Texas-East Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in East Texas. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer barbatum Southern sugar maple, Florida maple, Caddo maple, Rock maple Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Acer leucoderme Chalk maple, Whitebark maple Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple, Soft maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Aesculus pavia Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge, Broomsedge bluestem, Yellowsedge bluestem, Whiskey grass, Popotillo pajon Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Aralia spinosa Devil's walking stick, Hercules club, Angelica tree, Pigeon tree, Shotbush, Prickly elder, Prickly ash Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asimina parviflora Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Betula nigra River birch, Red birch, Black birch, Water birch Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry , French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam, Blue beech, Water beech, Musclewood, Ironwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Castilleja indivisa Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush Annual Herb Sun Dry
Catalpa speciosa Northern catalpa, Catalpa tree, Cigar tree, Indian bean Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Chasmanthium latifolium Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats Perennial Grass/Grass-like Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chionanthus virginicus White fringetree, Fringe tree, Snowflower tree, Flowering ash, Old man's beard, Grandfather graybeard, Grancy graybeard Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Clematis pitcheri Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cooperia drummondii Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Sand coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cornus drummondii Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus marshallii Parsley hawthorn, Parsleyleaf hawthorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Cyrilla racemiflora Titi, Swamp titi, Black titi, White titi, Red titi, Leatherwood, Swamp cyrilla, American cyrilla, Burnwood bark, Palo colorado Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Dracopis amplexicaulis Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Echinacea pallida Pale purple coneflower, Pale coneflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Echinacea purpurea Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Echinacea sanguinea Sanguine purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Erythrina herbacea Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eubotrys racemosa Swamp doghobble, Sweet-bells Leucothe, Fetter-bush, Leucothoe, Sweetbells Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Euonymus americanus American strawberry bush, Strawberry bush, Brook euonymus, Hearts-a-burstin, Bursting heart, Wahoo Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian Annual, Biennial, Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Fagus grandifolia American beech, White beech, Red beech, Ridge beech, Beechnut tree Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Frangula caroliniana Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Yellow buckthorn, Indian cherry, Yellowwood Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Fraxinus americana White ash, American ash, Cane ash, Smallseed white ash, Biltmore white ash, Biltmore ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol rojo Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine, Evening Trumpetflower, Poor Man's Rope Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Glandularia bipinnatifida Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla Perennial Herb, Subshrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Gordonia lasianthus Gordonia, Loblolly bay Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Hamamelis virginiana Witch hazel, American witch hazel, Common witch hazel, Winterbloom Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helianthus angustifolius Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Hibiscus aculeatus Comfortroot, Big thicket hibiscus, Pineland hibiscus Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Hibiscus coccineus Scarlet rosemallow, Crimson rosemallow, Wild red mallow, Texas star hibiscus Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Hibiscus laevis Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Hydrangea quercifolia Oakleaf hydrangea, Oak-leaf hydrangea Perennial Shrub Shade Moist
Hymenocallis liriosme Texas Spiderlily, Spring Spiderlily, Spiderlily, Louisiana Spiderlily, Western Marsh Spiderlily Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw holly, Deciduous holly, Meadow holly, Prairie holly, Swamp holly, Welk holly, Deciduous yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ilex opaca American holly, White holly, Prickly holly, Evergreen holly, Christmas holly, Yule holly Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Dry
Ilex verticillata Common winterberry, Winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ipomopsis rubra Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Iris brevicaulis Zigzag iris Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Iris virginica Virginia iris, Great blue flag, Southern blue flag Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Itea virginica Virginia sweetspire, Tassel-white, Virginia willow Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper, Red juniper, Pencil cedar, Carolina cedar, Red savin, Baton rouge Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Lantana urticoides Texas lantana, Calico bush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Liatris elegans Pink-scale blazing star, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pink-scale liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris pycnostachya Prairie blazing star, Prairie gayfeather, Prairie liatris, Kansas blazing star, Kansas gayfeather, Kansas liatris, Cat-tail blazing star, Cat-tail gayfeather, Cat-tail liatris, Hairy button-snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Lindera benzoin Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum, American sweetgum, Red gum, White gum, Star-leaved gum, Starleaf gum, Alligator tree, Satin walnut, Bilsted, Liquidambar Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Lupinus subcarnosus Sandyland bluebonnet, Texas bluebonnet Annual Herb Sun
Lupinus texensis Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Lyonia mariana Piedmont staggerbush, Staggerbush Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Magnolia grandiflora Southern magnolia, Evergreen magnolia, Loblolly magnolia, Great laurel magnolia, Big laurel, Bull bay Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Southern sweetbay, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Sweet magnolia, Small magnolia, Laurel magnolia, White bay, White laurel, Swamp laurel, Beaver tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii Turkscap, Drummond's Turkscap, Drummond Turkscap, Wax Mallow, Drummond's Wax Mallow, Drummond Wax Mallow, Red Mallow, Texas Mallow, Mexican Apple, Sleeping Hibiscus, Bleeding Hearts, Manzanilla Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Monarda punctata Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint Annual Herb Sun Dry
Morella cerifera Wax myrtle , Southern wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Eastern bayberry, Bayberry, Candleberry, Tallow shrub Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum, Black tupelo, Tupelo, Sourgum, Pepperidge, Tupelo gum Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Penstemon cobaea Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon murrayanus Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue, Cupleaf penstemon, Cupleaf beardtongue Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Penstemon tenuis Brazos Penstemon, Brazos Beardtongue, Gulf Penstemon, Gulf Beardtongue, Gulf Coast Penstemon, Gulf Coast Beardtongue, Sharp-sepal Penstemon, Sharp-sepal Beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Phlox divaricata Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Phlox drummondii Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox pilosa Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Physostegia angustifolia False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf false dragonhead Perennial Herb
Physostegia digitalis False dragonhead, Finger false dragonhead Perennial Herb Part-shade
Physostegia pulchella Beautiful false dragon-head, Showy false dragonhead Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Pinus echinata Shortleaf pine, Shortleaf yellow pine, Southern yellow pine, Yellow pine, Shortstraw pine, Arkansas pine, Longtag pine, Spruce pine Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Pinus palustris Longleaf pine, Georgia pine, Longleaf yellow pine, Southern yellow pine, Longstraw pine, Hill pine, Hard pine, Heart pine Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Pinus taeda Loblolly pine, Oldfield pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus caroliniana Cherry laurel, Carolina cherry laurel, Laurel cherry, Carolina laurel cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Prunus umbellata Flatwoods plum, Hog plum, Black sloe Perennial Tree Dry
Quercus alba White oak, Northern white oak, Eastern white oak, Stave oak, Ridge white oak, Forked-leaf white oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus falcata Southern red oak, Bottomland red oak, Three-lobed red oak, Spanish oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus laurifolia Laurel oak, Swamp laurel oak, Darlington oak, Diamond-leaf oak, Laurel-leaf oak, Water oak, Obtusa oak Perennial Tree Part-shade
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus montana Chestnut Oak, Rock Chestnut Oak, Mountain Chestnut Oak, Rock Oak, Tanbark Oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus phellos Willow oak, Swamp willow oak, Pin oak, Peach oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Quercus virginiana Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Virginia live oak, Live oak, Encino Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Red-spike Mexican hat, Upright prairie coneflower, Prairie coneflower, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rhododendron canescens Mountain azalea, Wild azalea, Honeysuckle azalea, Piedmont azalea, Sweet azalea, Hoary azalea, Southern pinxterflower Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Rhododendron oblongifolium Texas azalea Perennial Shrub Shade Dry
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Salvia coccinea Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage, Red Sage, Indian Fire Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia farinacea Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Sassafras albidum Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Cinnamon Wood, Mitten Tree, Saloop, Smelling Stick Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem, Popotillo azul Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Senna marilandica Maryland senna, Maryland wild senna, Southern wild senna, Wild senna Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Spartina spartinae Gulf cordgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress, Southern cypress, Swamp cypress, Red cypress, White cypress, Yellow cypress, Gulf cypress, Tidewater red cypress Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Taxodium mucronatum Montezuma bald cypress, Montezuma cypress, Mexican cypress, Ahuehuete, Sabino Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Ulmus americana American elm, White elm, Soft elm, Water elm, Common elm Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Uniola paniculata Sea Oats, Seaoats Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun
Vaccinium arboreum Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry, Winter huckleberry, Huckleberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Viburnum acerifolium Mapleleaf viburnum, Maple-leaf viburnum, Maple-leaf arrowwood, Arrowwood Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy viburnum, Southern nannyberry, Rusty nannyberry, Nannyberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Wisteria frutescens American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist