian blanket Perennial Herb
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel, Indian Blanket Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Gaura coccinea Scarlet beeblossom, Scarlet gaura Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Gaura suffulta Bee blossom, Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle Annual Shrub Sun Moist
Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, Evening trumpetflower, Poor man's rope Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Giliastrum acerosum Bluebowls, Prickleleaf gilia Annual Subshrub
Glandularia bipinnatifida Purple prairie verbena, Prairie verbena, Dakota vervain, Dakota mock vervain, Moradilla Perennial Herb, Subshrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Grindelia papposa Spanish gold, Clasping-leaved haplopappus, Saw-leaf Daisy Annual Herb
Grusonia grahamii Graham's pricklypear, Graham dog cactus, Graham's club cholla Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Guaiacum angustifolium Texas lignum-vitae, Guayacan, Soapbush Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Gutierrezia microcephala Threadleaf snakeweed, Threadleaf broomweed, Smallhead snakeweed, Littlehead snakeweed Perennial Subshrub
Gymnosperma glutinosum Gumhead, Tatalencho Perennial Herb
Halesia diptera Two-wing silverbell, Silver bell, Two-winged silverbell, Snowdrop tree, American snowdrop tree Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Dry
Helenium amarum var. badium Yellowdicks, Brown Bitterweed, Basin sneezeweed Annual Herb
Helenium drummondii Fringed sneezeweed Perennial Herb
Helianthus annuus Common sunflower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Helianthus mollis Ashy sunflower, Downy sunflower Perennial Herb
Hesperaloe parviflora Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Samandoque, Yellow yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Hibiscus denudatus Paleface, Rock hibiscus Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Hibiscus laevis Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Hibiscus lasiocarpos Rose-mallow, Rosemallow, Woolly mallow, Wooly Rose-mallow Perennial Shrub Sun Wet
Houstonia pusilla Tiny bluet, Small Bluets, Star violet Annual Herb
Hydrocotyle bonariensis Largeleaf pennywort, Salt pennywort Perennial Herb
Hydrolea ovata Ovate false fiddleleaf, Blue Water Leaf, Hairy Hydrolea Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Hymenocallis liriosme Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Hymenopappus artemisiifolius Old plainsman, Oldplainsman, Woolly-white Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Ibervillea lindheimeri Lindheimer's globeberry, Balsam gourd, Globe berry, Snake apple Perennial Vine Sun Moist
Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba Tievine, Sharp-pod Morning Glory, Purple Bindweed, Tie Vine Perennial Vine Part-shade
Ipomoea cristulata Transpecos morning-glory, Scarlet Creeper Annual Vine
Ipomoea sagittata Saltmarsh morning-glory, Salt-marsh morning glory Perennial Vine
Ipomopsis longiflora Flaxflowered ipomopsis, Pale Trumpets, Paleflower gilia, White-flower skyrocket, White-flowered gilia Annual Herb Sun Dry
Ipomopsis rubra Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Iris giganticaerulea Blue flag, Giant blue iris Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Jatropha dioica var. graminea Leatherstem, Bloodroot, Sangre de drago Perennial Herb
Kallstroemia grandiflora Arizona poppy, Orange caltrop, Desert poppy, Summer poppy Annual Herb Sun
Krameria grayi White ratany Perennial Subshrub
Krameria lanceolata Trailing krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie sandbur, Trailing Ratany Perennial Herb Part-shade
Lantana urticoides Texas lantana, Calico bush, West Indian shrub-verbena Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Larrea tridentata Creosote bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Lepidium montanum Mountain peppergrass, Western peppergrass, Mountain pepperweed, Mountain pepperwort, Montana pepperweed Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Lesquerella fendleri Fendler's bladderpod, Fendler's bladderpod, Popweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Leucophyllum frutescens Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Liatris elegans Blazing star, Gay feather, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pinkscale blazing star Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lindheimera texana Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star Annual Herb Sun Dry
Linum lewisii Wild blue flax, Prairie flax, Lewis flax Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Linum rigidum Stiffstem flax, Large-flower yellow flax, Yellow flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Lithospermum incisum Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lithospermum multiflorum Manyflowered stoneseed Perennial Herb
Lobelia appendiculata Pale lobelia Annual Herb
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lonicera albiflora Western white honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Lotus plebeius New Mexico bird's-foot trefoil, Pine deervetch Perennial Herb
Lupinus havardii Big Bend bluebonnet, Big Bend lupine, Havard bluebonnet, Chisos bluebonnet Annual Herb Sun Dry
Lupinus texensis Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Lygodesmia texana Texas skeletonplant, Texas skeleton weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple dandelion Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lythrum californicum California Loosestrife Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Machaeranthera gracilis Slender goldenweed, Grass-Leaf Tansy-Aster, Yellow spiny daisy Annual Herb
Machaeranthera tanacetifolia Tanseyleaf tansyaster, Tahoka Daisy, Tansy Aster Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Magnolia ashei Ashe's magnolia, Ashe magnolia, Deciduous magnolia Perennial Tree Part-shade
Magnolia grandiflora Southern magnolia, Evergreen magnolia, Bull bay Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Mahonia trifoliolata Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii Turk's cap or Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond wax-mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Manzanilla, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Menodora longiflora Showy menodora, Twin-pod Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Mentzelia multiflora Adonis blazingstar, Blazing star, Prairie stickleaf Biennial Herb
Mimosa borealis Fragrant mimosa, Pink Mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Mimosa dysocarpa Velvetpod mimosa, Velvet-pod mimosa, Gatuno Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Mimosa microphylla Littleleaf sensitive-briar, Little-leaf mimosa, Catclaw sensitive briar, Smooth-leaf sensitive briar Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Minuartia drummondii Drummond's stitchwort, Sandwort Annual Herb
Mirabilis longiflora Sweet four o'clock, Long-flowered four o'clock Perennial Herb
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Monarda punctata Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint Annual Herb Sun Dry
Nama hispidum Bristly nama, Sand Bells, Sand-bell Annual Herb
Nemophila phacelioides Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Neolloydia conoidea Chihuahuan beehive, Cone cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Nothoscordum bivalve Crow poison, Crowpoison, False garlic Perennial Herb Sun
Nuttallanthus texanus Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax Annual Herb Sun Moist
Nymphaea odorata American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet
Oenothera laciniata Cutleaf evening-primrose, Cut-leaf Evening Primrose Annual Herb Part-shade
Oenothera rhombipetala Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii Cactus apple, Prickly pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri Texas pricklypear, Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Opuntia humifusa Devil's-tongue, Low prickly pear, Smooth prickly pear, Prickly pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia macrocentra var. macrocentra Purple pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia phaeacantha Tulip prickly pear, Brownspine prickly pear cactus, Purple-fruited prickly pear, Brown-spined prickly pear, New mexico prickly pear, Desert prickly pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Opuntia rufida Blind prickly pear, Blind pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oxalis drummondii Drummond's woodsorrel, Wood-sorrel Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Oxalis stricta Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Oxalis violacea Violet woodsorrel, Violet wood-sorrel Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Packera glabella Butterweed, Cress-leaf groundsel, Yellowtop Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Packera tampicana Yellowtop, Great Plains ragwort, Butterweed Annual Herb
Palafoxia hookeriana Sand palafox, Hooker palafoxia, Sand palafoxia, Hooker's palafoxia Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Parkinsonia aculeata Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Passiflora lutea Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Pavonia lasiopetala Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Pectis angustifolia Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed pectis, Lemon-scented pectis, Lemonscent pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid marigold Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Penstemon barbatus Scarlet bugler, Beard-lip penstemon, Beard-lip beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Penstemon cobaea Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon murrayanus Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue, Cupleaf penstemon, Cupleaf beardtongue Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Pericome caudata Mountain tail-leaf, Tail-leaf pericome Perennial Herb
Phacelia congesta Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck Annual, Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phemeranthus aurantiacus Orange Flameflower, Flameflower, Fameflower, Talinum Perennial Subshrub Part-shade Dry
Phlox drummondii Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox roemeriana Goldeneye phlox, Golden-eye Phlox Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Physostegia digitalis False dragonhead, Finger false dragonhead Perennial Herb Part-shade
Physostegia intermedia Intermediate false dragonhead, Marsh obedient-plant, Obedient-plant, Slender false dragonhead, Spring obedient plant Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient plant Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Phytolacca americana American pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Pinaropappus roseus White rock lettuce, White dandelion, Pink dandelion Perennial Herb
Pinguicula pumila Small butterwort, Bog violet, Dwarf butterwort Annual Herb Sun Moist
Platanthera ciliaris Yellow fringed orchid, Orange-fringed orchid, Orange plume Perennial Herb
Platanthera nivea Snowy orchid, Frog spear Perennial Herb
Pluchea odorata var. odorata Marsh Fleabane, Sweetscent Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Pogonia ophioglossoides Snakemouth orchid, Rose pogonia orchid, Snake-mouth orchid, Beard flower Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Polanisia uniglandulosa Mexican clammyweed, Clammyweed Annual Herb
Polygala alba White milkwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Polygala cruciata Candy root, Drumheads Annual Herb
Polygala nana Candyroot, Bachelor's buttons, Bachelor's button Annual Herb
Polygala obscura Velvetseed milkwort Perennial Subshrub
Polygala polygama Racemed milkwort, Pink milkwort Biennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Polygala ramosa Low pinebarren milkwort, Yellow savannah milkwort Annual Herb
Polygonum punctatum Dotted smartweed Annual Herb Sun
Polytaenia nuttallii Nuttall's prairie parsley, Prairie parsley, Wild dill, Prairie parsnip Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pontederia cordata Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Proboscidea louisianica ssp. louisianica Ram's horn, Devil's claw, Unicorn plant, Ram's horn Annual Herb
Psilostrophe tagetina Paperflower, Woolly paper-flower, Woolly paperflower Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Carolina desert-chicory Annual Herb
Quincula lobata Purple groundcherry, Chinese lantern Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus Bristly buttercup, Buttercup Perennial Herb
Ranunculus macranthus Large buttercup Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rhexia lutea Yellow meadow beauty, Yellow meadowbeauty Perennial Herb
Rhexia virginica Meadow beauty, Handsome Harry Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Rhododendron canescens Mountain azalea, Wild azalea, Honeysuckle azalea, Piedmont azalea, Sweet azalea, Hoary azalea, Southern pinxterflower Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Rhododendron viscosum Swamp azalea, Clammy azalea, Cory azalea Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rhus virens Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Rivina humilis Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Robinia hispida Bristly locust, Standing sweet pea Perennial Shrub Sun
Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust, Honey locust Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Rosa setigera Climbing prairie rose, Climbing rose, Prairie Rose Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia grandiflora Rough coneflower, Tall coneflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ruellia caroliniensis Carolina wild petunia Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ruellia nudiflora Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rumex hymenosepalus Canaigre dock, Canaigre, Desert rhubarb Perennial Herb
Sabatia angularis Rosepink, Rose-pink Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Sabatia campestris Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Sagittaria lancifolia ssp. media Bulltongue arrowhead, Scythe-fruit Arrowhead Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Salvia coccinea Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia farinacea Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Salvia greggii Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Salvia lycioides Canyon sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia regla Mountain sage, Royal sage Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Dry
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Sarracenia alata Yellow trumpets, Yellow pitcher plant, Yellow trumpet, Flycatcher, Trumpet pitcher plant Perennial Herb Wet
Schoenocrambe linearifolia Slimleaf plainsmustard, Mountain mustard, Hesper mustard Perennial Herb
Sclerocactus uncinatus var. wrightii Chihuahuan Fishhook Cactus, Brown-flowered Hedgehog Cactus, Catclaw Cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent
Scutellaria drummondii Drummond's skullcap Annual Herb Sun Dry
Scutellaria integrifolia Helmet-flower, Rough Skullcap, Common Large Skullcap, Tall Skullcap Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Senecio ampullaceus Ragwort, Texas Groundsel, Texas ragwort Annual Herb
Senna lindheimeriana Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Senna roemeriana Twoleaf senna, Two leaved senna Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Sesbania drummondii Rattlebush, Rattlebox, Poisonbean Perennial Shrub
Silene laciniata Cardinal catchfly, Southern Indian pink, Mexican campion, Catchfly Perennial Herb Part-shade
Silene subciliata Catchfly, Louisiana catchfly, Prairie-fire pink Perennial Herb
Sisyrinchium sagittiferum Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Solanum elaeagnifolium Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Sophora secundiflora Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sphaeralcea angustifolia Copper globemallow, Copper-mallow, Globe mallow Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Spigelia marilandica Woodland pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian pink, Spigelia Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Spiranthes cernua Nodding lady's tresses, Ladies' tresses, Nodding ladies' tresses orchid Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf bluets, Baby's breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf bluets Perennial Herb Sun
Stewartia malacodendron Silky camellia, Virginia stewartia Perennial Shrub Shade
Streptanthus platycarpus Broadpod jewelflower, Broadpod twistflower Annual Herb
Symphyotrichum cordifolium Broad-leaved aster, Common blue wood aster, Heartleaf aster Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Symphyotrichum patens var. patens Spreading Aster, Late Purple Aster, Spread-Leaf Aster, Sky-drop Aster Perennial Herb Shade
Tecoma stans Yellow bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow trumpetbush, Yellow trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow elder Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Tetraneuris linearifolia Fineleaf fournerved daisy Annual Herb
Tetraneuris scaposa Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Thelesperma flavodiscum East Texas greenthread, Greenthread Annual Herb
Thelesperma simplicifolium Slender greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Thelypodium wrightii Wright's thelypody, Wright thelypody Biennial Herb
Thymophylla acerosa Prickly-leaf dogweed, Prickleleaf dogweed, Shrubby dogweed Perennial Herb
Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta Dogweed, Dyssodia, Fiveneedle pricklyleaf Perennial Subshrub Sun
Trillium sessile Toadshade, Red trillium, Wake-robin, Sessile trillium, Yellow trillium Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Triodanis perfoliata Clasping Venus' looking-glass Annual Herb Shade Dry
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican buckeye Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Utricularia inflata Swollen bladderwort, Floating bladderwort Perennial Herb
Verbena halei Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Texas vervain Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Verbesina encelioides Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Verbesina nana Dwarf crownbeard Perennial Herb
Vernonia baldwinii Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Viguiera cordifolia Heartleaf goldeneye Perennial Herb
Viguiera stenoloba Resinbush, Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Viola bicolor Field pansy Annual Herb
Viola pedata Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet, Bird-foot violet Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Dry
Viola sororia Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Viola ×palmata Early blue violet, Trilobed violet Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Wislizenia refracta Jackass clover, Spectacle fruit Annual Herb
Wisteria frutescens American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Xanthisma texanum Texas sleepy daisy, Sleepy daisy Annual Herb Part-shade
Xanthocephalum gymnospermoides Gummy broomweed, Gummy snakeweed, San Pedro matchweed Annual Herb
Xylorhiza wrightii Big Bend woodyaster, Terlingua aster, Gyp daisy, Gypsum daisy, Big Bend aster Perennial Herb
Yucca faxoniana Eve's needle, Faxon yucca, Palma samandoca, Palma barreta, Spanish bayonet Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Yucca thompsoniana Thompson's yucca, Thompson Yucca, Beaked yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Yucca torreyi Torrey's yucca, Torrey yucca Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Zigadenus glaberrimus Sandbog deathcamas, Camas, Large-flowered zigadenus Perennial Herb
Zigadenus nuttallii Nuttall's deathcamas, Death Camas, Poison onion, Nuttall's death camas Perennial Herb Part-shade
Zinnia acerosa Desert zinnia, Dwarf zinnia, Dwarf white zinnia Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Zinnia grandiflora Rocky Mountain zinnia, Little golden zinnia, Yellow zinnia, Plains zinnia, Prairie zinnia Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Zizia aurea Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist