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Pineywoods

The Pineywoods area lies entirely within the Gulf Coastal Plains, which extend into Texas for 75 to 125 miles west of the Louisiana border. The area is a nearly level to gently undulating, locally hilly, forested plain. Upland soils are generally acid, sandy loams and sands over gray, yellow, red, or mottled sandy loam to clay subsoils. Bottomland soils are generally light brown to dark gray, acid to calcareous, loamy to clayey alluvial. Acid loamy soils are extensive in the flood plains of minor streams. The dominant vegetation type is a mixed pine-hardwood forest on the uplands and a mixed hardwood forest on the lowlands.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Acer barbatumSouthern sugar maple
Florida maple
Caddo maple
Rock maple
Acer leucodermeChalk maple
Achillea millefoliumCommon yarrow
Yarrow
Milfoil
Western yarrow
Acer rubrumRed maple
Scarlet maple
Aesculus pavia var. paviaScarlet buckeye
Red buckeye
Southern buckeye
Firecracker plant
Andropogon gerardiiBig bluestem
Turkeyfoot
Andropogon glomeratusBushy bluestem
Brushy bluestem
Andropogon virginicusBroomsedge bluestem
Broom-sedge
Aralia spinosaDevil's walkingstick
Devil's walking-stick
Prickly Ash
Hercules club
Angelica tree
Asimina parvifloraSmallflower pawpaw
Small-flower pawpaw
Dwarf pawpaw
Asclepias tuberosaButterflyweed
Butterfly milkweed
Orange milkweed
Pleurisy root
Betula nigraRiver birch
Red birch
Black birch
Bignonia capreolataCrossvine
Bouteloua curtipendulaSideoats grama
Callicarpa americanaAmerican beautyberry
French mulberry
Carpinus carolinianaAmerican hornbeam
Blue beech
Musclewood
Ironwood
Callirhoe involucrataWinecup
Purple poppy mallow
Campsis radicansTrumpet creeper
Trumpet vine
Common trumpet creeper
Cow vine
Catalpa speciosaNorthern catalpa
Catawba tree
Cigar tree
Indian bean
Ceanothus americanusNew Jersey tea
Redroot
Cercis canadensis var. texensisTexas redbud
Chasmanthium latifoliumInland sea oats
Indian wood oats
Wild oats
River oats
Flathead oats
Upland Oats
Upland Sea Oats
Clematis pitcheriPurple clematis
Purple leatherflower
Leatherflower
Bluebill
Cornus drummondiiRoughleaf dogwood
Drummond's dogwood
Rough-leaf dogwood
Cooperia drummondiiEvening rain lily
Evening star rain lily
Cornus floridaFlowering dogwood
Virginia dogwood
Crataegus marshalliiParsley hawthorn
Crataegus viridisGreen hawthorn
Southern thorn
Cyrilla racemifloraSwamp titi
Titi
Leatherwood
Swamp cyrilla
Palo colorado
Desmanthus illinoensisIllinois bundleflower
Bundleflower
Prairie bundle flower
Prickleweed
Illinois Desmanthus
Prairie mimosa
Diospyros virginianaCommon persimmon
Eastern persimmon
Dracopis amplexicaulisClasping coneflower
Clasping-leaf coneflower
Echinacea pallidaPale purple coneflower
Pale coneflower
Echinacea purpureaEastern purple coneflower
Purple coneflower
Elymus canadensisCanada wild rye
Canadian wildrye
Prairie wildrye
Nodding wildrye
Eriogonum annuumAnnual buckwheat
Wild Buckwheat
Erythrina herbaceaCoralbean
Cherokee bean
Red cardinal
Eryngium leavenworthiiLeavenworth's eryngo
Eryngo
Eriogonum multiflorumWild buckwheat
Heartsepal buckwheat
Heart-sepal wild buckwheat
Eragrostis spectabilisPurple lovegrass
Purple love grass
Purple plains lovegrass
Tumblegrass
Petticoat climber
Eryngium yuccifoliumButton eryngo
Button snakeroot
Rattlesnake master
Beargrass
Bear's grass
Euphorbia marginataSnow on the mountain
Snow-on-the-mountain
Eubotrys racemosaFetter-bush
Leucothoe
Swamp doghobble
Sweet-bells Leucothe
Sweetbells
Eupatorium serotinumLateflowering thoroughwort
White boneset
Late boneset
Late-flowering boneset
Fagus grandifoliaAmerican beech
Fraxinus americanaWhite ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanicaGreen ash
Red ash
Gaillardia pulchellaFirewheel
Indian Blanket
Geum canadenseWhite avens
Gelsemium sempervirensCarolina jessamine
Yellow jessamine
Evening trumpetflower
Poor man's rope
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifidaPrairie verbena
Purple prairie verbena
Dakota mock vervain
Dakota vervain
Glandularia canadensisRose vervain
Sweet william
Rose mock vervain
Gleditsia triacanthosHoney locust
Common Honey-locust
Honey-locust
Thornless common honey-locust
Honey shucks
Halesia dipteraTwo-wing silverbell
Silver bell
Two-winged silverbell
Snowdrop tree
American snowdrop tree
Hamamelis virginianaWitch hazel
American witch hazel
Helenium amarumYellow Sneezeweed
Bitterweed
Yellow bitterweed
Yellowdicks
Slender-leaved sneezeweed
Fine-leaved sneezweed
Yellow dog-fennel
Helianthus angustifoliusSwamp sunflower
Narrowleaf sunflower
Narrow-leaved sunflower
Herbertia lahuePrairie nymph
Herbertia
Hibiscus aculeatusComfortroot
Big thicket hibiscus
Pineland hibiscus
Hibiscus coccineusScarlet rosemallow
Crimson rosemallow
Wild red mallow
Texas star hibiscus
Hibiscus laevisHalberdleaf rosemallow
Halberdleaf hibiscus
Scarlet rose mallow
Halberd-leaved hibiscus
Halberd-leaved rose-mallow
Hymenopappus artemisiifoliusOld plainsman
Oldplainsman
Woolly-white
Hymenocallis liriosmeSpring spiderlily
Spider Lily
Spring Spider Lily
Hydrolea ovataBlue Water Leaf
Hairy Hydrolea
Ovate false fiddleleaf
Hydrangea quercifoliaOakleaf hydrangea
Oak-leaf hydrangea
Ilex deciduaPossumhaw
Possumhaw Holly
Deciduous Holly
Winterberry
Deciduous yaupon
Ilex opacaAmerican holly
Christmas holly
Ilex verticillataCommon winterberry
Michigan holly
Black alder
Ilex vomitoriaYaupon
Yaupon Holly
Cassina
Ipomopsis rubraStanding cypress
Texas plume
Red Texas star
Red gilia
Iris brevicaulisZigzag iris
Iris virginicaVirginia iris
Great Blue Flag
Southern blueflag
Itea virginicaVirginia sweetspire
Tassel-white
Justicia americanaAmerican water-willow
Water-willow
Juglans nigraBlack walnut
Eastern black walnut
Juniperus virginianaEastern red cedar
Eastern redcedar
Virginia juniper
Juniperus virginiana var. silicicolaSouthern redcedar
Southern red-cedar
Lindera benzoinNorthern spicebush
Spicebush
Wild allspice
Liatris elegansBlazing star
Gay feather
Pink-scale gayfeather
Pinkscale blazing star
Lithospermum incisumNarrowleaf stoneseed
Puccoon
Fringed puccoon
Narrowleaf gromwell
Fringed gromwell
Narrow-leaved puccoon
Liatris mucronataCusp gayfeather
Gayfeather
Blazing star
Narrow-leaf gayfeather
Texas gayfeather
Cusp blazing star
Liatris pycnostachyaPrairie Blazing Star
Kansas Gayfeather
Cat-tail Gayfeather
Hairy Button-snakeroot
Liquidambar styracifluaSweetgum
American sweetgum
Lobelia cardinalisCardinal flower
Lonicera sempervirensCoral honeysuckle
Trumpet honeysuckle
Woodbine
Maurandella antirrhinifloraSnapdragon Vine
Roving sailor
Climbing snapdragon
Little snapdragon vine
Marshallia caespitosaBarbara's-buttons
Puffballs
White Barbara's-buttons
Magnolia grandifloraSouthern magnolia
Evergreen magnolia
Bull bay
Maclura pomiferaOsage orange
Bois d' arc
Bodark
Horse apple
Hedge apple
Magnolia virginianaSweetbay
Sweetbay magnolia
Swampbay
Swamp magnolia
Small magnolia
Beaver tree
Mitchella repensPartridgeberry
Twinberry
Running box
Pigeon plum
Monarda citriodoraLemon beebalm
Purple horsemint
Lemon mint
Plains horsemint
Lemon horsemint
Horsemint
Purple lemon mint
Morus rubraRed mulberry
Moral
Muhlenbergia capillarisGulf muhly
Hair-awn muhly
Hairy-awn muhly
Hair grass
Pink muhly
Nelumbo luteaAmerican lotus
Yellow water lotus
Yellow lotus
Nemophila phacelioidesBaby blue-eyes
Flannel breeches
Large-flower baby-blue-eyes
Largeflower baby blue eyes
Texas baby blue eyes
Nuphar luteaYellow pond-lily
Cow lily
Spatter dock
Yellow cow lily
Nuphar lutea ssp. advenaCommon spatterdock
Yellow cow lily
Yellow pond lily
Spatterdock
Nuttallanthus texanusTexas Toad-Flax
Texas toadflax
Toadflax
Nymphaea odorataAmerican white waterlily
Fragrant white water lily
White water lily
Fragrant water lily
White water lily
Sweet-scented white water lily
Sweet-scented water lily
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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