North Carolina Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in North Carolina. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer negundo Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Acer pensylvanicum Striped maple, Moosewood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharum Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Aesculus pavia Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Ageratina altissima var. altissima White snakeroot Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Amelanchier arborea Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Amelanchier canadensis Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Amsonia tabernaemontana Eastern bluestar, Blue dogbane, Willow amsonia, Woodland bluestar Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aralia spinosa Devil's walkingstick, Devil's walking-stick, Prickly Ash, Hercules club, Angelica tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Arnica acaulis Common leopardbane Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Asimina triloba Pawpaw, Indian banana, Common pawpaw Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Baptisia australis Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Betula lenta Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Betula nigra River birch, Red birch, Black birch Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry, French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya alba Mockernut hickory, Big bud hickory Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Carya cordiformis Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya glabra Pignut hickory, Broom hickory Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Castanea pumila Chinkapin, Allegheny chinquapin, Allegheny-chinkapin, Chinquapin Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Catalpa speciosa Northern catalpa, Catawba tree, Cigar tree, Indian bean Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chionanthus virginicus White fringetree, Fringe tree, Grancy Graybeard Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Comptonia peregrina Sweet fern, Sweet-fern Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Coreopsis verticillata Threadleaf coreopsis, Whorled tickseed, Whorled coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Cornus alternifolia Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Echinacea purpurea Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eryngium yuccifolium Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Erythrina herbacea Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Euonymus americanus American strawberry-bush, Strawberry bush, Brook euonymus, Hearts-a-burstin, Bursting-heart, Wahoo Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Eutrochium fistulosum Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Fagus grandifolia American beech Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Fraxinus americana White ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel, Indian Blanket Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, Evening trumpetflower, Poor man's rope Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Gordonia lasianthus Gordonia, Loblolly bay Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Hamamelis virginiana Witch hazel, American witch hazel Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helianthus angustifolius Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Hibiscus moscheutos Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Hydrangea arborescens Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Hypericum prolificum Shrubby St. Johnswort Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ilex opaca American holly, Christmas holly Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Dry
Juglans nigra Black walnut, Eastern black walnut Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Kalmia latifolia Mountain laurel, Calico bush, Kalmia Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Kosteletzkya virginica Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Seashore mallow, Salt Marsh-mallow Perennial Subshrub Sun Moist
Liatris punctata Dotted blazing star, Dotted gayfeather Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris pycnostachya Prairie Blazing Star, Kansas Gayfeather, Cat-tail Gayfeather, Hairy Button-snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Liatris spicata Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Marsh blazing star Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Lindera benzoin Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum, American sweetgum Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip tree, Tulip poplar, Yellow poplar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lobelia siphilitica Great blue lobelia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Lupinus perennis Sundial lupine, Wild lupine Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Magnolia acuminata Cucumbertree, Cucumber tree, Mountain magnolia Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Magnolia grandiflora Southern magnolia, Evergreen magnolia, Bull bay Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Magnolia macrophylla Bigleaf magnolia Perennial Tree Part-shade
Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Mertensia virginica Virginia bluebells Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda didyma Scarlet beebalm, Oswego tea, Red bergamot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Monarda punctata Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint Annual Herb Sun Dry
Morella cerifera Wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Candleberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum, Black tupelo, Sourgum, Tupelo, Pepperridge Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Oenothera fruticosa Narrowleaf evening-primrose, Narrow-leaf evening-primrose, Sundrops Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood, Sorrel tree Perennial Tree Part-shade
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Penstemon canescens Eastern gray beardtongue Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Penstemon digitalis Mississippi penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Penstemon laevigatus Eastern smooth beardtongue, Smooth beardtongue, Eastern beardtongue, Hairy beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Penstemon smallii Small's beardtongue, Small's penstemon Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Phlox divaricata Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Physocarpus opulifolius Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Physostegia virginiana Fall obedient plant, Obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Picea rubens Red spruce Perennial Tree Sun, Shade Moist, Dry
Pinus palustris Longleaf pine, Georgia pine Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Pinus pungens Table Mountain pine, Hickory pine, Prickly pine Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Pinus rigida Pitch pine, Torch pine Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Pinus taeda Loblolly pine, Old field pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Pinus virginiana Virginia pine, Jersey pine, Scrub pine Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Polemonium reptans Greek valerian, Greek-valerian, Jacob's Ladder Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Prunus americana American plum, Wild plum Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus serotina Black cherry, Rum cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus alba White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus muehlenbergii Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock chestnut oak, Rock oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus palustris Pin oak, Swamp Spanish oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Quercus phellos Willow oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Quercus rubra Northern red oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus virginiana Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Live oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Rhododendron calendulaceum Flame azalea Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Rhododendron canescens Mountain azalea, Wild azalea, Honeysuckle azalea, Piedmont azalea, Sweet azalea, Hoary azalea, Southern pinxterflower Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Rhododendron catawbiense Catawba rosebay, Purple rhododendron, Red laurel, Catawba rhododendron, Mountain rosebay Perennial Shrub Shade
Rhododendron maximum Great laurel, Wild rhododendron, Rosebay rhododendron, White laurel, Rosebay Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet, Moist
Rhododendron viscosum Swamp azalea, Clammy azalea, Cory azalea Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Ribes rotundifolium Appalachian gooseberry, Round-leaf currant, Wild gooseberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Robinia hispida Bristly locust, Standing sweet pea Perennial Shrub Sun
Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust, Honey locust Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia laciniata Cutleaf coneflower, Green-head coneflower, Wild goldenglow Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Rudbeckia triloba Browneyed Susan, Brown-eyed-Susan, Thin-leaved coneflower, Three-lobed Rudbeckia Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Sorbus americana American mountain ash, American mountain-ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Staphylea trifolia American bladdernut Perennial Shrub Shade Moist
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England aster, New England American-aster Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tilia americana var. heterophylla American basswood, White basswood, Linden Perennial Tree Part-shade
Tsuga canadensis Eastern hemlock Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Vaccinium stamineum Deerberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Viburnum dentatum Southern arrowwood Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Wisteria frutescens American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist