Florida - South Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in South Florida. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state. Special thanks to the Florida Association of Native Nurseries for compiling this list.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer rubrum Red maple, Scarlet maple Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ambrosia hispida Coastal ragweed, Beach Ragweed, Bay Geranium Perennial Herb, Subshrub
Annona glabra Pond apple Perennial Tree
Ardisia escallonoides Island marlberry, Marbleberry, Marlberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Avicennia germinans Black mangrove Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Baccharis halimifolia Groundseltree, Sea-myrtle, Consumptionweed, Eastern baccharis, Groundsel, Groundsel bush, Salt marsh-elder, Salt bush, Florida groundsel bush Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Batis maritima Turtleweed, Seaside saltwort Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Bejaria racemosa Tarflower, Flyweed, Flycatcher Perennial Shrub
Borrichia frutescens Bushy seaside tansy, Ox-eye daisy, Bushy seaside-tansy, Sea daisy, Sea ox-eye Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Bursera simaruba Gumbo limbo, Gumbo-limbo Perennial Tree Sun
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry, French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Canna flaccida Bandanna of the Everglades, Golden canna Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Capparis cynophallophora Jamaica Caper Tree, Jamaican caper Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade
Carya aquatica Water hickory, Bitter pecan Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Chiococca alba Snowberry, West Indian Milkberry, David's Milkberry, Cahinca, West Indian Snowberry Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chrysobalanus icaco Icaco coco plum, Icaco coco-plum Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Chrysophyllum oliviforme Satinleaf Perennial Tree Part-shade
Cirsium horridulum Yellow thistle Annual Herb
Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Clusia rosea Scotch attorney Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Part-shade
Coccoloba diversifolia Tie-tongue, Pigeon plum Perennial Tree
Coccoloba uvifera Sea grape, Seagrape, Seaside-grape Perennial Shrub Sun
Coccothrinax argentata Florida silver palm Perennial Tree
Conocarpus erectus Button mangrove, Buttonwood Perennial Shrub Sun Wet
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Coreopsis leavenworthii Common Tickseed, Leavenworth's tickseed Perennial Herb
Cornus foemina Stiff dogwood, Swamp dogwood Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Crinum americanum American crinum lily, Seven sisters, Swamp lily, Southern swamp lily, String lily, Crinum lily Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Distichlis spicata Saltgrass, Coastal salt grass, Inland salt-grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Dodonaea viscosa Florida hopbush, Hopseed bush, Switch sorrel, Varnish leaf, Hopbush, Chapoliztle, Casol Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Ernodea littoralis Coughbush, Golden creeper Perennial Shrub Sun
Erythrina herbacea Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eugenia axillaris White stopper Perennial Tree Part-shade
Ficus aurea Florida strangler fig, Strangler Fig Perennial Tree
Forestiera segregata Florida Privet, Florida swampprivet Perennial Tree
Fraxinus caroliniana Carolina ash, Pop Ash Perennial Tree Shade
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel, Indian Blanket Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Hamelia patens Scarletbush, Firebush Perennial Shrub Sun
Hibiscus coccineus Scarlet rosemallow, Crimson rosemallow, Wild red mallow, Texas star hibiscus Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Hydrolea corymbosa Skyflower, Tall Hydrolea Perennial Herb
Hymenocallis latifolia Perfumed spiderlily, Perfumed spider-lily Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Hymenocallis palmeri Alligator lily Perennial Herb
Ilex glabra Inkberry, Gallberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet, Moist
Ipomoea pes-caprae Railroad vine, Goat-foot morning glory, Bayhops, Beach morning glory Perennial Vine Part-shade
Iris hexagona Dixie iris Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Itea virginica Virginia sweetspire, Tassel-white Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Iva frutescens Jesuit's bark, High-tide bush, High-water shrub, Marsh elder Perennial Shrub Sun Wet
Jacquinia keyensis Joewood Perennial Tree
Juncus effusus Common rush, Soft Rush Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Juncus roemerianus Black needlerush, Needlegrass rush Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Lachnanthes caroliana Carolina redroot, Paint root Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Laguncularia racemosa White mangrove Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Lantana involucrata Buttonsage, Button-sage Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Lilium catesbaei Pine lily, Southern red lily, Catesby's lily Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet, Moist
Ludwigia repens Creeping primrose-willow, Floating primrose-willow, Water primrose Perennial Herb
Lycium carolinianum Carolina wolfberry, Carolina desert-thorn, Creeping wolfberry, Christmas berry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Lyonia fruticosa Coastal plain staggerbush, Poor-grub, Rusty lyonia Perennial Shrub
Lyonia lucida Fetterbush lyonia, Shinyleaf, Fetterbush, Staggerbush Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Morella cerifera Wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Candleberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Morus rubra Red mulberry, Moral Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Nephrolepis exaltata Boston swordfern Perennial Fern
Nuphar lutea Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Nymphaea mexicana Yellow waterlily, Yellow Water-lily, Banana lily, Banana waterlily, Sun lotus Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Nymphaea odorata American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet
Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon fern Perennial Herb, Fern Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Osmunda regalis Royal fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Panicum amarum Bitter panicgrass, Bitter or coastal panic grass, Beachgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Paspalum distichum Knotgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun
Persea palustris Swamp bay, Swampbay Perennial Shrub, Tree
Pinus clausa Sand pine Perennial Tree Part-shade
Piscidia piscipula Florida Fish-poison Tree, Florida fishpoison tree Perennial Tree
Pityopsis graminifolia Narrowleaf silkgrass, Golden aster Perennial Herb Part-shade
Polygonum hydropiperoides Swamp smartweed Perennial Herb Sun
Pontederia cordata Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Portulaca pilosa Kiss me quick, Chisme Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Psychotria nervosa Seminole balsamo, Wild coffee Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Quercus chapmanii Chapman oak Perennial Shrub, Tree
Quercus laevis Turkey oak Perennial Tree Sun
Quercus laurifolia Laurel oak, Swamp laurel oak, Darlington oak, Diamond-leaf oak, Laurel-leaf oak, Water oak, Obtuse oak Perennial Tree Part-shade
Quercus myrtifolia Myrtle oak Perennial Tree
Quercus virginiana Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Live oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Rhizophora mangle Red mangrove Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Rhus copallinum Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ruellia caroliniensis Carolina wild petunia Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Sabal minor Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabal palmetto Cabbage palmetto, Cabbage palm Perennial Tree Part-shade
Salix caroliniana Coastal plain willow Perennial Tree Part-shade
Saururus cernuus Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Scaevola plumieri Gullfeed, Inkberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Serenoa repens Saw palmetto Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Sesuvium portulacastrum Shoreline seapurslane, Sea Purslane, Cenicilla Perennial Vine
Simarouba glauca Paradisetree Perennial Tree
Solidago sempervirens Seaside goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Spartina alterniflora Saltmarsh Cordgrass, Smooth cordgrass, Salt cordgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Spartina patens Marsh-hay cord grass, Salt-meadow cord grass, Saltmeadow cordgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Suriana maritima Bay cedar, Bay-cedar Perennial Tree
Taxodium ascendens Pond cypress Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Thalia geniculata Arrow root, Bent alligator-flag Perennial Herb Part-shade
Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Ulmus americana American elm, White elm Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Uniola paniculata Sea Oats, Seaoats Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun
Vaccinium myrsinites Shiny blueberry, Evergreen blueberry Perennial Shrub
Vallisneria americana American eelgrass, Water celery, Eelgrass, Tapegrass Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Vitis rotundifolia Muscadine, Scuppernong Grape Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Woodwardia virginica Virginia chainfern, Virginia chain fern Perennial Herb, Fern Part-shade Wet, Moist
Ximenia americana Tallow wood, Tallowwood Perennial Tree
Yucca aloifolia Aloe yucca, Spanish dagger Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Zamia pumila Coontie, Florida arrowroot Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Zanthoxylum fagara Lime prickly ash, Colima Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry