Peirce’s Woods, Longwood Gardens

This seven-acre area has been developed as an "art form" garden that brings together the most ornamental characteristics of the eastern deciduous forest. Under the high branches of oak, ash, maple and tulip trees, sweeps of native shrubs and native ground cover plantings carpet the woodland floor, punctuated by flowering understory trees. Various "rooms" have been created within the woods, with emphasis on native deciduous azaleas blooming from early spring to summer. The concept of using native plants to create the woodland garden as an art form is one of the first such projects in any public garden.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Actaea pachypoda White baneberry, Dolls eyes Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Allium cernuum Nodding onion Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Amelanchier canadensis Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Amelanchier laevis Allegheny serviceberry, Allegheny service-berry, Serviceberry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Athyrium filix-femina Common ladyfern, Lady fern, Ladyfern, Subarctic lady fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Carya glabra Pignut hickory, Broom hickory Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Diphylleia cymosa American umbrellaleaf, Umbrella-leaf Perennial Herb
Drosera filiformis Threadleaf sundew Perennial Herb
Drosera intermedia Spoonleaf sundew Perennial Herb Sun
Dryopteris intermedia Intermediate woodfern, Evergreen wood-fern, Fancy wood fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade Moist
Echinacea purpurea Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Enemion biternatum Eastern false rue anemone, Isopyrum Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Fraxinus americana White ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Geranium maculatum Spotted geranium, Wild geranium, Cranesbill Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Hamamelis virginiana Witch hazel, American witch hazel Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Hibiscus coccineus Scarlet rosemallow, Crimson rosemallow, Wild red mallow, Texas star hibiscus Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Houstonia caerulea Azure bluet, Quaker-ladies, Bluets Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Hydrangea arborescens Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Ilex opaca American holly, Christmas holly Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Dry
Ilex verticillata Common winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Jeffersonia diphylla Twinleaf Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Leucothoe axillaris Coastal doghobble, Coast leucothoe Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Liatris spicata Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Dense liatris, Marsh blazing star, Marsh gayfeather, Marsh liatris Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Lindera benzoin Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Luzula acuminata Hairy woodrush Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Osmunda regalis Royal fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Pachysandra procumbens Allegheny spurge, Mountain spurge Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Physocarpus opulifolius Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus alba White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus bicolor Swamp white oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Quercus phellos Willow oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Quercus velutina Black oak, Quercitron oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Rhododendron flammeum Piedmont azalea, Oconee azalea Perennial Shrub
Rhynchospora latifolia Sand-swamp whitetop sedge, Tall whitetop sedge, Whitetop sedge, Sand-swamp whitetop, Tall whitetop, Whitetop, Colorful rush Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Sanguisorba canadensis Canadian burnet, American burnet Perennial Herb Wet
Sarracenia flava Yellow pitcherplant, Trumpets Perennial Subshrub
Sarracenia leucophylla Crimson pitcherplant, Crimson Pitcher-plant Perennial Subshrub
Sarracenia psittacina Parrot pitcherplant Perennial Subshrub
Sedum ternatum Woodland stonecrop, Wild stonecrop Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Spiranthes odorata Marsh lady's tresses, Fragrant lady's tresses Perennial Herb
Symphyotrichum oblongifolium Aromatic aster, Aromatic American aster, Fall aster, Wild blue aster, Shale aster Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Tiarella cordifolia var. collina Heartleaf foamflower, Wherry's foamflower Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Trillium grandiflorum White wake-robin, White trillium, Large-flower wake-robin, Large-flower trillium, Large-flowered wake-robin, Large-flowered trillium Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Tsuga canadensis Eastern hemlock Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Uvularia grandiflora Largeflower bellwort, Large-flower bellwort, Merrybells Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Uvularia perfoliata Perfoliate bellwort, Mealy bellwort, Merrybells Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Vaccinium corymbosum Highbush blueberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Vernonia gigantea ssp. gigantea Giant ironweed, Tall ironweed Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's root Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist