Deer Resistant Species

Few plants are completely deer resistant. Several factors influence deer browsing including the density of the deer population, environmental conditions such as drought, and plant palatability. Deer tend to avoid plants with aromatic foliage, tough leathery and/or hairy or prickly leaves or plants with milky latex or sap. Try using some of the plants listed here to minimize deer damage to your landscape.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abutilon incanum Pelotazo, Indian mallow, Shrubby Indian mallow Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Acacia rigidula Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Catclaw, Chaparro prieto, Gavia Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Acalypha radians Cardinal's feather, Cardinal feather Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Acer grandidentatum Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Canyon maple Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun Moist
Adiantum capillus-veneris Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Aesculus pavia Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Aesculus pavia var. flavescens Texas yellow buckeye, Yellow woolly buckeye, Pale buckeye, Plateau yellow buckeye Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Aesculus pavia var. pavia Scarlet buckeye, Red buckeye, Southern buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist, Dry
Agave americana American century plant, Century plant Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Agave havardiana Havard's century plant, Havard agave Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Agave univittata Maguey mezortillo, Thorncrest century plant Perennial Herb, Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Ageratina havanensis Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Allium canadense Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Allium drummondii Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Allowissadula holosericea Chisos Mountain false Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Aloysia gratissima Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Aloysia macrostachya Rio Grande beebrush, Woolly Bee-brush Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amorpha roemeriana Roemer's false indigo Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Anemone edwardsiana Edwards Plateau thimbleweed, Two-flowered Anemone Perennial Herb Shade
Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aphanostephus riddellii Lazy Daisy, Riddell's dozedaisy Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana Hinckley's golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Hinckley columbine, Capote columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Argemone albiflora Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Arisaema dracontium Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Moist
Aristida oligantha Prairie threeawn, Oldfield (Prairie) 3-awn, Oldfield threeawn Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Aristida purpurea Purple threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple three-awn, Red threeawn Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Aristida purpurea var. purpurea Purple threeawn, Red threeawn Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Arnoglossum plantagineum Groovestem Indian plantain, Indian plantain, Prairie plantain, Prairie Indian plantain Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Artemisia palmeri San Diego sagebrush, San Diego sagewort Perennial Subshrub Sun Moist
Asclepias asperula Spider milkweed, Antelope horns, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias oenotheroides Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de Zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed Perennial Herb Sun
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Asclepias viridis Green antelopehorn, Green milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Baccharis neglecta False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Bacopa monnieri Coastal Water-hyssop, Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Bauhinia lunarioides Anacacho orchid tree, Anacacho bauhinia, Orchid tree, Texas plume Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Berlandiera betonicifolia Texas greeneyes, Broochflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-Eyed lyre leaf Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana Silver Beard Grass, Silver beardgrass, Silver Bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Bouchea linifolia Flaxleaf bouchea, Groovestem bouchea Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Bouchetia erecta Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalograss, Buffalo grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua rigidiseta Texas grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Brickellia cylindracea Brickell-Bush, Brickellbush, Gravelbar brickellbush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Buddleja marrubiifolia Woolly butterflybush, Butterfly bush, Woolly Butterfly-bush Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Callirhoe involucrata var. lineariloba Poppy mallow, Purple poppymallow, White poppy mallow, White winecup, Winecup Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Callirhoe leiocarpa Tall poppymallow, Annual winecup, Tall poppy-mallow Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Callirhoe pedata Palmleaf poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppy-mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Calylophus berlandieri Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud day-primrose Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Canna flaccida Bandanna of the Everglades, Golden canna Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Canna glauca Water Canna, Louisiana Canna, Maraca amarilla Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Capsicum annuum Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Chile pequin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper, Cayenne pepper Annual Subshrub
Carex blanda Eastern woodland sedge, Creek sedge, Common wood sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Carex cherokeensis Cherokee sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet, Moist
Carex perdentata Meadow Sedge, Sand sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Carex texensis Texas sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ceanothus herbaceus Redroot, Prairie redroot, Jersey tea, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Celtis laevigata var. reticulata Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche Perennial Tree Part-shade
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cercis canadensis var. mexicana Mexican redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Chaerophyllum tainturieri var. tainturieri Hairyfruit chervil, Hairy-fruit chervil, Wild chervil, Chervil Annual Herb Part-shade
Chamaesaracha coniodes False Nightshade, Gray five eyes, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry Perennial Herb Part-shade
Chaptalia nutans Heal and draw, Silverpuff, Lechuguilla Perennial Herb Shade
Chasmanthium latifolium Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats Perennial Grass/Grass-like Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chilopsis linearis Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Trumpet flower Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Chrysactinia mexicana Damianita Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Clematis drummondii Drummond's clematis, Old man's beard, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Clematis texensis Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Cleome serrulata Rocky Mountain beeplant, Rocky mountain bee plant, Waa, Skunk weed Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cocculus carolinus Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Cooperia pedunculata Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Corydalis curvisiliqua Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Coryphantha sulcata Nipple Cactus, Pineapple cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Cotinus obovatus American smoke tree, Smoke tree, Texas smoke tree, Chittamwood Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Crataegus greggiana Gregg's hawthorn Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Crataegus tracyi Mountain Hawthorn, Tracy Hawthorn, Tracy's hawthorn Perennial Tree Part-shade
Crataegus viridis Green hawthorn, Southern thorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Croton capitatus var. lindheimeri Woolly Croton, Lindheimer's hogwort Annual Shrub Sun
Croton fruticulosus Bush croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Croton monanthogynus Prairie tea, One-seed Croton Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Cryptotaenia canadensis Canadian honewort, Wild Chervil Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata Cane cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear cholla, Tree cholla, Walkingstick cholla Perennial Shrub, Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cylindropuntia leptocaulis Christmas cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Tasajillo Perennial Shrub, Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Cynanchum barbigerum Bearded swallow-wort, Cynanchum, Thicket Threadvine Perennial Vine Sun
Cyperus ochraceus Pond flatsedge, Yellow Sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade
Cyperus odoratus Fragrant flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun
Cyperus pseudovegetus Marsh flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun
Dalea aurea Golden dalea, Golden prairie clover Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Dalea frutescens Black dalea, Black prairie clover Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Dalea greggii Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dasylirion texanum Texas sotol, Sotol Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Dasylirion wheeleri Common sotol, Sotol, Desert Spoon, Desert candle Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Datura wrightii Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Diospyros texana Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dyschoriste linearis Snake herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf dyschoriste Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Echinocactus texensis Horse crippler, Devil's head, Chisos Hedgehog Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus reichenbachii Lace Cactus, Lace hedgehog cactus, Órgano-pequeño de colores , Purple candle Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. reichenbachii Lace Cactus, Lace hedgehog cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Ehretia anacua Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Knockaway, Sandpaper tree Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eleocharis rostellata Beaked spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Epipactis gigantea Chatterbox Orchid, Giant Hellebore, Stream orchid Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Equisetum hyemale var. affine Scouringrush horsetail Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Eragrostis intermedia Plains lovegrass, Plains Lovegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Eragrostis spectabilis Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Erigeron modestus Plains fleabane, Prairie fleabane Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Eriochloa sericea Texas cupgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Erioneuron pilosum Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eupatorium serotinum Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Euphorbia antisyphilitica Candelilla, Wax plant Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Euphorbia marginata Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Eustoma exaltatum ssp. exaltatum Blue marsh lily, Bluebell gentian, Catchfly prairie gentian, Small bluebell, Western blue gentian Annual Herb Sun
Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian Annual, Biennial, Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Evax prolifera Bighead pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco Annual Herb Part-shade
Eysenhardtia texana Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel, Indian Blanket Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Galphimia angustifolia Narrow-leaf Goldshower, Narrowleaf goldshower, Thryallis Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Garrya ovata ssp. lindheimeri Lindheimer's silktassel, Lindheimer Silk Tassel, Lindheimer's Garrya Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Gaura lindheimeri Lindheimer's beeblossom, White gaura, Butterfly gaura Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, Evening trumpetflower, Poor man's rope Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Glandularia bipinnatifida Purple prairie verbena, Prairie verbena, Dakota vervain, Dakota mock vervain, Moradilla Perennial Herb, Subshrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Hedeoma drummondii Drummond's false pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Hesperaloe parviflora Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Samandoque, Yellow yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Heterotheca canescens Gray golden-aster, Hoary false goldenaster Annual, Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Hibiscus lasiocarpos Rose-mallow, Rosemallow, Woolly mallow, Wooly Rose-mallow Perennial Shrub Sun Wet
Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri Curly-mesquite Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Hydrocotyle umbellata Manyflower marshpennywort, Water-pennywort,  Money-plant Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Hydrocotyle verticillata var. verticillata Pennywort, Water-Pennywort, Whorled marshpennywort,  Money-plant Perennial Herb Sun
Hydrolea ovata Ovate false fiddleleaf, Blue Water Leaf, Hairy Hydrolea Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Hymenocallis liriosme Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ibervillea lindheimeri Lindheimer's globeberry, Balsam gourd, Globe berry, Snake apple Perennial Vine Sun Moist
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba Tievine, Sharp-pod Morning Glory, Purple Bindweed, Tie Vine Perennial Vine Part-shade
Iris brevicaulis Zigzag iris Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Iris virginica Virginia iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern blueflag Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Iris virginica var. shrevei Shreve's iris, Virginia iris, Southern blue flag, Blue flag Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Jatropha dioica Leatherstem, Leather Stem, Rubber Plant Perennial Subshrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Juniperus ashei Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Blueberry juniper Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Justicia americana American water-willow, Water-willow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Kosteletzkya virginica Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Seashore mallow, Salt Marsh-mallow Perennial Subshrub Sun Moist
Lantana urticoides Texas lantana, Calico bush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Larrea tridentata Creosote bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Leucophyllum frutescens Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage, Silverleaf Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Liatris mucronata Cusp gayfeather, Cusp blazing star, Cusp liatris, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Narrow-leaf blazing star, Narrow-leaf liatris, Texas gayfeather, Texas blazing star, Texas liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Linum rigidum Stiffstem flax, Large-flower yellow flax, Yellow flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lupinus texensis Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Lycium andersonii Anderson wolfberry, Red-berry desert-thorn, Water jacket Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Lycium berlandieri Berlandier's wolfberry, Wolfberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Lygodesmia texana Texas skeletonplant, Texas skeleton weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple dandelion Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lythrum alatum Winged lythrum Perennial Subshrub Sun Wet, Moist
Machaeranthera tanacetifolia Tanseyleaf tansyaster, Tahoka Daisy, Tansy Aster Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Mahonia swaseyi Texas barberry, Texas Oregon-grape Perennial Shrub Sun
Mahonia trifoliolata Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Malvaviscus arboreus Turkscap, Wax mallow, Bleeding hearts, Mexican apple, Manzanilla Perennial Shrub
Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii Turk's cap or Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond wax-mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Manzanilla, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Marsilea macropoda Bigfoot water clover, Water clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot pepperwort Perennial Herb, Fern Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet
Marsilea vestita Hairy water clover, Water clover Perennial Herb, Fern Part-shade Wet
Matelea reticulata Green milkweed vine, Net vein milkvine, Netted milkvine, Pearl milkweed Vine Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Maurandella antirrhiniflora Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Merremia dissecta Alamo Vine, Noyau vine, Correhuela de las Doce Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Mimosa borealis Fragrant mimosa, Pink Mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Mimosa roemeriana Roemer's mimosa, Sensitive Briar Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Morella cerifera Wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Candleberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Muhlenbergia capillaris Gulf muhly, Hair-awn muhly, Hairy-awn muhly, Hair grass, Pink muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Muhlenbergia dubia Pine muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia reverchonii Seep muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia rigens Deergrass, Meadow muhly, Deer muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Nassella tenuissima Mexican Feathergrass, Mexican Wiregrass, Finestem needlegrass, Ponytail grass, Texas tussock Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Nelumbo lutea American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Nolina lindheimeriana Devil's shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon grass Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Nolina texana Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Nuphar lutea Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Nyctaginia capitata Devil's bouquet, Scarlet muskflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera jamesii River Primrose, Trumpet Evening Primrose, Trumpet evening-primrose Biennial Herb Sun Wet
Oenothera macrocarpa Bigfruit evening-primrose, Missouri evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. incana Bigfruit evening-primrose, Silver leaf primrose  Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Oenothera triloba Stemless evening-primrose, Stemless Evening Primrose Annual Herb Sun
Opuntia ellisiana Spineless prickly pear, Tigertongue, South Texas pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri Texas pricklypear, Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Opuntia macrocentra Purple Prickly Pear, Purple pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia macrorhiza Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Oxalis drummondii Drummond's woodsorrel, Wood-sorrel Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Oxalis stricta Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Papaver nudicaule Icelandic poppy Perennial Herb
Parkinsonia aculeata Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Paronychia virginica Whitlow-wort, Broom Nailwort, Yellow Nailwort, Park's Nailwort Perennial Herb, Subshrub Sun Dry
Parthenocissus heptaphylla Sevenleaf creeper, Seven-leaf Creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Passiflora affinis Bracted passionflower, Passion flower Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Passiflora foetida Corona de Cristo, Scarlet-fruit passion flower, Fetid passionflower Annual Vine Sun, Part-shade Dry
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Passiflora lutea Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Passiflora tenuiloba Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Pavonia lasiopetala Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Pellaea ovata Ovate-leaf Cliffbrake, Ovateleaf cliffbrake Perennial Herb, Fern Sun
Penstemon baccharifolius Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon cobaea Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon laxiflorus Nodding penstemon, Nodding beardtongue, Loose-flowered penstemon, Loose-flowered beardtongue Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Penstemon triflorus Hill Country penstemon, Hill Country beardtongue, Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Heller's penstemon, Heller's beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Phacelia congesta Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck Annual, Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phyla nodiflora Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Physostegia intermedia Intermediate false dragonhead, Marsh obedient-plant, Obedient-plant, Slender false dragonhead, Spring obedient plant Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Physostegia virginiana Fall obedient plant, Obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Phytolacca americana American pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Pistacia mexicana Mexican pistachio, Texas pistachio, American pistachio Perennial Tree Sun
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Pluchea odorata var. odorata Marsh Fleabane, Sweetscent Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Poa arachnifera Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma Clammy-Weed, Clammyweed, Sandyseed clammyweed Annual Herb Sun
Polygala alba White milkwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Polytaenia texana Texas prairie parsley, Texas-Parsley Biennial Herb Sun Dry
Pontederia cordata Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Populus deltoides Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Potamogeton nodosus Knotty Pondweed, Longleaf pondweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Prosopis glandulosa Honey mesquite Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Prunella vulgaris Common selfheal Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Prunus minutiflora Texas almond, Texas wild almond, Dwarf Plum Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Prunus texana Peachbush, Sand Plum, Peach bush, Texas plum, Texas peach bush Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Ranunculus macranthus Large buttercup Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus aromatica var. serotina Fragrant sumac Perennial Shrub
Rhus lanceolata Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Rhus virens Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Rhynchospora colorata Starrush whitetop, Star sedge, White-topped sedge, Whitetop sedge, Star rush Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Wet
Rivina humilis Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Rubus trivialis Dewberry, Southern dewberry Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ruellia drummondiana Drummond's ruellia, Drummond's wild petunia Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Dry
Ruellia metziae White Ruellia, Metz's wild petunia, Metz Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Ruellia nudiflora Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ruellia occidentalis Western wild petunia Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabal mexicana Mexican palm, Palma Di Micharos, Rio Grande palmetto, Texas palm, Texas palmetto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabal minor Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sagittaria lancifolia Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Duck-potato, Bulltongue arrowhead Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Sagittaria lancifolia ssp. media Bulltongue arrowhead, Scythe-fruit Arrowhead Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Sagittaria longiloba Flecha de Agua, Long-barb Arrowhead, Long-lobe Arrowhead, Longbarb arrowhead Perennial Herb Part-shade
Salvia azurea var. grandiflora Pitcher sage, Blue sage Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Salvia ballotiflora Shrubby blue sage, Blue Shrub Sage, Mejorana Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Salvia coccinea Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia engelmannii Engelmann's sage, Engelmann's salvia Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia farinacea Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Salvia greggii Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Salvia lycioides Canyon sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia penstemonoides Big red sage, Penstemon sage Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Salvia regla Mountain sage, Royal sage Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Dry
Salvia roemeriana Cedar sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Salvia texana Texas sage, Blue sage Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Samolus ebracteatus ssp. cuneatus Limerock Brookweed, Limewater brookweed Perennial Herb Part-shade
Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus Seaside brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed Perennial Herb Part-shade
Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii Western soapberry, Soapberry Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Saururus cernuus Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Schoenoplectus californicus California bulrush, California club-rush, Giant Bulrush Perennial Herb Sun
Scutellaria drummondii Drummond's skullcap Annual Herb Sun Dry
Scutellaria ovata Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf Skullcap Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Scutellaria ovata ssp. bracteata Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf skullcap Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Dry
Scutellaria resinosa Resin-dot skullcap, Resinous skullcap, Shrubby skullcap, Sticky skullcap Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Scutellaria wrightii Wright's skullcap, Bushy skullcap, Shrubby skullcap Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Senna lindheimeriana Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Senna roemeriana Twoleaf senna, Two leaved senna Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Silphium albiflorum White rosinweed, White-flowered rosinweed, Compass Plant Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Silphium simpsonii Simpson's rosinweed, Tall Rosinweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Simsia calva Awnless bush sunflower, Bush sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Solanum elaeagnifolium Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Solanum rostratum Buffalobur nightshade, Buffalo bur Annual Herb Sun
Solidago nemoralis Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Sophora secundiflora Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Stachys coccinea Scarlet betony, Scarlet hedge-nettle, Texas betony Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Stemodia lanata Woolly Stemodia, Gray-woolly twintip Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Styphnolobium affine Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tecoma stans Yellow bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow trumpetbush, Yellow trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow elder Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Tetragonotheca texana Squarebud daisy, Nerve-ray, Square-bud daisy Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Tetraneuris scaposa Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Bitterweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Teucrium canadense Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Thalia dealbata Powdery alligator-flag, Powdery thalia, Water canna Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Thamnosma texana Dutchman's breeches, Ruda del monte, Rue of the mountains, Texas desert-rue Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Thelesperma filifolium Stiff greenthread, Greenthread Annual Herb Sun Dry
Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium Stiff greenthread, Showy Navajo tea, Greenthread Annual Herb Sun Dry
Thelesperma simplicifolium Slender greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Thelypteris kunthii Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta Dogweed, Dyssodia, Fiveneedle pricklyleaf Perennial Subshrub Sun
Toxicodendron radicans Eastern poison ivy, Poison ivy, Poison oak Perennial Shrub, Vine Shade, Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia occidentalis Prairie spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Triodanis perfoliata Clasping Venus' looking-glass Annual Herb Shade Dry
Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Typha latifolia Broadleaf cattail, Common cat-tail, Broad-leaf cat-tail Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Wet
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican buckeye Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Vallisneria americana American eelgrass, Water celery, Eelgrass, Tapegrass Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Verbena halei Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Verbesina encelioides Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Verbesina virginica Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed Biennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Vernonia baldwinii Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Vernonia lindheimeri Woolly ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Viguiera dentata Sunflower goldeneye, Plateau goldeneye, Toothleaf goldeneye, Goldeneye, Chimalacate Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Viguiera stenoloba Resinbush, Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Viola sororia Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Wedelia texana Zexmenia, Orange zexmenia, Wedelia, Hairy wedelia, Texas creeping-oxeye Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Wisteria frutescens American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Xanthocephalum gymnospermoides Gummy broomweed, Gummy snakeweed, San Pedro matchweed Annual Herb
Yucca constricta Buckley yucca, Buckley's yucca Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Yucca pallida Pale-leaf yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Yucca rupicola Twistleaf yucca, Twisted-leaf yucca, Texas yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Yucca ×schottii Schott's yucca, Hoary Yucca, Mountain Yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Yucca treculeana Spanish Dagger, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Zigadenus nuttallii Nuttall's deathcamas, Death Camas, Poison onion, Nuttall's death camas Perennial Herb Part-shade
Zinnia acerosa Desert zinnia, Dwarf zinnia, Dwarf white zinnia Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Zinnia grandiflora Rocky Mountain zinnia, Little golden zinnia, Yellow zinnia, Plains zinnia, Prairie zinnia Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry