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Lifespan

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 Sun - 6 or more hrs
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Special Collections

Cross Timbers and Prairies

The Cross Timbers and Prairies area in North Central Texas includes the Cross Timbers, Grand Prairie, and North Central Prairies land resource areas. This area represents the southern extension of the Central Lowlands and the western extreme of the Coastal Plains. The wide variances in geologic formations bring about sharp contrasts in topography, soils, and vegetation. Upland soils of both the East and West Cross Timbers are light, slightly acid loamy sands and sandy loams with yellowish brown to red clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils have small, dark, neutral to calcareous clayey areas, and loamy alluvial soils occur along the minor streams. Upland soils are dark, deep to shallow, and stony calcareous clays with subsoils of lighter, limy earths and limestone fragments. Bottomland soils are reddish brown, loamy to clayey calcareous alluvial. The North Central Prairies are interspersed with rapidly drained sandstone and shaley ridges and hills occupied by scrub live oak, juniper, and mesquite. Uplands are brown, sandy loam to silt loam, slightly acid soils over red to gray, neutral to alkaline clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils are brown to dark gray, loamy and clayey, neutral to calcareous, and alluvial.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Triplasis purpureaPurple sandgrass
Purple triplasis
Ulmus alataWinged elm
Wahoo
Ulmus americanaAmerican elm
White elm
Ulmus crassifoliaCedar elm
Fall elm
Olmo
Ungnadia speciosaMexican buckeye
Verbena haleiSlender verbena
Texas verbena
Texas vervain
Vernonia lindheimeriWoolly ironweed
Verbesina virginicaFrostweed
White crownbeard
Iceplant
Iceweed
Virginia crownbeard
Indian tobacco
Richweed
Squawweed
Vitis cinerea var. helleriWinter grape
Heller's grape
Gray-leaf grape
Smooth-leaf grape
Sweet grape
Spanish grape
Viguiera dentataSunflower goldeneye
Plateau goldeneye
Toothleaf goldeneye
Goldeneye
Chimalacate
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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