Wetland Plants for Central Texas

Central Texas native plants that work well in riparian and other wetland areas.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Arisaema dracontium Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Moist
Carex blanda Eastern woodland sedge, Creek sedge, Common wood sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Chasmanthium latifolium Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats Perennial Grass/Grass-like Shade, Part-shade Moist
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cyperus retroflexus Oneflower flatsedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Equisetum hyemale var. affine Scouringrush horsetail Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Equisetum laevigatum Horsetail, Smooth horsetail Perennial Herb Sun
Erythrina herbacea Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Hibiscus moscheutos Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Iris brevicaulis Zigzag iris Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Iris virginica Virginia iris, Great blue flag, Southern blue flag Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Kosteletzkya virginica Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Saltmarsh mallow, Seashore mallow Perennial Subshrub Sun Moist
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Ludwigia peploides Creeping water-primrose, Floating primrose-willow, Water-primrose Perennial Herb Sun
Maclura pomifera Osage orange, Bois d' arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo chino Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Drummond turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond's wax mallow, Drummond wax mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts, Manzanilla Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Marsilea macropoda Bigfoot water clover, Water clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot pepperwort Perennial Herb, Fern Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet
Morus rubra Red mulberry, Moral Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia schreberi Nimblewill Perennial Grass/Grass-like Shade, Part-shade Moist
Nymphaea odorata American White Water-lily, Fragrant White Water-lily, Fragrant Water-lily, White Water-lily, Sweet-scented White Water-lily, Sweet-scented Water-lily, Beaver-root Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet
Phyla nodiflora Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Physostegia intermedia Spring obedient plant, Marsh obedient plant, Slender false dragonhead, Intermediate false dragonhead Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Eastern sycamore, American plane tree, Plane tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides Eastern cottonwood, Southern cottonwood, Carolina poplar, Eastern poplar, Necklace poplar, Alamo Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus mexicana Mexican plum, Bigtree plum, Inch plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Pteridium aquilinum Western bracken fern, Bracken fern, Western bracken, Bracken Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabal minor Dwarf palmetto, Bush palmetto, Palmetto Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sagittaria lancifolia Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Duck-potato, Bulltongue arrowhead Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Schoenoplectus californicus California bulrush, California club-rush, Giant Bulrush Perennial Herb Sun
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress, Southern cypress, Swamp cypress, Red cypress, White cypress, Yellow cypress, Gulf cypress, Tidewater red cypress Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tilia americana var. caroliniana Carolina basswood, Florida basswood, Small-leaved basswood, Downy basswood, Carolina linden, Florida linden, Small-leaved linden, Downy linden Perennial Tree
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar elm, Fall elm, Basket elm, Scrub elm, Lime elm, Texas elm, Southern rock elm, Olmo Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist