Harry T. Cliffe Bexar Regional Herbarium

The Bexar Regional Herbarium was created by the San Antonio Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas in the 1990s. In support of the 1986 Texas Sesquicentennial Celebration, the chapter compiled “A Plant List for Bexar County, Texas,” from existing literature, combining lists and updating botanical names, which garnered a certificate of recognition from the governor of Texas. In the process, participants discussed verifying the presence of the listed plants by finding and identifying what actually existed in the Bexar and contiguous counties.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abutilon fruticosum Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Abutilon incanum Pelotazo, Indian mallow, Shrubby Indian mallow Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Acacia farnesiana Huisache, Texas huisache, Sweet acacia, Perfume acacia, Mealy acacia, Mealy wattle, Cassie Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Acacia roemeriana Roemer acacia, Roemer's acacia, Roundflower catclaw, Round-flowered catclaw, Catclaw acacia, Catclaw Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun Dry
Acalypha ostryifolia Pineland threeseed mercury, Hop-hornbeam copperleaf Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Acalypha phleoides Shrubby copperleaf, Three-seeded mercury Perennial Herb Part-shade
Acalypha radians Cardinal's feather, Cardinal feather Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Acalypha virginica Virginia threeseed mercury Annual Herb Part-shade
Acer rubrum var. trilobum Trident maple, Trident red maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Acleisanthes longiflora Angel trumpets, Angel's trumpets Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Agalinis edwardsiana Plateau false foxglove, Plateau agalinis, Plateau gerardia, Plateau false-foxglove Annual Herb Part-shade
Ageratina havanensis Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Allionia choisyi Smooth trailing four o'clock, Trailing four o'clock, Annual windmills, Umbrellawort, Garapatilla Annual Herb
Allionia incarnata Trailing windmills, Trailing four o'clock, Pink windmills, Trailing allionia Perennial Herb
Allium canadense var. canadense Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium canadense var. fraseri Fraser meadow garlic, Fraser meadow garlic Perennial Herb
Allium drummondii Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Allowissadula holosericea Chisos Mountain false Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Aloysia gratissima Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Alternanthera caracasana Washerwoman Perennial Herb
Amaranthus palmeri Carelessweed Annual Herb
Amaranthus scleropoides Bonebract amaranth Annual Herb Sun Moist
Amaranthus spinosus Spiny amaranth, Thorny pigweed Annual Herb
Ambrosia artemisiifolia Annual ragweed, Short ragweed Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Ambrosia trifida var. texana Texan great ragweed, Giant Ragweed Annual Subshrub
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ampelopsis cordata Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Amphiachyris amoena Texas broomweed Annual Herb
Amphiachyris dracunculoides Prairie broomweed, Broomweed Annual Herb
Amsonia ciliata Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Texas bluestar Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Amsonia longiflora Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod Perennial Herb
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Anemone berlandieri Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap Perennial Herb Part-shade
Anemone caroliniana Carolina anemone, Carolina thimbleweed, Southern thimbleweed Perennial Herb Sun
Aphanostephus ramosissimus Plains dozedaisy, Lazy daisy Annual Herb
Apocynum cannabinum Indian hemp, Prairie dogbane, Hemp dogbane, Dogbane Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Arabis petiolaris Brazos rockcress, Rock-cress, Brazos rock-cress Annual Herb Sun
Arbutus xalapensis Texas madrone, Madrone, Texas arbutus, Naked indian, Lady's leg, Madroņo, Manzanita, Xoxocote, Amazaquitl Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Argemone albiflora Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Argemone aurantiaca Texas pricklypoppy Annual, Biennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Argythamnia humilis var. humilis Low Silverbush, Low Wild Mercury Perennial Subshrub
Argythamnia simulans Plateau silverbush, Tall wild-mercury Perennial Herb
Aristida purpurea Purple threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple three-awn, Red threeawn Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Aristida purpurea var. purpurea Purple threeawn, Red threeawn Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Aristolochia erecta Swanflower Perennial Herb, Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Artemisia ludoviciana Louisiana artemisia, Louisiana sage, White sage, Prairie sage, Silver sage, White sagebrush, Louisiana wormwood, Silver wormwood, Louisiana sagewort, Gray sagewort, Cudweed sagewort, Mugwort wormwood Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Asclepias asperula Antelope horns, Spider milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asclepias oenotheroides Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias texana Texas milkweed, White milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Astragalus crassicarpus Groundplum milkvetch, Ground plum Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Astragalus nuttallianus Nuttall's milkvetch, Small-flowered milkvetch Annual Herb
Baccharis neglecta False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Bacopa monnieri Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Bifora americana Prairie bishop, Prairie bishop's-weed Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade
Boerhavia linearifolia Narrowleaf spiderling Perennial Subshrub
Boerhavia purpurascens Purple spiderling Annual Herb
Bothriochloa barbinodis Cane bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana Silver Beard Grass, Silver beardgrass, Silver Bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Botrychium virginianum Rattlesnake fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade Moist
Bouchetia erecta Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Bouteloua hirsuta Hairy grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Bouteloua rigidiseta Texas grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Brickellia cylindracea Gravel-bar brickellbush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Buchnera americana American bluehearts, Bluehearts Annual Herb Sun Moist
Calliandra conferta Rio Grande stickpea, Fairy duster Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Callirhoe digitata Finger poppy-mallow, Poppy mallow, Standing winecup, Wine cup, Winecup Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Callirhoe leiocarpa Tall poppymallow, Annual winecup, Tall poppy-mallow Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Callirhoe pedata Palmleaf Poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppymallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Calylophus berlandieri Berlandier's sundrops , Square-bud primrose, Sundrops Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Calylophus berlandieri ssp. berlandieri Berlandier's sundrops, Drummond Sundrops, Square-Bud Primrose Perennial Subshrub
Calylophus serrulatus Yellow sundrops, Yellow evening primrose, Plains evening primrose Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Calyptocarpus vialis Horseherb, Straggler daisy, Hierba del caballo, Lawnflower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Calystegia sepium Hedge false bindweed, Hedge Bindweed Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Chile Pequin, Chile Tepin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper, Cayenne Pepper Annual Subshrub
Cardamine parviflora var. arenicola Sand bittercress Annual Herb
Carex crinita Fringed sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Carex planostachys Cedar sedge