Texas-North Central Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in North Central Texas. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer negundo Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Aesculus glabra Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Amblyolepis setigera Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalograss, Buffalo grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua gracilis Blue grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry , French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Callirhoe digitata Finger poppy-mallow, Poppy mallow, Standing winecup, Wine cup, Winecup Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Carya texana Black hickory, Buckley hickory, Pignut hickory Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Castilleja indivisa Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush Annual Herb Sun Dry
Centaurea americana American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Chromolaena odorata Blue mistflower, Fragrant mistflower, Blue boneset, Fragrant boneset, Jack in the bush, Crucita, Siam weed, Common flossflower, Christmas bush, Devilweed Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Clematis pitcheri Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cooperia drummondii Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Diospyros texana Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Echinacea angustifolia Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Echinacea purpurea Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Engelmannia peristenia Engelmann's daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian Annual, Biennial, Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Frangula caroliniana Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Yellow buckthorn, Indian cherry, Yellowwood Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Fraxinus americana White ash, American ash, Cane ash, Smallseed white ash, Biltmore white ash, Biltmore ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol rojo Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Hesperaloe parviflora Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red-flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Yellow yucca, Hummingbird yucca, Samandoque Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Hibiscus laevis Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri Curly-mesquite Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw holly, Deciduous holly, Meadow holly, Prairie holly, Swamp holly, Welk holly, Deciduous yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Juglans nigra Black walnut, Eastern black walnut, American black walnut Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Juniperus ashei Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Rock cedar, Post cedar, Texas cedar, Brake cedar, Mexican juniper, Blueberry juniper, Ozark white cedar, Sabino, Enebro Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper, Red juniper, Pencil cedar, Carolina cedar, Red savin, Baton rouge Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Lantana urticoides Texas lantana, Calico bush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Leptochloa dubia Green sprangletop Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Liatris elegans Pink-scale blazing star, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pink-scale liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lonicera albiflora Western white honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White bush honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Lupinus texensis Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Machaeranthera tanacetifolia Tahoka Daisy, Tansy-aster, Tansey-leaf Tansy-aster Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Mahonia swaseyi Texas barberry, Texas Oregon-grape Perennial Shrub Sun
Mahonia trifoliolata Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry, Wild currant Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot, Arnica Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia reverchonii Seep muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa Bigfruit evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri evening primrose Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Palafoxia callosa Small palafox, Small palafoxia Annual Herb Sun Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Penstemon cobaea Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox drummondii Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Physostegia pulchella Beautiful false dragon-head, Showy false dragonhead Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Eastern sycamore, American plane tree, Plane tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Poa arachnifera Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Prosopis glandulosa Honey mesquite, Glandular mesquite, Algarroba Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Prunus mexicana Mexican plum, Bigtree plum, Inch plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus fusiformis Escarpment live oak, Plateau live oak, Hill country live oak, Texas live oak, Scrub live oak, Plateau oak, Encino molino, Tesmoli Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus marilandica Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus muehlenbergii Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus shumardii Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak, Swamp red oak, Spotted oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus stellata Post oak, Iron oak, Cross oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus texana Nuttall Oak, Texas oak Perennial Tree Part-shade
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Red-spike Mexican hat, Upright prairie coneflower, Prairie coneflower, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus lanceolata Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac, Lance-leaved sumac, Texas sumac, Tree sumac, Limestone sumac, Prairie shining sumac Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Salvia azurea Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Salvia farinacea Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Salvia greggii Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Salvia regla Mountain sage, Royal sage Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Dry
Salvia roemeriana Cedar sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii Western soapberry, Soapberry, Wild china tree, Wild chinaberry, Indian soap plant, Jaboncillo Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem, Popotillo azul Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Styphnolobium affine Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora, Pink sophora, Necklace tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress, Southern cypress, Swamp cypress, Red cypress, White cypress, Yellow cypress, Gulf cypress, Tidewater red cypress Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Thelesperma filifolium Stiff greenthread, Greenthread Annual Herb Sun Dry
Tradescantia occidentalis Prairie spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Ulmus americana American elm, White elm, Soft elm, Water elm, Common elm Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar elm, Fall elm, Basket elm, Scrub elm, Lime elm, Texas elm, Southern rock elm, Olmo Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican buckeye, Monilla Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Vernonia baldwinii Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy viburnum, Southern nannyberry, Rusty nannyberry, Nannyberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Yucca rupicola Twistleaf yucca, Twisted-leaf yucca, Texas yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry