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General Appearance

Lifespan

Light requirement
 Sun - 6 or more hrs
 Part shade - 2 to 6 hrs
 Shade - 2 hrs or less

Soil moisture
 Dry - no signs of moisture
 Moist - looks & feels damp
 Wet - saturated
Bloom Time
 Jan  Feb  Mar
 Apr  May  Jun
 Jul  Aug  Sep
 Oct  Nov  Dec
Bloom Color
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 Orange  Yellow  Green
 Blue  Purple  Violet
 Brown  Black

Height (in feet)
 0-1  1-3  3-6  6-12
 12-36  36-72  72-100
 More than 100

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Special Collections

High Plains

The High Plains area is part of the Southern Great Plains. It is separated from the Rolling Plains by the Llano Estacado Escarpment and dissected by the Canadian River Breaks in the northern part. Notable canyons include Tule and Palo Duro along the Caprock. This relatively level plateau contains many shallow siltation depressions, or playa lakes, which sometimes cover as much as 40 acres and contain several feet of water after heavy rains. These depressions support unique patterns of vegetation within their confines.

The upland soils are dark brown to reddish brown, mostly deep, neutral to calcareous clay and clay loams in the north to sandy loams and sands in the south. Caliche is present under many soils at various depths, especially on the Potter series. The original vegetation of the High Plains was variously classified as mixed prairie, shortgrass prairie, and in some locations on deep, sandy soils as tallgrass prairie. Blue grama, buffalograss, and galleta (Hilaria jamesii) are the principal vegetation on the clay and clay loam sites.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Abronia ameliaeAmelia's sand verbena
Heart's delight
Amelia's sand-verbena
Sand verbena
Abronia angustifoliaPurple sand verbena
Narrow-leaf sand-verbena
Abronia fragransFragrant verbena
Sand verbena
Snowball
Snowball sand verbena
Sweet sand-verbena
Abutilon fruticosumIndian mallow
Texas Indian mallow
Acacia angustissimaPrairie acacia
Fern acacia
Prairie wattle
Whiteball acacia
Achnatherum hymenoidesIndian ricegrass
Indian Millet
Sandgrass
Achillea millefoliumCommon yarrow
Yarrow
Milfoil
Western yarrow
Allium canadense var. canadenseCanada onion
Meadow garlic
Wild onion
Allium canadense var. mobilenseMeadow garlic
Wild onion
Allium coryiYellow-flowered onion
Yellowflower onion
Allium drummondiiDrummond's onion
Wild Garlic
Drummond wild onion
Ampelopsis cordataHeartleaf peppervine
Heart-leaf ampelopsis
Amorpha fruticosaIndigo bush
False indigo bush
False indigo
Desert false indigo
Amblyolepis setigeraHuisache daisy
Butterfly daisy
Honey daisy
Andropogon gerardiiBig bluestem
Turkeyfoot
Aphanostephus skirrhobasisLazy daisy
Arkansas lazy daisy
Arkansas dozedaisy
Argemone polyanthemosAnnual pricklepoppy
Bluestem pricklepoppy
Bluestem prickly poppy
Crested pricklypoppy
Pricklypoppy
Thistle poppy
White prickly poppy
White pricklypoppy
Atriplex canescensChamiso
Four-wing saltbush
Fourwing saltbush
Wingscale
Berlandiera lyrataChocolate daisy
Chocolate flower
Lyreleaf greeneyes
Green-Eyed lyre leaf
Bothriochloa barbinodisCane bluestem
Bouteloua curtipendulaSideoats grama
Bouteloua dactyloidesBuffalograss
Buffalo grass
Bouteloua eriopodaBlack grama
Bouteloua gracilisBlue grama
Bouteloua hirsutaHairy grama
Calamovilfa giganteaGiant sandreed
Prairie sandreed
Calylophus hartwegiiHartweg's sundrops
Western Primrose
Callirhoe involucrataWinecup
Purple poppy mallow
Centaurea americanaAmerican basket-flower
American star-thistle
Basket-Flower
Star thistle
Shaving brush
Centaurium beyrichiiMountain pink
Meadow pink
Catchfly
Quinineweed
Celtis laevigataSugar hackberry
Hackberry
Sugarberry
Texas sugarberry
Palo blanco
Celtis laevigata var. reticulataNetleaf hackberry
Netleaf sugar hackberry
Sugar Hackberry
Texas Sugarberry
Palo Blanco
Acibuche
Cercocarpus montanusAlderleaf mountain mahogany
Alder-leaf mountain-mahogany
Mountain mahogany
Silverleaf mountain mahogany
Cercocarpus montanus var. argenteusSilver mountain mahogany
Mountain mahogany
True mountain mahogany
Silverleaf mountain mahogany
Cephalanthus occidentalisCommon buttonbush
Buttonbush
Button willow
Chloris virgataFeather fingergrass
Showy chloris
Cirsium texanumTexas thistle
Corydalis aureaScrambled eggs
Golden corydalis
Corydalis curvisiliquaCurvepod
Curvepod fumewort
Golden Smoke
Scrambled Eggs
Cooperia drummondiiEvening rain lily
Evening star rain lily
Coreopsis lanceolataLanceleaf coreopsis
Lanceleaf tickseed
Lance-leaved coreopsis
Sand coreopsis
Coreopsis tinctoriaPlains coreopsis
Golden tickseed
Goldenwave
Calliopsis
Dasyochloa pulchellaFluff grass
Low woollygrass
Datura wrightiiSacred thorn-apple
Jimsonweed
Thorn apple
Datura
Angel Trumpet
Sacred datura
Digitaria californicaArizona cottontop
California cottontop
California crab grass
Cottontop
Diospyros texanaTexas persimmon
Mexican persimmon
Black persimmon
Chapote
Chapote prieto
Elymus canadensisCanada wild rye
Canadian wildrye
Prairie wildrye
Nodding wildrye
Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifoliusSquirreltail
Long-leaf squirrel-tail
Ephedra antisyphiliticaMormon tea
Joint-fir
Clapweed
Popote
Eriogonum annuumAnnual buckwheat
Wild Buckwheat
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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