Texas-South Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in South Texas. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abutilon hypoleucum Rio Grande abutilon, White-leaf indian-mallow, Whiteleaf Indian mallow Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Acacia farnesiana Huisache, Sweet acacia, Mealy wattle Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Acacia greggii var. wrightii Catclaw acacia, Catclaw, Wright acacia Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Acacia rigidula Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Catclaw, Chaparro prieto, Gavia Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Agave americana American century plant, Century plant Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Amblyolepis setigera Huisache daisy, Butterfly daisy, Honey daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Atriplex canescens Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Fourwing saltbush, Wingscale Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry, French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Chile pequin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper, Cayenne pepper Annual Subshrub
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Castilleja indivisa Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush Annual Herb Sun Dry
Centaurea americana American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Chromolaena odorata Jack in the bush, Fragrant boneset, Fragrant mistflower, Crucita, Blue mistflower Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Clematis pitcheri Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Colubrina texensis Hog-plum, Texan hogplum, Texas colubrina, Texas snakewood Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Condalia hookeri Bluewood condalia, Brasil, Brazilwood, Brazilian bluewood Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Dry
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cooperia drummondii Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cooperia pedunculata Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Cordia boissieri Mexican olive, Anacahuita, Texas wild olive, Anacahuite Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria Golden tickseed, Golden-wave Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cornus drummondii Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineum Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Plains larkspur Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Ebenopsis ebano Texas ebony, Ebano Perennial Shrub Sun Moist, Dry
Ehretia anacua Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Knockaway, Sandpaper tree Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eragrostis spectabilis Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Eryngium yuccifolium Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Erythrina herbacea Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Euphorbia antisyphilitica Candelilla, Wax plant Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Eysenhardtia texana Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Fraxinus berlandieriana Mexican ash, Fresno, Berlandier ash Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel, Indian Blanket Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata Dakota mock vervain, Davis Mountain mock vervain, Wright's verbena Annual Herb
Guaiacum angustifolium Texas lignum-vitae, Guayacan, Soapbush Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Havardia pallens Tenaza, Huajillo, Ape's ear-ring Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Hesperaloe parviflora Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Samandoque, Yellow yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Heuchera richardsonii Richardson's alumroot, Prairie alumroot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Hibiscus martianus Heartleaf rosemallow, Tulipan del Monte, Heartleaf Hibiscus Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ipomoea imperati Beach morning glory, Beach morning-glory Perennial Vine
Karwinskia humboldtiana Coyotillo, Humboldt coyotillo Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Kosteletzkya virginica Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Seashore mallow, Salt Marsh-mallow Perennial Subshrub Sun Moist
Lantana urticoides Texas lantana, Calico bush, West Indian shrub-verbena Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Larrea tridentata Creosote bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Leucophyllum frutescens Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Lindheimera texana Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star Annual Herb Sun Dry
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Lupinus subcarnosus Sandyland bluebonnet, Texas bluebonnet Annual Herb Sun
Lupinus texensis Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Mahonia trifoliolata Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Malpighia glabra Acerola, Barbados Cherry, Manzanita, Wild crapemyrtle Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Malvaviscus arboreus Turkscap, Wax mallow, Bleeding hearts, Mexican apple, Manzanilla Perennial Shrub
Mimosa texana Texas mimosa, Wherry mimosa Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Monarda punctata Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint Annual Herb Sun Dry
Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. lasiodonta Spotted beebalm Annual Subshrub
Nolina texana Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Opuntia ellisiana Spineless prickly pear, Tigertongue, South Texas pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii Cactus apple, Prickly pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri Texas pricklypear, Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Opuntia macrocentra var. macrocentra Purple pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia macrorhiza Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia phaeacantha Tulip prickly pear, Brownspine prickly pear cactus, Purple-fruited prickly pear, Brown-spined prickly pear, New mexico prickly pear, Desert prickly pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Panicum virgatum var. virgatum Switchgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Parkinsonia aculeata Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Parkinsonia texana var. macra Texas paloverde, Border paloverde Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Pavonia lasiopetala Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon cobaea Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox drummondii ssp. drummondii Annual phlox Annual Herb
Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri McAllister's phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb
Phlox drummondii ssp. wilcoxiana Wilcox's phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb
Pistacia mexicana Mexican pistachio, Texas pistachio, American pistachio Perennial Tree Sun
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prosopis glandulosa Honey mesquite Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Pycnanthemum virginianum Virginia mountain mint Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Quercus hemisphaerica Darlington oak, Laurel oak Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus marilandica Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus virginiana Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Live oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia hirta var. angustifolia Blackeyed Susan Annual Herb
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima Blackeyed Susan, Pinewoods coneflower Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Sabal mexicana Mexican palm, Palma Di Micharos, Rio Grande palmetto, Texas palm, Texas palmetto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabal minor Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia coccinea Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia farinacea Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Salvia greggii Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii Western soapberry, Soapberry Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Schaefferia cuneifolia Desert yaupon Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium Little bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Sophora secundiflora Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sophora tomentosa Yellow necklacepod, Yellow sophora, Necklace pod, Tambalisa Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican buckeye Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Vernonia baldwinii Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Wedelia texana Zexmenia, Orange zexmenia, Wedelia, Hairy wedelia, Texas creeping-oxeye Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Wisteria frutescens American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Yucca constricta Buckley yucca, Buckley's yucca Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Yucca treculeana Spanish Dagger, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Zizia aurea Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia Lotebush Perennial Tree