Pennsylvania Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Pennsylvania. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abies balsamea Balsam Fir Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer nigrum Black maple Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple, Soft maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharum Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Actaea pachypoda White baneberry, Dolls eyes Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Actaea rubra Red baneberry Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aesculus glabra Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Amelanchier canadensis Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Anaphalis margaritacea Western pearly everlasting, Pearly-everlasting Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Anemone canadensis Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asimina triloba Pawpaw, Common pawpaw, Custard apple, Indian banana, Wild banana Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Betula lenta Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Betula nigra River birch, Red birch, Black birch, Water birch Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Betula papyrifera Paper birch, Canoe birch, White birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Betula populifolia Gray birch, White birch, Aspen-leaved birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bromus kalmii Arctic brome, Prairie brome, Wild chess Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Campanula rotundifolia Bluebell bellflower, Bluebell of Scotland, Bluebell, Harebell, Witches' thimble Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Campanulastrum americanum American bellflower, Tall bellflower Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam, Blue beech, Water beech, Musclewood, Ironwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya cordiformis Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory, Bitternut, Pig hickory, Pignut hickory, Pignut, White hickory, Red hickory, Bitter walnut, Bitter pecan Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya glabra Pignut hickory, Sweet pignut hickory, Coast pignut hickory, Pignut, Sweet pignut, Smoothbark hickory, Broom hickory, Red hickory, Swamp hickory, Switch hickory, Switchbud hickory Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Carya ovata Shagbark hickory, Carolina hickory, Scalybark hickory, Upland hickory, Shellbark hickory Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
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Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud, Duraznillo Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chamaecyparis thyoides Atlantic white cedar Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Claytonia caroliniana Carolina springbeauty Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet, Moist
Claytonia virginica Virginia springbeauty, Springbeauty Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Sand coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Cornus alternifolia Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Delphinium tricorne Dwarf larkspur, Spring larkspur Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Desmodium canadense Showy tick trefoil Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon, Possumwood, Date plum, Winter plum, Jove's fruit Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eutrochium fistulosum Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Eutrochium purpureum Purple joepyeweed, Sweet-scented joepyeweed, Sweet joepyeweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Fagus grandifolia American beech, White beech, Red beech, Ridge beech, Beechnut tree Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Fothergilla gardenii Dwarf witchalder, Dwarf witch-alder, Dwarf fothergilla Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade
Fraxinus americana White ash, American ash, Cane ash, Smallseed white ash, Biltmore white ash, Biltmore ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fraxinus nigra Black ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Gaultheria procumbens Eastern teaberry, Wintergreen, Checkerberry Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Gaylussacia baccata Black huckleberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaylussacia brachycera Box huckleberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey locust, Common honey locust, Thorny common honey locust, Honey shucks locust, Sweet locust, Thorny locust, Honey shucks, Sweet bean tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky coffeetree, Stump tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem artichoke, Sunchoke Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Hesperostipa spartea Porcupinegrass, Porcupine grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Hibiscus moscheutos Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Ilex opaca American holly, White holly, Prickly holly, Evergreen holly, Christmas holly, Yule holly Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Dry
Juglans nigra Black walnut, Eastern black walnut, American black walnut Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper, Red juniper, Pencil cedar, Carolina cedar, Red savin, Baton rouge Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Kalmia latifolia Mountain laurel, Calico bush, Kalmia Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Koeleria macrantha Prairie Junegrass, Junegrass, Prairie Koeler's grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Larix laricina Tamarack, American larch, Hacmatack, Black larch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade Wet, Moist
Liatris spicata Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Dense liatris, Marsh blazing star, Marsh gayfeather, Marsh liatris Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Liatris squarrosa Scaly blazing star, Scaly gayfeather, Scaly liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum, American sweetgum, Red gum, White gum, Star-leaved gum, Starleaf gum, Alligator tree, Satin walnut, Bilsted, Liquidambar Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip tree, Tulip poplar, Yellow poplar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lobelia siphilitica Great blue lobelia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lupinus perennis Sundial lupine, Wild lupine Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Magnolia acuminata Cucumbertree, Cucumber tree, Mountain magnolia Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Magnolia tripetala Umbrella tree, Umbrella magnolia Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Southern sweetbay, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Sweet magnolia, Small magnolia, Laurel magnolia, White bay, White laurel, Swamp laurel, Beaver tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Malus coronaria Sweet crabapple, American crab Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Mitchella repens Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Monarda didyma Scarlet beebalm, Oswego tea, Red bergamot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum, Black tupelo, Tupelo, Sourgum, Pepperidge, Tupelo gum Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Oenothera biennis Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all Biennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Ostrya virginiana Eastern hop-hornbeam, American hop-hornbeam, Woolly hop-hornbean, Eastern ironwood, Roughbark ironwood, Ironwood, Deerwood, Leverwood Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood, Sorrel tree Perennial Tree Part-shade
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Penstemon digitalis Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Penstemon hirsutus Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Phlox divaricata Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Phlox stolonifera Creeping phlox Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Phlox subulata Creeping Phlox, Moss phlox, Moss pink, Rock pink Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Physostegia virginiana Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Picea rubens Red spruce Perennial Tree Sun, Shade Moist, Dry
Pinus echinata Shortleaf pine, Shortleaf yellow pine, Southern yellow pine, Yellow pine, Shortstraw pine, Arkansas pine, Longtag pine, Spruce pine Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Pinus resinosa Red pine, Norway pine, Canadian pine Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Pinus rigida Pitch pine, Torch pine Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Pinus strobus Eastern white pine, Weymouth pine Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pinus virginiana Virginia pine, Jersey pine, Scrub pine Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Polemonium reptans Greek valerian, Jacob's Ladder Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Populus tremuloides Quaking aspen, Golden aspen, Trembling aspen, Mountain aspen, Aspen, Trembling poplar, Alamo blanco Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Prunus americana American plum, Wild plum Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus pensylvanica Pin cherry, Fire cherry, Wild red cherry, Bird cherry, Pigeon cherry Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Prunus serotina Black cherry, Wild black cherry, Rum cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus alba White oak, Northern white oak, Eastern white oak, Stave oak, Ridge white oak, Forked-leaf white oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus coccinea Scarlet oak, Red oak Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus muehlenbergii Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus palustris Pin oak, Swamp Spanish oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Quercus rubra var. ambigua Northern red oak Perennial Tree
Quercus stellata Post oak, Iron oak, Cross oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Rhododendron arborescens Smooth azalea, Sweet azalea Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Rhododendron calendulaceum Flame azalea Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Rhododendron maximum Great laurel, Wild rhododendron, Rosebay rhododendron, White laurel, Rosebay Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet, Moist
Rhododendron prunifolium Plumleaf azalea Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Rhus copallinum Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac, Wing-rib sumac, Black sumac, Upland sumac Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust, Honey locust Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Rosa palustris Swamp rose Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia laciniata Green-headed coneflower, Greenhead coneflower, Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Sochan Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Rudbeckia triloba Browneyed Susan, Brown-eyed-Susan, Thin-leaved coneflower, Three-lobed Rudbeckia Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sassafras albidum Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Cinnamon Wood, Mitten Tree, Saloop, Smelling Stick Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem, Popotillo azul Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Sibbaldiopsis tridentata Shrubby five-fingers Perennial Herb Sun
Silene virginica Fire pink, Scarlet catchfly Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist, Dry
Silphium perfoliatum Cup plant, Indian cup Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist, Dry
Sorbus americana American mountain ash, American mountain-ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides White heath aster, Heath Aster, White Aster, White Prairie Aster Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England aster, New England American-aster Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Thuja occidentalis Arborvitae, Eastern arborvitae, Northern white cedar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Tilia americana American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Tilia americana var. heterophylla American basswood, White basswood, Linden Perennial Tree Part-shade
Tsuga canadensis Eastern hemlock Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Vaccinium angustifolium Late lowbush blueberry, Lowbush blueberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Viburnum lentago Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Sweet viburnum, Sheepberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist