Idaho Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Idaho. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abies concolor Balsam fir, Colorado fir, Concolor fir, Oyamel de California, Silver fir, White balsam, White fir Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade
Abies grandis Giant fir, Grand fir Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Abies lasiocarpa Subalpine fir Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer glabrum Rocky Mountain maple Perennial Tree Sun
Acer grandidentatum Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Canyon maple Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun Moist
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Achnatherum hymenoides Indian ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Actaea rubra Red baneberry Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Agrostis exarata Spike bentgrass, Spiked bent, Spike red top Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia Thinleaf alder Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon serviceberry, Western serviceberry, Juneberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Anaphalis margaritacea Western pearly everlasting, Pearly-everlasting Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Aquilegia coerulea Colorado blue columbine, Rocky Mountain columbine Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Aquilegia flavescens Yellow mountain columbine, Yellow columbine, Golden columbine Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Aquilegia formosa Western columbine, Crimson columbine, Scarlet columbine, Red columbine Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aquilegia jonesii Jones' columbine, Blue limestone columbine Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Arnica cordifolia Heart-leaf leopardbane, Heartleaf arnica Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Artemisia cana Silver sagebrush, Coaltown sagebrush, Dwarf sagebrush, Hoary sagebrush, Silvery sagebrush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Artemisia frigida Prairie sagewort, Prairie sagebrush, Fringed sage, Pasture sage Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Artemisia tridentata Big sagebrush, Great Basin sagebrush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Atriplex canescens Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Fourwing saltbush, Wingscale Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Atriplex confertifolia Shadscale, Spiny saltbush, Shadscale saltbush, Hop sage Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Balsamorhiza hookeri Hooker's balsamroot, Hairy balsamroot Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Balsamorhiza sagittata Arrowleaf balsamroot, Arrow-leaf balsamroot Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Betula occidentalis Mountain birch, Water birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Betula papyrifera Paper birch, Canoe birch, White birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Campanula rotundifolia Bluebell bellflower, Bluebell-of-Scotland, Harebell, Witches' thimble Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Ceanothus velutinus Snowbrush, Snowbrush ceanothus, Tobacco-brush, Mountain balm, Buckbrush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cercocarpus ledifolius Curl-leaf mountain mahogany, Curl-leaf mountain-mahogany Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Cercocarpus montanus Alderleaf mountain mahogany, Alder-leaf mountain-mahogany, Mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Clematis columbiana Rock clematis Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Cleome lutea Yellow spiderflower, Yellow spider-flower, Yellow beeplant, Yellow caper, Golden caper Annual Herb Sun
Cornus sericea ssp. sericea Redosier dogwood, Red Osier Dogwood Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Crataegus douglasii Black hawthorn Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Danthonia californica California oatgrass, California wild oat grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Danthonia intermedia Timber oatgrass, Timber wild oat grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Wet
Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda Shrubby cinquefoil, Golden hardhack, Potentilla Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Delphinium bicolor Flat-head larkspur, Little larkspur Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Delphinium nuttallianum Twolobe larkspur, Two-lobe larkspur, Delphinium Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. nauseosa Rabbitbrush, Rubber rabbitbrush Perennial Shrub Sun
Eriogonum umbellatum Sulphur-flower buckwheat, Sulphur-flower wild buckwheat, Sulphur buckwheat, Sulphur flower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eriophyllum lanatum Common woolly sunflower, Common woolly-sunflower, Oregon sunshine Annual Herb Sun Dry
Festuca idahoensis Blue bunchgrass, Bunchgrass fescue, Idaho fescue Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaillardia aristata Common gaillardia, Great blanketflower, Blanketflower, Brown-eyed susan Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Geranium richardsonii Richardson's geranium Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Iliamna rivularis Streambank wild hollyhock, Wild hollyhock, Mountain globemallow Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ipomopsis aggregata Scarlet gilia, Scarlet standing-cypress, Skyrocket, Skunkflower Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Juniperus communis Common juniper Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Juniperus horizontalis Creeping juniper, Creeping savin Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Juniperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain juniper, Rocky Mountain red cedar Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Kalmia microphylla Alpine laurel Perennial Subshrub Sun Wet
Koeleria macrantha Prairie Junegrass, Junegrass, Prairie Koeler's grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Krascheninnikovia lanata Winterfat Perennial Shrub Sun
Larix occidentalis Western larch, Western tamarack Perennial Tree Sun Wet, Moist
Linum kingii King's flax Perennial Subshrub
Linum lewisii Wild blue flax, Prairie flax, Lewis flax Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Lonicera involucrata Twinberry honeysuckle, Four-line honeysuckle, Black twinberry, Bear berry honeysuckle Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Machaeranthera tanacetifolia Tanseyleaf tansyaster, Tahoka Daisy, Tansy Aster Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Mahonia repens Creeping barberry, Creeping Oregon-grape Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Mimulus lewisii Purple monkeyflower, Great purple monkey-flower, Lewis monkey-flower Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Minuartia obtusiloba Alpine stitchwort, Cushion sandwort, Twinflower sandwort Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Muhlenbergia montana Mountain muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Oenothera caespitosa Tufted evening primrose, Gumbo evening primrose, Gumbo lily, Fragrant evening primrose Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Oenothera elata ssp. hookeri Hooker's evening-primrose, Giant evening-primrose Biennial Herb Sun Moist
Pascopyrum smithii Western wheatgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Phacelia sericea Purplefringe, Silky phacelia Biennial Herb Part-shade
Phleum alpinum Alpine timothy, Mountain timothy Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Phlox longifolia Long-leaf phlox, Longleaf phlox Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Phlox speciosa Showy phlox Perennial Subshrub
Physocarpus opulifolius Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Picea engelmannii Engelmann spruce Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Picea pungens Blue spruce, Colorado spruce Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Pinus contorta Beach pine, Lodgepole pine Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Pinus flexilis Limber pine Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pinus monticola Western white pine Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa pine, Western yellow pine Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Populus tremuloides Quaking aspen, Aspen Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Prunus americana American plum, Wild plum Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pseudoroegneria spicata ssp. spicata Bluebunch wheatgrass, Bluebunch-wheat grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Pseudotsuga menziesii Douglas fir, Blue Douglas fir Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Pulsatilla patens ssp. multifida Cutleaf anemone, Pasqueflower, Wild crocus Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Purshia tridentata Antelope bitterbrush, Bitterbrush, Antelope brush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Ranunculus cardiophyllus Heart-leaf buttercup, Heartleaf buttercup Perennial Herb Sun
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rhus trilobata Skunkbush sumac, Scented sumac, Ill-scented sumac, Squawbush, Basketbush, Skunkbush, Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Rubus parviflorus Thimbleberry, Western thimble-berry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia laciniata Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Greenhead coneflower, Green-headed coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea Blue elder, Black elder, Blue (Mexican) elderberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Sambucus racemosa Red elderberry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Shepherdia argentea Silver buffaloberry, Buffaloberry Perennial Shrub Sun Moist, Dry
Sorbus scopulina Cascade mountain-ash, Greene's mountain ash, Western mountain-ash Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Sphaeralcea coccinea Scarlet globemallow, Caliche globemallow Biennial Shrub Sun Dry
Sphaeralcea munroana Munro's globemallow, White-stem globe-mallow Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Spiraea betulifolia White spirea Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Sporobolus cryptandrus Sand dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Thuja plicata Western red cedar, Western arborvitae, Canoe cedar Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Trisetum spicatum Narrow false oat, Spike trisetum Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Vaccinium uliginosum Alpine blueberry, Bog blueberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Verbena stricta Hoary verbena, Hoary vervain, Tall vervain, Woolly verbena, Wooly verbena Annual Herb Sun Dry
Viburnum edule Squashberry, Moosewood viburnum, Few-flowered cranberry bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Wyethia amplexicaulis Mule-ears Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Xerophyllum tenax Common beargrass, Western turkeybeard, Bear lily, Pine lily, Elk grass, Squaw grass, Beargrass, Turkeybeard Perennial Herb Sun
Yucca baccata Banana yucca, Blue yucca, Fleshy-fruited yucca, Datil Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Yucca glauca Soapweed yucca, Narrowleaf yucca, Plains yucca, Beargrass Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Zinnia grandiflora Rocky Mountain zinnia, Little golden zinnia, Yellow zinnia, Plains zinnia, Prairie zinnia Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry