Maine Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Maine. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer pensylvanicum Striped maple, Moosewood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharinum Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharum Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Actaea pachypoda White baneberry, Dolls eyes Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Actaea rubra Red baneberry Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Adiantum pedatum Northern maidenhair, Maidenhair Fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Amelanchier canadensis Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Anaphalis margaritacea Western pearly everlasting, Pearly-everlasting Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Anemone canadensis Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Betula lenta Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Betula populifolia Gray birch, White birch, Aspen-leaved birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Campanula rotundifolia Bluebell bellflower, Bluebell-of-Scotland, Harebell Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Campanulastrum americanum American bellflower, American-bellflower, Tall bellflower Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya glabra Pignut hickory, Broom hickory Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Chamaecyparis thyoides Atlantic white cedar, Atlantic white-cedar Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Claytonia virginica Virginia springbeauty, Springbeauty Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Cornus alternifolia Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Corylus americana American hazelnut, American filbert Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Desmodium canadense Showy tick trefoil Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Eutrochium purpureum Purple joepyeweed, Sweet-scented joepyeweed, Sweet joepyeweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Fagus grandifolia American beech Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Fraxinus americana White ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fraxinus nigra Black ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Gaultheria procumbens Eastern teaberry, Wintergreen, Checkerberry Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Gaylussacia baccata Black huckleberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Hamamelis virginiana Witch hazel, American witch hazel Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem artichoke, Sunchoke Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Ilex opaca American holly, Christmas holly Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Dry
Juglans cinerea Butternut, White walnut Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Larix laricina Tamarack, American larch, Hacmatack, Black larch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade Wet, Moist
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lobelia siphilitica Great blue lobelia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lupinus perennis Sundial lupine, Wild lupine Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum Feathery false lily of the valley, False spikenard, False Solomon's seal, Solomon's plume, Smilacina Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Maianthemum stellatum Starry false lily of the valley, Starry false Solomon's seal, Star-flowered Solomon's seal Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Matteuccia struthiopteris Ostrich fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Mitchella repens Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Mitella diphylla Twoleaf miterwort, Miterwort Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Monarda didyma Scarlet beebalm, Oswego tea, Red bergamot Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum, Black tupelo, Sourgum, Tupelo, Pepperridge Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon fern Perennial Herb, Fern Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Osmunda claytoniana Interrupted fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade Moist
Osmunda regalis Royal fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Penstemon digitalis Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Penstemon hirsutus Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Phlox divaricata Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Phlox subulata Creeping Phlox, Moss phlox, Moss pink, Rock pink Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Picea rubens Red spruce Perennial Tree Sun, Shade Moist, Dry
Pinus resinosa Red pine, Norway pine, Canadian pine Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Pinus strobus Eastern white pine, Weymouth pine Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus serotina Black cherry, Rum cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pteridium aquilinum Western bracken fern, Bracken fern, Western bracken, Bracken Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus alba White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus coccinea Scarlet oak, Red oak Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus rubra var. ambigua Northern red oak Perennial Tree
Rhus copallinum Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Rosa palustris Swamp rose Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia laciniata Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Greenhead coneflower, Green-headed coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Sibbaldiopsis tridentata Shrubby fivefingers, Shrubby-fivefingers Perennial Herb Sun
Sorbus americana American mountain ash, American mountain-ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England aster, New England American-aster Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Taxus canadensis Canada yew, American yew Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Thuja occidentalis Arborvitae, Eastern arborvitae, Northern white cedar Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Tilia americana American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Tsuga canadensis Eastern hemlock Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Vaccinium angustifolium Late lowbush blueberry, Lowbush blueberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Viburnum dentatum Southern arrowwood Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Viburnum lantanoides Hobblebush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Viburnum lentago Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Sweet viburnum, Sheepberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides Withe-rod, Witherod viburnum, Possumhaw, Wild raisin Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Viola pedata Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet, Bird-foot violet Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Dry
Viola sororia Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist