Edible Native Texas Plants

Edible Native Texas Plants on display at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Warning: Before consuming any wild food, be absolutely certain of its proper identity! Many plants have look a like. When in doubt, do not eat it!


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Allium canadense Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-Eyed lyre leaf Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Capsicum annuum Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Diospyros texana Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Ehretia anacua Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Knockaway, Sandpaper tree Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Hedeoma drummondii Drummond's false pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Juglans microcarpa Little walnut, Nogalito, Texas walnut, Texas black walnut, River walnut Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Mahonia trifoliolata Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Malpighia glabra Acerola, Barbados Cherry, Manzanita, Wild crapemyrtle Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Malus ioensis Prairie crabapple, Iowa crabapple Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Malvaviscus arboreus Turkscap, Wax mallow, Bleeding hearts, Mexican apple, Manzanilla Perennial Shrub
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Opuntia ellisiana Spineless prickly pear, Tigertongue, South Texas pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri Texas pricklypear, Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oxalis drummondii Drummond's woodsorrel, Wood-sorrel Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Passiflora foetida Corona de Cristo, Scarlet-fruit passion flower, Fetid passionflower Annual Vine Sun, Part-shade Dry
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Passiflora lutea Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Prunus mexicana Mexican plum, Bigtree plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Tradescantia gigantea Giant spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Vitis cinerea var. helleri Winter grape, Heller's grape, Gray-leaf grape, Smooth-leaf grape, Sweet grape, Spanish grape Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist