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NPIN: Recommended Native Plants - Cross Timbers and Prairies



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Lifespan

Light requirement
 Sun - 6 or more hrs
 Part shade - 2 to 6 hrs
 Shade - 2 hrs or less

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 Moist - looks & feels damp
 Wet - saturated
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 More than 100

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Special Collections

Cross Timbers and Prairies

The Cross Timbers and Prairies area in North Central Texas includes the Cross Timbers, Grand Prairie, and North Central Prairies land resource areas. This area represents the southern extension of the Central Lowlands and the western extreme of the Coastal Plains. The wide variances in geologic formations bring about sharp contrasts in topography, soils, and vegetation. Upland soils of both the East and West Cross Timbers are light, slightly acid loamy sands and sandy loams with yellowish brown to red clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils have small, dark, neutral to calcareous clayey areas, and loamy alluvial soils occur along the minor streams. Upland soils are dark, deep to shallow, and stony calcareous clays with subsoils of lighter, limy earths and limestone fragments. Bottomland soils are reddish brown, loamy to clayey calcareous alluvial. The North Central Prairies are interspersed with rapidly drained sandstone and shaley ridges and hills occupied by scrub live oak, juniper, and mesquite. Uplands are brown, sandy loam to silt loam, slightly acid soils over red to gray, neutral to alkaline clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils are brown to dark gray, loamy and clayey, neutral to calcareous, and alluvial.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Bouteloua gracilisBlue grama
Bouteloua hirsutaHairy grama
Bouteloua hirsuta var. pectinataHairy grama
Tall grama
Bouteloua rigidisetaTexas grama
Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifoliusBerlandier's sundrops
Square-bud primrose
Sundrops
Square-bud day-primrose
Callirhoe digitataFinger poppy-mallow
Poppy mallow
Standing winecup
Wine cup
Winecup
Calylophus hartwegiiHartweg's sundrops
Western Primrose
Carya illinoinensisPecan
Castilleja indivisaEntireleaf indian paintbrush
Texas paintbrush
Indian paintbrush
Scarlet paintbrush
Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush
Callirhoe involucrataWinecup
Purple poppy mallow
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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