Toadshade Wildflower Farm

Toadshade Wildflower Farm specializes in nursery grown and propagated perennial plants native to Northeastern America. Our mission is to 1) provide native, perennial, propagated wildflower plants, 2) identify the plants clearly by common and scientific name, 3) clearly summarize the native range of the plants, and 4) to encourage increased plantings of native plant species within their native range.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharum Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Acorus calamus Calamus, Single-vein sweetflag, Sweet flag Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Actaea racemosa Black baneberry Perennial Herb
Agastache nepetoides Yellow giant hyssop Perennial Subshrub Sun, Part-shade
Agastache scrophulariifolia Purple giant hyssop, Purple giant-hyssop Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Moist
Ageratina altissima White snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Agrimonia striata Roadside agrimony Perennial Herb Part-shade
Allium cernuum Nodding onion Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Ampelaster carolinianus Climbing aster, Climbing-aster Perennial Vine Sun Wet
Amsonia hubrichtii Hubricht's bluestar Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade
Amsonia tabernaemontana Eastern bluestar, Blue dogbane, Willow amsonia, Woodland bluestar Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Anemone canadensis Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Anemone virginiana Tall thimbleweed, Thimbleweed, Tall anemone Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Antennaria plantaginifolia Plantain-leaf Pussytoes, Woman's tobacco, Ladies' tobacco, Everlasting, Mouse ear Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Apocynum cannabinum Indian hemp, Prairie dogbane, Dogbane, Hemp dogbane Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Arisaema dracontium Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Moist
Arisaema triphyllum Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias purpurascens Purple milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Baptisia australis Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Betula lenta Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Betula populifolia Gray birch, White birch, Aspen-leaved birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Bigelowia nuttallii Nuttall's rayless goldenrod
Boltonia asteroides Boltonia, White doll's daisy Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Carex aquatilis Leafy tussock sedge, Water sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Carex grayi Gray's sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade
Carex gynandra Nodding sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carex lupulina Hop sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade
Carex lurida Lurid sedge, Sallow sedge, Shallow sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya ovata Shagbark hickory Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Celtis occidentalis Common hackberry, Nettle tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cerastium arvense Field chickweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chasmanthium latifolium Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats Perennial Grass/Grass-like Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chelone glabra White turtlehead Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Clematis virginiana Devil's darning needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Clethra alnifolia Coastal sweet pepperbush, Clethra, Summer sweet Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Collinsonia canadensis Citronella horsebalm, Richweed, Stoneroot Perennial Herb Part-shade
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Coreopsis tripteris Tall tickseed, Tall coreopsis Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Cornus amomum Silky dogwood, Red willow, Silky cornel Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cornus racemosa Gray dogwood Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Corylus americana American hazelnut, American filbert Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Deschampsia cespitosa Tufted hairgrass, Tufted hair grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Dichanthelium clandestinum Deer-tongue, Deertongue Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Dioscorea quaternata Fourleaf yam
Dioscorea villosa Wild yam Perennial Vine
Elephantopus carolinianus Carolina elephantsfoot Perennial Herb
Elymus hystrix Eastern bottlebrush grass, Bottlebrush Grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Elymus villosus Hairy wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Equisetum hyemale var. affine Scouringrush horsetail Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Eryngium yuccifolium Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Euonymus americanus American strawberry-bush, Strawberry bush, Brook euonymus, Hearts-a-burstin, Bursting-heart, Wahoo Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Eupatorium hyssopifolium Hyssop-leaf Boneset, Hyssopleaf thoroughwort Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Eupatorium serotinum Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Euphorbia corollata Flowering spurge Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Eurybia divaricata White wood aster Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Dry
Euthamia graminifolia Flat-top goldentop, Grass-leaved goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Eutrochium fistulosum Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Fragaria virginiana Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus americana White ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Gentiana clausa Bottle gentian, Blind gentian Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Geum aleppicum Yellow avens Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Geum canadense White avens Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Gillenia stipulata American ipecac
Helianthus decapetalus Thinleaf sunflower, Ten-petaled sunflower, Thin-leaved sunflower, Pale sunflower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Helianthus mollis Ashy sunflower, Downy sunflower Perennial Herb
Helianthus occidentalis Fewleaf sunflower, Western sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Heliopsis helianthoides Smooth oxeye, Oxeye sunflower, False sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Hibiscus laevis Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Hibiscus moscheutos Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Hieracium kalmii Kalm's hawkweed Perennial Herb
Hydrangea arborescens Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Hypericum ascyron Great St. Johnswort, Giant St. Johnswort Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Hypericum mutilum Dwarf St. Johnswort Annual Herb Part-shade
Hypericum punctatum Spotted St. Johnswort Perennial Herb Part-shade
Iris prismatica Slender blue iris, Slender blue flag, Coastal iris Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Iris versicolor Harlequin blueflag, Northern blue flag, Large blue iris Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Juncus tenuis Poverty rush, Path rush Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Liatris pilosa var. pilosa Shaggy blazing star, Grass-leaf blazingstar Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Liatris spicata Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Dense liatris, Marsh blazing star, Marsh gayfeather, Marsh liatris Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Lindera benzoin Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lobelia siphilitica Great blue lobelia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Ludwigia alternifolia Seedbox Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Lycopus uniflorus Northern bugleweed Perennial Herb
Maclura pomifera Osage orange, Bois d' arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Maianthemum stellatum Starry false lily of the valley, Starry false Solomon's seal, Star-flowered Solomon's seal Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Matteuccia struthiopteris Ostrich fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Menispermum canadense Common moonseed Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Mimulus alatus Sharpwing monkeyflower Perennial Herb
Mimulus ringens Allegheny monkeyflower, Square-stemmed Monkeyflower Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Mitella diphylla Twoleaf miterwort, Miterwort Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Oenothera fruticosa Narrowleaf evening-primrose, Narrow-leaf evening-primrose, Sundrops Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Oligoneuron riddellii Riddell's goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Opuntia humifusa Devil's-tongue, Low prickly pear, Smooth prickly pear, Prickly pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Ostrya virginiana Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Oxalis violacea Violet woodsorrel, Violet wood-sorrel Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Packera aurea Golden groundsel, Golden ragwort, Butterweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Packera obovata Golden groundsel, Roundleaf groundsel, Roundleaf ragwort, Squawweed Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Penstemon calycosus Long-sepal penstemon, Long-sepal beardtongue Perennial Herb
Penstemon digitalis Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Penstemon hirsutus Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon smallii Small's penstemon, Small's beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Penthorum sedoides Ditch stonecrop Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Phlox subulata Creeping Phlox, Moss phlox, Moss pink, Rock pink Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Photinia pyrifolia Red chokeberry, Red chokecherry Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Physostegia virginiana Fall obedient plant, Obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Pinus strobus Eastern white pine, Weymouth pine Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Polemonium reptans Greek valerian, Greek-valerian, Jacob's Ladder Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Polygonum virginianum Jumpseed Annual Herb
Prunus serotina Black cherry, Rum cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var. pilosum Whorled Mountainmint
Rhus typhina Staghorn sumac, Velvet sumac Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rosa palustris Swamp rose Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Rosa virginiana Virginia rose Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Rudbeckia laciniata Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Greenhead coneflower, Green-headed coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Rudbeckia triloba Browneyed Susan, Brown-eyed-Susan, Thin-leaved coneflower, Three-lobed Rudbeckia Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ruellia humilis Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ruellia strepens Limestone ruellia, Limestone wild petunia Perennial Herb
Sagittaria latifolia Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Scirpus cyperinus Woolgrass, Cottongrass bulrush, Marsh bulrush, Teddybear paws Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Scutellaria lateriflora Blue skullcap Perennial Herb
Sedum ternatum Woodland stonecrop, Wild stonecrop Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Silene stellata Widow's frill, Starry campion Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Sisyrinchium angustifolium Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass, Narrow-leaf blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda blue-eyed grass, Blue-eyed grass Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Solidago caesia Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod, Bluestem goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Solidago flexicaulis Zigzag goldenrod, Broadleaf goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Solidago rugosa Wrinkleleaf goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod, Rough-leaved goldenrod, Roughleaf goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod, Roughstem goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Solidago sempervirens Seaside goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Staphylea trifolia American bladdernut Perennial Shrub Shade Moist
Stylophorum diphyllum Celandine poppy, Yellow wood poppy Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Symphyotrichum cordifolium Broad-leaved aster, Common blue wood aster, Heartleaf aster Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Symphyotrichum ericoides White heath aster, Heath Aster Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum Calico aster Perennial Herb Sun
Symphyotrichum oblongifolium Aromatic aster, Aromatic American aster, Fall aster, Wild blue aster, Shale aster Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Symphyotrichum puniceum Purplestem aster, Purple-stemmed Aster Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Teucrium canadense Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Thalictrum dioicum Early meadow-rue Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Thalictrum pubescens King of the meadow, King-of-the-meadow Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Thelypteris palustris Eastern marsh fern, Marsh fern Perennial Herb, Fern Sun Wet
Thermopsis villosa Carolina bushpea, Aaron's rod, Bush pea Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tiarella cordifolia var. collina Heartleaf foamflower, Wherry's foamflower Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia bracteata Bracted spiderwort, Long-bract spiderwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia ohiensis Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Typha latifolia Broadleaf cattail, Common cat-tail, Broad-leaf cat-tail Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Wet
Valeriana pauciflora Largeflower valerian
Verbesina alternifolia Wingstem, Yellow ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Vernonia noveboracensis New York ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's root Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Viola affinis Sand violet, Pale early violet Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Viola pubescens var. pubescens Downy yellow violet, Yellow violet, Downy violet, Smooth yellow violet Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Viola sororia Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Viola striata Striped cream violet, Striped violet Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Zizia aurea Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist