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General Appearance

Lifespan

Light requirement
 Sun - 6 or more hrs
 Part shade - 2 to 6 hrs
 Shade - 2 hrs or less

Soil moisture
 Dry - no signs of moisture
 Moist - looks & feels damp
 Wet - saturated

Bloom Time
 Jan  Feb  Mar
 Apr  May  Jun
 Jul  Aug  Sep
 Oct  Nov  Dec
Bloom Color
 White  Red  Pink
 Orange  Yellow  Green
 Blue  Purple  Violet
 Brown  Black

Height (in feet)
 0-1  1-3  3-6  6-12
 12-36  36-72  72-100
 More than 100

Leaf Arrangement
 Alternate
 Opposite
 Whorled
 Fascicled

Leaf Retention
 Deciduous
 Evergreen
 Semi-evergreen

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Special Collections

Trans-Pecos

The Trans-Pecos area in Far West Texas is traversed by the eastern chain of the Rocky Mountains into the Basin and Range Province and is typical of the southwestern United States. Guadalupe Peak, having an elevation of 8,751 feet, of the Guadalupe Mountains, is the highest point in Texas. Surrounding peaks are El Capitan, Shumard, Bartlett, and Pine Top, all exceeding 8,000 feet. Mount Emory in the Chisos Mountains and Mount Locke in the Davis Mountains are 7,825 feet and 8,382 feet high, respectively. Notable canyons and gorges are Santa Elena, Boquillas, and Mariscal on the Big Bend of the Rio Grande; and McKittrick in the Guadalupe Mountains. Uplands soils are mostly light reddish brown to brown clay loams, clays, and sands over reddish, loamy to clayey, calcareous, gypsic or saline subsoils. These include many areas of shallow soils and rocklands. Sizeable areas of deep sands exist. Drainage is rapid in the mountains, slow in the basins, and absent in the bolsons.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Abronia fragransFragrant verbena
Sand verbena
Snowball
Snowball sand verbena
Sweet sand-verbena
Abutilon fruticosumIndian mallow
Texas Indian mallow
Acaciella angustissimaPrairie Acacia
Fern Acacia
Whiteball Acacia
Prairie Wattle
Acacia farnesianaHuisache
Texas huisache
Sweet acacia
Perfume acacia
Mealy acacia
Mealy wattle
Cassie
Achillea millefoliumCommon yarrow
Western yarrow
Yarrow
Milfoil
Acacia rigidulaBlackbrush acacia
Blackbrush
Chaparro prieto
Gavia
Acourtia wrightiiBrownfoot
Pink perezia
Agave lechuguillaLechuguilla
Tula ixtle
Allium canadense var. canadenseCanada onion
Meadow garlic
Wild onion
Allium canadense var. mobilenseMeadow garlic
Wild onion
Allium coryiYellow-flowered onion
Yellowflower onion
Allium drummondiiDrummond's onion
Wild Garlic
Drummond wild onion
Aloysia gratissimaWhitebrush
Bee-brush
White-brush
Common bee-brush
Beebrush
Privet lippia
Aloysia wrightiiWright's beebrush
Wright's lippia
Amorpha fruticosaIndigo bush
False indigo bush
False indigo
Desert false indigo
Amblyolepis setigeraHuisache Daisy
Butterfly Daisy
Honey Daisy
Amelanchier utahensisUtah serviceberry
Andropogon gerardiiBig bluestem
Tall bluestem
Turkeyfoot
Anisacanthus puberulusDwarf desert honeysuckle
Pinky Anisacanthus
Pinkie Anisacanth
Aphanostephus skirrhobasisLazy daisy
Arkansas lazy daisy
Arkansas doze-daisy
Artemisia filifoliaSand sagebrush
Silver sagebrush
Silvery wormwood
Sand sage
Argemone mexicanaMexican prickly poppy
Mexican prickly poppy
Yellow prickly poppy
Argemone polyanthemosAnnual pricklepoppy
Bluestem pricklepoppy
Bluestem prickly poppy
Crested pricklypoppy
Pricklypoppy
Thistle poppy
White prickly poppy
White pricklypoppy
Asclepias texanaTexas milkweed
White milkweed
Atriplex canescensChamiso
Four-wing saltbush
Wing-scale
Baileya multiradiataDesert Marigold
Showy Desert Marigold
Paper Daisy
Desert Baileya
Baccharis neglectaFalse Willow
Jara dulce
Poverty Weed
Roosevelt Weed
Berlandiera lyrataChocolate daisy
Chocolate flower
Lyreleaf greeneyes
Green-eyed lyre leaf
Bothriochloa barbinodisCane bluestem
Bouteloua curtipendulaSideoats grama
Banderilla
Banderita
Navajita
Bouteloua dactyloidesBuffalograss
Buffalo grass
Bouteloua eriopodaBlack grama
Bouteloua gracilisBlue grama
Bouteloua hirsutaHairy grama
Bouvardia ternifoliaScarlet bouvardia
Firecracker bush
Trompetilla
Clavillo
Bromus lanatipesWoolly brome
Buddleja marrubiifoliaWoolly butterflybush
Butterfly bush
Woolly Butterfly-bush
Calliandra confertaRio Grande stickpea
Fairy duster
Castela erecta ssp. texanaAllthorn goatbush
Amargoso
Goat-bush
Texan goatbush
Calamovilfa giganteaGiant sandreed
Prairie sandreed
Calylophus hartwegiiHartweg's sundrops
Western Primrose
Callirhoe involucrataWinecup
Purple poppy mallow
Carex planostachysCedar sedge
Centaurea americanaAmerican basket-flower
American star-thistle
Basket-Flower
Star thistle
Shaving brush
Cercis canadensis var. mexicanaMexican redbud
Celtis ehrenbergianaDesert hackberry
Spiny hackberry
Shiny hackberry
Granjeno
Huasteco
Ceanothus fendleriFendler's ceanothus
Fendler ceanothus
Celtis laevigataSugar hackberry
Texas sugarberry
Sugarberry
Southern hackberry
Lowland hackberry
Hackberry
Palo blanco
Celtis laevigata var. reticulataNetleaf hackberry
Netleaf sugar hackberry
Western hackberry
Sugar hackberry
Texas sugarberry
Palo blanco
Acibuche
Cercocarpus montanus var. argenteusSilver mountain mahogany
Silverleaf mountain mahogany
True mountain mahogany
Mountain mahogany
Cephalanthus occidentalisCommon buttonbush
Buttonbush
Button willow
Choisya dumosaMexican orange
Starleaf Mexican orange
Zorrillo
Fragrant starleaf
Chilopsis linearisDesert willow
Flowering willow
Willow-leaved catalpa
Willowleaf catalpa
Bow willow
Flor de mimbre
Mimbre
Chrysactinia mexicanaDamianita
Chloris virgataFeather fingergrass
Showy chloris
Citharexylum berlandieriBerlandier's fiddlewood
Berlandier fiddlewood
Fiddlewood
Cirsium texanumTexas thistle
Clematis drummondiiOld man's beard
Drummond's clematis
Texas virgin's bower
Goat's beard
Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicenseJamaica swamp sawgrass
Jamaican Saw-grass
Saw-grass
Corydalis aureaScrambled eggs
Golden corydalis
Corydalis curvisiliquaCurvepod
Curvepod fumewort
Golden Smoke
Scrambled Eggs
Cooperia drummondiiEvening rain lily
Evening star rain lily
Coreopsis lanceolataLanceleaf coreopsis
Lance-leaved coreopsis
Lanceleaf tickseed
Sand coreopsis
Cosmos parviflorusSouthwestern cosmos
Southwest cosmos
Colubrina texensisHog-plum
Texan hogplum
Texas colubrina
Texas snakewood
Coreopsis tinctoriaPlains coreopsis
Golden tickseed
Goldenwave
Coreopsis
Calliopsis
Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricataCane cactus
Cholla
Teddy-bear cholla
Tree cholla
Walkingstick cholla
Dalea bicolor var. argyreaSilver prairie clover
Silver dalea
Silver bush dalea
Dalea formosaFeatherplume
Feather Dalea
Dalea frutescensBlack dalea
Black prairie clover
Dalea greggiiGregg dalea
Gregg's prairie clover
Trailing indigo bush
Indigo bush
Dasylirion leiophyllumGreen sotol
Smooth-leaved sotol
Smooth-leaf sotol
Sotol
Desert candle
Dasyochloa pulchellaFluff grass
Low woollygrass
Dasylirion texanumTexas sotol
Sotol
Dasylirion wheeleriCommon sotol
Sotol
Desert Spoon
Desert candle
Datura wrightiiJimsonweed
Sacred Thorn Apple
Thorn apple
Angel Trumpet
Sacred datura
Dichondra argenteaSilver Ponyfoot
Silver ponysfoot
Digitaria californicaArizona cottontop
California cottontop
California crab grass
Cottontop
Diospyros texanaTexas persimmon
Mexican persimmon
Black persimmon
Chapote
Chapote prieto
Elionurus barbiculmisWoolyspike balsamscale
Woolspike balsamscale
Elymus canadensisCanada wild rye
Canadian wildrye
Prairie wildrye
Nodding wildrye
Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifoliusSquirreltail
Long-leaf squirrel-tail
Ephedra antisyphiliticaMormon tea
Joint-fir
Clapweed
Popote
Epipactis giganteaStream orchid
Chatterbox orchid
Giant hellebore
Ephedra torreyanaTorrey joint-fir
Torrey's jointfir
Ephedra trifurcaEphedra
Mormon tea
Longleaf jointfir
Jointfir
Longleaf teabush
Tea weed
Canutillo
Eriogonum annuumAnnual buckwheat
Wild Buckwheat
Eragrostis intermediaPlains lovegrass
Ericameria laricifoliaLarchleaf goldenweed
Turpentine bush
Turpentine brush
Hierba de conejo
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosaChamisa
Rabbitbrush
Rubber rabbitbrush
Erioneuron pilosumHairy Woollygrass
Hairy Tridens
Eriogonum wrightiiWright's Buckwheat
Bastard-sage
Wild Buckwheat
Perennial Buckwheat
Euphorbia antisyphiliticaCandelilla
Wax plant
Eucnide bartonioidesYellow Rocknettle
Rocknettle
Yellow Stingbush
Euphorbia cyathophoraWild Poinsettia
Poinsettia
Fire on the Mountain
Euphorbia marginataSnow on the mountain
Snow-on-the-mountain
Eysenhardtia texanaTexas kidneywood
Kidneywood
Bee-Brush
Vara dulce
Fallugia paradoxaApache plume
Ponil
Fendlera rupicolaCliff fendlerbush
False mock-orange
Forestiera pubescens var. pubescensStretchberry
Elbowbush
Stretch-berry
Downy forestiera
Desert olive
Elbow-bush
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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