Texas-Central Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Central Texas. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Ageratina havanensis Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Amblyolepis setigera Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Asclepias asperula Antelope horns, Spider milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asclepias viridiflora Green milkweed, Green comet milkweed, Green antelopehorn milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias viridis Green antelopehorn, Green milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Bauhinia lunarioides Anacacho orchid tree, Anacacho bauhinia, Orchid tree, Texas plume Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalograss, Buffalo grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua hirsuta Hairy grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Bouteloua hirsuta var. pectinata Hairy grama, Tall grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry , French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Callirhoe pedata Palmleaf Poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppymallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud day-primrose Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Chile Pequin, Chile Tepin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper, Cayenne Pepper Annual Subshrub
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Castilleja indivisa Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush Annual Herb Sun Dry
Catalpa speciosa Northern catalpa, Catalpa tree, Cigar tree, Indian bean Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Centaurea americana American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Cercis canadensis var. mexicana Mexican redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower Annual Herb Sun
Chilopsis linearis Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Willowleaf catalpa, Bow willow, Flor de mimbre, Mimbre Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Chrysactinia mexicana Damianita Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Clematis pitcheri Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Clematis texensis Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cooperia drummondii Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cooperia pedunculata Hill Country rain lily, Prairie lily, Rain lily, Flor de mayo Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Sand coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria Golden tickseed, Golden-wave Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cotinus obovatus American smoke tree, Texas smoke tree, Wild smoke tree, Smoke tree, Smokebush, Chittamwood Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dalea frutescens Black dalea, Black prairie clover Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Dasylirion texanum Texas sotol, Sotol Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Delphinium carolinianum Prairie Larkspur, Carolina Larkspur, Blue Larkspur Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Diospyros texana Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dracopis amplexicaulis Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Echinacea angustifolia Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Echinacea purpurea Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Engelmannia peristenia Engelmann's daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Erythrina herbacea Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eysenhardtia texana Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Frangula caroliniana Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Yellow buckthorn, Indian cherry, Yellowwood Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Fraxinus albicans Texas Ash, Mountain ash Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol rojo Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Gaillardia suavis Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia, Perfumeballs Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Hesperaloe parviflora Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red-flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Yellow yucca, Hummingbird yucca, Samandoque Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Hibiscus martianus Heartleaf rosemallow, Tulipan del Monte, Heartleaf Hibiscus Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri Curly-mesquite Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Ibervillea lindheimeri Balsam Gourd, Lindheimer's Globeberry, Globe Berry, Snake-apple, Balsam-apple Perennial Vine Sun Moist
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw holly, Deciduous holly, Meadow holly, Prairie holly, Swamp holly, Welk holly, Deciduous yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ipomopsis rubra Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Juglans nigra Black walnut, Eastern black walnut, American black walnut Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper, Red juniper, Pencil cedar, Carolina cedar, Red savin, Baton rouge Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Lantana urticoides Texas lantana, Calico bush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Leucophyllum frutescens Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage, Silverleaf Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Liatris pycnostachya Prairie blazing star, Prairie gayfeather, Prairie liatris, Kansas blazing star, Kansas gayfeather, Kansas liatris, Cat-tail blazing star, Cat-tail gayfeather, Cat-tail liatris, Hairy button-snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri Berlandier's yellow flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Linum hudsonioides Hudson Flax, Texas flax, Yellow Flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lonicera albiflora Western white honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White bush honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Lupinus texensis Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Machaeranthera tanacetifolia Tahoka Daisy, Tansy-aster, Tansey-leaf Tansy-aster Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Mahonia swaseyi Texas barberry, Texas Oregon-grape Perennial Shrub Sun
Mahonia trifoliolata Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry, Wild currant Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii Turkscap, Drummond's Turkscap, Drummond Turkscap, Wax Mallow, Drummond's Wax Mallow, Drummond Wax Mallow, Red Mallow, Texas Mallow, Mexican Apple, Sleeping Hibiscus, Bleeding Hearts, Manzanilla Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot, Arnica Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Melica nitens Three-flower melic, Tall melicgrass, Threeflower melicgrass, Melicgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist, Dry
Mimosa borealis Fragrant mimosa, Pink Mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Morella cerifera Wax myrtle , Southern wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Eastern bayberry, Bayberry, Candleberry, Tallow shrub Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia reverchonii Seep muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Nolina texana Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa Bigfruit evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri evening primrose Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Palafoxia callosa Small palafox, Small palafoxia Annual Herb Sun Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parkinsonia aculeata Retama, Paloverde, Mexican paloverde, Jerusalem thorn, Horsebean, Lluvia de Oro Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus heptaphylla Sevenleaf creeper, Seven-leaf Creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Passiflora foetida var. gossypiifolia Cottonleaf passionflower, Corona de cristo Perennial Vine
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Passiflora lutea Yellow passionflower, Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Passiflora tenuiloba Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Pavonia lasiopetala Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon baccharifolius Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon cobaea Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon triflorus Hill Country penstemon, Hill Country beardtongue, Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Heller's penstemon, Heller's beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Phacelia congesta Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck Annual, Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox drummondii Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Physostegia pulchella Beautiful false dragon-head, Showy false dragonhead Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Pistacia mexicana Mexican pistachio, Texas pistachio, American pistachio, Copal pistachio, Wild pistachio, Lentisco Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Eastern sycamore, American plane tree, Plane tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prosopis glandulosa Honey mesquite, Glandular mesquite, Algarroba Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Prunus mexicana Mexican plum, Bigtree plum, Inch plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus buckleyi Texas red oak, Buckley oak, Texas oak, Spanish oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus fusiformis Escarpment live oak, Plateau live oak, Hill country live oak, Texas live oak, Scrub live oak, Plateau oak, Encino molino, Tesmoli Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus laceyi Lacey oak, Texas blue oak, Canyon oak, Smoky oak, Rock oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus muehlenbergii Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus shumardii Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak, Swamp red oak, Spotted oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus vaseyana Vasey oak, Sandpaper oak, Scrub oak, Shin oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Red-spike Mexican hat, Upright prairie coneflower, Prairie coneflower, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rhus lanceolata Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac, Lance-leaved sumac, Texas sumac, Tree sumac, Limestone sumac, Prairie shining sumac Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Rhus virens Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Salvia coccinea Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage, Red Sage, Indian Fire Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia engelmannii Engelmann's sage, Engelmann's salvia Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia farinacea Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Salvia greggii Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Salvia regla Mountain sage, Royal sage Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Dry
Salvia roemeriana Cedar sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii Western soapberry, Soapberry, Wild china tree, Wild chinaberry, Indian soap plant, Jaboncillo Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem, Popotillo azul Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Senna lindheimeriana Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Senna roemeriana Twoleaf senna, Two leaved senna Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Solidago gigantea Giant goldenrod, Smooth goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Early goldenrod Perennial Herb Part-shade
Solidago juliae Julia's goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago nemoralis Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Oldfield goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod, Dyersweed goldenrod, Dwarf goldenrod, Field goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Solidago petiolaris Downy ragged goldenrod, Downy goldenrod Perennial Herb
Solidago radula Western rough goldenrod Perennial Herb
Sophora secundiflora Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sporobolus compositus var. compositus Composite dropseed, Tall dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Styphnolobium affine Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora, Pink sophora, Necklace tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress, Southern cypress, Swamp cypress, Red cypress, White cypress, Yellow cypress, Gulf cypress, Tidewater red cypress Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Bitterweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium Stiff greenthread, Showy Navajo tea, Greenthread Annual Herb Sun Dry
Tradescantia edwardsiana Plateau spiderwort, Edward's spiderwort Perennial Herb Part-shade
Tradescantia gigantea Giant spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia pedicellata Edwards Plateau spiderwort, Granite spiderwort Perennial Herb
Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar elm, Fall elm, Basket elm, Scrub elm, Lime elm, Texas elm, Southern rock elm, Olmo Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican buckeye, Monilla Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Vernonia baldwinii Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Vernonia lindheimeri Woolly ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy viburnum, Southern nannyberry, Rusty nannyberry, Nannyberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Yucca rupicola Twistleaf yucca, Twisted-leaf yucca, Texas yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Yucca thompsoniana Thompson's yucca, Thompson yucca, Beaked yucca, Big Bend yucca, Soyate, Palmita Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry