North Dakota Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in North Dakota. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Actaea rubra Red baneberry Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Allium stellatum Autumn onion, Prairie onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Alnus incana Gray alder, Speckled alder Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Amorpha canescens Leadplant, Leadplant amorpha, Prairie shoestring Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amorpha nana Dwarf false indigo, Fragrant indigo-bush, Fragrant false indigo, Dwarf wild indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon hallii Sand bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun
Anemone canadensis Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Anemone cylindrica Candle anemone, Long-head thimbleweed, Thimbleweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Arisaema triphyllum Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias verticillata Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Athyrium filix-femina Common ladyfern, Lady fern, Ladyfern, Subarctic lady fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Betula papyrifera Paper birch, Canoe birch, White birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua gracilis Blue grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Calamagrostis canadensis Bluejoint Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Campanula rotundifolia Bluebell bellflower, Bluebell-of-Scotland, Harebell Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Carex pensylvanica Pennsylvania sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Carex stipata Awlfruit sedge, Awl-fruited sedge, Stalk-grain sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Celastrus scandens American bittersweet Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Celtis occidentalis Common hackberry, Nettle tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Cornus racemosa Gray dogwood Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cornus sericea Redosier dogwood, Redosier, Red-twig dogwood, Red-osier dogwood Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Corylus americana American hazelnut, American filbert Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda Shrubby cinquefoil, Golden-hardhack Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Desmodium canadense Showy tick trefoil Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Echinacea angustifolia Black Sampson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eupatorium perfoliatum Common boneset Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Euthamia graminifolia Flat-top goldentop, Grass-leaved goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Fragaria virginiana Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaillardia aristata Common gaillardia, Great blanketflower, Blanketflower, Brown-eyed susan Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Gentiana andrewsii Closed bottle gentian, Closed gentian, Bottle gentian Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Geum triflorum Old man's whiskers, Prairie smoke, Purple avens Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helenium autumnale Common sneezeweed, Fall sneezeweed, Autumn sneezeweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Heliopsis helianthoides Smooth oxeye, Oxeye sunflower, False sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Heuchera richardsonii Richardson's alumroot, Prairie alumroot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Hydrophyllum virginianum Eastern waterleaf, Shawnee salad, Virginia waterleaf Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Juniperus communis var. depressa Common juniper, Old field juniper, Prostrate juniper Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Juniperus horizontalis Creeping juniper, Creeping savin Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Liatris aspera Tall blazing star, Tall gayfeather, Rough blazing star, Button snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lilium philadelphicum Wood lily Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Lobelia siphilitica Great blue lobelia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Oenothera biennis Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all Biennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Ostrya virginiana Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pascopyrum smithii Western wheatgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Penstemon grandiflorus Large beardtongue, Large-flower beardtongue, Large-flowered penstemon Perennial Herb Sun
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Polygonatum biflorum Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Populus deltoides Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Populus tremuloides Quaking aspen, Aspen Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Prunus americana American plum, Wild plum Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pycnanthemum virginianum Virginia mountain mint Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rosa blanda Smooth rose, Early wild rose Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salix discolor Pussy willow, Glaucous willow Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Shepherdia argentea Silver buffaloberry, Buffaloberry Perennial Shrub Sun Moist, Dry
Silphium integrifolium Wholeleaf rosinweed, Entire-leaf rosinweed Perennial Herb Sun
Silphium perfoliatum Cup plant Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist, Dry
Solidago nemoralis Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Symphoricarpos albus Common snowberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Symphyotrichum ericoides White heath aster, Heath Aster Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple meadow-rue, Meadow rue, Tall meadow-rue Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet, Moist
Tilia americana American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Typha latifolia Broadleaf cattail, Common cat-tail, Broad-leaf cat-tail Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Wet
Verbena hastata Swamp verbena, Blue verbena, Blue vervain, Simpler's joy Biennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Vernonia fasciculata Prairie ironweed, Common ironweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Viburnum lentago Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Sweet viburnum, Sheepberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Viburnum opulus var. americanum American cranberry bush, Highbush-cranberry, American cranberrybush viburnum, Cranberry viburnum Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet, Moist
Viola sororia Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Zizia aptera Meadow zizia, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow parsnip, Zizia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Zizia aurea Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist