Deer Resistant Species

Few plants are completely deer resistant. Several factors influence deer browsing including the density of the deer population, environmental conditions such as drought, and plant palatability. Deer tend to avoid plants with aromatic foliage, tough leathery and/or hairy or prickly leaves or plants with milky latex or sap. Try using some of the plants listed here to minimize deer damage to your landscape.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abutilon incanum Pelotazo, Indian mallow, Shrubby Indian mallow Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Acacia rigidula Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Chaparro prieto, Gavia Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Acalypha radians Cardinal's feather, Cardinal feather Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Acer grandidentatum Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Uvalde bigtooth maple, Southwestern bigtooth maple, Canyon maple, Sabinal maple, Western sugar maple Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun Moist
Adiantum capillus-veneris Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Aesculus pavia Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Aesculus pavia var. flavescens Texas yellow buckeye, Yellow woolly buckeye, Pale buckeye, Plateau yellow buckeye Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Aesculus pavia var. pavia Scarlet buckeye, Red buckeye, Southern buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist, Dry
Agave americana American century plant, Century plant Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Agave havardiana Havard's century plant, Havard agave Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Agave univittata Maguey mezortillo, Thorncrest century plant Perennial Herb, Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Ageratina havanensis Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Allium canadense Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Allium drummondii Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Allowissadula holosericea Chisos Mountain false Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Aloysia gratissima Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Aloysia macrostachya Rio Grande beebrush, Woolly Bee-brush Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amorpha roemeriana Roemer's false indigo Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Anemone edwardsiana Edwards Plateau thimbleweed, Two-flowered Anemone Perennial Herb Shade
Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aphanostephus riddellii Lazy Daisy, Riddell's dozedaisy Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana Hinckley's golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Hinckley columbine, Capote columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Argemone albiflora Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Arisaema dracontium Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Moist
Aristida oligantha Prairie threeawn, Oldfield (Prairie) 3-awn, Oldfield threeawn Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Aristida purpurea Purple threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple three-awn, Red threeawn Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Aristida purpurea var. purpurea Purple threeawn, Red threeawn Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Arnoglossum plantagineum Groovestem Indian plantain, Indian plantain, Prairie plantain, Prairie Indian plantain Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Artemisia palmeri San Diego sagebrush, San Diego sagewort Perennial Subshrub Sun Moist
Asclepias asperula Antelope horns, Spider milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias oenotheroides Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asclepias viridis Green antelopehorn, Green milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Baccharis neglecta False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Bacopa monnieri Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Bauhinia lunarioides Anacacho orchid tree, Anacacho bauhinia, Orchid tree, Texas plume Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Berlandiera betonicifolia Texas greeneyes, Broochflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-eyed lyre leaf Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana Silver Beard Grass, Silver beardgrass, Silver Bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Bouchea linifolia Flaxleaf bouchea, Groovestem bouchea Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Bouchetia erecta Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalograss, Buffalo grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua rigidiseta Texas grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Brickellia cylindracea Gravel-bar brickellbush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Buddleja marrubiifolia Woolly butterflybush, Butterfly bush, Woolly Butterfly-bush Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Callirhoe involucrata var. lineariloba Poppy mallow, Purple poppymallow, White poppy mallow, White winecup, Winecup Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Callirhoe leiocarpa Tall poppymallow, Annual winecup, Tall poppy-mallow Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Callirhoe pedata Palmleaf Poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppymallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Calylophus berlandieri Berlandier's sundrops , Square-bud primrose, Sundrops Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud day-primrose Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Canna flaccida Bandanna of the Everglades, Golden canna Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Canna glauca Water Canna, Louisiana Canna, Maraca amarilla Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Capsicum annuum Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Chile Pequin, Chile Tepin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper, Cayenne Pepper Annual Subshrub
Carex blanda Eastern woodland sedge, Creek sedge, Common wood sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Carex cherokeensis Cherokee sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet, Moist
Carex perdentata Sand sedge, Meadow Sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Carex texensis Texas sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ceanothus herbaceus Prairie redroot, Smaller redroot, Small redroot, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus, Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern hackberry, Lowland hackberry, Hackberry, Palo blanco Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Celtis laevigata var. reticulata Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Western hackberry, Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco, Acibuche Perennial Tree Part-shade
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud, Duraznillo Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cercis canadensis var. mexicana Mexican redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Chaerophyllum tainturieri var. tainturieri Hairyfruit chervil, Hairy-fruit chervil, Wild chervil, Chervil Annual Herb Part-shade
Chamaesaracha coniodes False Nightshade, Gray five eyes, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry Perennial Herb Part-shade
Chaptalia nutans Heal and draw, Silverpuff, Lechuguilla Perennial Herb Shade
Chasmanthium latifolium Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats Perennial Grass/Grass-like Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chilopsis linearis Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Willowleaf catalpa, Bow willow, Flor de mimbre, Mimbre Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Chrysactinia mexicana Damianita Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Clematis drummondii Old man's beard, Drummond's clematis, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Clematis texensis Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Cleome serrulata Rocky Mountain Beeplant, Skunkweed, Waa Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cocculus carolinus Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Cooperia pedunculata Hill Country rain lily, Prairie lily, Rain lily, Flor de mayo Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Corydalis curvisiliqua Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Coryphantha sulcata Nipple Cactus, Pineapple cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Cotinus obovatus American smoke tree, Texas smoke tree, Wild smoke tree, Smoke tree, Smokebush, Chittamwood Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Crataegus greggiana Gregg's hawthorn, Gregg hawthorn Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Crataegus tracyi Tracy's hawthorn, Tracy Hawthorn, Mountain Hawthorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Crataegus viridis Green hawthorn, Southern hawthorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Croton capitatus var. lindheimeri Woolly Croton, Lindheimer's hogwort Annual Shrub Sun
Croton fruticulosus Bush croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Croton monanthogynus Prairie tea, One-seed Croton Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Cryptotaenia canadensis Canadian honewort, Wild Chervil Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata Cane cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear cholla, Tree cholla, Walkingstick cholla Perennial Shrub, Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cylindropuntia leptocaulis Tasajillo, Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus Perennial Shrub, Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Cynanchum barbigerum Bearded swallow-wort, Cynanchum, Thicket Threadvine Perennial Vine Sun
Cyperus ochraceus Pond flatsedge, Yellow Sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade
Cyperus odoratus Fragrant flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun
Cyperus pseudovegetus Marsh flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun
Dalea aurea Golden dalea, Golden prairie clover Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Dalea frutescens Black dalea, Black prairie clover Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Dalea greggii Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dasylirion texanum Texas sotol, Sotol Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Dasylirion wheeleri Common sotol, Sotol, Desert Spoon, Desert candle Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Datura wrightii Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn Apple, Thorn apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Diospyros texana Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dyschoriste linearis Snake herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf dyschoriste Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Echinocactus texensis Horse crippler, Horse crippler cactus, Devil's head, Chisos hedgehog cactus, Chisos hedgehog Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus reichenbachii Lace hedgehog cactus, Lace cactus, Lace hedgehog, Purple candle, Órgano-pequeño de colores Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. reichenbachii Lace Cactus, Lace hedgehog cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Ehretia anacua Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Anacahuita, Knockaway, Knackaway, Sandpaper tree, Manzanita, Manzanillo, Tlalahuacate Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eleocharis rostellata Beaked spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Epipactis gigantea Stream orchid, Chatterbox orchid, Giant hellebore Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Equisetum hyemale var. affine Scouringrush horsetail Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Eragrostis intermedia Plains lovegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Eragrostis spectabilis Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Erigeron modestus Plains fleabane, Prairie fleabane Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Eriochloa sericea Texas cupgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Erioneuron pilosum Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eupatorium serotinum Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Euphorbia antisyphilitica Candelilla, Wax plant Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Euphorbia marginata Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Eustoma exaltatum ssp. exaltatum Catchfly prairie gentian, Bluebell gentian, Western blue gentian, Blue marsh lily, Small bluebell Annual Herb Sun Moist
Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian Annual, Biennial, Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Evax prolifera Bighead pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco Annual Herb Part-shade
Eysenhardtia texana Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol rojo Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Galphimia angustifolia Narrow-leaf Goldshower, Narrowleaf goldshower, Thryallis Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Garrya ovata ssp. lindheimeri Lindheimer's silktassel, Lindheimer silktassel, Lindheimer's Garrya, Lindheimer Garrya, Mexican silktassel, Mexican Garrya, Eggleaf silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Gaura lindheimeri Lindheimer's beeblossom, White gaura, Butterfly gaura Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine, Evening Trumpetflower, Poor Man's Rope Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Glandularia bipinnatifida Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla Perennial Herb, Subshrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Hedeoma drummondii Drummond's false pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Hesperaloe parviflora Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red-flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Yellow yucca, Hummingbird yucca, Samandoque Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Heterotheca canescens Gray golden-aster, Hoary false goldenaster Annual, Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Hibiscus lasiocarpos Woolly rose-mallow, Woolly mallow, Rose-mallow, False cotton Perennial Shrub Sun Wet
Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri Curly-mesquite Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun D