Butterflies and Moths of North America

Butterflies and Moths of North America is a searchable database of verified butterfly and moth records in the United States and Mexico. This site includes dynamic distribution maps, photographs, species accounts, and species checklists for each county in the U.S. and each state in Mexico.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abutilon incanum Pelotazo, Indian mallow, Shrubby Indian mallow Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Acaciella angustissima Prairie Acacia, Fern Acacia, Whiteball Acacia, Prairie Wattle Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Acer circinatum Oregon vine maple, Vine maple Perennial Shrub, Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer negundo Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple, Soft maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharinum Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Actaea racemosa var. racemosa Black cohosh, Black bugbane, Bugbane, Black snakeroot, Fairy candles Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aesculus californica California buckeye Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Agalinis paupercula var. borealis Smallflower false foxglove Annual Herb Sun Moist
Agalinis paupercula var. paupercula Smallflower false foxglove Annual Herb
Agave deserti Desert agave, Desert century plant, Century plant Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Agave lechuguilla Lechuguilla, Tula ixtle Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Agave palmeri Palmer's century plant, Palmer agave, Blue century plant Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Agave parryi Parry's agave, Century plant, Parry agave Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Agave utahensis Utah agave Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Allowissadula holosericea Chisos Mountain false Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Alnus incana ssp. rugosa Speckled alder Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Amaranthus tuberculatus Roughfruit amaranth, Water hemp Annual Herb Moist
Ambrosia trifida Great ragweed, Giant ragweed Annual Subshrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon serviceberry, Western serviceberry, Juneberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amphicarpaea bracteata American hogpeanut Annual Vine
Anaphalis margaritacea Western pearly everlasting, Pearly-everlasting Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Angelica atropurpurea Purplestem angelica Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Annona glabra Pond apple Perennial Tree
Antennaria howellii ssp. neodioica Howell's pussytoes Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Antennaria parvifolia Small-leaf pussytoes, Low everlasting, Nuttall's pussytoes Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Apios americana Groundnut, Wild potato, Indian potato Perennial Vine Shade Wet, Moist
Apocynum androsaemifolium Spreading dogbane, Bitterroot, Flytrap dogbane Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Apocynum cannabinum Indian hemp, Prairie dogbane, Hemp dogbane, Dogbane Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Aquilegia brevistyla Smallflower columbine Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana Hinckley's golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Hinckley columbine, Capote columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Arabis glabra Tower rockcress Annual, Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Arabis ×divaricarpa Spreadingpod rockcress Biennial, Perennial Herb
Arbutus menziesii Pacific madrone, Oregon laurel, Laurelwood Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Arctostaphylos pungens Pointleaf manzanita, Mexican Manzanita Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aristolochia californica California dutchman's pipe Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Aristolochia erecta Swanflower Perennial Herb, Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Artemisia tridentata Big sagebrush, Great Basin sagebrush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Aruncus dioicus Bride's feathers, Goat's beard Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias asperula Antelope horns, Spider milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias ovalifolia Oval-leaf milkweed, Dwarf milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Asclepias speciosa Showy milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Asclepias sullivantii Prairie milkweed, Sullivant's milkweed, Smooth milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asclepias verticillata Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Asimina triloba Pawpaw, Common pawpaw, Custard apple, Indian banana, Wild banana Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Astragalus alpinus Alpine milkvetch Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Astragalus crassicarpus Groundplum milkvetch, Ground plum Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Astragalus drummondii Drummond's milkvetch Perennial Herb
Atriplex canescens Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Wing-scale Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Atriplex lentiformis Big saltbush, Coastal quail bush, Quailbush, Saltbush Perennial Subshrub Sun Moist
Bacopa monnieri Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Baptisia tinctoria Horseflyweed, Yellow Wild Indigo Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Betula alleghaniensis var. alleghaniensis Yellow birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Betula lenta Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Betula papyrifera Paper birch, Canoe birch, White birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Betula populifolia Gray birch, White birch, Aspen-leaved birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Bidens alba Common Beggarticks, Shepherd's Needles, Spanish Needles, Butterfly Needles, Hairy Beggarticks, Romerillo Annual Herb
Boehmeria cylindrica Smallspike false nettle, Bog Hemp Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua gracilis Blue grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Brachyelytrum erectum Bearded shorthusk, Longawn woodgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Bromus anomalus Nodding brome Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Bromus inermis Smooth brome Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bursera simaruba Gumbo limbo, Gumbo-limbo Perennial Tree Sun
Byrsonima lucida Locust Berry, Long Key locustberry Perennial Tree
Calamagrostis purpurascens Purple reedgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Callirhoe involucrata var. lineariloba Poppy mallow, Purple poppymallow, White poppy mallow, White winecup, Winecup Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Camissonia contorta Plains evening-primrose Annual Herb Sun
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Cardamine concatenata Cutleaf toothwort, Pepper root Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Cardamine diphylla Crinkleroot, Two-leaved toothwort, Two-leaf toothwort Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carex bigelowii Bigelow's sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade
Carex lacustris Hairy sedge, Lakebank sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Carex stricta Upright sedge, Uptight sedge, Tussock sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam, Blue beech, Water beech, Musclewood, Ironwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cassiope mertensiana Western moss heather, Western moss-heather Perennial Shrub Sun
Castanea pumila Allegheny chinquapin, Allegheny chinkapin, Chinquapin, Chinkapin Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Castilleja integra Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Squawfeather Perennial Herb Sun
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ceanothus cordulatus Mountain whitethorn, Snow bush, Whitethorn ceanothus Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Ceanothus cuneatus Buckbrush Perennial Shrub Sun
Ceanothus fendleri Fendler's ceanothus, Fendler ceanothus Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Ceanothus herbaceus Prairie redroot, Smaller redroot, Small redroot, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus, Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Ceanothus sanguineus Redstem ceanothus, Oregon tea-tree, Wild lilac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Celosia nitida West Indian cock's comb Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern hackberry, Lowland hackberry, Hackberry, Palo blanco Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Celtis lindheimeri Lindheimer's hackberry, Lindheimer hackberry Perennial Tree Sun
Celtis occidentalis Common hackberry, Northern hackberry, American hackberry, Nettle tree, Beaverwood, False elm Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis var. mexicana Mexican redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cercocarpus montanus Alderleaf mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany, Mountain mahogany Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Chelone glabra White turtlehead Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Chenopodium album Lambsquarters Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Chiococca alba Snowberry, West Indian Milkberry, David's Milkberry, Cahinca, West Indian Snowberry Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chionanthus virginicus White fringetree, Fringe tree, Snowflower tree, Flowering ash, Old man's beard, Grandfather graybeard, Grancy graybeard Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Cirsium discolor Field thistle Biennial Herb Sun Dry
Cirsium horridulum Yellow Thistle, Horrid Thistle, Bristle Thistle Annual Herb
Cirsium muticum Swamp thistle Biennial Herb Sun Moist
Cirsium pitcheri Sand dune thistle Biennial Herb Sun Dry
Cleome serrulata Rocky Mountain Beeplant, Skunkweed, Waa Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Comandra umbellata Bastard toadflax Perennial Subshrub Dry
Comptonia peregrina Sweet-fern, Sweetfern Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Condalia hookeri Bluewood condalia, Brasil, Brasilwood, Bluewood, Logwood, Purple haw, Capul negro Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Dry
Condalia spathulata Knifeleaf condalia Perennial Shrub
Condalia viridis Green snakewood, Green condalia Perennial Shrub Sun
Cornus alternifolia Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cornus racemosa Gray dogwood Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cornus rugosa Roundleaf dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cornus sericea Red osier dogwood, Red osier, Red-twig dogwood Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Corylus cornuta Beaked hazelnut, Beaked filbert Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Coursetia glandulosa Coursetia, Rosary baby-bonnets, Rosary babybonnets Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Crataegus douglasii Black hawthorn Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Croton capitatus Hogwort Annual Herb
Cyperus esculentus Yellow nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow nut-grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Danthonia spicata Poverty oatgrass, Poverty wild oat grass, Curly grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Deschampsia cespitosa Tufted hairgrass, Tufted hair grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Desmodium canadense Showy tick trefoil Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Desmodium glutinosum Pointedleaf ticktrefoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Diapensia lapponica Diapensia, Pincushion plant Perennial Subshrub
Dicentra uniflora Longhorn steer's-head Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Dicliptera brachiata Branched Dicliptera, Branched foldwing Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Diospyros texana Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon, Possumwood, Date plum, Winter plum, Jove's fruit Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Distichlis spicata Saltgrass, Coastal salt grass, Inland salt-grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Dryas integrifolia Entireleaf mountain-avens Perennial Subshrub Moist, Dry
Dryas octopetala Eightpetal mountain-avens, Eight-petal mountain-avens, White mountain-avens, Mountain dryas Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Eleocharis elliptica Elliptic spikerush Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Empetrum nigrum Black crowberry Perennial Shrub Sun Wet, Moist, Dry
Epigaea repens Trailing arbutus, Mayflower, Plymouth mayflower Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Erigeron philadelphicus Philadelphia fleabane, Fleabane daisy Biennial Herb Part-shade
Eriogonum abertianum Abert's buckwheat, Abert wild buckwheat Annual Herb
Eriogonum fasciculatum Eastern Mojave buckwheat, Eastern mojave wild buckwheat, California buckwheat Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Eriogonum giganteum St. Catherine's lace Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Eriogonum nudum Naked buckwheat Perennial Subshrub
Eriogonum umbellatum Sulphur-flower buckwheat, Sulphur-flower wild buckwheat, Sulphur buckwheat, Sulphur flower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eriogonum wrightii Wright's Buckwheat, Bastard-sage, Wild Buckwheat, Perennial Buckwheat Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Eugenia axillaris White stopper Perennial Tree Part-shade
Eurybia macrophylla Bigleaf aster, Large-leaf wood-aster Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fagus grandifolia American beech, White beech, Red beech, Ridge beech, Beechnut tree Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Festuca idahoensis Blue bunchgrass, Bunchgrass fescue, Idaho fescue Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun
Fragaria virginiana Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus albicans Texas Ash, Mountain ash Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus americana White ash, American ash, Cane ash, Smallseed white ash, Biltmore white ash, Biltmore ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fraxinus greggii Gregg's ash, Gregg ash, Littleleaf ash, Dogleg ash, Escobilla, Barreta china Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaultheria hispidula Creeping snowberry, Creeping-snowberry Perennial Shrub Shade Wet, Moist
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey locust, Common honey locust, Thorny common honey locust, Honey shucks locust, Sweet locust, Thorny locust, Honey shucks, Sweet bean tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Glycyrrhiza lepidota American licorice, Wild licorice Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky coffeetree, Stump tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Hamelia patens Scarletbush, Firebush Perennial Shrub Sun
Helianthus argophyllus Silverleaf sunflower Annual Herb Sun Moist
Helianthus decapetalus Thinleaf sunflower, Ten-petaled sunflower, Thin-leaved sunflower, Pale sunflower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Horkelia fusca Pinewoods horkelia Perennial Herb
Humulus lupulus Common hop Perennial Vine
Humulus lupulus var. lupuloides Common hop Perennial Vine
Hybanthus verticillatus Babyslippers, Nodding green violet, Green Violet Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Hydrangea arborescens Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Ilex mucronata Catberry Perennial Tree Sun Wet, Moist
Juglans microcarpa Little walnut, Texas walnut, Texas black walnut, River walnut, Nogalito, Nogalillo, Namboca Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Juniperus californica California juniper, Desert white cedar Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Kalmia angustifolia Sheep laurel, Lambkill kalmia, Lambkill Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Kalmia latifolia Mountain laurel, Calico bush, Kalmia Perennial Shrub Part-shade