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NPIN: Recommended Native Plants - Cross Timbers and Prairies



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General Appearance

Lifespan

Light requirement
 Sun - 6 or more hrs
 Part shade - 2 to 6 hrs
 Shade - 2 hrs or less

Soil moisture
 Dry - no signs of moisture
 Moist - looks & feels damp
 Wet - saturated
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 12-36  36-72  72-100
 More than 100

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Special Collections

Cross Timbers and Prairies

The Cross Timbers and Prairies area in North Central Texas includes the Cross Timbers, Grand Prairie, and North Central Prairies land resource areas. This area represents the southern extension of the Central Lowlands and the western extreme of the Coastal Plains. The wide variances in geologic formations bring about sharp contrasts in topography, soils, and vegetation. Upland soils of both the East and West Cross Timbers are light, slightly acid loamy sands and sandy loams with yellowish brown to red clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils have small, dark, neutral to calcareous clayey areas, and loamy alluvial soils occur along the minor streams. Upland soils are dark, deep to shallow, and stony calcareous clays with subsoils of lighter, limy earths and limestone fragments. Bottomland soils are reddish brown, loamy to clayey calcareous alluvial. The North Central Prairies are interspersed with rapidly drained sandstone and shaley ridges and hills occupied by scrub live oak, juniper, and mesquite. Uplands are brown, sandy loam to silt loam, slightly acid soils over red to gray, neutral to alkaline clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils are brown to dark gray, loamy and clayey, neutral to calcareous, and alluvial.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Allium canadense var. mobilenseMeadow garlic
Wild onion
Allium coryiYellow-flowered onion
Yellowflower onion
Allium drummondiiDrummond's onion
Wild Garlic
Drummond wild onion
Alophia drummondiiPropeller flower
Purple pleat-leaf
Pinewoods lily
Prairie iris
Pleatleaf iris
Aloysia gratissimaWhitebrush
Bee-brush
White-brush
Common bee-brush
Beebrush
Privet lippia
Ampelopsis arboreaPeppervine
Amorpha canescensLeadplant
Leadplant amorpha
Prairie shoestring
Ampelopsis cordataHeartleaf peppervine
Heart-leaf ampelopsis
Amorpha fruticosaIndigo bush
False indigo bush
False indigo
Desert false indigo
Amsonia illustrisOzark bluestar
Showy blue-star
Missouri blue star
Swamp bluestar
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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