Missouri Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Missouri. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharinum Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharum Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Actaea pachypoda White baneberry, Dolls eyes Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Adiantum pedatum Northern maidenhair, Maidenhair Fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aesculus glabra Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Allium canadense Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Allium stellatum Autumn onion, Prairie onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Amelanchier arborea Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Amorpha canescens Leadplant, Leadplant amorpha, Prairie shoestring Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Anemone canadensis Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Arisaema triphyllum Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Wet, Moist
Asarum canadense Canadian wild ginger, Wild ginger Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Asclepias verticillata Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Athyrium filix-femina Common ladyfern, Lady fern, Ladyfern, Subarctic lady fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Baptisia alba White wild indigo, White baptisia Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea Longbract wild indigo, Cream false indigo, Plains wild indigo, Cream wild indigo, Large-bracted wild indigo Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Betula nigra River birch, Red birch, Black birch Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua gracilis Blue grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Calamagrostis canadensis Bluejoint Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Campanulastrum americanum American bellflower, American-bellflower, Tall bellflower Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Carex pensylvanica Pennsylvania sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Carex stipata Awlfruit sedge, Awl-fruited sedge, Stalk-grain sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya ovata Shagbark hickory Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Catalpa speciosa Northern catalpa, Catawba tree, Cigar tree, Indian bean Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Celastrus scandens American bittersweet Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Celtis occidentalis Common hackberry, Nettle tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Coreopsis palmata Stiff tickseed, Stiff coreopsis, Finger coreopsis Perennial Herb Part-shade
Cornus alternifolia Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cornus obliqua Silky dogwood, Pale dogwood, Swamp dogwood, Kinnikinnik Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cornus racemosa Gray dogwood Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Corylus americana American hazelnut, American filbert Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur hawthorn, Cockspur thorn, Newcastle hawthorn, Newcastle thorn Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus mollis Downy hawthorn, White thorn, Whitethorn, Scarlet hawthorn, Scarlet haw Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Desmodium canadense Showy tick trefoil Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's breeches Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Dirca palustris Eastern leatherwood, Western leatherwood, Ropebark Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Dodecatheon meadia Eastern shooting star, Shooting star, Pride of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie pointers Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Echinacea purpurea Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eupatorium perfoliatum Common boneset Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Euphorbia corollata Flowering spurge Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Euthamia graminifolia Flat-top goldentop, Grass-leaved goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Eutrochium purpureum Purple joepyeweed, Sweet-scented joepyeweed, Sweet joepyeweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Fragaria virginiana Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus americana White ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gentiana alba Plain gentian, Yellow gentian, Cream gentian Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Gentiana andrewsii Closed bottle gentian, Closed gentian, Bottle gentian Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Geranium maculatum Spotted geranium, Wild geranium, Cranesbill Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky coffeetree, Stump tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Hamamelis virginiana Witch hazel, American witch hazel Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helenium autumnale Common sneezeweed, Fall sneezeweed, Autumn sneezeweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Heliopsis helianthoides Smooth oxeye, Oxeye sunflower, False sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Heuchera richardsonii Richardson's alumroot, Prairie alumroot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Hydrophyllum virginianum Eastern waterleaf, Shawnee salad, Virginia waterleaf Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Hypericum prolificum Shrubby St. Johnswort Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Iris virginica var. shrevei Shreve's iris, Virginia iris, Southern blue flag, Blue flag Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Juglans nigra Black walnut, Eastern black walnut Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Koeleria macrantha Prairie Junegrass, Junegrass, Prairie Koeler's grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Lespedeza capitata Roundhead lespedeza, Roundhead bush-clover, Round-headed lespedeza, Round-headed bush-clover Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris aspera Tall blazing star, Tall gayfeather, Rough blazing star, Button snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris cylindracea Ontario blazing star, Ontario gayfeather, Dwarf blazing star Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris pycnostachya Prairie Blazing Star, Kansas Gayfeather, Cat-tail Gayfeather, Hairy Button-snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Lilium michiganense Michigan lily, Turk's cap lily Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lobelia siphilitica Great blue lobelia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum Feathery false lily of the valley, False spikenard, False Solomon's seal, Solomon's plume, Smilacina Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Malus ioensis Prairie crabapple, Iowa crabapple Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Mertensia virginica Virginia bluebells Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Mitchella repens Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Oenothera biennis Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all Biennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera rhombipetala Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Opuntia humifusa Devil's-tongue, Low prickly pear, Smooth prickly pear, Prickly pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia macrorhiza Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Osmorhiza claytonii Clayton's sweetroot, Hairy sweet-cicely, Sweet jarvil Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon fern Perennial Herb, Fern Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Osmunda claytoniana Interrupted fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade Moist
Ostrya virginiana Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Pascopyrum smithii Western wheatgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Penstemon digitalis Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Phlox divaricata ssp. laphamii Lapham's phlox, Blue phlox, Sweet william Perennial Herb Part-shade
Phlox pilosa Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Physocarpus opulifolius Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Physostegia virginiana Fall obedient plant, Obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Polemonium reptans Greek valerian, Greek-valerian, Jacob's Ladder Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Polygonatum biflorum Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Populus deltoides Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Prunus americana American plum, Wild plum Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus serotina Black cherry, Rum cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pycnanthemum virginianum Virginia mountain mint Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Quercus alba White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus bicolor Swamp white oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus palustris Pin oak, Swamp Spanish oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Quercus rubra Northern red oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Ratibida pinnata Pinnate prairie coneflower, Grayhead Mexican hat, Yellow coneflower, Grayhead coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rosa blanda Smooth rose, Early wild rose Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Rosa setigera var. tomentosa Climbing rose, Illinois rose Perennial Shrub Sun
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia subtomentosa Sweet coneflower, Sweet black-eyed Susan Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Salix discolor Pussy willow, Glaucous willow Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Silphium laciniatum Compassplant, Compass plant Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Silphium perfoliatum Cup plant Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist, Dry
Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie rosinweed, Prairie dock Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist
Sisyrinchium campestre Prairie blue-eyed grass, White-eyed grass Perennial Herb Sun
Solidago nemoralis Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Solidago speciosa Showy goldenrod Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Solidago ulmifolia Elmleaf goldenrod, Elm-leaved goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Spartina pectinata Prairie cordgrass, Freshwater cordgrass, Sloughgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Spiraea alba White meadowsweet Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Staphylea trifolia American bladdernut Perennial Shrub Shade Moist
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Symphyotrichum ericoides White heath aster, Heath Aster Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple meadow-rue, Meadow rue, Tall meadow-rue Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet, Moist
Thalictrum dioicum Early meadow-rue Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Tilia americana American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Tradescantia ohiensis Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Typha latifolia Broadleaf cattail, Common cat-tail, Broad-leaf cat-tail Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Wet
Uvularia grandiflora Largeflower bellwort, Large-flower bellwort, Merrybells Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Uvularia sessilifolia Spreading bellwort, Straw lily, Wild oats, Merrybells, Sessile-leaf bellwort Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Verbena hastata Swamp verbena, Blue verbena, Blue vervain, Simpler's joy Biennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Vernonia fasciculata Prairie ironweed, Common ironweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's root Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Viola pedata Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet, Bird-foot violet Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Dry
Viola sororia Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Zizia aptera Heart-leaved meadow parsnip, Heartleaf meadow parsnip, Meadow parsnip, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow zizia, Zizia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Zizia aurea Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist