Fredericksburg Chapter NPSOT - Hill Country Recommended

Recommended native plant species for planned landscapes in the Texas hill country.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer grandidentatum Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Uvalde bigtooth maple, Southwestern bigtooth maple, Canyon maple, Sabinal maple, Western sugar maple Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun Moist
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Aesculus pavia Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Agave americana American century plant, Century plant Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Ageratina havanensis Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aquilegia chrysantha Golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Southwestern yellow columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Astrolepis sinuata Wavy scaly cloakfern Perennial Herb, Fern Sun, Part-shade Dry
Bauhinia lunarioides Anacacho orchid tree, Anacacho bauhinia, Orchid tree, Texas plume Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Buddleja marrubiifolia Woolly butterflybush, Butterfly bush, Woolly Butterfly-bush Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry , French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Calylophus berlandieri Berlandier's sundrops , Square-bud primrose, Sundrops Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Capsicum annuum Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carex perdentata Sand sedge, Meadow Sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Carex planostachys Cedar sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Chasmanthium latifolium Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats Perennial Grass/Grass-like Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chilopsis linearis Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Willowleaf catalpa, Bow willow, Flor de mimbre, Mimbre Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Chrysactinia mexicana Damianita Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Conoclinium greggii Gregg's mistflower , Palmleaf thoroughwort, Palm-leaf mistflower, Palm-leaf thoroughwort, Purple palmleaf mistflower, Purple palmleaf eupatorium Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Coryphantha sulcata Nipple Cactus, Pineapple cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Dalea greggii Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dasylirion texanum Texas sotol, Sotol Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Datura wrightii Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn Apple, Thorn apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dichondra argentea Silver Ponyfoot, Silver ponysfoot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Diospyros texana Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Echinacea purpurea Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Echinocactus texensis Horse crippler, Horse crippler cactus, Devil's head, Chisos hedgehog cactus, Chisos hedgehog Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Echinocereus coccineus var. coccineus Scarlet hedgehog cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent
Echinocereus pentalophus Ladyfinger cactus, Alicoche, Dog tail, Devil's fingers Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Echinocereus triglochidiatus Claret cup, Claret cup cactus, Hedgehog cactus, Kingcup cactus, Mojave mound, Mohave mound Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Eysenhardtia texana Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Forestiera pubescens Elbow bush, Stretchberry, Spring herald Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Frangula caroliniana Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Yellow buckthorn, Indian cherry, Yellowwood Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Fraxinus albicans Texas Ash, Mountain ash Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Gaura lindheimeri Lindheimer's beeblossom, White gaura, Butterfly gaura Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Glandularia bipinnatifida Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla Perennial Herb, Subshrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helianthemum georgianum Georgia frostweed, Rockrose, Georgia sunrose Perennial Herb
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Hesperaloe parviflora Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red-flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Yellow yucca, Hummingbird yucca, Samandoque Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw holly, Deciduous holly, Meadow holly, Prairie holly, Swamp holly, Welk holly, Deciduous yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ipomopsis rubra Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Lantana urticoides Texas lantana, Calico bush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Leucaena retusa Goldenball leadtree, Littleleaf leadtree, Little leucaena, Lemonball, Wahoo tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Leucophyllum frutescens Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage, Silverleaf Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Lonicera albiflora Western white honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White bush honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Mahonia trifoliolata Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry, Wild currant Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Drummond turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond's wax mallow, Drummond wax mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts, Manzanilla Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Mammillaria heyderi Little nipple cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot, Arnica Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Merremia dissecta Alamo Vine, Noyau vine, Correhuela de las Doce Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Muhlenbergia capillaris Gulf muhly, Hair-awn muhly, Hairy-awn muhly, Hair grass, Pink muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia rigens Deergrass, Meadow muhly, Deer muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Nassella tenuissima Mexican Feathergrass, Mexican Wiregrass, Finestem needlegrass, Ponytail grass, Texas tussock Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Nolina lindheimeriana Devil's shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon grass Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Nolina texana Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Oenothera macrocarpa Bigfruit evening-primrose, Missouri evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Opuntia engelmannii Cactus apple Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Packera aurea Golden groundsel, Golden ragwort, Butterweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pavonia lasiopetala Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon baccharifolius Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon havardii Havard penstemon, Havard beardtongue, Big Bend penstemon, Big Bend beardtongue, Havard's penstemon, Havard's beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon triflorus Hill Country penstemon, Hill Country beardtongue, Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Heller's penstemon, Heller's beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Penstemon wrightii Wright's penstemon, Wright's beardtongue, Wright penstemon, Wright beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Phacelia congesta Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck Annual, Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phyla nodiflora Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Physostegia virginiana Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus mexicana Mexican plum, Bigtree plum, Inch plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus buckleyi Texas red oak, Buckley oak, Texas oak, Spanish oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus fusiformis Escarpment live oak, Plateau live oak, Hill country live oak, Texas live oak, Scrub live oak, Plateau oak, Encino molino, Tesmoli Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus laceyi Lacey oak, Texas blue oak, Canyon oak, Smoky oak, Rock oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus muehlenbergii Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus polymorpha Monterrey Oak, Netleaf white oak, Mexican White Oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus virens Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Rivina humilis Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Sabal mexicana Texas palm, Texas palmetto, Mexican palm, Mexican palmetto, Rio Grande palmetto, Victoria palmetto, Palma de micharos, Apachite Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia coccinea Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage, Red Sage, Indian Fire Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia farinacea Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Salvia greggii Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Salvia penstemonoides Big red sage, Penstemon sage Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Salvia roemeriana Cedar sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem, Popotillo azul Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Scutellaria drummondii Drummond's skullcap Annual Herb Sun Dry
Scutellaria ovata Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf Skullcap Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Scutellaria wrightii Wright's skullcap, Bushy skullcap, Shrubby skullcap Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sedum nuttallianum Yellow stonecrop Annual Herb Sun
Senna lindheimeriana Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sophora secundiflora Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Stachys coccinea Scarlet betony, Scarlet hedge-nettle, Texas betony Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Stemodia lanata Woolly Stemodia, Gray-woolly twintip Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress, Southern cypress, Swamp cypress, Red cypress, White cypress, Yellow cypress, Gulf cypress, Tidewater red cypress Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tecoma stans Yellow bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow trumpetbush, Yellow trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow elder Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Tetraneuris scaposa Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Thelocactus setispinus Miniature barrel cactus, Hedgehog Cactus Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Thelypteris kunthii Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Ulmus americana American elm, White elm, Soft elm, Water elm, Common elm Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar elm, Fall elm, Basket elm, Scrub elm, Lime elm, Texas elm, Southern rock elm, Olmo Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican buckeye, Monilla Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Vernonia baldwinii Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy viburnum, Southern nannyberry, Rusty nannyberry, Nannyberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Viguiera stenoloba Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye, Resinbush Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Viola missouriensis Missouri violet Annual, Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Yucca arkansana Arkansas yucca, Softleaf yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Yucca constricta Buckley yucca, Buckley's yucca Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Yucca rupicola Twistleaf yucca, Twisted-leaf yucca, Texas yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry