Alabama Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Alabama. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer negundo Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Acer rubrum var. drummondii Drummond's maple, Drummond red maple, Swamp maple Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet, Moist
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Aesculus pavia Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist
Amelanchier arborea Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aralia spinosa Devil's walking stick, Hercules club, Angelica tree, Pigeon tree, Shotbush, Prickly elder, Prickly ash Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Asimina parviflora Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Asimina triloba Pawpaw, Common pawpaw, Custard apple, Indian banana, Wild banana Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Asplenium platyneuron Ebony spleenwort Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Athyrium filix-femina Common lady fern, Subarctic lady fern, Lady fern, Ladyfern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Betula nigra River birch, Red birch, Black birch, Water birch Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Callicarpa americana American beautyberry , French mulberry Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Calycanthus floridus Eastern sweetshrub, Carolina allspice, Sweet shrub Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Campsis radicans Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam, Blue beech, Water beech, Musclewood, Ironwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya glabra Pignut hickory, Sweet pignut hickory, Coast pignut hickory, Pignut, Sweet pignut, Smoothbark hickory, Broom hickory, Red hickory, Swamp hickory, Switch hickory, Switchbud hickory Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Catalpa bignonioides Southern catalpa, Cigar tree, Indian bean Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud, Duraznillo Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Chionanthus virginicus White fringetree, Fringe tree, Snowflower tree, Flowering ash, Old man's beard, Grandfather graybeard, Grancy graybeard Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Cliftonia monophylla Buckwheat tree, Buckwheat bush Perennial Shrub Sun Wet
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cornus drummondii Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus opaca Mayhaw, Western mayhaw, May hawthorn, Riverflat hawthorn, Applehaw Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Cyrilla racemiflora Titi, Swamp titi, Black titi, White titi, Red titi, Leatherwood, Swamp cyrilla, American cyrilla, Burnwood bark, Palo colorado Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Delphinium exaltatum Tall larkspur Perennial Herb Part-shade
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon, Possumwood, Date plum, Winter plum, Jove's fruit Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Echinacea purpurea Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Fagus grandifolia American beech, White beech, Red beech, Ridge beech, Beechnut tree Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist
Forestiera acuminata Eastern swamp privet, Swamp privet, Texas privet Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Fothergilla major Mountain witchalder, Mountain witch-alder, Large fothergilla Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Frangula caroliniana Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Yellow buckthorn, Indian cherry, Yellowwood Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol rojo Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine, Evening Trumpetflower, Poor Man's Rope Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey locust, Common honey locust, Thorny common honey locust, Honey shucks locust, Sweet locust, Thorny locust, Honey shucks, Sweet bean tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Gordonia lasianthus Gordonia, Loblolly bay Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Halesia diptera Two-wing silverbell, Two-winged silverbell, Silverbell, American snowdrop tree, Snowdrop tree, Snowbell, Cowlicks Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Dry
Hamamelis virginiana Witch hazel, American witch hazel, Common witch hazel, Winterbloom Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helianthus angustifolius Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Hepatica nobilis var. acuta Sharplobe hepatica, Sharp-lobed hepatica, Mountain hepatica Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Hibiscus coccineus Scarlet rosemallow, Crimson rosemallow, Wild red mallow, Texas star hibiscus Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Hydrangea arborescens Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Hydrangea quercifolia Oakleaf hydrangea, Oak-leaf hydrangea Perennial Shrub Shade Moist
Hypericum hypericoides ssp. hypericoides St. Andrew's-cross Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw holly, Deciduous holly, Meadow holly, Prairie holly, Swamp holly, Welk holly, Deciduous yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ilex opaca American holly, White holly, Prickly holly, Evergreen holly, Christmas holly, Yule holly Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Dry
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ipomopsis rubra Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Itea virginica Virginia sweetspire, Tassel-white, Virginia willow Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Juglans nigra Black walnut, Eastern black walnut, American black walnut Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper, Red juniper, Pencil cedar, Carolina cedar, Red savin, Baton rouge Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Leucothoe axillaris Coastal doghobble, Coast leucothoe Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist
Lindera benzoin Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum, American sweetgum, Red gum, White gum, Star-leaved gum, Starleaf gum, Alligator tree, Satin walnut, Bilsted, Liquidambar Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lonicera sempervirens Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Malus angustifolia Southern crabapple, Narrowleaf crabapple, Wild crabapple, Southern crab, Narrowleaf crab, Wild crab Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Morella cerifera Wax myrtle , Southern wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Eastern bayberry, Bayberry, Candleberry, Tallow shrub Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Osmanthus americanus American Olive, Devilwood, Wild Olive Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Osmunda regalis Royal fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Ostrya virginiana Eastern hop-hornbeam, American hop-hornbeam, Woolly hop-hornbean, Eastern ironwood, Roughbark ironwood, Ironwood, Deerwood, Leverwood Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood, Sorrel tree Perennial Tree Part-shade
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Passiflora incarnata Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Penstemon digitalis Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Phlox divaricata Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Photinia pyrifolia Red chokeberry, Red chokecherry Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Pinus echinata Shortleaf pine, Shortleaf yellow pine, Southern yellow pine, Yellow pine, Shortstraw pine, Arkansas pine, Longtag pine, Spruce pine Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Pinus elliottii Slash pine Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Pinus glabra Spruce pine Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Pinus palustris Longleaf pine, Georgia pine, Longleaf yellow pine, Southern yellow pine, Longstraw pine, Hill pine, Hard pine, Heart pine Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Pinus taeda Loblolly pine, Oldfield pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Eastern sycamore, American plane tree, Plane tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Prunus mexicana Mexican plum, Bigtree plum, Inch plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus serotina Black cherry, Wild black cherry, Rum cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus alba White oak, Northern white oak, Eastern white oak, Stave oak, Ridge white oak, Forked-leaf white oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus falcata Southern red oak, Bottomland red oak, Three-lobed red oak, Spanish oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus nigra Water oak, Possum oak, Duck oak, Punk oak, Spotted oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Quercus phellos Willow oak, Swamp willow oak, Pin oak, Peach oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Quercus shumardii Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak, Swamp red oak, Spotted oak Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus stellata Post oak, Iron oak, Cross oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus virginiana Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Virginia live oak, Live oak, Encino Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Rhododendron austrinum Orange azalea, Florida azalea, Yellow azalea Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Rhododendron canescens Mountain azalea, Wild azalea, Honeysuckle azalea, Piedmont azalea, Sweet azalea, Hoary azalea, Southern pinxterflower Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust, Honey locust Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet
Sassafras albidum Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Cinnamon Wood, Mitten Tree, Saloop, Smelling Stick Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Solidago altissima Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Spartina patens Saltmeadow cordgrass, Salt-meadow cordgrass, Marsh-hay cordgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Spigelia marilandica Woodland pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian pink Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Stewartia malacodendron Silky Camellia, Virginia Stewartia, Round-fruited Stewartia Perennial Shrub Shade
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress, Southern cypress, Swamp cypress, Red cypress, White cypress, Yellow cypress, Gulf cypress, Tidewater red cypress Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tilia americana American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ulmus alata Winged elm, Wahoo elm, Cork elm, Witch elm Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Ulmus americana American elm, White elm, Soft elm, Water elm, Common elm Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar elm, Fall elm, Basket elm, Scrub elm, Lime elm, Texas elm, Southern rock elm, Olmo Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Vaccinium arboreum Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry, Winter huckleberry, Huckleberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Viola pedata Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet, Bird-foot violet Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Dry
Wisteria frutescens American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Woodwardia areolata Netted chainfern, Chain fern, Netted chain fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Yucca aloifolia Spanish dagger, Spanish bayonet, Aloe yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Zephyranthes atamasca Atamasco lily, Rain lily Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist