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General Appearance

Lifespan

Light requirement
 Sun - 6 or more hrs
 Part shade - 2 to 6 hrs
 Shade - 2 hrs or less

Soil moisture
 Dry - no signs of moisture
 Moist - looks & feels damp
 Wet - saturated

Bloom Time
 Jan  Feb  Mar
 Apr  May  Jun
 Jul  Aug  Sep
 Oct  Nov  Dec
Bloom Color
 White  Red  Pink
 Orange  Yellow  Green
 Blue  Purple  Violet
 Brown  Black

Height (in feet)
 0-1  1-3  3-6  6-12
 12-36  36-72  72-100
 More than 100

Leaf Arrangement
 Alternate
 Opposite
 Whorled
 Fascicled

Leaf Retention
 Deciduous
 Evergreen
 Semi-evergreen

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Special Collections

Pennsylvania Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Pennsylvania. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Abies balsameaBalsam Fir
Achillea millefoliumCommon yarrow
Western yarrow
Yarrow
Milfoil
Acer nigrumBlack maple
Actaea pachypodaWhite baneberry
Dolls eyes
Acer rubrumRed maple
Scarlet maple
Soft maple
Actaea rubraRed baneberry
Acer saccharumSugar maple
Northern sugar maple
Aesculus glabraOhio buckeye
Texas buckeye
Fetid buckeye
Horse chestnut
Amelanchier canadensisCanadian serviceberry
Canadian service-berry
Shadblow serviceberry
Juneberry
Shadbush
Junebush
Anemone canadensisCanadian anemone
Round-leaf thimbleweed
Canada anemone
Windflower
Meadow anemone
Andropogon gerardiiBig bluestem
Tall bluestem
Turkeyfoot
Anaphalis margaritaceaWestern pearly everlasting
Pearly-everlasting
Aquilegia canadensisEastern red columbine
Wild red columbine
Asimina trilobaPawpaw
Common pawpaw
Custard apple
Indian banana
Wild banana
Asclepias tuberosaButterflyweed
Butterfly milkweed
Orange milkweed
Pleurisy root
Chigger flower
Betula lentaSweet birch
Cherry birch
Black birch
Mahogany birch
Betula nigraRiver birch
Red birch
Black birch
Water birch
Betula papyriferaPaper birch
Canoe birch
White birch
Betula populifoliaGray birch
White birch
Aspen-leaved birch
Bouteloua curtipendulaSideoats grama
Banderilla
Banderita
Navajita
Bromus kalmiiArctic brome
Prairie brome
Wild chess
Campanulastrum americanumAmerican bellflower
Tall bellflower
Carpinus carolinianaAmerican hornbeam
Blue beech
Water beech
Musclewood
Ironwood
Carya cordiformisBitternut hickory
Swamp hickory
Bitternut
Pig hickory
Pignut hickory
Pignut
White hickory
Red hickory
Bitter walnut
Bitter pecan
Carya glabraPignut hickory
Sweet pignut hickory
Coast pignut hickory
Pignut
Sweet pignut
Smoothbark hickory
Broom hickory
Red hickory
Swamp hickory
Switch hickory
Switchbud hickory
Carya ovataShagbark hickory
Carolina hickory
Scalybark hickory
Upland hickory
Shellbark hickory
Campsis radicansTrumpet creeper
Trumpet vine
Common trumpet creeper
Cow vine
Foxglove vine
Hellvine
Devil's shoestring
Campanula rotundifoliaBluebell bellflower
Bluebell of Scotland
Bluebell
Harebell
Witches' thimble
Carya tomentosaMockernut hickory
Mockernut
White hickory
Whiteheart hickory
Fragrant hickory
Bigbud hickory
Hardbark hickory
Hognut
Bullnut
Ceanothus americanusNew Jersey tea
Redroot
Cercis canadensisEastern redbud
Redbud
Duraznillo
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifoliumFireweed
Narrow-leaf fireweed
Willow herb
Chamaecyparis thyoidesAtlantic white cedar
Claytonia carolinianaCarolina springbeauty
Claytonia virginicaVirginia springbeauty
Springbeauty
Cornus alternifoliaAlternateleaf dogwood
Alternate-leaf dogwood
Pagoda dogwood
Conoclinium coelestinumBlue mistflower
Wild ageratum
Blue boneset
Mistflower
Cornus floridaFlowering dogwood
Virginia dogwood
Florida dogwood
White cornel
Arrowwood
American boxwood
False box
St. Peter's crown
Corona de san pedro
Coreopsis lanceolataLanceleaf coreopsis
Lance-leaved coreopsis
Lanceleaf tickseed
Sand coreopsis
Desmodium canadenseShowy tick trefoil
Delphinium tricorneDwarf larkspur
Spring larkspur
Diospyros virginianaCommon persimmon
Eastern persimmon
Possumwood
Date plum
Winter plum
Jove's fruit
Elymus canadensisCanada wild rye
Canadian wildrye
Prairie wildrye
Nodding wildrye
Eutrochium fistulosumJoe-pye Weed
Trumpetweed
Queen of the Meadow
Hollow Joe-pye Weed
Eutrochium purpureumPurple joepyeweed
Sweet-scented joepyeweed
Sweet joepyeweed
Fagus grandifoliaAmerican beech
White beech
Red beech
Ridge beech
Beechnut tree
Fothergilla gardeniiDwarf witchalder
Dwarf witch-alder
Dwarf fothergilla
Fraxinus americanaWhite ash
American ash
Cane ash
Smallseed white ash
Biltmore white ash
Biltmore ash
Fraxinus nigraBlack ash
Gaylussacia baccataBlack huckleberry
Gaylussacia brachyceraBox huckleberry
Gaultheria procumbensEastern teaberry
Wintergreen
Checkerberry
Gleditsia triacanthosHoney locust
Common honey locust
Thorny common honey locust
Honey shucks locust
Sweet locust
Thorny locust
Honey shucks
Sweet bean tree
Gymnocladus dioicusKentucky coffeetree
Stump tree
Hesperostipa sparteaPorcupinegrass
Porcupine grass
Helianthus tuberosusJerusalem artichoke
Sunchoke
Hibiscus moscheutosCrimson-eyed rose-mallow
Marshmallow hibiscus
Ilex opacaAmerican holly
White holly
Prickly holly
Evergreen holly
Christmas holly
Yule holly
Juglans nigraBlack walnut
Eastern black walnut
American black walnut
Juniperus virginianaEastern red cedar
Eastern redcedar
Virginia juniper
Red juniper
Pencil cedar
Carolina cedar
Red savin
Baton rouge
Kalmia latifoliaMountain laurel
Calico bush
Kalmia
Koeleria macranthaPrairie Junegrass
Junegrass
Prairie Koeler's grass
Larix laricinaTamarack
American larch
Hacmatack
Black larch
Liatris spicataDense blazing star
Dense gayfeather
Dense liatris
Marsh blazing star
Marsh gayfeather
Marsh liatris
Liatris squarrosaScaly blazing star
Scaly gayfeather
Scaly liatris
Liquidambar styracifluaSweetgum
American sweetgum
Red gum
White gum
Star-leaved gum
Starleaf gum
Alligator tree
Satin walnut
Bilsted
Liquidambar
Liriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree
Tulip poplar
Yellow poplar
Lobelia cardinalisCardinal flower
Lobelia siphiliticaGreat blue lobelia
Lupinus perennisSundial lupine
Wild lupine
Magnolia acuminataCucumbertree
Cucumber tree
Mountain magnolia
Malus coronariaSweet crabapple
American crab
Magnolia tripetalaUmbrella tree
Umbrella magnolia
Magnolia virginianaSweetbay
Sweetbay magnolia
Southern sweetbay
Swampbay
Swamp magnolia
Sweet magnolia
Small magnolia
Laurel magnolia
White bay
White laurel
Swamp laurel
Beaver tree
Mitchella repensPartridgeberry
Twinberry
Running box
Pigeon plum
Monarda didymaScarlet beebalm
Oswego tea
Red bergamot
Monarda fistulosaWild bergamot
Beebalm
Nyssa sylvaticaBlackgum
Black tupelo
Tupelo
Sourgum
Pepperidge
Tupelo gum
Oenothera biennisCommon evening-primrose
King's cure-all
Ostrya virginianaEastern hop-hornbeam
American hop-hornbeam
Woolly hop-hornbean
Eastern ironwood
Roughbark ironwood
Ironwood
Deerwood
Leverwood
Oxydendrum arboreumSourwood
Sorrel tree
Parthenocissus quinquefoliaVirginia creeper
Panicum virgatumSwitchgrass
Wand panic grass
Penstemon digitalisMississippi penstemon
Mississippi beardtongue
Smooth white penstemon
Smooth white beardtongue
Talus slope penstemon
Talus slope beardtongue
Foxglove penstemon
Foxglove beardtongue
Penstemon hirsutusHairy penstemon
Hairy beardtongue
Phlox divaricataWild blue phlox
Louisiana phlox
Blue woodland phlox
Sweet william
Wild sweet william
Phlox stoloniferaCreeping phlox
Phlox subulataCreeping Phlox
Moss phlox
Moss pink
Rock pink
Physostegia virginianaFall obedient plant
False dragonhead
Virginia lions-heart
Pinus echinataShortleaf pine
Shortleaf yellow pine
Southern yellow pine
Yellow pine
Shortstraw pine
Arkansas pine
Longtag pine
Spruce pine
Pinus resinosaRed pine
Norway pine
Canadian pine
Pinus rigidaPitch pine
Torch pine
Picea rubensRed spruce
Pinus strobusEastern white pine
Weymouth pine
Pinus virginianaVirginia pine
Jersey pine
Scrub pine
Podophyllum peltatumMayapple
Indian apple
Wild mandrake
Pomme de mai
Podophylle pelt
Polemonium reptansGreek valerian
Jacob's Ladder
Populus tremuloidesQuaking aspen
Golden aspen
Trembling aspen
Mountain aspen
Aspen
Trembling poplar
Alamo blanco
Prunus americanaAmerican plum
Wild plum
Prunus pensylvanicaPin cherry
Fire cherry
Wild red cherry
Bird cherry
Pigeon cherry
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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